Chemical synthesis

syntheticsynthesissynthesizedChemical synthesessynthesizesynthetic materialsynthesisedsynthetic chemistrysyntheticallychemically synthesized
Chemical synthesis is a purposeful execution of chemical reactions to obtain a product, or several products.wikipedia
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Chemical reaction

reactionchemical reactionsreactions
Chemical synthesis is a purposeful execution of chemical reactions to obtain a product, or several products.
Different chemical reactions are used in combinations during chemical synthesis in order to obtain a desired product.

Product (chemistry)

productsproductchemical products
Chemical synthesis is a purposeful execution of chemical reactions to obtain a product, or several products.
Much of chemistry research is focused on the synthesis and characterization of beneficial products, as well as the detection and removal of undesirable products.

Hermann Kolbe

H. KolbeKolbeKolbe, Adolph Wilhelm Hermann
The word synthesis in the present day meaning was first used by the chemist Hermann Kolbe.
Kolbe coined the term synthesis and contributed to the philosophical demise of vitalism through synthesis of the organic substance acetic acid from carbon disulfide, and also contributed to the development of structural theory.

Organic synthesis

synthesissynthesizedsynthetic
Organic synthesis is a special branch of chemical synthesis dealing with the synthesis of organic compounds.
Organic synthesis is a special branch of chemical synthesis and is concerned with the intentional construction of organic compounds.

Round-bottom flask

round bottom flaskround-bottomed flaskflask
This requires mixing the compounds in a reaction vessel such as a chemical reactor or a simple round-bottom flask.
Round-bottom flasks are often used to contain chemical reactions run by chemists, especially for reflux set-ups and laboratory-scale synthesis.

Yield (chemistry)

yieldyieldschemical
The amount of product in a chemical synthesis is the reaction yield.
The absolute yield can be given as the weight in grams or in moles (molar yield). The percentage yield (or fractional yield or relative yield), which serves to measure the effectiveness of a synthetic procedure, is calculated by dividing the amount of the obtained desired product by the theoretical yield (the unit of measure for both must be the same):

Total synthesis

total synthesesformal synthesissynthesis
In the total synthesis of a complex product it may take multiple steps to synthesize the product of interest, and inordinate amounts of time.
Total synthesis is the complete chemical synthesis of a complex molecule, often a natural product, from simple, commercially available precursors.

Semisynthesis

semisyntheticsemi-syntheticpartial synthesis
If it starts from a product isolated from plants or animals and then proceeds to new compounds, the synthesis is described as a semisynthetic process.
Semisynthesis or partial chemical synthesis is a type of chemical synthesis that uses chemical compounds isolated from natural sources (e.g., microbial cell cultures or plant material) as the starting materials to produce other novel compounds with distinct chemical and medicinal properties.

Physics

physicistphysicalphysicists
This happens by physical and chemical manipulations usually involving one or more reactions.

Laboratory

laboratorieslablaboratory equipment
In modern laboratory usage, this tends to imply that the process is reproducible, reliable, and established to work in multiple laboratories.

Chemical compound

compoundcompoundschemical compounds
A chemical synthesis begins by selection of compounds that are known as reagents or reactants. where A and B are elements or compounds, and AB is a compound consisting of A and B.

List of organic reactions

Leuckart amide synthesislistnamed reactions
Various reaction types can be applied to these to synthesize the product, or an intermediate product.

Chemical reactor

reactorreactorsreaction vessel
This requires mixing the compounds in a reaction vessel such as a chemical reactor or a simple round-bottom flask.

Work-up (chemistry)

work-upworkupaqueous workup
Many reactions require some form of work-up procedure before the final product is isolated.

Gram

ggramsmg
Typically, chemical yields are expressed as a weight in grams (in a laboratory setting) or as a percentage of the total theoretical quantity of product that could be produced.

Reagent

reactantreagentsreactants
A chemical synthesis begins by selection of compounds that are known as reagents or reactants.

Paracetamol

acetaminophenparacetamol (acetaminophen)acetaminophen (paracetamol)
For example, a laboratory synthesis of paracetamol can consist of three individual synthetic steps.

Cascade reaction

tandem reactiontandema series of reactions
In cascade reactions multiple chemical transformations take place within a single reactant, in multi-component reactions up to 11 different reactants form a single reaction product and in a telescopic synthesis one reactant goes through multiple transformations without isolation of intermediates.

Multi-component reaction

multicomponent reactionmulticomponent reactionsmulti-component
In cascade reactions multiple chemical transformations take place within a single reactant, in multi-component reactions up to 11 different reactants form a single reaction product and in a telescopic synthesis one reactant goes through multiple transformations without isolation of intermediates.

One-pot synthesis

one-potone-pot reactionone pot
In cascade reactions multiple chemical transformations take place within a single reactant, in multi-component reactions up to 11 different reactants form a single reaction product and in a telescopic synthesis one reactant goes through multiple transformations without isolation of intermediates.

Organic compound

syntheticorganicorganic compounds
Organic synthesis is a special branch of chemical synthesis dealing with the synthesis of organic compounds.

Robert Burns Woodward

R. B. WoodwardR.B. WoodwardRobert B. Woodward
Skill in organic synthesis is prized among chemists and the synthesis of exceptionally valuable or difficult compounds has won chemists such as Robert Burns Woodward the Nobel Prize for Chemistry.

Nobel Prize in Chemistry

Nobel PrizeChemistryNobel Laureate in Chemistry
Skill in organic synthesis is prized among chemists and the synthesis of exceptionally valuable or difficult compounds has won chemists such as Robert Burns Woodward the Nobel Prize for Chemistry.

Combination reaction

combination
The other meaning of chemical synthesis is narrow and restricted to a specific kind of chemical reaction, a direct combination reaction, in which two or more reactants combine to form a single product.

Chemical element

elementelementschemical elements
where A and B are elements or compounds, and AB is a compound consisting of A and B.