Charitable organization

charityregistered charitycharitiescharitablecharitable organisationpublic charitycharitable organizationscharitable statuscharity organizationcharitable institution
A charitable organization or charity is a non-profit organization (NPO) whose primary objectives are philanthropy and social well-being (e.g. charitable, educational, religious, or other activities serving the public interest or common good).wikipedia
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Nonprofit organization

non-profitnon-profit organizationnonprofit
A charitable organization or charity is a non-profit organization (NPO) whose primary objectives are philanthropy and social well-being (e.g. charitable, educational, religious, or other activities serving the public interest or common good).
According to the National Center for Charitable Statistics (NCCS), there are more than 1.5 million nonprofit organizations registered in the United States, including public charities, private foundations, and other nonprofit organizations.

Almshouse

almshousesalms housealms houses
Until the mid-18th century, charity was mainly distributed through parish relief (such as the English Poor Laws of 1601), churches, almshouses and bequests from the rich.
An almshouse (also known as a bede-house or poorhouse) is charitable housing provided to people in a particular community.

Charity (practice)

charitycharitablecharitable work
A charitable organization or charity is a non-profit organization (NPO) whose primary objectives are philanthropy and social well-being (e.g. charitable, educational, religious, or other activities serving the public interest or common good).
In the past century, many charitable organizations have created a "charitable model" in which donators give to conglomerates give to recipients.

Voluntary association

associationassociationsvoluntary organisation
In the Enlightenment era charitable and philanthropic activity among voluntary associations and rich benefactors became a widespread cultural practice.
In the UK, the terms Voluntary Association or Voluntary Organisation cover every type of group from a small local Residents' Association to large Associations (often Registered Charities) with multimillion-pound turnover that run large-scale business operations (often providing some kind of public service as subcontractors to government departments or local authorities).

The Marine Society

Marine SocietyHibernian Marine Society
Jonas Hanway, another notable philanthropist of the Enlightenment era, established The Marine Society in 1756 as the first seafarer's charity, in a bid to aid the recruitment of men to the navy.
The Marine Society was a British charity, the world's first established for seafarers.

Oxfam

Oxfam GBOxfam AmericaNovib
During the 20th century charitable organizations such as Oxfam (established in 1947), Care International and Amnesty International greatly expanded, becoming large, multinational, non-governmental organizations with very large budgets.
Oxfam is a confederation of 20 independent charitable organizations focusing on the alleviation of global poverty, founded in 1942 and led by Oxfam International.

Philanthropy

philanthropistphilanthropicphilanthropists
A charitable organization or charity is a non-profit organization (NPO) whose primary objectives are philanthropy and social well-being (e.g. charitable, educational, religious, or other activities serving the public interest or common good).
Charitable organization

Royal Society for the Protection of Birds

RSPBRoyal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB)RSPB Scotland
Charities in England and Wales – such as Age UK, the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB) and the Royal Society for the Protection of Animals (RSPCA) – must comply with the 2011 Act regulating matters such as charity reports and accounts and fundraising.
The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB) is a charitable organisation registered in England and Wales and in Scotland.

Charity Organization Society

Charity Organisation SocietyCharity Organization Society (COS).Charity Organization Society Movement
Charities at the time, including the Charity Organization Society (established in 1869) tended to discriminate between the "deserving poor" who would be provided with suitable relief and the "underserving" or "improvident poor" who were regarded as the cause of their own woes through their idleness.
Charity Organization Societies were made up of charitable groups that used scientific philanthropy to help poor, distressed or deviant persons.

Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals

RSPCASociety for the Prevention of Cruelty to AnimalsR.S.P.C.A.
Charities in England and Wales – such as Age UK, the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB) and the Royal Society for the Protection of Animals (RSPCA) – must comply with the 2011 Act regulating matters such as charity reports and accounts and fundraising.
The Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA) is a charity operating in England and Wales that promotes animal welfare.

The Gospel of Wealth

Gospel of Wealth
In Gospel of Wealth (1889), Carnegie wrote about the responsibilities of great wealth and the importance of social justice.
Even bequeathing one's fortune to charity was no guarantee that it would be used wisely, due to the fact that there was no guarantee that a charitable organization not under one's direction would use the money in accordance with one's wishes.

Office of the Scottish Charity Regulator

registered charityCharityOSCR
The registers are maintained by the Charity Commission for England and Wales and for Scotland by the Office of the Scottish Charity Regulator.
The Office of the Scottish Charity Regulator (OSCR) is a non-ministerial department of the Scottish Government with responsibility for the regulation of charities in Scotland.

British Heart Foundation

BHF
Occasionally, a charity will use the word as part of its name, e.g. British Heart Foundation, but this has no legal significance and does not provide any information about either the work of the charity or how it is legally structured.
The British Heart Foundation (BHF) is a charity organisation in the United Kingdom.

Housing association

housing associationshousing trustregistered social landlord
This was one of the first housing associations, a philanthropic endeavour that flourished in the second half of the nineteenth century brought about by the growth of the middle class.
They may or may not be registered charities.

Charity Commission for England and Wales

Charity Commissionregistered charityCharity Commissioners
The registers are maintained by the Charity Commission for England and Wales and for Scotland by the Office of the Scottish Charity Regulator.
The Charity Commission for England and Wales is the non-ministerial government department that regulates registered charities in England and Wales and maintains the Central Register of Charities.

Exempt charity

exempt charities
Some charities which are called exempt charities are not required to register with the Charity Commission and are not subject to any of the Charity Commission's supervisory powers.
An exempt charity is an institution established in England and Wales for charitable purposes which is exempt from registration with, and oversight by, the Charity Commission for England and Wales.

Tax exemption

tax-exemptexemption statustax exempt
Serving the public interest: In order to receive and pass the exemption test, charitable organization must follow the public interest and all exempt income should be for the public interest. Every U.S. and foreign charity that qualifies as tax-exempt under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code is considered a "private foundation" unless it demonstrates to the IRS that it falls into another category.
Examples include exemption of charitable organizations from property taxes and income taxes, veterans, and certain cross-border or multi-jurisdictional scenarios.

501(c)(3) organization

501(c)(3)501(c)3501c3
Every U.S. and foreign charity that qualifies as tax-exempt under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code is considered a "private foundation" unless it demonstrates to the IRS that it falls into another category.
501(c)(3) tax-exemptions apply to entities that are organized and operated exclusively for religious, charitable, scientific, literary, or educational purposes, for testing for public safety, to foster national or international amateur sports competition, for the prevention of cruelty to children, women, or animals.

The King's School, Canterbury

The King's SchoolKing's SchoolKing's School, Canterbury
The oldest charity in the UK is The King's School, Canterbury established in 597.
The school is also the oldest charity in the UK.

Financial endowment

endowmentendowmentsendowed chair
This leads to another distinction: Foundations that are generally grantmakers (i.e. they use their endowment to make grants to other organizations, which in turn carry out the goals of the foundation indirectly) are usually called "grantmaker" or "non-operating" foundations.
The total value of an institution's investments is often referred to as the institution's endowment and is typically organized as a public charity, private foundation, or trust.

Non-governmental organization

NGOnon-governmental organisationNGOs
During the 20th century charitable organizations such as Oxfam (established in 1947), Care International and Amnesty International greatly expanded, becoming large, multinational, non-governmental organizations with very large budgets.
Trusts, charities, and foundations

Foundation (nonprofit)

foundationcharitable foundationfoundations
In contrast, a foundation or public charity generally receives grants from individuals, government, and private foundations, and while some public charities engage in grantmaking activities, most conduct direct service or other tax-exempt activities.
A foundation (also a charitable foundation) is a legal category of nonprofit organization that will typically either donate funds to and support other organizations, or provide the source of funding for its own charitable purposes.

List of charities accused of ties to terrorism

charities accused of ties to terrorism
List of charities accused of ties to terrorism
This is a list of charities accused of ties to terrorism. A number of charities have been accused or convicted in court of using their revenues to fund terrorism or revolutionary movements, rather than for the humanitarian purposes for which contributions were ostensibly collected.

Social enterprise

social enterprisesCommunity Enterprise Centremarket solutions to social problems
Social enterprise
Social enterprises can be structured as a for-profit or non-profit, and may take the form (depending on in which country the entity exists and the legal forms available) of a co-operative, mutual organization, a disregarded entity, a social business, a benefit corporation, a community interest company, a company limited by guarantee or a charity organization.

Charitable trust

Charitytrustcharity work
Charitable trust
A charitable trust is an irrevocable trust established for charitable purposes and, in some jurisdictions, a more specific term than "charitable organization".