Portrait by George Romney
Darwin, c. undefined 1854, when he was preparing On the Origin of Species for publication
First Court, Christ's College
Plato and Aristotle, depicted here in The School of Athens, both developed philosophical arguments addressing the universe's apparent order (logos)
Title Page of William Paley's Natural Theology or Evidences of the Existence and Attributes of the Deity, 1802
A chalk drawing of the seven-year-old Darwin in 1816, with a potted plant, by Ellen Sharples
Lady Margaret Beaufort, Christ's College Library
The fifth of Thomas Aquinas' proofs of God's existence was based on teleology
Three churchmen: John Wesley, William Paley, and Beilby Porteus. A posthumous engraving.
Bicentennial portrait by Anthony Smith of Darwin as a student, in the courtyard at Christ's College, Cambridge where he had rooms.
The chapel, with a viewing window from the Master's Lodge
William Paley popularized the "watchmaker analogy" used by earlier natural theologians, making it a famous teleological argument.
The round-the-world voyage of the Beagle, 1831–1836
The Great Gate of Christ's College
David Hume outlined his criticisms of the teleological argument in his Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion.
Darwin (right) on the Beagle's deck at Bahía Blanca in Argentina, with fossils; caricature by Augustus Earle, the initial ship's artist.
Christ's College Boat Club's boathouse on the River Cam
Voltaire argued that, at best, the teleological argument could only indicate the existence of a powerful, but not necessarily all-powerful or all-knowing, intelligence.
As HMS Beagle surveyed the coasts of South America, Darwin theorised about geology and the extinction of giant mammals. Watercolour by the ship's artist Conrad Martens, who replaced Augustus Earle, in Tierra del Fuego.
Master's Lodge, First Court
While still a young man, Darwin joined the scientific elite. Portrait by George Richmond.
Charles Darwin's Rooms, First Court
In mid-July 1837 Darwin started his "B" notebook on Transmutation of Species, and on page 36 wrote "I think" above his first evolutionary tree.
Christ's College Cambridge, Dining Hall, Back
Darwin chose to marry his cousin, Emma Wedgwood.
Fellows' Garden, showing rear of Fellows' Building
Darwin in 1842 with his eldest son, William Erasmus Darwin
Third Court: Memorial and Stevenson Buildings
Darwin's "sandwalk" at Down House was his usual "Thinking Path".
New Court: Lasdun Building, known as "The Typewriter"
Darwin aged 46 in 1855, by then working towards publication of his theory of natural selection. He wrote to Joseph Hooker about this portrait, "if I really have as bad an expression, as my photograph gives me, how I can have one single friend is surprising."
Darwin Garden, New Court, w. Darwin statue by Anthony Smith
During the Darwin family's 1868 holiday in her Isle of Wight cottage, Julia Margaret Cameron took portraits showing the bushy beard Darwin grew between 1862 and 1866.
John Milton
An 1871 caricature following publication of The Descent of Man was typical of many showing Darwin with an ape body, identifying him in popular culture as the leading author of evolutionary theory.
Sir John Finch
By 1878, an increasingly famous Darwin had suffered years of illness.
Sir Thomas Baines
The adjoining tombs of John Herschel and Charles Darwin in the nave of Westminster Abbey, London
Frederick Cornwallis
In 1881 Darwin was an eminent figure, still working on his contributions to evolutionary thought that had an enormous effect on many fields of science. Copy of a portrait by John Collier in the National Portrait Gallery, London.
Beilby Porteus
Unveiling of the Darwin Statue at the former Shrewsbury School building in 1897
William Paley
In 1851 Darwin was devastated when his daughter Annie died. By then his faith in Christianity had dwindled, and he had stopped going to church.
Charles Darwin
A caricature of Darwin from a 1871 Vanity Fair
Jagdish Chandra Bose
Statue of Darwin in the Natural History Museum, London
Jan Smuts
Louis Mountbatten
J. Robert Oppenheimer
Sir Martin Evans
Simon Schama
Rowan Williams
Jasmine Birtles
Michael Liebreich
Sacha Baron Cohen
John Oliver

He is best known for his natural theology exposition of the teleological argument for the existence of God in his work Natural Theology or Evidences of the Existence and Attributes of the Deity, which made use of the watchmaker analogy.

- William Paley

Paley was born in Peterborough, England, and was educated at Giggleswick School, of which his father - also called William - was headmaster for half a century, and - like his father and great-uncle - at Christ's College, Cambridge.

- William Paley

The college is renowned for educating some of Cambridge's most famous alumni, including Charles Darwin and John Milton.

- Christ's College, Cambridge

Later, William Paley, in his 1802 Natural Theology or Evidences of the Existence and Attributes of the Deity published a prominent presentation of the design argument with his version of the watchmaker analogy and the first use of the phrase "argument from design".

- Teleological argument

Studies at the University of Cambridge (Christ's College) encouraged his passion for natural science.

- Charles Darwin

Especially important were the general logical arguments made by David Hume in his Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, published in 1779, and the explanation of biological complexity given in Charles Darwin's Origin of Species, published in 1859.

- Teleological argument

Charles Darwin, as a student of theology, was required to read it when he did his undergraduate studies at Christ's College, but it was Paley's Natural Theology that most impressed Darwin even though it was not a set book for undergraduates.

- William Paley

When his own exams drew near, Darwin applied himself to his studies and was delighted by the language and logic of William Paley's Evidences of Christianity (1795).

- Charles Darwin

Some of the college's other famous alumni include former archbishop of Canterbury Rowan Williams, theologian William Paley, historian Simon Schama, South African Prime Minister Jan Smuts, Lord Louis Mountbatten of Burma, medical doctor, scientist, and diplomat Davidson Nicol, and comedians John Oliver, Sacha Baron Cohen, and Andy Parsons.

- Christ's College, Cambridge

He studied Paley's Natural Theology or Evidences of the Existence and Attributes of the Deity (first published in 1802), which made an argument for divine design in nature, explaining adaptation as God acting through laws of nature.

- Charles Darwin
Portrait by George Romney

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