Charles Maitland (physician)

Charles Maitland
Charles Maitland (1668–1748) was a Scottish surgeon who inoculated people against smallpox.wikipedia
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Inoculation

inoculuminoculatedinoculate
Charles Maitland (1668–1748) was a Scottish surgeon who inoculated people against smallpox.
When a smallpox epidemic threatened England in 1721, she called on her physician, Charles Maitland, to inoculate her daughter.

Lady Mary Wortley Montagu

Mary Wortley MontaguLady Mary PierrepontLady Montagu
In March 1718, Lady Mary Wortley Montagu had Maitland, who was then serving in the British embassy in Constantinople, Turkey, inoculate her five-year-old son Edward.
Lady Mary was eager to spare her children, thus, in March 1718 she had her nearly five-year-old son, Edward, inoculated with the help of Embassy surgeon Charles Maitland.

Frederick, Prince of Wales

FrederickPrince of WalesPrince Frederick
Following their success, Caroline had Maitland inoculate her eldest son, Frederick and one other child.
In 1722, the 15-year-old Frederick was inoculated against smallpox by Charles Maitland on the instructions of his mother Caroline.

Caroline of Ansbach

Queen CarolineCarolinePrincess of Wales
In late 1722, Caroline of Ansbach ordered the inoculation of five orphans of St. James's Parish in London.
She helped to popularise the practice of variolation (an early type of immunisation), which had been witnessed by Lady Mary Wortley Montagu and Charles Maitland in Constantinople.

Scotland

Scottish🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿Scots
Charles Maitland (1668–1748) was a Scottish surgeon who inoculated people against smallpox.

Smallpox

small poxsmall-poxvariola
Charles Maitland (1668–1748) was a Scottish surgeon who inoculated people against smallpox.

List of diplomatic missions of the United Kingdom

British EmbassyConsulate-General of the United KingdomBritish Consulate
In March 1718, Lady Mary Wortley Montagu had Maitland, who was then serving in the British embassy in Constantinople, Turkey, inoculate her five-year-old son Edward.

Constantinople

ConstantinopolitanIstanbulcapital
In March 1718, Lady Mary Wortley Montagu had Maitland, who was then serving in the British embassy in Constantinople, Turkey, inoculate her five-year-old son Edward.

Edward Wortley Montagu (traveller)

Edward Wortley MontaguEdwardEdward Wortley Montagu the younger
In March 1718, Lady Mary Wortley Montagu had Maitland, who was then serving in the British embassy in Constantinople, Turkey, inoculate her five-year-old son Edward.

Pera Orinis

OreiniPera
The process was done by an elderly Greek woman from Pera under Maitland's direction.

Edward Wortley Montagu (diplomat)

Edward Wortley MontaguEdward Wortley-MontaguEdward Wortley
Montague did not tell her husband until a week after when it proved to be successful.

Mary Stuart, Countess of Bute

MaryMary Wortley MontaguLady Bute
They returned to London in April 1721, when Montagu requested that her daughter Mary, who was four, be inoculated.

Royal College of Physicians

FRCPCollege of PhysiciansLRCP
Maitland reluctantly agreed if there were other witnesses present, so three physicians from the Royal College of Physicians were there for the procedure, the first professional inoculation in England.

Newgate Prison

NewgateNewgate GaolPrison of Newgate
On 9 August 1721, Maitland received a Royal Licence that allowed him to test variolation on six prisoners from Newgate Prison.

Hans Sloane

Sir Hans SloaneSloaneSloane of Chelsea
The experiment took place in August 1722, under the direction of Sir Hans Sloane.

Pardon

clemencypresidential pardonpardoned
All prisoners survived, and they were pardoned later that year.

London

London, EnglandLondon, UKLondon, United Kingdom
In late 1722, Caroline of Ansbach ordered the inoculation of five orphans of St. James's Parish in London.

Aberdeen

City of AberdeenAberdeen, ScotlandAberdeen City
The surgeon died in Aberdeen, Scotland in 1748.

Vaccine controversies

anti-vaccinationanti-vaccination movementanti-vaccine
She had seen it used in Turkey and, in 1718, had her son successfully variolated in Constantinople under the supervision of Dr. Charles Maitland.

Anne, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange

AnneAnne, Princess RoyalAnne, Princess of Orange
Anne contracted and survived smallpox in 1720, and two years later her mother helped to popularise the practice of variolation (an early type of immunisation against smallpox), which had been witnessed by Lady Mary Wortley Montagu and Charles Maitland in Constantinople.

Smallpox vaccine

smallpox vaccinationvaccinationsmallpox inoculation
She returned to London and had her daughter variolated in 1721 by Charles Maitland, during an epidemic of smallpox.

Variolation

inoculatedvaccineinoculation against smallpox
The procedure was supervised by the embassy doctor Charles Maitland.

Princess Amelia of Great Britain

Princess AmeliaAmelia Amelia
In 1722, her mother, who had progressive ideas, had Amelia and her sister Caroline inoculated against smallpox by an early type of immunisation known as variolation, which had been brought to England from Constantinople by Lady Mary Wortley Montagu and Charles Maitland.

Dan Beach Bradley

BradleyDr. Dan Beach Bradley
Two years after Dr Peter Kennedy's description appeared, March 1718, Dr. Charles Maitland successfully inoculated the five-year-old son of the British ambassador to the Turkish court under orders from the ambassador's wife Lady Mary Wortley Montagu.