Chennai

MadrasChennai, IndiaRoyapettahChennai, Tamil NaduMadras, IndiaChennai CityMadras CityChennai (Madras)Madras (now Chennai)Kathirvedu
Chennai, also known as Madras ( or, the official name until 1996), is the capital of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.wikipedia
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Tamil Nadu

TamilnaduTamil Nadu, IndiaTamil
Chennai, also known as Madras ( or, the official name until 1996), is the capital of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Its capital and largest city is Chennai (formerly known as Madras).

South India

Southern IndiaSouth IndianPeninsular India
Located on the Coromandel Coast off the Bay of Bengal, it is the biggest cultural, economic and educational centre of south India.
Chennai, Bengaluru, Hyderabad, Coimbatore, Kochi and Visakhapatnam are the largest urban areas.

Tamil cinema

TamilTamil filmTamil film industry
Home to the Tamil film industry, Chennai is also known as a major film production centre.
It is based in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, in the Kodambakkam neighbourhood, leading to the industry’s nickname Kollywood, the word being a portmanteau of Kodambakkam and Hollywood.

List of cities in India by population

CityList of cities in IndiaList of most populous cities in India
According to the 2011 Indian census, it is the sixth-most populous city and fourth-most populous urban agglomeration in India.

Indian Institute of Technology Madras

IIT MadrasIndian Institute of Technology, MadrasIndian Institute of Technology
However, the name Madras continues in occasional use for the city, as well as for places named after the city such as University of Madras, IIT Madras, Madras Institute of Technology, Madras Medical College, Madras Veterinary College, Madras Christian College.
Indian Institute of Technology Madras is a public engineering institute located in Chennai, Tamil Nadu.

Madras Christian College

Department of BotanyDeep WoodsMCC
However, the name Madras continues in occasional use for the city, as well as for places named after the city such as University of Madras, IIT Madras, Madras Institute of Technology, Madras Medical College, Madras Veterinary College, Madras Christian College.
The Madras Christian College (MCC) is an arts and sciences college based in Madras (Chennai), Tamil Nadu, India.

Madras Medical College

Government Yoga & Naturopathy Medical CollegeChennai Medical CollegeChennai Medical University
However, the name Madras continues in occasional use for the city, as well as for places named after the city such as University of Madras, IIT Madras, Madras Institute of Technology, Madras Medical College, Madras Veterinary College, Madras Christian College.
The Madras Medical College is an educational institution located in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Geographical renaming

renamedname changesformerly
In 1996, the Government of Tamil Nadu officially changed the name from Madras to Chennai.
In some cases established institutions preserve the old names of the renamed places in their names, such as the Pusan National University in Busan, South Korea; the Peking University in Beijing; Bombay Stock Exchange, IIT Bombay and the Bombay High Court in Mumbai; University of Madras, Madras Stock Exchange, the Madras High Court, and IIT Madras in Chennai; the University of Malaya, Keretapi Tanah Melayu, in Malaysia; and SWAPO (South West Africa People's Organization), the ruling party of Namibia.

Royapuram

A Vijayanagar-era inscription dated to the year 1367 that mentions the port of Mādarasanpattanam, along with other small ports on the east coast was discovered in 2015 and it was theorised that the aforementioned port is the fishing port of Royapuram.
Royapuram is a locality in the northern part of Chennai City, Tamil Nadu, India, most known for the Royapuram Railway Station, the first railway station of south India opened in 1856, and is today the oldest surviving railway station of the Indian subcontinent

Mylapore

ThirumayilaiTirumailaiMandaveli, Raja Annamalaipuram
During the 1st century CE, a poet and weaver named Thiruvalluvar lived in the town of Mylapore (a neighbourhood of present Chennai).
Mylapore is a neighborhood in the central part of the city of Chennai, India.

Pallavaram

PallavapuramPallavaram Cantonment Board EnclavePallavaram taluk
Stone age implements have been found near Pallavaram in Chennai. Clay underlies most of the city, chiefly Manali, Kolathur, Maduravoyal, K. K. Nagar, Tambaram, Mudichur, Pallavaram Semmencherry, Alapakkam, Vyasarpadi and Anna Nagar.
Pallavaram (originally Pallava Puram) is a residential locality in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Kanchipuram

KanchiKancheepuramConjeevaram
The Pallavas of Kanchi built the areas of Mahabalipuram and Pallavaram during the reign of Mahendravarman I.
Kanchipuram, also known as Kānchi or Kancheepuram''', is a temple city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu in Tondaimandalam region, 72 km from Chennai – the capital of Tamil Nadu.

Government of Tamil Nadu

Tamil Nadu Governmentstate governmentGovt. of Tamil Nadu
In 1996, the Government of Tamil Nadu officially changed the name from Madras to Chennai.
It is seated at Fort St George, Chennai.

Madras Institute of Technology

Madras Institute of Technology at MadrasMITMIT (Chennai), India
However, the name Madras continues in occasional use for the city, as well as for places named after the city such as University of Madras, IIT Madras, Madras Institute of Technology, Madras Medical College, Madras Veterinary College, Madras Christian College.
The Madras Institute of Technology (MIT) is an engineering institute located in Chromepet, Chennai (Madras), India.

Thiruvalluvar

ValluvarTiruvalluvarThiruvalluvar Day
During the 1st century CE, a poet and weaver named Thiruvalluvar lived in the town of Mylapore (a neighbourhood of present Chennai).
He is believed to have lived at least in the town of Mylapore (a neighbourhood of the present-day Chennai), and his floruit is dated variously from 4th century BCE to early 6th century CE, based on the traditional accounts and the linguistic analyses of his writings.

Poonamallee

PoonamaleePoonamallePoovirundhavalli
On 22 August, he secured the land grant from local Nayak (Damarla Venkatadri Nayaka and his younger brother Aiyappa Nayaka of Poonamallee).
Poonamallee (historically Poovirundhavalli) is a neighbourhood in the west of Chennai, India.

Siege of Madras

capture MadrasMadrasattempt to capture Madras
They resisted a French siege attempt in 1759 under the leadership of Eyre Coote.
The Siege of Madras was a siege of Madras, which was then under English rule, between December 1758 and February 1759 by French forces under the command of Lally during the Seven Years' War.

Chennakesava Perumal Temple, Chennai

Chennakesava Perumal TempleChenna kesava perumalChenna Kesava Perumal Temple
The first official use of the name Chennai is said to be in a sale deed, dated August 1639, to Francis Day of the East India Company, even before the Chennakesava Perumal Temple was built in 1646, while some scholars argue to the contrary.
Chennakesava Perumal Temple is a Hindu temple situated in the George Town neighbourhood of Chennai city, Tamil Nadu, India.

Rail transport in India

IndiarailwaysIndian rail network
With the advent of railways in India in the 19th century, the thriving urban centre was connected to other important cities such as Bombay and Calcutta, promoting increased communication and trade with the hinterland.
The first proposals for railways in India were made in Madras in 1832.

Bay of Bengal

Gulf of BengalHarkandBay of Bangal
Located on the Coromandel Coast off the Bay of Bengal, it is the biggest cultural, economic and educational centre of south India.
Indian ports on the bay include Paradip Port, Kolkata Port, Haldia Port, Chennai, Visakhapatnam, Kakinada, Pondicherry, Dhamra, Gopalpur and Bangladeshi ports on the Bay are Chittagong, Mongla, Payra Port.

Madras Veterinary College

However, the name Madras continues in occasional use for the city, as well as for places named after the city such as University of Madras, IIT Madras, Madras Institute of Technology, Madras Medical College, Madras Veterinary College, Madras Christian College.
The Madras Veterinary College, the college affiliated with Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, is a veterinary college situated in Vepery, Chennai, India.

Francis Day (Madras)

Francis DayFrancis Day of Madras
The first official use of the name Chennai is said to be in a sale deed, dated August 1639, to Francis Day of the East India Company, even before the Chennakesava Perumal Temple was built in 1646, while some scholars argue to the contrary.
In 1639, he negotiated the purchase of a strip of land south of the Dutch factory at Pulicat from the Raja of Chandragiri, where the town of Madras was built.

Coromandel Coast

CoromandelCoramandel coastCoromandal Coast
Located on the Coromandel Coast off the Bay of Bengal, it is the biggest cultural, economic and educational centre of south India.
The important ports include Chennai, Thoothukkudi, Nellore, Ennore and Nagapattinam, which take advantage of their close proximity with regions rich in natural and mineral resources and good transport infrastructure.

Tambaram

Tamabaram
Clay underlies most of the city, chiefly Manali, Kolathur, Maduravoyal, K. K. Nagar, Tambaram, Mudichur, Pallavaram Semmencherry, Alapakkam, Vyasarpadi and Anna Nagar.
Tambaram is a southern neighbourhood of Chennai, India, situated 27 km south of the Broadway (city centre).

Battle of Madras

an attack on Madrasattack on Madrasbesieged the port
In 1746, Fort St. George and Madras were captured by the French under General La Bourdonnais, the Governor of Mauritius, who plundered the town and its outlying villages.
The Battle of Madras or Fall of Madras took place in September 1746 during the War of the Austrian Succession when a French force attacked and captured the city of Madras from its British garrison.