Chernivtsi Oblast

ChernivtsiChernivtsi regionChernivetska OblastChernivtsi provinceChernivtsi O.northernBoriwtsiCernauti regionChernivets'ka OblastChernivitsi Oblast
Chernivtsi Oblast (Чернівецька область, Chernivetsʹka oblastʹ) is an oblast (province) in western Ukraine, consisting of the northern parts of the regions of Bukovina and Bessarabia.wikipedia
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Bessarabia

BasarabiaBassarabiaEastern Moldavia
Chernivtsi Oblast (Чернівецька область, Chernivetsʹka oblastʹ) is an oblast (province) in western Ukraine, consisting of the northern parts of the regions of Bukovina and Bessarabia. The oblast was organized out of the northeast part of Ţinutul Suceava of Kingdom of Romania, joining parts of three historical regions: northern half of Bukovina, northern half of the Hotin County county of Bessarabia, and Hertza region, which was part of the Dorohoi county (presently Botoşani County) of proper Moldavia.
About two thirds of Bessarabia lies within modern-day Moldova, with the Ukrainian Budjak region covering the southern coastal region and part of the Ukrainian Chernivtsi Oblast covering a small area in the north.

Western Ukraine

West UkrainewesternWestern Ukrainian
Chernivtsi Oblast (Чернівецька область, Chernivetsʹka oblastʹ) is an oblast (province) in western Ukraine, consisting of the northern parts of the regions of Bukovina and Bessarabia.
Less often it includes territories of eastern Volhynia, Podolia, and small portion of northern Bessarabia (eastern part of Chernivtsi Oblast).

Bukovina

Northern BukovinaBucovinaBukovyna
Chernivtsi Oblast (Чернівецька область, Chernivetsʹka oblastʹ) is an oblast (province) in western Ukraine, consisting of the northern parts of the regions of Bukovina and Bessarabia. The oblast was organized out of the northeast part of Ţinutul Suceava of Kingdom of Romania, joining parts of three historical regions: northern half of Bukovina, northern half of the Hotin County county of Bessarabia, and Hertza region, which was part of the Dorohoi county (presently Botoşani County) of proper Moldavia.
In modern Ukraine, the name "Bukovina" is unofficial, but is common when referring to the Chernivtsi Oblast, as over two thirds of the oblast is the northern part of Bukovina.

Chernivtsi

CzernowitzCernăuțiCernăuţi
Its capital is the city Chernivtsi.
It is situated on the upper course of the River Prut, and is the administrative center of Chernivtsi Oblast (province) – the northern, Ukrainian part of the historical region of Bukovina.

Moldova

Republic of MoldovaMDAMoldavian
It has an international border with Romania and Moldova. Chernivtsi Oblast is bordered by Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast, Ternopil Oblast, Khmelnytskyi Oblast, Vinnytsia Oblast, Romania, and Moldova.
Its territory comprised the present-day territory of the Republic of Moldova, the eastern eight counties of Romania, and parts of the Chernivtsi Oblast and Budjak region of Ukraine.

Ternopil Oblast

TernopilTernopil regionTarnopil Oblast
Chernivtsi Oblast is bordered by Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast, Ternopil Oblast, Khmelnytskyi Oblast, Vinnytsia Oblast, Romania, and Moldova.
One of the major rivers in the country Dniester forms southern and southwestern borders of Ternopil Oblast with the adjacent Chernivtsi Oblast and Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast.

Soviet occupation of Bessarabia and northern Bukovina

Soviet occupation of Bessarabiaoccupied by the Soviet UnionSoviet occupation
Chernivtsi oblast was created on August 7, 1940 in the wake of the Soviet occupation of Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina.
The Hertza region, and the regions inhabited by Slavic majorities (northern Bukovina, Northern and Southern Bessarabia) were included in the Ukrainian SSR.

Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast

Ivano-FrankivskIvano-Frankivsk regionStanislav Oblast
Chernivtsi Oblast is bordered by Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast, Ternopil Oblast, Khmelnytskyi Oblast, Vinnytsia Oblast, Romania, and Moldova.
Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast borders Lviv Oblast to its north and west, Zakarpattya Oblast to its south-west, has a 50-km long state border with Romania (Maramureș County) to its immediate south, and it borders Chernivtsi Oblast to the south-east and Ternopil Oblast to the east.

Khmelnytskyi Oblast

KhmelnytskyiKhmelnytsky OblastKhmelnytsky
Chernivtsi Oblast is bordered by Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast, Ternopil Oblast, Khmelnytskyi Oblast, Vinnytsia Oblast, Romania, and Moldova.
The oblast borders the Rivne Oblast to the northwest, the Zhytomyr Oblast to the northeast, the Vinnytsia Oblast to the east, the Chernivtsi Oblast to the south, and the Ternopil Oblast to the west.

Botoșani County

Botoşani CountyBotoșaniBotoşani
The oblast was organized out of the northeast part of Ţinutul Suceava of Kingdom of Romania, joining parts of three historical regions: northern half of Bukovina, northern half of the Hotin County county of Bessarabia, and Hertza region, which was part of the Dorohoi county (presently Botoşani County) of proper Moldavia.

Hertza region

HertzaHertsa regionHerza region
The oblast was organized out of the northeast part of Ţinutul Suceava of Kingdom of Romania, joining parts of three historical regions: northern half of Bukovina, northern half of the Hotin County county of Bessarabia, and Hertza region, which was part of the Dorohoi county (presently Botoşani County) of proper Moldavia.
Hertza region (Край Герца, Kraj Herca; Ținutul Herța) is a border region within an administrative district (raion) of Hertsa (Herța) in the southern part of Chernivtsi Oblast in southwestern Ukraine, near Romania.

Moldavia

Principality of MoldaviaPrincipality of MoldovaMoldavian
The oblast was organized out of the northeast part of Ţinutul Suceava of Kingdom of Romania, joining parts of three historical regions: northern half of Bukovina, northern half of the Hotin County county of Bessarabia, and Hertza region, which was part of the Dorohoi county (presently Botoşani County) of proper Moldavia.
The western half of Moldavia is now part of Romania, the eastern side belongs to the Republic of Moldova, and the northern and southeastern parts are territories of Ukraine.

Ukraine

UkrainianUKRUkrainia
Chernivtsi Oblast (Чернівецька область, Chernivetsʹka oblastʹ) is an oblast (province) in western Ukraine, consisting of the northern parts of the regions of Bukovina and Bessarabia.

Romanians of Chernivtsi Oblast

Chernivtsi OblastChernivtsi regionlocal Romanians
The majority of those targeted were ethnic Romanians, but there were many representatives of other ethnicities, as well.
The ethnic Romanians of Chernivtsi Oblast (Regiunea Cernăuți) in Ukraine comprise a significant portion of the Romanian diaspora in Ukraine.

Fântâna Albă massacre

Fântâna AlbăFântâna-Albă
In the winter and spring of 1941, the Soviet troops (NKVD) opened fire on many groups of locals trying to cross the border into Romania (for more, see: Fântâna Albă massacre).
The Fântâna Albă massacre took place on April 1, 1941, in Northern Bukovina when between 200 and 3,000 civilians were killed when their attempt to cross the border from the Soviet Union to Romania, near the village of Fântâna Albă, now in Chernivtsi Oblast, Ukraine, was met with open fire by the Soviet Border Troops.

Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic

Moldavian SSRMoldovan SSRMoldavia
Most of the occupied territories were organized on August 2, 1940 as the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic, while the remainder, including the Chenivtsi Oblast, which was formed on August 7, 1940, were included in the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic.
Northern and southern parts of the territories occupied by the Soviet Union in June 1940 (the current Chernivtsi Oblast and Budjak), which were more heterogeneous ethnically, were transferred to the Ukrainian SSR, although their population also included 337,000 Moldovans.

Hertsa Raion

HertsaHertsaivskyi Raion
Hertsa Raion (Герцаївський район, translit.: Hertsaiivs'kyi raion; Raionul Herța ) is an administrative raion (district) in the southern part of Chernivtsi Oblast in western Ukraine, on the Romanian border.

Novoselytsia Raion

NovoselytsiaNovoselytsky RaionMălineşti-Hotin
Novoselytsia Raion (Новоселицький район, Raionul Noua Suliță ) is a raion (administrative district) in Chernivtsi Oblast, (province) in the west of Ukraine.

Hlyboka Raion

Hlybotskyi RaionHlybokaMolodiya
Hlyboka Raion (Глибоцький район, Raionul Adâncata ) is an administrative district of Chernivtsi Oblast located in the historical regions of Bukovina and Hertza, in western Ukraine.

Storozhynets Raion

StorozhynetsStorozhynetskyi RaionChudei
Storozhynets Raion (Сторожинецький район, Raionul Storojineţ) is a raion (administrative district) in Chernivtsi Oblast, (province), in the historical region of Bukovina, in western part of Ukraine.

Kelmentsi Raion

Kelmentsi
Kelmentsi Raion is an administrative raion (district) in the southern part of Chernivtsi Oblast in western Ukraine, on the Romanian border.

Prut

Prut RiverPruthRiver Prut
The oblast has a large variety of landforms: the Carpathian Mountains and picturesque hills at the foot of the mountains gradually change to a broad partly forested plain situated between the Dniester and Prut rivers.

Romanian language

RomanianRomanian-languageDaco-Romanian
After an initial period of free education in Ukrainian language, in late 1920s Romanian authorities attempted to switch all education to the Romanian language.
Romanian minorities are encountered in Serbia (Timok Valley), Ukraine (Chernivtsi and Odessa oblasts), and Hungary (Gyula).

Khotyn Raion

KhotynKerstentsiKhotynskyi
Khotyn Raion is an administrative raion (district) in the southern part of Chernivtsi Oblast in western Ukraine, on the Romanian border.

Putyla Raion

PutylaPutyla DistrictPutylshchyna
Putyla Raion is an administrative raion (district) in the southern part of Chernivtsi Oblast in western Ukraine, on the Romanian border.