A report on Character encoding

Punched tape with the word "Wikipedia" encoded in ASCII. Presence and absence of a hole represents 1 and 0, respectively; for example, "W" is encoded as "1010111".
Hollerith 80-column punch card with EBCDIC character set
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Process of assigning numbers to graphical characters, especially the written characters of human language, allowing them to be stored, transmitted, and transformed using digital computers.

- Character encoding
Punched tape with the word "Wikipedia" encoded in ASCII. Presence and absence of a hole represents 1 and 0, respectively; for example, "W" is encoded as "1010111".

67 related topics with Alpha

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ISO/IEC 8859-16

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ISO/IEC 8859-16:2001, Information technology — 8-bit single-byte coded graphic character sets — Part 16: Latin alphabet No. 10, is part of the ISO/IEC 8859 series of ASCII-based standard character encodings, first edition published in 2001.

KOI8-R

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KOI8-R (RFC 1489) is an 8-bit character encoding, derived from the KOI-8 encoding by the programmer Andrei Chernov in 1993 and designed to cover Russian, which uses a Cyrillic alphabet.

ISO/IEC 8859-14

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ISO/IEC 8859-14:1998, Information technology — 8-bit single-byte coded graphic character sets — Part 14: Latin alphabet No. 8 (Celtic), is part of the ISO/IEC 8859 series of ASCII-based standard character encodings, first edition published in 1998.

Layout of GBK (see below for a larger copy of this diagram)

GBK (character encoding)

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Layout of GBK (see below for a larger copy of this diagram)

GBK is an extension of the GB 2312 character set for Simplified Chinese characters, used in the People's Republic of China.

In 2011, MS-DOS was still used in some enterprises to run legacy applications, such as this US Navy food service management system.

Legacy system

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Old method, technology, computer system, or application program, "of, relating to, or being a previous or outdated computer system," yet still in use.

Old method, technology, computer system, or application program, "of, relating to, or being a previous or outdated computer system," yet still in use.

In 2011, MS-DOS was still used in some enterprises to run legacy applications, such as this US Navy food service management system.
Although off-support since April 2014, Windows XP has endured continued use in fields such as ATM operating system software.

Examples in legacy software include legacy file formats like .swf for Adobe Shockwave or .123 for Lotus 1-2-3, and text files encoded with legacy character encodings like EBCDIC.

ISO/IEC 8859-11

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ISO/IEC 8859-11:2001, Information technology — 8-bit single-byte coded graphic character sets — Part 11: Latin/Thai alphabet, is part of the ISO/IEC 8859 series of ASCII-based standard character encodings, first edition published in 2001.

ISO/IEC 8859-13

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ISO/IEC 8859-13:1998, Information technology — 8-bit single-byte coded graphic character sets — Part 13: Latin alphabet No. 7, is part of the ISO/IEC 8859 series of ASCII-based standard character encodings, first edition published in 1998.

Running Cygwin, including Cygwin/X, under Windows XP

Cygwin

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POSIX-compatible programming and runtime environment that runs natively on Microsoft Windows.

POSIX-compatible programming and runtime environment that runs natively on Microsoft Windows.

Running Cygwin, including Cygwin/X, under Windows XP
Running Cygwin, including Cygwin/X, under Windows XP

Cygwin 1.7 introduced comprehensive support for POSIX locales and many character encodings, whereby the UTF-8 Unicode encoding became the default. Windows file-names and other identifiers, which are encoded as UTF-16, are automatically converted to and from the selected character-encoding.

Iconv

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In Unix and Unix-like operating systems, iconv (an abbreviation of internationalization conversion) is a command-line program and a standardized application programming interface (API) used to convert between different character encodings.

KOI-7

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KOI-7 (КОИ-7) is a 7-bit character encoding, designed to cover Russian, which uses the Cyrillic alphabet.