A report on Chennai

Clive House at Fort St. George, Madras said to be the first English settlement in India during 1609
Diogo Lopes de Sequeira, Viceroy of Portuguese India, established the first European settlement in Chennai with the construction of the port of São Tomé de Meliapor in 1522.
Surrender of the City of Madras in 1746 to de La Bourdonnais, by Jacques François Joseph Swebach
An 18th-century portrait depicting Fort St. George, the first major English settlement in India and the foundation stone of Chennai
St.Thomas Mount, Chennai
Map of Madras, ca 1914
Cooum River near its mouth in Chennai city
Satellite image of Chennai
Chitlapakkam lake in the southern part of the city
Divisions of Chennai district.
The Ripon Building, commissioned in 1913, houses the Greater Chennai Corporation
Madras High Court
A police patrol car
Tamil Nadu legislative assembly
Triumph of Labour
Parry's Corner, one of the oldest business areas of Chennai, lined up with Art Deco buildings.
Southern Railway Headquarters, one of the fine examples of Indo-Saracenic architecture in the city
Kapaleeshwarar Temple, a Hindu shrine in the neighborhood of Mylapore.
Santhome Basilica, a Christian cathedral in Mylapore as well.
Triplicane Big Mosque, a prominent mosque in Chennai.
National Art Gallery (Chennai)
MGR Memorial at Marina beach, Chennai
Corporate headquarters of the $10 billion Murugappa Group in Chennai
India Land Tech Park, Ambattur
Infosys at Mahindra World City, Chennai
Ashok Leyland Corporate Headquarters in Guindy, Chennai.
TATA Consultancy Services, Chennai
Cognizant's Delivery Center in Chennai
Zoho Headquarters in Chennai
Tidel Park
World Trade Center towers
World Bank Office in Chennai
Madras Atomic Power Station
Vallur Thermal Power Station
Government General Hospital
ITC Grand Chola Hotel, Chennai, is the largest hotel in South India.
Marina Beach is a famous landmark in the city.
Anna Centenary Library, one of the largest libraries in Asia
Headquarters of Sun Network, India's largest private TV broadcaster
Government law college, Chennai
Indian Institute of Technology, Madras is a premier engineering institute in India
College of Engineering, Guindy is the oldest engineering college in India established in 1794
University of Madras Senate House
Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium multipurpose stadium
M. A. Chidambaram Stadium, one of the premier cricket venues in India
Chennai Open match at the SDAT Tennis Stadium
Madras Motor Race Track circuit, in Irungattukottai
The American consulate in Chennai.

Capital city of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

- Chennai
Clive House at Fort St. George, Madras said to be the first English settlement in India during 1609

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Tamil Nadu

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Tamil Nadu (, abbr.

Tamil Nadu (, abbr.

Keeladi, a Sangam Era Excavation Site, Sangam period
The Chola Empire at its greatest extent, during the reign of Rajendra Chola I in 1030
Thirumalai Nayakkar Mahal at Madurai
Fort Dansborg at Tharangambadi built by the Danish
Thiruvilliputhur Andal Temple Gopuram has been adopted as the official Seal of Tamil Nadu.
Topographic map of Tamil Nadu
Western Ghats traverse along the western border of Tamil Nadu
Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve has the largest elephant population in India.
Madras High Court, Chennai
Districts of Tamil Nadu
Fort St. George hosts the Chief Secretariat of the government of Tamil Nadu.
Basilica of Our Lady of Good Health in Velankanni is a popular Christian pilgrimage site.
Asia's first Genderqueer Pride parade in Madurai with Anjali Gopalan and Gopi Shankar Madurai (2012)
Children in an elementary school in Mayiladuthurai
Agricultural farm in Nagapattinam
Agriculture forms a major portion of the state's economy.
Kanchipuram hand loom silk sarees
TIDEL Park Coimbatore; Coimbatore is one of the leading IT/ITS centers in India.
A view of the NH 544 expressway between Coimbatore and Salem in Tamil Nadu
Puratchi Thalaivar Dr. M.G. Ramachandran Central Railway Station, one of India's major railway stations
Chennai International Airport, one of India's major international airports.
V.O. Chidambaranar Port Authority in Thoothukudi, one of India's major seaports
Wind farm in Muppandal and Aralvaimozhi region near Nagercoil
Kamuthi Solar Power Project
Seventh century paintings in the Sittanavasal Cave, Pudukottai
Jallikattu – A traditional sport conducted as a part of Pongal celebrations
Man riding an elephant in a Pongal Festival Parade in Namakkal
M. S. Subbulakshmi was the first musician to be awarded the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honor.
M. G. Ramachandran, was the first actor turned chief minister in India. He has been awarded the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honor.
Nilgiri Mountain Railway has been described as an essential experience of the Western Ghats.
Kallanai or Grand Anicut, an ancient dam built on the Kaveri River in Thanjavur district by Karikala Chola around the 2nd century CE<ref>{{cite news |title=Flowing waters for fertile fields |url=http://www.thehindu.com/life-and-style/kids/article2408778.ece |newspaper=The Hindu |date=29 August 2011 |location=India |first=M. |last=Balaganessin |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120717220026/http://www.thehindu.com/life-and-style/kids/article2408778.ece |archive-date=17 July 2012 |url-status=dead}}</ref><ref name="kallanai_googlebook">{{cite book |last=Singh |first=Vijay P. |author2=Ram Narayan Yadava |title=Water Resources System Operation: Proceedings of the International Conference on Water and Environment |publisher=Allied Publishers |year=2003 |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=Bge-0XX6ip8C&q=kallanai&pg=PA508 |isbn=978-81-7764-548-4 |page=508}}</ref><ref name="kallanai_oldest">{{cite web |url=http://www.hindunet.org/saraswati/traditionwater.pdf |title=This is the oldest stone water-diversion or water-regulator structure in the world |access-date=27 May 2007 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20070206130842/http://www.hindunet.org/saraswati/traditionwater.pdf |archive-date=6 February 2007}}</ref><ref>{{cite encyclopedia |url=http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9021884/Cauvery-River |title=Cauvery River – Britannica Online Encyclopedia |encyclopedia=Britannica.com |access-date=23 September 2013 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20080726171728/http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9021884/Cauvery-River |archive-date=26 July 2008 |url-status=live}}</ref>
Shore Temple built by the Pallavas at Mamallapuram during the 8th century, now a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Vettuvan Koil, the unfinished temple is believed to have been built during the 8th century by Pandyas in Kalugumalai, a panchayat town in Thoothukudi district.
The granite gopuram (tower) of Brihadisvara Temple, 1010 CE
Airavatesvara Temple built by Rajaraja Chola II in the 12th century CE
The pyramidal structure above the sanctum at Brihadisvara Temple, Gangaikonda Cholapuram
Brihadisvara Temple Entrance Gopurams at Thanjavur
Ravichandran Ashwin – Cricket
Dinesh Karthik – Cricket
Adam Sinclair – Field hockey
Viswanathan Anand – Chess
P. V. Nandhidhaa – Chess Woman Grandmaster
Ramkumar Ramanathan – Tennis
Raj Bharath – Motorsport
Mariyappan Thangavelu (left most) – High jump
Mahesh Bhupathi – Tennis
alt=Ajay Jayram|Ajay Jayaram – Badminton
alt=Sharath Kamal|Sharath Kamal (left) – Table tennis
alt=Joshna Chinappa and Dipika Pallikal|Joshna Chinappa and Dipika Pallikal – Squash

Its capital and largest city is Chennai.

15 Zones of the Chennai Corporation after expansion

Greater Chennai Corporation

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15 Zones of the Chennai Corporation after expansion
2022 Chennai Municipal Corporation Election
Anna Park maintained by Anna University
Chennai Corporation's Mechanical Sweeper in action at the Beach Road
Entrance View
Alternate View
Ripon Building under the Dark Clouds
Complete Front Façade of the Building
Ripon Building at 1990
Ripon Building Panoramic View

The Greater Chennai Corporation, formerly known as the Corporation of Madras (1688-1996) and Corporation of Chennai (1996-2016), is the civic body that governs the city of Chennai in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

Madras Presidency

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Administrative subdivision of British India.

Administrative subdivision of British India.

The Madras Presidency in 1913
Annie Besant in 1922
The Madras Presidency in 1913
The Indian National Congress came to power for the first time in 1937 with Chakravarti Rajagopalachari (pictured at a rally) as its Chief Minister
Madras province (North), 1909
Madras province (South), 1909
Linguistic map of the Madras Presidency
Vaishnavite Brahmin students at a Gurukulam in Tanjore, c. 1909
A village shrine dedicated to Lord Ayyanar, c. 1911
Muslim (called in English at the time as Muhammadan) boy, c. 1914
A British officer in the Madras Light Cavalry
A Jamadar of the 20th Deccan Horse
Statue of Sir Thomas Munro who introduced the "Ryotwari System" in the Madras Presidency
A 1936 map of rice stations in Madras Presidency
The Mullaperiyar Dam was constructed across the Periyar river for power generation
The port of Tuticorin
Textile showroom of M. V. Cunniah Chetty and Sons, circa 1914
Weaving on Handlooms, c. 1913
Parry & Co. sugar refineries at Samalkota, c. 1914
Workshops of the Madras Automobiles Ltd., c. 1904
Map of the Madras and South Mahratta Railway lines
The Nilgiri Mountain Railway, an UNESCO World Heritage Site
The Pamban railway bridge, which connects the Pamban island with the Indian mainland was constructed in 1914
A backwater and canal in Malabar, c. 1913
A Westernized middle-class urban Tamil Brahmin couple. c.a .1945
Tamil film actor M. K. Thyagaraja Bhagavathar
A Namboodiri Brahman's house, c.a. 1909
Hindu devotees in procession around the temple at Tirupparankunram, c.a. 1909
Telugu bride and groom belonging to the Kapu caste, c.a. 1909
A Mangalorean Catholic gentleman belonging to the Bamonn caste, c. a. 1938
Refreshment stall at a railway station in the Madras Presidency, c. a. 1895

The city of Madras was the winter capital of the Presidency and Ootacamund or Ooty, the summer capital.

Fort William, headquarters of the British East India Company


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Capital of the Indian state of West Bengal.

Capital of the Indian state of West Bengal.

Fort William, headquarters of the British East India Company
Arms of the city of Calcutta, c. 1914.
Chowringhee avenue and Tipu Sultan Mosque in central Calcutta, 1945.
Bengali billboards on Harrison Street. Calcutta was the largest commercial centre in British India.
Map of Calcutta, ca 1914
Aerial view of the Kolkata skyline, including The 42 and Vidyasagar Setu
Reserve Bank of India building, Kolkata
The 42 at Chowringhee at 260 m is the tallest building in Kolkata
Residential high-rise buildings in South City
Calcutta High Court
A telecommunications tower belonging to services provider Tata Communications
The Kolkata Tram is the oldest operating electric tram system in Asia
The Kolkata Metro is the oldest rapid transit system in India
The Kolkata Suburban Railway is the busiest commuter rail system in India
The yellow taxi remains a favourite despite the foray of rideshare companies in the transport market
A road in Kolkata showing bus, and cars. There are other modes of transport available such as taxi or cab, tram, metro, auto rikshaw, rikshaw and ferry or water taxi.
The terminal of the Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport
Khidirpore Dock of Kolkata Port Trust
Calcutta Medical College, the second institution in Asia to teach modern medicine (after 'Ecole de Médicine de Pondichéry')
IPGMER and SSKM Hospital, largest hospital in West Bengal and one of the oldest in Kolkata.
Indian Institute of Management Calcutta
Indian Institute of Foreign Trade
West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences
Presidency University, Kolkata
Aerial view of the Amity University, Kolkata
Victoria Memorial at night
Indian Museum is the oldest and one of the largest museums in India
National Library of India
Making of Durga idol in Kumartuli, Kolkata
A murti, or representation, of the goddess Durga shown during the Durga Puja festival
Sandesh, a typical Bengali sweet made from chhena
Dance accompanied by Rabindra Sangeet, a music genre started by Rabindranath Tagore
Akashvani Bhawan, the head office of state-owned All India Radio, Kolkata
Salt Lake Stadium on a matchday of the 2017 FIFA U-17 World Cup
First day and night test match in India between India and Bangladesh at the Eden gardens

The Kolkata–Delhi and Kolkata–Chennai prongs of the Golden Quadrilateral, and National Highway 12 start from the city.

South India

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South India, also known as Dakshina Bharata or Peninsular India, consists of the southern part of India encompassing the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, and Telangana, as well as the union territories of Lakshadweep and Puducherry, comprising 19.31% of India's area (635,780 km2) and 20% of India's population.

South India, also known as Dakshina Bharata or Peninsular India, consists of the southern part of India encompassing the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, and Telangana, as well as the union territories of Lakshadweep and Puducherry, comprising 19.31% of India's area (635,780 km2) and 20% of India's population.

Zonal Councils of India
South India
Ancient Silk Road map. The Spice trade was mainly along the water routes (blue).
The Chola Empire during Rajendra Chola I, c. 1030
Map of South India (1953–1956) before the States Reorganisation Act of 1956
Satellite image of South India
The peak of Anamudi (2695 m above sea level) is the highest point of elevation in South India
Birds view of Krishna river Back water at Srisailam dam
South India also has the largest elephant population.
Map showing highway distribution with population density
The Rajiv Gandhi International Airport in Hyderabad
Aircraft parked at the Thiruvananthapuram International Airport
A Vishakhapatnam harbour view
A terminal at the Chennai Port
Major crop areas
Technopark, Trivandrum
The growth of information technology hubs in the region have spurred economic growth. Pictured is Tidel Park in Chennai
At 168.91 m height, the Idukki Dam is one of the highest arch dams in Asia.
Population Pyramid in South India
Dravidian language tree
The weave of Calico sample from a shopping bag shown against a centimetre scale.
A traditional meal served on a banana leaf
A Thalassery cuisine which makes use of Malabar spices
The large gopuram is a hallmark of Dravidian architecture.

Construction of track in the Madras Presidency began in 1859 and the 80 mile link from Trichinopoly to Negapatam and a link from Tirur to the Port of Beypore at Kozhikode on the Malabar Coast, which eventually got expanded into the Mangalore-Chennai line via Palakkad Gap were opened in 1861.

The beach promenade in 1913

Marina Beach

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The beach promenade in 1913
C. N. Annadurai's Memorial
MGR Memorial
Magnetite and other heavy minerals (dark) in the beach's quartz sand
The Rock Fountain
Fishing nets on the beach
A night view of the beach promenade
Madras University as seen from Marina Beach
PWD Complex
Marina Swimming Pool
Promenade leading to the lighthouse
One of the several decorative installations at the beach
The beach has 14 landscaped galleries
A catamaran on the beach
Crowd at the beach in the evening
The Marina Beach after the tsunami
Rescue operations at the beach after the tsunami
Jallikattu protest at Marina Beach
Immersion of Ganesh idols on the Marina at Foreshore Estate
Kamaraj Salai running along the beach
The pedestrian path along the beach
View of the beach from the lighthouse
View of the beach from the lighthouse
Southern stretch of the beach, south of the lighthouse

Marina Beach, or simply the Marina, is a natural urban beach in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, along the Bay of Bengal.

The Madras University Senate House and Marina Beach, 1905

University of Madras

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The Madras University Senate House and Marina Beach, 1905
Legislative Assembly session of Madras Presidency in Senate House, 1937
A 1957 postal stamp dedicated to the centenary of Madras University
University of Madras Entrance Arch at Chepauk Campus
The Senate House
University centenary auditorium
The Chapel at Loyola College
Last Governor-General of India, C. Rajagopalachari
2nd President of India, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
4th President of India, V.V. Giri
6th President of India, Neelam Sanjiva Reddy
8th President of India, R Venkataraman
11th President of India, A.P.J. Abdul Kalam
1st Indian Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Army, Field Marshal K. M. Cariappa
2nd Chief Justice of India, M. Patanjali Sastri
19th Diwan of Mysore and Civil Engineer, Sir. M. Visvesvaraya
Physics Nobel laureate, Sir C. V. Raman
Physics Nobel laureate, Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar
Mathematician, Srinivasa Ramanujan
Mathematician, Abel Prize Winner, S. R. Srinivasa Varadhan
Theoretical Physicist, E. C. George Sudarshan
Nuclear Physicist, Rajagopala Chidambaram
Computer scientist, Turing Awardee, Raj Reddy
Cognitive neuroscientist, V. S. Ramachandran
1st Chief of Defence Staff, General Bipin Rawat
PepsiCo Chairperson, Indra Nooyi
Father of Green revolution, M. S. Swaminathan
Former Union Minister of Finance, P. Chidambaram
Chess grandmaster, Viswanathan Anand

The University of Madras (informally known as Madras University) is a public state university in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.


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Tambaram is a southern suburb of Chennai.


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Sculptures inside Kanchipuram Kailasanathar Temple – the oldest existing temple in the city
The Battle of Pollilur, fought near Kanchipuram in 1780
Kanchipuram Loksabha constituency
A house depicting old living style of Kanchipuram
Silk Saree Weaving at Kanchipuram
Kanchipuram Silk Sarees hanging
Agriculture in Kanchipuram
Bodhidharma is believed to have spread Zen school of Buddhism from India to China
Trilokyanatha Temple
Painted ceiling with Jain munis
Ekambareswarar temple – the largest temple in the city
Sculpted pillars and stone chain in Varadharaja Perumal Temple

Kanchipuram (; ) also known as Conjeevaram, is a city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu in the Tondaimandalam region, 72 km from Chennai – the capital of Tamil Nadu.

Chennai metropolitan area

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Fourth-most populous metropolitan area in India, the 22nd-most in Asia, and the 40th-most in the world.

Fourth-most populous metropolitan area in India, the 22nd-most in Asia, and the 40th-most in the world.

The CMDA masterplan for the CMA
Proposed expansion of the CMA (with old district borders)

The CMA consists of the core city of Chennai, which is coterminous with the Chennai district, and its suburbs in Kanchipuram, Chengalpattu, and Thiruvallur districts.