Chemical synthesis

syntheticsynthesissynthesizedChemical synthesessynthesizesynthetic materialsynthesisedsynthetic chemistrysyntheticallychemically synthesized
Chemical synthesis is the artificial execution of useful chemical reactions to obtain one or several products.wikipedia
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Chemical reaction

reactionchemical reactionsreactions
Chemical synthesis is the artificial execution of useful chemical reactions to obtain one or several products.
Different chemical reactions are used in combinations during chemical synthesis in order to obtain a desired product.

Product (chemistry)

productsproductchemical products
Chemical synthesis is the artificial execution of useful chemical reactions to obtain one or several products.
Much of chemistry research is focused on the synthesis and characterization of beneficial products, as well as the detection and removal of undesirable products.

Hermann Kolbe

Adolph Wilhelm Hermann KolbeH. KolbeKolbe
The word synthesis was first used by the chemist Hermann Kolbe.
Kolbe coined the term synthesis and contributed to the philosophical demise of vitalism through synthesis of the organic substance acetic acid from carbon disulfide, and also contributed to the development of structural theory.

Round-bottom flask

round bottom flaskround-bottomed flaskflask
This requires mixing the compounds in a reaction vessel, such as a chemical reactor or a simple round-bottom flask.
Round-bottom flasks are often used to contain chemical reactions run by chemists, especially for reflux set-ups and laboratory-scale synthesis.

Yield (chemistry)

yieldyieldschemical
The amount of product produced in a chemical synthesis is the reaction yield, which is typically expressed as a percentage conversion of the limiting reactant.
The percentage yield (or fractional yield or relative yield), which serves to measure the effectiveness of a synthetic procedure, is calculated by dividing the amount of the obtained desired product by the theoretical yield (the unit of measure for both must be the same):

Organic synthesis

synthesissynthesizedsynthetic
Organic synthesis is a special branch of chemical synthesis dealing with the synthesis of organic compounds.
Organic synthesis is a special branch of chemical synthesis and is concerned with the intentional construction of organic compounds.

Total synthesis

total synthesesformal synthesissynthesis
In the total synthesis of a complex product it may take multiple steps to synthesize the product of interest, and inordinate amounts of time.
Total synthesis is the complete chemical synthesis of a complex molecule, often a natural product, from simple, commercially available precursors.

Semisynthesis

semi-syntheticsemisyntheticsemi-synthesis
If it starts from a product isolated from plants or animals and then proceeds to new compounds, the synthesis is described as a semisynthetic process.
Semisynthesis or partial chemical synthesis is a type of chemical synthesis that uses chemical compounds isolated from natural sources (e.g., microbial cell cultures or plant material) as the starting materials to produce other novel compounds with distinct chemical and medicinal properties.

Fully automated synthesis

Automated Synthesis
Fully automated synthesis or automatic synthesis is a set of techniques that use robotic equipment to perform chemical synthesis in a fully automated way.

Physics

physicistphysicalphysicists
This occurs by physical and chemical manipulations usually involving one or more reactions.

Laboratory

laboratorieslaboratory equipmentlab
In modern laboratory uses, the process is reproducible, reliable, and established to work the same in multiple laboratories.

Reproducibility

reproduciblereplicabilityreproduce
In modern laboratory uses, the process is reproducible, reliable, and established to work the same in multiple laboratories.

Chemical compound

compoundcompoundschemical compounds
A chemical synthesis involves one or more compounds known as reagents or reactants which will undergo a transformation when subjected to certain conditions.

List of organic reactions

Leuckart amide synthesislistnamed reactions
Various reaction types can be applied to formulate a desired product.

Chemical reactor

reactorreactorschemical reactors
This requires mixing the compounds in a reaction vessel, such as a chemical reactor or a simple round-bottom flask.

Work-up (chemistry)

work-upworkupaqueous workup
Many reactions require some form of work-up or purification procedure to isolate the final product.

Gram

ggramsgr
Typically, chemical yields are expressed as a weight in grams (in a laboratory setting) or as a percentage of the total theoretical quantity of product that could be produced based on the limiting reagent.

Limiting reagent

limiting reactantexcesslimiting
The amount of product produced in a chemical synthesis is the reaction yield, which is typically expressed as a percentage conversion of the limiting reactant. Typically, chemical yields are expressed as a weight in grams (in a laboratory setting) or as a percentage of the total theoretical quantity of product that could be produced based on the limiting reagent.

Side reaction

side reactionsside-reactionside-product
A side reaction is an unwanted chemical reaction taking place, reducing the yield of the desired product.

Reagent

reactantreagentsreactants
A chemical synthesis involves one or more compounds known as reagents or reactants which will undergo a transformation when subjected to certain conditions.

Paracetamol

acetaminophenPanadolTylenol PM
For example, a laboratory synthesis of paracetamol can consist of three individual synthetic steps.

Cascade reaction

tandem reactiontandema series of reactions
In cascade reactions multiple chemical transformations take place within a single reactant, in multi-component reactions up to 11 different reactants form a single reaction product and in a telescopic synthesis one reactant goes through multiple transformations without isolation of intermediates.

Multi-component reaction

multicomponent reactionmulticomponent reactionsmulti-component
In cascade reactions multiple chemical transformations take place within a single reactant, in multi-component reactions up to 11 different reactants form a single reaction product and in a telescopic synthesis one reactant goes through multiple transformations without isolation of intermediates.

One-pot synthesis

one-potone-pot reactionone‐pot
In cascade reactions multiple chemical transformations take place within a single reactant, in multi-component reactions up to 11 different reactants form a single reaction product and in a telescopic synthesis one reactant goes through multiple transformations without isolation of intermediates.

Organic compound

syntheticorganicorganic compounds
Organic synthesis is a special branch of chemical synthesis dealing with the synthesis of organic compounds.