The archaeological site of Jinsha is a major discovery in Chengdu in 2001.
The territories of Shu Han (in light pink), as of 262 A.D.
The Dujiangyan Irrigation System built in 256 BC still functions today.
A Qing dynasty illustration of a battle between Wei and Shu at the banks of the Wei River. Many battles were fought between Shu and Wei in the Three Kingdoms period.
Huangchengba in 1911
Pottery musician, Shu, Three Kingdoms.
An all-airwar was fought over Chengdu between the Chinese Air Force and the Imperial Japanese Army and Navy air forces; an I-16 fighter shown here at the Datangshan Aviation Museum
40th Bombardment Group Boeing B-29-5-BW Superfortress 42-6281 "20th Century Unlimited" at Hsinching Airfield (A-1), China, advanced China Base of the 40th Bomb Group after completion of a raid on Anshan, Manchuria. Mission No. 4, 29 July 1944
People's Liberation Army troops entered Chengdu on 27 December 1949
Map including Chengdu (labeled as CH'ENG-TU (walled) 成都) (AMS, 1958)
Map including Chengdu (labeled as CH'ENG-TU)
Jinli historical district of Chengdu
Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception, seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Chengdu
Sichuan Opera
Teahouse in Chengdu
Mahjong
Pandas at the Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding
Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries
Wuhou Shrine
Jinsha gold mask
The Golden Sun Bird
Sanxingdui bronze head
Wenshu Monastery
Qingyang Taoist Temple
Starbucks at the Kuanzhai Alleys
Jinli Street at night
Jinli Street
Huanglongxi Historic Town
Dr. Sun Yat-sen Square at Chunxi Road
Map of Chengdu showing infrastructures and land use, made by the CIA in 1989. Note that city mostly ends at what is today's second ring road.
Chunxi Road
Taikoo Li and IFS at the city centre
Terminal 2, Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport
Chengdu Tianfu International Airport
Chengdu Metro Network
Botanical Garden Station
Chengdu BRT
Sichuan University
Southwestern University of Finance and Economics
Chengdu Fenghuangshan Sports Park professional football stadium
Chengdu Dong'an Lake Sports Park Stadium
Hongzhaobi, South Renmin Road, Chengdu
South Renmin Road, Chengdu
IFS, Hongxing Road, Chengdu
Hotel Waldorf Astoria in Chengdu
Nijia Qiao, South Renmin Road, Chengdu
Jin River, Shangri-la Hotel Chengdu
City Centre of Jinjiang District
Sino-Ocean Taikoo Li, Chengdu
Sino-Ocean Taikoo-Li, Chengdu
Financial City, Chengdu
Yanlord Landmark, Hongzhaobi Crossroads, Chengdu
Anshun Bridge and Jinjiang River
Daci Temple Taikoo Li
Chengdu Global Center
Arabica at Kuanzhai Alleys

It was the capital of Liu Bei's Shu Han during the Three Kingdoms Era, as well as several other local kingdoms during the Middle Ages.

- Chengdu

In 263, armies led by the Wei generals Deng Ai and Zhong Hui attacked Shu, and conquered its capital, Chengdu, without much struggle — the state having been exhausted by Jiang Wei's ill-fated campaigns.

- Shu Han
The archaeological site of Jinsha is a major discovery in Chengdu in 2001.

6 related topics

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Tang dynasty portrait of Liu Bei by Yan Liben

Liu Bei

Tang dynasty portrait of Liu Bei by Yan Liben
Edo period illustration of Liu Bei
Statue of Liu Bei in Zhuge Liang's temple in Chengdu
A mural showing chariots and cavalry, from the Dahuting Tomb of the late Eastern Han dynasty (25-220 CE), located in Zhengzhou, Henan
Liu Bei's horse leaps across the Tan Stream
The painting Kongming Leaving the Mountains (detail, Ming dynasty), depicting Zhuge Liang (left, on a horse) leaving his rustic retreat to enter into the service of Liu Bei (right, on a horse)
Liu Bei declares himself king, portrait at the Long Corridor of the Summer Palace, Beijing
Portrait of Liu Bei from Sancai Tuhui
Tomb of Liu Bei
illustration of Liu Bei by Yashima Gakutei in the Chester Beatty Library
Famille Verte Vase with Design of Liu Bei's Marriage Story, Qing Dynasty.
A block print portrait of Liu Bei from a Qing dynasty edition of the historical novel Romance of the Three Kingdoms (wearing an anachronistic scholar's robe and a hat of mediaeval Chinese dynasties).
Baling Qiao, mural illustration of the Oath of the Peach Garden between Guan Yu, Zhang Fei, & Liu Bei
Edo period illustration of Liu Bei breaking the Siege of Beihai along with Taishi Ci, Guan Yu and Zhang Fei

Liu Bei (, ; Mandarin pronunciation:; 161 – Summer 223), courtesy name Xuande (玄德), was a warlord in the late Eastern Han dynasty who founded the state of Shu Han in the Three Kingdoms period and became its first ruler.

Liu Bei then declared himself "King of Hanzhong" and set up his headquarters in Chengdu.

Map of Chinese provinces in the prelude of Three Kingdom period (In the late Han dynasty period, 189 AD).

Three Kingdoms

Map of Chinese provinces in the prelude of Three Kingdom period (In the late Han dynasty period, 189 AD).
Map showing the Yellow Turban Rebellion in Eastern Han Dynasty of China.
Bronze turtle holding a cup, Eastern Wu
Map of the Three Kingdoms
Map showing Battle of Yiling between Shu Han and Wu kingdoms.
Zhuge Liang's Southern Campaign
Zhuge Liang's first and second northern expeditions against Cao Wei
Zhuge Liang's third northern expedition against Cao Wei
Zhuge Liang's fourth and fifth northern expeditions against Cao Wei
Cao Zhi as depicted in Goddess of Luo River (detail) by Gu Kaizhi, Jin dynasty, China
Three Kingdoms in 262, on the eve of the conquest of Shu, Wei and Wu.
Pottery dwelling around a large courtyard, a siheyuan. Unearthed in 1967 in a tomb of Hubei built during the kingdom of Eastern Wu, Three Kingdoms period, National Museum of China, Beijing
A fragment of the biography of Bu Zhi from the Records of the Three Kingdoms, part of the Dunhuang manuscripts

The Three Kingdoms from 220 to 280 AD was the tripartite division of China among the dynastic states of Cao Wei, Shu Han, and Eastern Wu.

A tribesman was allowed to reside at the Shu capital Chengdu as an official and the Nanman formed their own battalions within the Shu army.

Sichuan

Landlocked province in Southwest China occupying most of the Sichuan Basin and the easternmost part of the Tibetan Plateau between the Jinsha River on the west, the Daba Mountains in the north and the Yungui Plateau to the south.

Landlocked province in Southwest China occupying most of the Sichuan Basin and the easternmost part of the Tibetan Plateau between the Jinsha River on the west, the Daba Mountains in the north and the Yungui Plateau to the south.

Bronze head from Sanxingdui, dating from the Shu kingdom
Golden Sun Bird from Jinsha site
A stone-carved gate pillar, or que, 6 m in total height, located at the tomb of Gao Yi in Ya'an, Sichuan, built during the Eastern Han dynasty (25–220 CE)
Warlords in China around 194; Liu Bei's takeover of Yi Province meant he seized the positions of Liu Biao and Zhang Lu eventually
The Leshan Giant Buddha, built during the latter half of the Tang dynasty (618–907).
Japanese bombers bombing a Chinese road in Sichuan during WW2
Shops in Jundao, a town devastated by the 2008 Sichuan earthquake
Giant pandas eating bamboo in Chengdu, Sichuan
The capital of Sichuan, Chengdu.
IFS Chengdu Mall Entrance
Waldorf Astoria Hotels & Resorts in Chengdu
Nijia Qiao, South Renmin Road, Chengdu
Sichuan–Tibet Highway passes by Lake Kasa in Luhuo County.
The Yi are the largest ethnic minority group in Sichuan.
Typical vernacular house in Sichuan
Extent of present-day Sichuanese language
Sichuan Education Department
Larix potaninii in autumn colour.
Garzê Prefecture
Zitong County
Linpan in Chengdu Plain is a well-known landmark in Chengdu Plain, Sichuan.
View of the Temple of the Yellow Dragon (Chinese Buddhism) in Huanglong.
Statues of buddhas at Litang Monastery of the Tibetan tradition.
A pavilion of the Shangqing Temple (Taoist) in Qingchengshan, Chengdu.
Golden Temple of Mount Emei (Chinese Buddhism).
Kung Pao chicken, one of the best known dishes of Sichuan cuisine
Mapo doufu
Hot pot in Mala style
Dandan noodles
Mixed sauce noodles ({{lang|zh-hans|杂酱面}})
Jiuzhaigou
Yading
Huanglong Scenic and Historic Interest Area
Waterfalls at Mount Qincheng
Bipenggou Valley
Mount Siguniang Scenic Area
Hailuogou Glacier
Dujiangyan irrigation system
alt=|Mount Emei

Sichuan's capital city is Chengdu.

During the Three Kingdoms era, Liu Bei's state of Shu was based in Sichuan.

A Qing dynasty illustration of Liu Shan

Liu Shan

A Qing dynasty illustration of Liu Shan

Liu Shan (207–271), courtesy name Gongsi, was the second and last emperor of the state of Shu Han during the Three Kingdoms period.

Liu Shan eventually surrendered to Wei in 263 after Deng Ai led a surprise attack on the Shu capital Chengdu.

An illustration of Zhuge Liang

Zhuge Liang

Chinese statesman and military strategist.

Chinese statesman and military strategist.

An illustration of Zhuge Liang
The painting Kongming Leaving the Mountains (detail, Ming dynasty), depicts Zhuge Liang (left, on a horse) leaving his rustic retreat to enter into the service of Liu Bei (right, on a horse)
Zhang Feng's painting (1654) depicting Zhuge Liang reclining on a daybed
A 20th century depiction of Zhuge Liang.
Zhuge Liang's Southern Campaign
A Qing dynasty illustration of Sima Yi fleeing from Zhuge Liang.
A sculpture of Zhuge Liang in the Temple of Marquis of Wu in Chengdu, Sichuan.
A Qing dynasty portrait of Zhuge Liang
Temple of the Marquis of Wu in Chengdu, Sichuan.
Temple of the Marquis of Wu in Baidicheng, Fengjie County, Chongqing.
Temple of the Marquis of Wu in Zhuge Liang's hometown at Nanyang, Henan.
The Temple of the Marquis of Wu in Chengdu, Sichuan, a temple worshiping Zhuge Liang.
The Temple of Marquis Wu of Wuzhang Plains is dedicated to Zhuge Liang

He was chancellor and later regent of the state of Shu Han during the Three Kingdoms period.

Zhuge Liang, Zhang Fei and Zhao Yun led separate forces to reinforce Liu Bei in the attack on Yi Province's capital, Chengdu, while Guan Yu stayed behind to guard Jing Province.

Provinces of the Eastern Han Dynasty in 189 CE.

Yizhou (Southwest China)

Zhou (province) of ancient China.

Zhou (province) of ancient China.

Provinces of the Eastern Han Dynasty in 189 CE.

Its capital city was Chengdu.

Liu Zhang requested the help of warlord Liu Bei, a relative of his, but the latter turned against Zhang, conquered most of Yi Province, and proclaimed the Kingdom of Shu.