A report on Sweden and Charles XIV John

Portrait by Émile Mascré, 1843
Bernadotte's birthplace in Pau, France
A Vendel-era helmet, at the Swedish Museum of National Antiquities
Bust of a young Bernadotte at the Bernadotte Museum in Pau, France
Viking expeditions (blue lines)
Bernadotte as a Marshal of the Empire; copy of an 1804 portrait by François Kinson
The Tjängvide image stone dating from 800 to 1099, example of Viking art
Statue in Norrköping erected in 1846
Gamla Uppsala (Old Uppsala), a site of religious and political importance in the early days of Sweden
Bernadotte as Crown Prince, painting by Fredric Westin
Skog tapestry, made most probably during the late 13th century.
Coronation of Charles XIV John as King of Sweden in Stockholm Cathedral
Gustav I liberated Sweden from Christian II of Denmark, ending the Kalmar Union. He established the House of Vasa which ruled Sweden and Poland until the 17th century
Coronation of Charles III John as King of Norway in Nidaros Cathedral, Trondheim
Gustavus Adolphus at the Battle of Breitenfeld in 1631.
Equestrian statue in Stockholm depicting Charles XIV John
The Swedish Empire between 1611 and 1815, with its absolute peak between 1658 and 1660.
The monument outside the Royal Palace in Oslo
The Battle of Poltava in 1709. In the following years, Russia and her allies occupied all Swedish dominions on the Baltic coast and even Finland.
Charles John on his deathbed
Illustration of starvation in northern Sweden, Famine of 1867–1869
Charles John's porphyry sarcophagus
Swedish emigrants boarding ship in Gothenburg in 1905
A Swedish soldier during World War II. Sweden remained neutral during the conflict.
Tage Erlander (left), Prime Minister under the ruling Swedish Social Democratic Party from 1946 to 1969.
Sweden joined the European Union in 1995 and signed the Lisbon Treaty in 2007.
Second day of the Stockholm Husby riots. The picture shows three cars on fire in the Stockholm suburb of Husby, 20 May 2013
View of the Stora Sjöfallet National Park
Scania in southern Sweden
Sandhamn island, Stockholm archipelago
Köppen climate classification types of Sweden using the 0°C isotherm
Köppen climate classification types of Sweden using the -3°C isotherm
Map of Sweden's five major vegetation zones
The current King of Sweden, Carl XVI Gustaf, and his consort, Queen Silvia
Rosenbad, in central Stockholm, has been the seat of the Government since 1981.
The Riksdag chamber, at the time of a vote, in 2009
The party leaders lined up before the start of the televised live debate on 12 September 2014.
Municipal divisions of Sweden
Kingdoms of Svear (Sweonas) and Götar (Geats) in the 12th century, with modern borders in grey
The Riksdag, the Swedish Parliament in 2014
Bonde Palace in Stockholm, seat of the Supreme Court of Sweden
The EU parliament in Brussels. Sweden is a member state of the European Union.
Development aid measured in GNI in 2009. Source: OECD. As a percentage Sweden is the largest donor.
The Saab JAS 39 Gripen is an advanced Swedish multi-role fighter aircraft of the Swedish Air Force.
The Infantry fighting vehicle CV90, which is produced and used by Sweden
Gross regional product (GRP) per capita in thousands of kronor (2014)
A proportional representation of Sweden exports, 2019
Sweden is home to Volvo Cars, an automobile company with its headquarters in Gothenburg
Real GDP growth in Sweden, 1996–2006
Sweden is part of the Schengen Area and the EU single market.
Nordstan is one of the largest shopping malls in northern Europe
Ringhals Nuclear Power Plant, located south of Gothenburg
The Öresund Bridge between Malmö and Copenhagen in Denmark
Stockholm Central Station
Alfred Nobel, inventor of dynamite and institutor of the Nobel Prize
Population density in the counties of Sweden.
Distribution of speakers of the Swedish language
The Protestant Katarina Church in Stockholm
The second oldest mosque in Sweden is the Malmö Mosque, inaugurated in 1984
Historical development of life expectancy in Sweden
Uppsala University (established 1477)
Nationalmuseum in Stockholm
The Swedish band ABBA in April 1974, a few days after they won the Eurovision Song Contest
Kalmar Cathedral
Headquarters of Sveriges Television in Stockholm
The writer and playwright August Strindberg
Walpurgis Night bonfire in Sweden
Cinnamon rolls originated in Sweden and Denmark.
Former World No. 1 tennis player Björn Borg
Former world No. 1 tennis player Björn Borg

However, in 1810, a French Marshal, Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte, was chosen as heir presumptive to the decrepit Charles XIII; in 1818, he established the House of Bernadotte, taking the regnal name of Charles XIV.

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8 related topics with Alpha


Union between Sweden and Norway

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Sweden–Norway in 1904
Jean Baptiste Bernadotte, Marshal of France, Crown Prince of Sweden in 1810 and Norway in 1814, and King of Sweden and Norway in 1818. Portrait by Joseph Nicolas Jouy, after François-Joseph Kinson
King Charles XIII (Charles II in Norway)
Christian Frederik, hereditary prince of Denmark and Norway, King of Norway May–October 1814, and King of Denmark (as Christian VIII) 1839–48. Portrait by Johan Ludwig Lund 1813
Count Johan Caspar Herman Wedel-Jarlsberg, who warned Christian Frederik
Oscar Wergeland: The Norwegian Constitutional Assembly in 1814
Christian Magnus Falsen, at 32, was credited as being the constitution's father.
Swedish Crown Prince Charles John (Bernadotte), who staunchly opposed Norwegian independence, only to offer generous terms of a union
Map of Norway and Sweden in 1847, by Peter Andreas Munch
King Charles XIV John (Charles III John in Norway). Portrait by Fredric Westin
Poster promoting Scandinavism between Norway, Sweden, and Denmark
King Oscar II
Swedish and Norwegian flags in 1899, after the removal of the union badge from the merchant flag of Norway
The peace monument of Karlstad was erected on the city square in 1955, commemorating the 50th anniversary of the dissolution of the union.
Norwegian soldiers at the border in September 1905. Photo by Narve Skarpmoen
State flag of Sweden (pre-1814–1815)
Flag of Norway (1814–1821)
Flag of Sweden and Norway (1818–1844)
State flag and naval ensign of Sweden and Norway (1815–1844)
Union naval jack and diplomatic flag (1844–1905)
Flag of Sweden (1844–1905)
Flag of Norway (1821–1844)
Flag of Norway (1844–1899)
Flag of Norway (1899–present)
State flag and naval ensign of Sweden (1844–1905)
Naval ensign of Norway (1844–1905) and state flag (1844–1899)
State flag of Norway (1899–present)
Royal standard in Sweden (1844–1905)
Royal standard in Norway (1844–1905)
Royal Swedish coat of arms (1814–1844)
Union and royal coat of arms (1844–1905)

Sweden and Norway or Sweden–Norway (Svensk-norska unionen; Den svensk-norske union(en)), officially the United Kingdoms of Sweden and Norway, and known as the United Kingdoms, was a personal union of the separate kingdoms of Sweden and Norway under a common monarch and common foreign policy that lasted from 1814 until its peaceful dissolution in 1905.

After his sudden death in May 1810, Sweden chose as his successor another enemy general, the French marshal Jean Baptiste Bernadotte, who was also seen as a gallant adversary and had proved his ability as an army commander.

Charles John, born Jean Bernadotte, King of Sweden and Norway 1818–1844
Portrait by Fredric Westin.

House of Bernadotte

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Charles John, born Jean Bernadotte, King of Sweden and Norway 1818–1844
Portrait by Fredric Westin.
Bernadotte's arms as sovereign of Pontecorvo
Greater Coat of Arms of Sweden

The House of Bernadotte is the royal house of Sweden since its foundation in 1818.

Its founder, Charles XIV John of Sweden, was born in Pau in southern France as Jean Bernadotte.

Charles wearing the insignia of the Order of Charles XIII (in red), portrait by Carl Frederik von Breda

Charles XIII

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King of Sweden from 1809 and King of Norway from 1814 to his death.

King of Sweden from 1809 and King of Norway from 1814 to his death.

Charles wearing the insignia of the Order of Charles XIII (in red), portrait by Carl Frederik von Breda
Prince Charles, in 1758 by Ulrica Pasch.
Gustav III, King of Sweden, and his brothers
Coronet created for Prince Charles and worn at his brother Gustav's coronation in 1772.
King Charles XIII of Sweden by unknown artist
The elderly King Carl XIII
Coat of Arms as Prince of Sweden, Duke of Södermanland
Coat of Arms as King Charles XIII of Sweden, 1809-1814
Coat of Arms as King Charles XIII of Sweden and Norway, 1814-1818
Royal Monogram of King Charles XIII of Sweden

One of Napoleon's generals, Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte, was then chosen as his successor.


The constituent assembly at Eidsvoll in 1814

Swedish–Norwegian War (1814)

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The constituent assembly at Eidsvoll in 1814

The Swedish–Norwegian War, also known as the Campaign against Norway (Fälttåget mot Norge), War with Sweden 1814 (Krigen med Sverige 1814), or the Norwegian War of Independence, was a war fought between Sweden and Norway in the summer of 1814.

As early as in 1812, prior to the Napoleonic invasion of Russia, the Swedish Crown Prince Charles John (Karl Johan) - formerly Marshal of France Jean Baptiste Bernadotte - had entered into an agreement with Tsar Alexander I that Russia would support a Swedish attack on Norway in order to force Denmark-Norway to cede its northern part to Sweden.

Monarchy of Sweden

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kunuki, i.e. konungi, the dative case for Old Norse konungr ("king"). A runic inscription of the 11th century (U11) refers to King Håkan the Red.
Gustav I, portrayed here in 1542 by Jakob Binck, legally created the hereditary monarchy and organized the Swedish unitary state.
The Lion of the North: King Gustavus Adolphus depicted at the turning point of the Battle of Breitenfeld (1631) against the forces of Johann Tserclaes, Count of Tilly.
Charles XI at the Battle of Lund in 1676. Painting by David Klöcker Ehrenstrahl.
Crown Prince Charles John at the Battle of Leipzig (1813). Painting by Fredric Westin.
The royal standard used by the monarch
The Silver Throne, used by all Swedish monarchs from Queen Christina in 1650 onward
The Crown of Eric XIV.
The Royal Orders of Sweden constituting the Royal Order of Knights
The Royal Palace in Stockholm, as seen from the tower of the Cathedral
The castle Tre Kronor, located on the site of today's palace, in a painting from 1661 by Govert Dircksz Camphuysen.
Drottningholm Palace, a UNESCO World Heritage Site is the home residence of the King and Queen.
Haga Palace is the residence of Crown Princess Victoria and her family.
The royal barge Vasaorden, last used at the 2010 royal wedding.

The monarchy of Sweden is the monarchical head of state of Sweden, which is a constitutional and hereditary monarchy with a parliamentary system.

The present Bernadotte dynasty was established in September 1810 when the Riksdag, convened in Örebro, elected French Marshal and Prince of Pontecorvo Jean-Baptiste Jules Bernadotte as crown prince.

Translated reprint of the part concerned with Norway

Treaty of Kiel

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Translated reprint of the part concerned with Norway
Jean Baptiste Bernadotte
Charles XIII of Sweden
Norwegian Constituent Assembly at Eidsvoll, 1814.
Eirik Raudes (Erik the Red's) Land (red)

The Treaty of Kiel (Kieltraktaten) or Peace of Kiel (Swedish and Kielfreden or freden i Kiel) was concluded between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the Kingdom of Sweden on one side and the Kingdoms of Denmark and Norway on the other side on 14 January 1814 in Kiel.

Sweden could no longer uphold her anti-French foreign policy, and French Marshal Jean Baptiste Bernadotte was elected heir to the Swedish throne in 1810.

Battle of Leipzig by Vladimir Moshkov

Battle of Leipzig

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Fought from 16 to 19 October 1813 at Leipzig, Saxony.

Fought from 16 to 19 October 1813 at Leipzig, Saxony.

Battle of Leipzig by Vladimir Moshkov
Battle of Leipzig by Vladimir Moshkov
Napoleon and Poniatowski at Leipzig, by January Suchodolski
Poniatowski's Last Charge at Leipzig, by Richard Caton Woodville
Overview of the battlefield
Actions as of October 16
French soldiers sparing the life of Russian soldier Leontiy Korennoy for his bravery
French infantry defending a barricade against a Prussian assault
Actions as of October 18
Troops of the 19th Hungarian Regiment engaging French infantry
French soldiers in skirmish with Bashkirs and Cossacks
Swedish troops assaulting Leipzig
Napoleon's retreat on 19 October 1813, showing the explosion of the bridge
Alexander I of Russia, Francis I of Austria, and Frederick William III of Prussia meeting after the battle
The Russian Army entering Paris, 1814
{{lang|de|Völkerschlachtdenkmal}}: Monument to the Battle of the Nations, completed in 1913
Jahrhunderthalle in Breslau (modern Wrocław in Poland), also completed in 1913

The Coalition armies of Austria, Prussia, Sweden, and Russia, led by Tsar Alexander I and Karl von Schwarzenberg, decisively defeated the Grande Armée of French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte.

During the armistice, the monarchs of Russia and Prussia met with Crown Prince Charles John of Sweden at Trachenberg Castle in Silesia where the former French Marshal outlined a strategy for defeating Napoleon that, with added details from the Austrians following their joining of the Coalition on 12 August 1813, became known as the Trachenberg Plan.

A rally of support for the Scandinavian movement

Swedish neutrality

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A rally of support for the Scandinavian movement
The location of Åland in the Baltic Sea

Swedish neutrality refers to Sweden's former policy of neutrality in armed conflicts, which was in effect from the early 19th century to 2009, when Sweden entered into various mutual defence treaties with the European Union (EU), and other Nordic countries.

The new foreign policy, often called The Policy of 1812, was directed by Jean Baptiste Bernadotte, the elected crown prince.