Southeastern U.S. and Indian territories, including Cherokee, Creek, and Chickasaw; 1806
Great Smoky Mountains
The Cherokee Nation Lands in 1830 Georgia, before the Trail of Tears
An annotated copy of a hand-painted Catawba deerskin map of the tribes between Charleston (left) and Virginia (right) following the displacements of a century of disease and enslavement and the 1715–7 Yamasee War. The Cherokee are labelled as "Cherrikies".
The Arkansaw Territory division: showing the progression of Indian Territory separation from Arkansas Territory, 1819–1836
After the Anglo-Cherokee War, bitterness remained between the two groups. In 1765, Henry Timberlake took three Cherokee chiefs to London meet the Crown and help strengthen the newly declared peace.
Map of Southern United States during the time of the Indian Removals (Trail of Tears), 1830–1838, showing the historic lands of the Five Civilized Tribes. The destination Indian Territory is depicted in light yellow-green.
Portrait of Major Ridge in 1834, from History of the Indian Tribes of North America.
The Cherokee Braves Flag, as flown by Stand Watie's troop.
Cherokee National Council building, New Echota
Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory, along with No Man's Land (also known as the Oklahoma Panhandle). The division of the two territories is shown with a heavy purple line. Together, these three areas would become the State of Oklahoma in 1907.
Tah-Chee (Dutch), A Cherokee Chief, 1837
The Cherokee Nation Capitol Building and Courthouse, Tahlequah, Oklahoma. Built in 1869, it functioned as the political center of "The Nation" until 1907, and is the oldest public building standing in Oklahoma.
Chief John Ross, c. 1840
Tahlequah, Oklahoma stop sign, written in English and Cherokee
Cherokee beadwork sampler, made at Dwight Mission, Indian Territory, 19th century, collection of the Oklahoma History Center
The second Cherokee Female Seminary was opened in 1889 by the original Cherokee Nation.
Cól-lee, a Band Chief, painted by George Catlin, 1834
Cherokee confederates reunion in New Orleans, 1902.
William Penn (Cherokee), His Shield (Yanktonai), Levi Big Eagle (Yanktonai), Bear Ghost (Yanktonai) and Black Moustache (Sisseton).
Map of present-day Cherokee Nation Tribal Jurisdiction Area (red)
Sequoyah, the inventor of the Cherokee syllabary
Flag of the Cherokee Nation
Cherokee Nation Historic Courthouse in Tahlequah, Oklahoma.
The Cherokee Female Seminary was built in 1889 by the Cherokee in Indian Territory.
Flag of the Eastern Band Cherokee
Flag of the United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians
The Mount Tabor Indian Community flag of primarily Cherokee as well as Choctaw, Chickasaw and Muscogee-Creek people located in Rusk County, Texas.

The Cherokee Nation consisted of the Cherokee (ᏣᎳᎩ —pronounced Tsalagi or Cha-la-gee) people of the Qualla Boundary and the southeastern United States; those who relocated voluntarily from the southeastern United States to the Indian Territory (circa 1820 —known as the "Old Settlers"); those who were forced by the Federal government of the United States to relocate (through the Indian Removal Act) by way of the Trail of Tears (1830s); and descendants of the Natchez, the Lenape and the Shawnee peoples, and, after the Civil War and emancipation of slaves, Cherokee Freedmen and their descendants.

- Cherokee Nation (1794–1907)

The deerskin trade was no longer feasible on their greatly reduced lands, and over the next several decades, the people of the fledgling Cherokee Nation began to build a new society modeled on the white Southern United States.

- Cherokee

31 related topics with Alpha

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The Trail of Tears memorial at the New Echota Historic Site in Georgia, which honors the Cherokees who died on the Trail of Tears

Trail of Tears

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Series of forced displacements of approximately 60,000 American Indians of the "Five Civilized Tribes" between 1830 and 1850 by the United States government.

Series of forced displacements of approximately 60,000 American Indians of the "Five Civilized Tribes" between 1830 and 1850 by the United States government.

The Trail of Tears memorial at the New Echota Historic Site in Georgia, which honors the Cherokees who died on the Trail of Tears
A map of the process of Indian Removal, 1830–1838. Oklahoma is depicted in light yellow-green.
George W. Harkins, Choctaw chief.
Alexis de Tocqueville, French political thinker and historian
Seminole warrior Tuko-see-mathla, 1834
Selocta (or Shelocta) was a Muscogee chief who appealed to Andrew Jackson to reduce the demands for Creek lands at the signing of the Treaty of Fort Jackson.
Historic Marker in Marion, Arkansas, for the Trail of Tears
Cherokee Principal Chief John Ross, photographed before his death in 1866
Elizabeth "Betsy" Brown Stephens (1903), a Cherokee Indian who walked the Trail of Tears in 1838
A Trail of Tears map of Southern Illinois from the USDA – U.S. Forest Service
Walkway map at the Cherokee Removal Memorial Park in Tennessee depicting the routes of the Cherokee on the Trail of Tears, June 2020
Map of National Historic trails

Members of the so-called "Five Civilized Tribes"—the Cherokee, Muscogee (Creek), Seminole, Chickasaw, and Choctaw nations (including thousands of their black slaves )—were forcibly removed from their ancestral homelands in the Southeastern United States to areas to the west of the Mississippi River that had been designated Indian Territory.

In Cherokee Nation v. Georgia (1831), the Marshall court ruled that the Cherokee Nation was not a sovereign and independent nation, and therefore refused to hear the case.

1834 portrait of Major Ridge by Charles Bird King, in History of the Indian Tribes of North America.

Major Ridge

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Major Ridge, The Ridge (and sometimes Pathkiller II) (c.

Major Ridge, The Ridge (and sometimes Pathkiller II) (c.

1834 portrait of Major Ridge by Charles Bird King, in History of the Indian Tribes of North America.

1771 – 22 June 1839) (also known as Nunnehidihi, and later Ganundalegi) was a Cherokee leader, a member of the tribal council, and a lawmaker.

Along with Charles R. Hicks and James Vann, Ridge was part of the "Cherokee triumvirate," a group of rising younger chiefs in the early nineteenth-century Cherokee Nation who supported acculturation and other changes in how the people dealt with the United States.

Indian Territory

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Evolving land area set aside by the United States Government for the relocation of Native Americans who held aboriginal title to their land as a sovereign independent state.

Evolving land area set aside by the United States Government for the relocation of Native Americans who held aboriginal title to their land as a sovereign independent state.

Oklahoma and Indian Territories, 1890
Indian Country 1834 (in Red)
Indian Territory in 1844
United States Department of the Interior map of Indian Territory in 1879
Map of the gradual opening of Oklahoma Territory to white settlers and the Indian Territory, annexed by Oklahoma in 1907.
The Louisiana Purchase was one of several historical territorial additions to the United States.
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Map of Indian territory 1836
Kansas, Nebraska, Minnesota Territories 1855
Two Wichita women in summer dress, 1870
Artist's conception of Spiro Mounds, a Caddoan Mississippian site, as seen from the west
Caddo village near Anadarko, 1870s
The Mississippian culture was a mound-building Native American culture that flourished in North America before the arrival of Europeans.
Cherokee Nation Historic Courthouse in Tahlequah, built in 1849, is the oldest public building standing in Oklahoma.
The historic Choctaw Capitol in Tuskahoma.
Jennie Bobb, left, and her daughter, Nellie Longhat, both members of the Delaware Nation, Oklahoma, 1915
Peoria beaded moccasins, c. 1860, collection of the Oklahoma History Center
Tipis painted by George Catlin c. 1830
Plains Indians at time of European contact and current homelands.
Pre-contact distribution of the Western Siouan languages
Pre-contact distribution of Algonquian languages
Pre-contact distribution of Northern Uto-Aztecan languages

But this was where the Choctaw and Cherokee tribes had just begun to settle, and the two nations objected strongly.

Brigadier General Stand Watie, a Confederate commander of the Cherokee Nation, became the last Confederate general to surrender in the American Civil War, near the community of Doaksville on June 23, 1865.

Cherokee Nation

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Example of a Cherokee census card for Fairland, Oklahoma from the first few years of the 20th century.
Second Cherokee Female Seminary in Tahlequah (present-day Seminary Hall of Northeastern State University)
Cherokee Nation Historic Courthouse in Tahlequah, built in 1849, is the oldest public building standing in the state of Oklahoma.
Cherokee Nation Marshal Service Patch
Basket weaving workshop sponsored by the nation.
Hastings Shade, medicine man, artist, and former Deputy Chief of the Cherokee Nation
Little Miss Cherokee, 2007
Angel Goodrich, professional basketball player in the WNBA, 2015

The Cherokee Nation (Cherokee: ᏣᎳᎩᎯ ᎠᏰᎵ, Tsalagihi Ayeli or ᏣᎳᎩᏰᎵ "Tsalagiyehli"), also known as the Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma, is the largest of three Cherokee federally recognized tribes in the United States.

It was established in the 20th century and includes people descended from members of the Old Cherokee Nation who relocated, due to increasing pressure, from the Southeast to Indian Territory and Cherokee who were forced to relocate on the Trail of Tears.

Oklahoma

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State in the South Central region of the United States, bordered by Texas on the south and west, Kansas on the north, Missouri on the northeast, Arkansas on the east, New Mexico on the west, and Colorado on the northwest.

State in the South Central region of the United States, bordered by Texas on the south and west, Kansas on the north, Missouri on the northeast, Arkansas on the east, New Mexico on the west, and Colorado on the northwest.

Map of Indian Territory (Oklahoma), 1889, Britannica 9th edition
Map of the Confederate States with allied tribes (in present-day Oklahoma)
The Dust Bowl sent thousands of farmers into poverty during the 1930s.
This map of the ‘State of Sequoyah’ was compiled from the USGS Map of Indian Territory (1902), revised to include the county divisions made under direction of Sequoyah Statehood Convention (1905), by D.W. Bolich, a civil engineer at Muskogee.
The bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City was one of the deadliest acts of terrorism in American history.
The former reservations of the Five Civilized Tribes in dispute in McGirt v. Oklahoma
Köppen climate types of Oklahoma
Populations of American bison inhabit the state's prairie ecosystems.
Oklahoma's climate is prime for the generation of thunderstorms.
Winter at the Oklahoma Baptist University campus
Oklahoma population density map
Oklahoma Tribal Statistical Areas (teal)
Located in Tahlequah, this stop sign includes Cherokee lettering
The Boston Avenue Methodist Church in Tulsa is a National Historic Landmark.
The Cathedral of Our Lady of Perpetual Help in Oklahoma City
The BOK Tower of Tulsa, Oklahoma's second-tallest building, serves as the world headquarters for Williams Companies.
A major oil-producing state, Oklahoma is the fifth-largest producer of crude oil in the United States.
Oklahoma's system of public regional universities includes Northeastern State University in Tahlequah.
Writing in Cherokee
The Pioneer Woman statue in Ponca City, by Bryant Baker (1930)
Philbrook Museum of Art, one of the nation's top fifty
National Powwow dancer of the Cherokee of Oklahoma, 2007
The Oklahoma City Thunder moved there in 2008, becoming its first permanent major-league team in any sport.
Cancer Treatment Centers of America at Southwestern Regional Medical Center, Tulsa
The second-largest newspaper in Oklahoma, the Tulsa World, has a circulation of 189,789.
Road network and waterways of Oklahoma from the 1970 edition of the National Atlas
The Oklahoma State Capitol in Oklahoma City
The five congressional districts of Oklahoma
Treemap of the popular vote by county, 2016 presidential election
Oklahoma City is the state's capital and largest city.
Tulsa is the state's second-largest city by population and by land area.
The American bison is Oklahoma's state mammal.
Turner Falls
thumb|State rock (rose rock) specimens from Cleveland County
alt=|thumb|Illinois River in northeastern Oklahoma
thumb|Elk Mountain, in the eastern Wichita Mountains, southwestern Oklahoma
Wichita Mountains Narrows
The Ouachita Mountains cover much of southeastern Oklahoma.
Grave Creek in McIntosh County
Mesas rise above one of Oklahoma's state parks
Party registration by county (January 2018)

The phrase "Trail of Tears" originated from a description of the removal of the Choctaw Nation in 1831, although the term is usually used for the Cherokee removal.

The Cherokee Nation had an internal civil war.

Gallery of the Five Civilized Tribes: Sequoyah (Cherokee), Pushmataha (Choctaw), Selecta (Muscogee/Creek), a "Characteristic Chickasaw Head", and Osceola (Seminole). The portraits were drawn or painted between 1775 and 1850.

Five Civilized Tribes

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Gallery of the Five Civilized Tribes: Sequoyah (Cherokee), Pushmataha (Choctaw), Selecta (Muscogee/Creek), a "Characteristic Chickasaw Head", and Osceola (Seminole). The portraits were drawn or painted between 1775 and 1850.
The Mississippian culture was a mound building Native American urban culture that flourished in the South and Eastern United States before the arrival of Europeans.
Routes of southern removals to the first Indian Territory of the Five Civilized Tribes
Cherokee Nation Historic Courthouse in Tahlequah, built in 1849, is the oldest public building standing in Oklahoma.

The term Five Civilized Tribes was applied by European Americans in the colonial and early federal period in the history of the United States to the five major Native American nations in the Southeast—the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek (Muscogee), and Seminole.

The Cherokee Nation resisted removal until 1838 and lost thousands of members in removal, along what they called the Cherokee Trail of Tears.

Tahlequah, Oklahoma

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City in Cherokee County, Oklahoma located at the foothills of the Ozark Mountains.

City in Cherokee County, Oklahoma located at the foothills of the Ozark Mountains.

Cherokee stop sign with Cherokee language transliteration and the Cherokee syllabary in Tahlequah, Oklahoma, with "alehwisdiha" (also spelled "halehwisda") meaning "stop"
Cherokee traffic sign in Tahlequah, Oklahoma, reading "tla adi yigi", meaning "no parking" from "tla" meaning "no"
Oklahoma Cherokee language immersion school student writing in the Cherokee syllabary.
Adams Corner Cherokee language chalk board in schoolhouse.
Tahlequah is home to Northeastern State University.

It is part of the Green Country region of Oklahoma and was established as a capital of the 19th-century Cherokee Nation in 1839, as part of the new settlement in Indian Territory after the Cherokee Native Americans were forced west from the American Southeast on the Trail of Tears.

The original 'Chickamauga Towns' of Dragging Canoe's followers, along with the Hiwassee towns and the towns on the Tellico

Chickamauga Cherokee

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The original 'Chickamauga Towns' of Dragging Canoe's followers, along with the Hiwassee towns and the towns on the Tellico
The primary areas of operations during the Chickamauga Wars, showing the more prominent settlements of the war and postwar Lower Towns in the lower left quarter
The Ridge (Ganundalegi), formerly known as Pathkiller (Nunnehidihi), illustration from History of the Indian Tribes of North America.

The Chickamauga Cherokee refers to a group that separated from the greater body of the Cherokee during the American Revolutionary War.

When the national government of all the Cherokee Nation was organized, the first three persons to hold the office of Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation were: Little Turkey (1788–1801), Black Fox (1801–1811), and Pathkiller (1811–1827).

The Cherokees are Coming!, an illustration depicting a scout warning the residents of Knoxville, Tennessee, of the approach of a large Cherokee force in September 1793

Cherokee–American wars

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The Cherokees are Coming!, an illustration depicting a scout warning the residents of Knoxville, Tennessee, of the approach of a large Cherokee force in September 1793
A commander of Fort Patrick Henry sent Henry Timberlake as a token of friendship after the Anglo-Cherokee War. Timberlake later took three Cherokee to London, 1763.
Daniel Boone Escorting Settlers through the Cumberland Gap, George Caleb Bingham, oil on canvas, 1851–52
The Wilderness Road and the Transylvania purchase.
The British colonies in North America at the outbreak of the Revolution in 1775, including the locations of the proposed colonies of Charlotiana, Transylvania, and Vandalia
The Abduction of Daniel Boone's Daughter by the Indians by Charles Ferdinand Wimar (1853)
Map of the Cherokee invasion of the Washington District, Pendleton District, and Carter's Valley
The eleven towns in the Chickamauga area, along with the Hiwassee towns and the towns on the Tellico
Lieutenant Colonel John Sevier
Timberlake's "Draught of the Cherokee Country", showing the location of the Overhill towns on the Little Tennessee River (labeled Tennessee River on the map)
State of Franklin
Coat of arms of the House of Bourbon in Spain
Cumberland River watershed
The various hazards of the Tennessee River Gorge, also known as Cash Canyon or The Suck
Lookout Mountain from Moccasin Bend
The primary areas of operations during the Chickamauga Wars
Tennessee River Gorge from Snooper's Rock
Upper East Tennessee
The Tellico Blockhouse site, with posts and stone fill showing the original layout

The Cherokee–American wars, also known as the Chickamauga Wars, were a series of raids, campaigns, ambushes, minor skirmishes, and several full-scale frontier battles in the Old Southwest from 1776 to 1794 between the Cherokee and American settlers on the frontier.

When the national government of all the Cherokee was organized, the first three persons to hold the office of Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation – Little Turkey (1788–1801), Black Fox (1801–1811), and Pathkiller (1811–1827) – had previously served as warriors under Dragging Canoe, as had the first two Speakers of the Cherokee National Council, established in 1794, Doublehead and Turtle-at-Home.

Tennessee

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State in the Southeastern region of the United States.

State in the Southeastern region of the United States.

Detail of Tanasi (spelled "Tennessee") on Henry Timberlake's [[:File:Draught of the Cherokee Country.jpg|Draught of the Cherokee Country]]
Reconstruction of Fort Loudoun, the first British settlement in Tennessee
The Southwest Territory in 1790
Surveyor Daniel Smith's "Map of the Tennassee State" (1796)
The Hermitage, plantation home of President Andrew Jackson in Nashville
The Battle of Franklin, November 30, 1864
Memphis became known as the "Cotton Capital of the World" in the years following the Civil War
Workers at the Norris Dam construction camp site in 1933
Calutron operators at the Y-12 Plant in Oak Ridge during the Manhattan Project
The 1982 World's Fair in Knoxville
The Ocoee River was home to the 1996 Summer Olympics whitewater slalom events, the only Olympic sporting event ever held in the state.
Mount Le Conte in the Great Smoky Mountains is the tallest mountain in eastern North America, measured from base to summit
Fall Creek Falls, the tallest waterfall in the eastern United States, is located on the Cumberland Plateau
Reelfoot Lake in West Tennessee was formed by the 1811–1812 New Madrid earthquakes
Cedar glades are an extremely rare ecosystem that is found in regions of Middle Tennessee where limestone bedrock is close to the surface
Köppen climate types of Tennessee, using 1991-2020 climate normals.
A geomap showing the counties of Tennessee colored by the relative range of that county's median income.
Chart showing poverty in Tennessee, by age and gender (red = female)
A Nissan Leaf, one of six models manufactured at the Nissan Smyrna Assembly Plant, the largest automotive assembly plant in North America
Established in 1942, Oak Ridge National Laboratory is the largest national laboratory in the Department of Energy system
Norris Dam, a hydroelectric dam operated by the Tennessee Valley Authority.
The resort city of Gatlinburg borders the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, which is the most visited national park in the United States.
The Grand Ole Opry, which was recorded in Nashville's Ryman Auditorium from 1943 to 1974, is the longest-running radio broadcast in US history.
Vanderbilt University in Nashville is consistently ranked as one of the top research institutions in the nation
Offices of The Tennessean in Nashville
Interstate 40 traverses Tennessee from east to west, and serves the state's three largest cities.
Memphis International Airport, the hub of FedEx Corporation, is the busiest cargo airport in the world
Tennessee State Capitol in Nashville
Al Gore served as a United States Senator from Tennessee (1985-1993) and as Vice President of the United States (1993-2001)
Howard Baker served as Senate Minority and Majority Leader from 1977 to 1985, and was known as "The Great Conciliator"
Tennessee Volunteers football

Its name derives from "Tanasi", a Cherokee town in the eastern part of the state that existed before the first European American settlement.

Between the 1790s and 1820s, additional land cessions were negotiated with the Cherokee, who had established a national government modeled on the U.S. Constitution.