A report on Tennessee and Cherokee

Great Smoky Mountains
Detail of Tanasi (spelled "Tennessee") on Henry Timberlake's [[:File:Draught of the Cherokee Country.jpg|Draught of the Cherokee Country]]
An annotated copy of a hand-painted Catawba deerskin map of the tribes between Charleston (left) and Virginia (right) following the displacements of a century of disease and enslavement and the 1715–7 Yamasee War. The Cherokee are labelled as "Cherrikies".
Reconstruction of Fort Loudoun, the first British settlement in Tennessee
After the Anglo-Cherokee War, bitterness remained between the two groups. In 1765, Henry Timberlake took three Cherokee chiefs to London meet the Crown and help strengthen the newly declared peace.
The Southwest Territory in 1790
Portrait of Major Ridge in 1834, from History of the Indian Tribes of North America.
Surveyor Daniel Smith's "Map of the Tennassee State" (1796)
Cherokee National Council building, New Echota
The Hermitage, plantation home of President Andrew Jackson in Nashville
Tah-Chee (Dutch), A Cherokee Chief, 1837
The Battle of Franklin, November 30, 1864
Chief John Ross, c. 1840
Memphis became known as the "Cotton Capital of the World" in the years following the Civil War
Cherokee beadwork sampler, made at Dwight Mission, Indian Territory, 19th century, collection of the Oklahoma History Center
Workers at the Norris Dam construction camp site in 1933
Cól-lee, a Band Chief, painted by George Catlin, 1834
Calutron operators at the Y-12 Plant in Oak Ridge during the Manhattan Project
Cherokee confederates reunion in New Orleans, 1902.
The 1982 World's Fair in Knoxville
William Penn (Cherokee), His Shield (Yanktonai), Levi Big Eagle (Yanktonai), Bear Ghost (Yanktonai) and Black Moustache (Sisseton).
The Ocoee River was home to the 1996 Summer Olympics whitewater slalom events, the only Olympic sporting event ever held in the state.
Map of present-day Cherokee Nation Tribal Jurisdiction Area (red)
Mount Le Conte in the Great Smoky Mountains is the tallest mountain in eastern North America, measured from base to summit
Sequoyah, the inventor of the Cherokee syllabary
Fall Creek Falls, the tallest waterfall in the eastern United States, is located on the Cumberland Plateau
Flag of the Cherokee Nation
Reelfoot Lake in West Tennessee was formed by the 1811–1812 New Madrid earthquakes
Cherokee Nation Historic Courthouse in Tahlequah, Oklahoma.
Cedar glades are an extremely rare ecosystem that is found in regions of Middle Tennessee where limestone bedrock is close to the surface
The Cherokee Female Seminary was built in 1889 by the Cherokee in Indian Territory.
Köppen climate types of Tennessee, using 1991-2020 climate normals.
Flag of the Eastern Band Cherokee
A geomap showing the counties of Tennessee colored by the relative range of that county's median income.
Flag of the United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians
Chart showing poverty in Tennessee, by age and gender (red = female)
The Mount Tabor Indian Community flag of primarily Cherokee as well as Choctaw, Chickasaw and Muscogee-Creek people located in Rusk County, Texas.
A Nissan Leaf, one of six models manufactured at the Nissan Smyrna Assembly Plant, the largest automotive assembly plant in North America
Established in 1942, Oak Ridge National Laboratory is the largest national laboratory in the Department of Energy system
Norris Dam, a hydroelectric dam operated by the Tennessee Valley Authority.
The resort city of Gatlinburg borders the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, which is the most visited national park in the United States.
The Grand Ole Opry, which was recorded in Nashville's Ryman Auditorium from 1943 to 1974, is the longest-running radio broadcast in US history.
Vanderbilt University in Nashville is consistently ranked as one of the top research institutions in the nation
Offices of The Tennessean in Nashville
Interstate 40 traverses Tennessee from east to west, and serves the state's three largest cities.
Memphis International Airport, the hub of FedEx Corporation, is the busiest cargo airport in the world
Tennessee State Capitol in Nashville
Al Gore served as a United States Senator from Tennessee (1985-1993) and as Vice President of the United States (1993-2001)
Howard Baker served as Senate Minority and Majority Leader from 1977 to 1985, and was known as "The Great Conciliator"
Tennessee Volunteers football

Prior to the 18th century, they were concentrated in their homelands, in towns along river valleys of what is now southwestern North Carolina, southeastern Tennessee, edges of western South Carolina, northern Georgia and northeastern Alabama.

- Cherokee

Its name derives from "Tanasi", a Cherokee town in the eastern part of the state that existed before the first European American settlement.

- Tennessee

22 related topics with Alpha


The Trail of Tears memorial at the New Echota Historic Site in Georgia, which honors the Cherokees who died on the Trail of Tears

Trail of Tears

8 links

Series of forced displacements of approximately 60,000 American Indians of the "Five Civilized Tribes" between 1830 and 1850 by the United States government.

Series of forced displacements of approximately 60,000 American Indians of the "Five Civilized Tribes" between 1830 and 1850 by the United States government.

The Trail of Tears memorial at the New Echota Historic Site in Georgia, which honors the Cherokees who died on the Trail of Tears
A map of the process of Indian Removal, 1830–1838. Oklahoma is depicted in light yellow-green.
George W. Harkins, Choctaw chief.
Alexis de Tocqueville, French political thinker and historian
Seminole warrior Tuko-see-mathla, 1834
Selocta (or Shelocta) was a Muscogee chief who appealed to Andrew Jackson to reduce the demands for Creek lands at the signing of the Treaty of Fort Jackson.
Historic Marker in Marion, Arkansas, for the Trail of Tears
Cherokee Principal Chief John Ross, photographed before his death in 1866
Elizabeth "Betsy" Brown Stephens (1903), a Cherokee Indian who walked the Trail of Tears in 1838
A Trail of Tears map of Southern Illinois from the USDA – U.S. Forest Service
Walkway map at the Cherokee Removal Memorial Park in Tennessee depicting the routes of the Cherokee on the Trail of Tears, June 2020
Map of National Historic trails

Members of the so-called "Five Civilized Tribes"—the Cherokee, Muscogee (Creek), Seminole, Chickasaw, and Choctaw nations (including thousands of their black slaves )—were forcibly removed from their ancestral homelands in the Southeastern United States to areas to the west of the Mississippi River that had been designated Indian Territory.

Although the effort was vehemently opposed by some, including U.S. Congressman Davy Crockett of Tennessee, President Andrew Jackson was able to gain Congressional passage of the Indian Removal Act of 1830, which authorized the government to extinguish any Indian title to land claims in the Southeast.

Confederate States of America

7 links

Unrecognized breakaway republic in North America that existed from February 8, 1861, to May 9, 1865.

Unrecognized breakaway republic in North America that existed from February 8, 1861, to May 9, 1865.

style=padding-left: 0.6em; text-align: left;
Map of the division of the states in the American Civil War (1861–1865). Blue indicates the northern Union states; light blue represents five Union slave states (border states) that primarily stayed in Union control. Red represents southern seceded states in rebellion, also known as the Confederate States of America. Uncolored areas were U.S. territories, with the exception of the Indian Territory (later Oklahoma).
Evolution of the Confederate States, December 20, 1860 – July 15, 1870
Alexander H. Stephens, Confederate Vice President; author of the 'Cornerstone Speech'
The inauguration of Jefferson Davis in Montgomery, Alabama
Elias Boudinot, Cherokee secessionist, Rep. Indian Territory
William T. Sutherlin mansion, Danville, Virginia, temporary residence of Jefferson Davis and dubbed "Last Capitol of the Confederacy"
Map of the county secession votes of 1860–1861 in Appalachia within the ARC definition. Virginia and Tennessee show the public votes, while the other states show the vote by county delegates to the conventions.
The Seal, symbols of an independent agricultural Confederacy surrounding an equestrian Washington, sword encased
Recruitment poster: "Do not wait to be drafted". Under half re-enlisted.
Unionists throughout the Confederate States resisted the 1862 conscription
Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederacy from 1861 to 1865
Davis's cabinet in 1861, Montgomery, Alabama
Front row, left to right: Judah P. Benjamin, Stephen Mallory, Alexander H. Stephens, Jefferson Davis, John Henninger Reagan, and Robert Toombs
Back row, standing left to right: Christopher Memminger and LeRoy Pope Walker
Illustration printed in Harper's Weekly
Provisional Congress, Montgomery, Alabama
surviving Confederate mail
Main railroads of Confederacy, 1861; colors show the different gauges (track width); the top railroad shown in the upper right is the Baltimore and Ohio, which was at all times a Union railroad
Passers-by abusing the bodies of Union supporters near Knoxville, Tennessee. The two were hanged by Confederate authorities near the railroad tracks so passing train passengers could see them.
Richmond bread riot, 1863
Confederate memorial tombstone at Natchez City Cemetery in Natchez, Mississippi
This Confederate Flag pattern is the one most often thought of as the Confederate Flag today; it was one of many used by the Confederate armed forces. Variations of this design served as the Battle Flag of the Armies of Northern Virginia and Tennessee, and as the Confederate Naval Jack.
A Home on the Mississippi, Currier and Ives, 1871
St. John's Episcopal Church, Montgomery. The Secession Convention of Southern Churches was held here in 1861.
Major-General John C. Breckinridge, Secretary of War (1865)
General Robert E. Lee, General in Chief (1865)
William L. Yancey, {{small|Alabama Fire-Eater, "The Orator of Secession"}}
William Henry Gist, {{small|Governor of South Carolina, called the Secessionist Convention}}
CSA Naval Jack
{{small|Battle Flag – square}}
Gen. Gabriel J. Rains, {{small|Conscription Bureau chief, April 1862 – May 1863}}
Gen. Gideon J. Pillow, {{small|military recruiter under Bragg, then J.E. Johnston<ref>Coulter, The Confederates States of America, p. 324.</ref>}}
Joseph E. Brown, governor of Georgia
Pendleton Murrah, governor of Texas
Jesse J. Finley
Henry R. Jackson
Asa Biggs
Andrew Magrath
John H. Reagan
Jefferson Davis, 5 cent
Andrew Jackson
George Washington
Potters House, Atlanta Ga
Downtown Charleston SC
Navy Yard, Norfolk Va
Rail bridge, Petersburg Va
1st National Flag
2nd National Flag
3rd National Flag
Battle Flag

They were South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina.

After 1863 the tribal governments sent representatives to the Confederate Congress: Elias Cornelius Boudinot representing the Cherokee and Samuel Benton Callahan representing the Seminole and Creek people.

The Great Smoky Mountains near Gatlinburg, Tennessee

Great Smoky Mountains

7 links

The Great Smoky Mountains near Gatlinburg, Tennessee
180-degree panoramic view of the Smokies
The Alum Cave Bluffs
Cove hardwood forest along Cosby Creek
The autumn colors of the northern hardwood canopy near Newfound Gap give way to the dark-green spruce-fir canopy as altitude increases
Spruce fir stand near the summit of Clingmans Dome
Rhododendron atop the Ben Parton Lookout
A black bear in the Great Smokies
These elk are part of a herd which was transplanted to Cataloochee in 2001, in an attempt to reintroduce the species to the Appalachians in North Carolina
Brook trout are native to the Great Smoky Mountains.
A black rat snake on a trail near Greenbriar
A redcheeked salamander
Dead Fraser firs on the slopes of Old Black
Communities past and present of the Great Smoky Mountains. The green areas denote the modern national park.
The Champion Fibre Company plant in Canton, North Carolina, 1910
The Great Smoky Mountains National Park in autumn

The Great Smoky Mountains (ᎡᏆ ᏚᏧᏍᏚ ᏙᏓᎸ, Equa Dutsusdu Dodalv) are a mountain range rising along the Tennessee–North Carolina border in the southeastern United States.

By the time the first English explorers arrived in Southern Appalachia in the late 17th century, the Cherokee controlled much of the region, and the Great Smoky Mountains lay at the center of their territory.

Muscogee Creek bandolier bag, c. 1820, Birmingham Museum of Art


5 links

The Muscogee, also known as the Mvskoke, Muscogee Creek, and the Muscogee Creek Confederacy ( in the Muscogee language), are a group of related indigenous (Native American) peoples of the Southeastern Woodlands in the United States of America.

The Muscogee, also known as the Mvskoke, Muscogee Creek, and the Muscogee Creek Confederacy ( in the Muscogee language), are a group of related indigenous (Native American) peoples of the Southeastern Woodlands in the United States of America.

Muscogee Creek bandolier bag, c. 1820, Birmingham Museum of Art
Etowah Mound C, was part of a precontact Mississippian culture site, occupied by ancestors of the Muscogee people from c. 1000–1550 CE, in Cartersville, Georgia
Hernando de Soto and his men burn Mabila, after a surprise attack by Chief Tuskaloosa and his people in 1540; painting by Herb Roe, 2008
The protohistoric King Site, occupied during the mid-1500s
A raiding party against Spanish missions in Florida passes the Ocmulgee trading post
Yamacraw leader Tomochichi and nephew in 1733
Yamacraw Creek Native Americans meet with the trustee of the colony of Georgia in England, July 1734. Notice the Native American boy (in a blue coat) and woman (in a red dress) in European clothing.
William Augustus Bowles (1763–1805) was also known as Estajoca, his Muscogee name.
Painting (1805) of Benjamin Hawkins on his plantation, instructing Muscogee Creek in European technology
The Great Comet of 1811, as drawn by William Henry Smyth
The New Madrid earthquake was interpreted by the Muscogee to support the Shawnee's resistance.
Menawa was one of the principal leaders of the Red Sticks. After the war, he continued to oppose white encroachment on Muscogee lands, visiting Washington, D.C. in 1826 to protest the treaty of Indian Springs. Painted by Charles Bird King, 1837.
Depiction of Red Eagle's surrender to Andrew Jackson after the Battle of Horseshoe Bend. Jackson was so impressed with Weatherford's boldness that he let him go.
Charles Bird King's portrait of William McIntosh
Members of the Creek Nation in Oklahoma around 1877. They included men of mixed Creek, European and African ancestry.
Selocta (or Shelocta) was a Muscogee chief.
Muscogee Creek land cessions 1733–1832
Ceded area as deemed by the Treaty of Fort Jackson in 1814
Muscogee Creek bike messenger, originally from Okmulgee, Oklahoma
Micah Wesley, Muscogee Creek-Kiowa artist and DJ

Their original homelands are in what now comprises southern Tennessee, much of Alabama, western Georgia and parts of northern Florida.

The Ochese Creeks joined the Yamasee, burning trading posts, and raiding back-country settlers, but the revolt ran low on gunpowder and was put down by Carolinian militia and their Cherokee allies.

Knoxville, Tennessee

5 links

James White's Fort in downtown Knoxville
Statue representing the signing of the Treaty of the Holston in Downtown Knoxville
The Craighead-Jackson House in Knoxville, built in 1818
Engraving of a Confederate soldier firing at Union supporter Charles Douglas on Gay Street in Knoxville in late 1861
Photograph showing the aftermath of the Siege of Knoxville, December 1863
Early-1900s photograph of the Republic Marble Quarry near Knoxville
Child labor at Knoxville Knitting Works, photographed by Lewis Wickes Hine in 1910
Kingston Pike, circa 1910, with the former Cherokee Bridge
Gay Street in the early 1900s
Research laboratory at U.T. in the early 1940s
The Sterchi Lofts building, formerly Sterchi Brothers Furniture store, the most prominent building on Knoxville's "100 Block"
The Sunsphere, with riders aboard a nearby sky-lift during the 1982 World's Fair
Downtown Knoxville, with the Great Smoky Mountains rising in the distance, viewed from Sharp's Ridge
Downtown Knoxville, viewed from the south waterfront
Tennessee Amphitheater in Knoxville, 2015
Tennessee Theatre
Krutch Park in Downtown Knoxville
Knoxville Police Department headquarters
The University of Tennessee at Knoxville is the state's flagship public university.
Lawson McGhee Library
The James White Parkway connects I-40 with Downtown Knoxville.
Bridges over the Tennessee River
Knoxville and Holston River Railroad MP15AC #2002 leads a train through Tyson Park near downtown Knoxville.
Concertgoers exiting the Bijou Theatre following a Melvins concert, circa June 2022.

Knoxville is a city in and the county seat of Knox County in the U.S. state of Tennessee.

By the 18th century, the Cherokee, an Iroquoian language people, had become the dominant tribe in the East Tennessee region; they are believed to have migrated centuries before from the Great Lakes area.

North Carolina

4 links

State in the Southeastern region of the United States.

State in the Southeastern region of the United States.

Ceremony of Secotan warriors in North Carolina. Watercolour painted by English colonist John White in 1585.
1st Maryland Regiment holding the line at the Battle of Guilford Court House, 1781
Map of the roads and railroads of North Carolina, 1854
Union troops capture Fort Fisher, 1865
Bennett Place historic site in Durham
Segregated drinking fountain during the Jim Crow era in Halifax
First successful flight of the Wright Flyer, near Kitty Hawk, 1903
North Carolina Museum of History in Raleigh, 2008
Deer in the Eno River as it flows through the Piedmont region of North Carolina
Köppen climate types of North Carolina
Cullasaja Falls in Macon County
Graveyard Fields in the fall
The Blue Ridge Mountains of the Shining Rock Wilderness Area
North Carolina population density map (2010)
majority-minority counties in North Carolina (2020 Census)
Fiddlin' Bill Hensley, mountain fiddler, Asheville, 1937
2008 Lexington Barbecue Festival
USS North Carolina on permanent display in Wilmington
Troopers of the 82nd Airborne Division training on Fort Bragg, March 2011
Biltmore Estate, Asheville
A lesson at New Kituwah Academy on the Qualla Boundary in North Carolina. This bilingual language immersion school, operated by the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians, teaches the same curriculum as other state elementary schools
A North Carolina license plate
North Carolina State Legislative Building
John White returns to find the colony abandoned
Map of the coast of Virginia and North Carolina, drawn 1585–1586 by Theodor de Bry, based on map by John White of the Roanoke Colony
Reconstructed royal governor's mansion Tryon Palace in New Bern
3D Topographical Map of North Carolina

It is bordered by Virginia to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the east, Georgia and South Carolina to the south, and Tennessee to the west.

Historically documented tribes in the North Carolina region include the Carolina Algonquian-speaking tribes of the coastal areas, such as the Chowanoke, Roanoke, Pamlico, Machapunga, Coree, and Cape Fear Indians, who were the first encountered by the English; the Iroquoian-speaking Meherrin, Cherokee, and Tuscarora of the interior; and Southeastern Siouan tribes, such as the Cheraw, Waxhaw, Saponi, Waccamaw, and Catawba of the Piedmont.

Timberlake's "Draught of the Cherokee Country." Timberlake's "Tennessee River" is now known as the Little Tennessee River. North is to the left.

Overhill Cherokee

4 links

Timberlake's "Draught of the Cherokee Country." Timberlake's "Tennessee River" is now known as the Little Tennessee River. North is to the left.
Approximate location of the three major Overhill towns in modern East Tennessee. Red lines and letters show modern roads and towns.
The site of Great Hiwassee along US-411 near Etowah, Tennessee. The Hiwassee River is on the left.
The site of Great Tellico in Tellico Plains, Tennessee
Tanasi monument on the shoreline above the now-submerged site of Tanasi.
The now-submerged site of Tuskegee at Fort Loudoun State Park.
The now-submerged site of Tomotley and Toqua in Monroe County, Tennessee
Monument marking the site of the Cherokee village of Chota in Monroe County, Tennessee
The ancient site of Chilhowee is now under Chilhowee Lake, near the junction of US-129 and Foothills Parkway.
The Tellico Blockhouse site, with posts and stone fill showing the original layout.
Grave site of Cherokee Nancy Ward showing her memorial (right). The other markers are for her son Fivekiller, and her brother Longfellow. The site is situated on a small hill overlooking the Ocoee River near Benton, Tennessee
Sequoyah Birthplace Museum in Vonore

Overhill Cherokee was the term for the Cherokee people located in their historic settlements in what is now the U.S. state of Tennessee in the Southeastern United States, on the western side of the Appalachian Mountains.


4 links

Cultural region in the Eastern United States that stretches from the Southern Tier of New York State to northern Alabama and Georgia.

Cultural region in the Eastern United States that stretches from the Southern Tier of New York State to northern Alabama and Georgia.

William G. Frost, an American Greek scholar who was credited with coining the phrase "Appalachian American."
Detail of Gutierrez' 1562 map showing the first known cartographic appearance of a variant of the name "Appalachia"
Daniel Boone Escorting Settlers through the Cumberland Gap (George Caleb Bingham, oil on canvas, 1851–52)
The Earnest Fort-house in Greene County, Tennessee. Built around 1782 during the Cherokee–American wars, it is located just south of Chuckey on the banks of the Nolichucky River.
Map of the county secession votes of 1860–1861 in Appalachia within the ARC definition. Virginia and Tennessee show the public votes, while the other states show the vote by county delegates to the conventions.
Entrance to mine shaft in West Virginia, photographed by Lewis Hine in 1908
Asheville, NC at dusk
Knoxville, Tennessee skyline
Baptism in Morehead, Kentucky, photographed by Marion Post Wolcott in 1940
Students walking through Sanford Mall at Appalachian State University in Boone, North Carolina
Tyler Childers, labeled by Rolling Stone as the "21st-Century Voice of Appalachia," addresses systemic issues facing Appalachian people in his music.
Former site of Proctor, North Carolina, setting of Kephart's book, ''Our Southern Highlanders
Statue of legendary railroad worker John Henry in Talcott, West Virginia
A highland pasture near Maggie Valley, North Carolina
Sawmill and millpond in Erwin, West Virginia, photographed by Marion Post Wolcott in 1938
Coal company houses in Jenkins, Kentucky, photographed by Ben Shahn in 1935
Storage tanks at the Institute plant along the Kanawha River in West Virginia, photographed late 1930s/early 1940s
The Homestead, a resort hotel in Bath County, Virginia, photographed in 1903
A 1930s-era TVA photograph showing a young girl in front of her family's house in the lower Clinch River valley in East Tennessee
Map showing the 80 counties included in the 1982 report by the Appalachian Land Ownership Task Force
The New River Gorge Bridge in West Virginia is the longest steel span in the western hemisphere and at 876 ft, the third highest in the United States.
"The Moonshine Man of Kentucky", an 1877 illustration from Harper's Weekly

While the Appalachian Mountains stretch from Belle Isle in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, to Cheaha Mountain in Alabama, Appalachia typically refers only to the cultural region of the central and southern portions of the range, from the Catskill Mountains of New York southwest to the Blue Ridge Mountains which run southwest from southern Pennsylvania to northern Georgia, and the Great Smoky Mountains of Tennessee and North Carolina.

By the time English explorers arrived in Appalachia in the late 17th century, the central part of the region was controlled by Algonquian tribes (namely the Shawnee) and the southern part of the region was controlled by the Cherokee.


3 links

The Moundville Archaeological Site in Hale County. It was occupied by Native Americans of the Mississippian culture from 1000 to 1450 CE.
The main house, built in 1833, at Thornhill in Greene County. It is a former Black Belt plantation.
Union Army troops occupying Courthouse Square in Huntsville, following its capture and occupation by federal forces in 1864
The developing skyline of Birmingham in 1915
The former Mount Sinai School in rural Autauga County, completed in 1919. It was one of the 387 Rosenwald Schools built in the state.
Ono Island in Baldwin County
Monte Sano State Park in Huntsville
Cathedral Caverns in Marshall County
The Natural Bridge Rock in Winston County is the longest natural bridge east of the Rockies.
Cliffs at the rim of the Wetumpka meteorite crater
Tornado damage in Phil Campbell following the statewide April 27, 2011, tornado outbreak
A stand of Cahaba lilies (Hymenocallis coronaria) in the Cahaba River, within the Cahaba River National Wildlife Refuge
Statue of Liberty replica at Liberty Park in Vestavia Hills
Dauphin Street in Mobile
Lighthouse on Guntersville Lake
Alabama's population density, 2010
Highlands United Methodist Church in Birmingham, part of the Five Points South Historic District
Temple B'Nai Sholom in Huntsville, established in 1876. It is the oldest synagogue building in continuous use in the state.
The Islamic Center of Tuscaloosa
The Robert Trent Jones Golf Trail has a large economic impact on the state.
The Riverchase Galleria in Hoover, one of the largest shopping centers in the southeast
The Space Shuttle Enterprise being tested at Marshall Space Flight Center in 1978
Hyundai Motor Manufacturing Alabama in Montgomery in 2010
Shelby Hall, School of Computing, at the University of South Alabama in Mobile
Mercedes-Benz U.S. International in Tuscaloosa County was the first automotive facility to locate within the state.
Airbus Mobile Engineering Center at the Brookley Aeroplex in Mobile
Alabama's beaches are one of the state's major tourist destinations.
Mobile is the birthplace of Mardi Gras in the U.S.
Regions-Harbert Plaza, Regions Center, and Wells Fargo Tower in Birmingham's financial district
The State Capitol Building in Montgomery, completed in 1851
The Heflin-Torbert Judicial Building in Montgomery. It houses the Supreme Court of Alabama, Alabama Court of Civil Appeals, and Alabama Court of Criminal Appeals.
Republican Kay Ivey is the governor of Alabama as of 2021.
Senator Doug Jones won a special election in 2017.
Vestavia Hills High School in the suburbs of Birmingham
Harrison Plaza at the University of North Alabama in Florence. The school was chartered as LaGrange College by the Alabama Legislature in 1830.
William J. Samford Hall at Auburn University
Bryant–Denny Stadium at the University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa
Regions Field in Birmingham
Von Braun Center in Huntsville
Birmingham–Jefferson Convention Complex in Birmingham
Terminal at the Montgomery Regional Airport in Montgomery
Interstate 59 (co-signed with Interstate 20) approaching Interstate 65 in downtown Birmingham
Aerial view of the port of Mobile

Alabama is a state in the Southeastern region of the United States, bordered by Tennessee to the north; Georgia to the east; Florida and the Gulf of Mexico to the south; and Mississippi to the west.

Among the historical tribes of Native American people living in present-day Alabama at the time of European contact were the Cherokee, an Iroquoian language people; and the Muskogean-speaking Alabama (Alibamu), Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Koasati.

Southeastern U.S. and Indian territories, including Cherokee, Creek, and Chickasaw; 1806

Cherokee Nation (1794–1907)

3 links

Legal, autonomous, tribal government in North America recognized from 1794 to 1907.

Legal, autonomous, tribal government in North America recognized from 1794 to 1907.

Southeastern U.S. and Indian territories, including Cherokee, Creek, and Chickasaw; 1806
The Cherokee Nation Lands in 1830 Georgia, before the Trail of Tears
The Arkansaw Territory division: showing the progression of Indian Territory separation from Arkansas Territory, 1819–1836
Map of Southern United States during the time of the Indian Removals (Trail of Tears), 1830–1838, showing the historic lands of the Five Civilized Tribes. The destination Indian Territory is depicted in light yellow-green.
The Cherokee Braves Flag, as flown by Stand Watie's troop.
Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory, along with No Man's Land (also known as the Oklahoma Panhandle). The division of the two territories is shown with a heavy purple line. Together, these three areas would become the State of Oklahoma in 1907.
The Cherokee Nation Capitol Building and Courthouse, Tahlequah, Oklahoma. Built in 1869, it functioned as the political center of "The Nation" until 1907, and is the oldest public building standing in Oklahoma.
Tahlequah, Oklahoma stop sign, written in English and Cherokee
The second Cherokee Female Seminary was opened in 1889 by the original Cherokee Nation.

The Cherokee Nation consisted of the Cherokee (ᏣᎳᎩ —pronounced Tsalagi or Cha-la-gee) people of the Qualla Boundary and the southeastern United States; those who relocated voluntarily from the southeastern United States to the Indian Territory (circa 1820 —known as the "Old Settlers"); those who were forced by the Federal government of the United States to relocate (through the Indian Removal Act) by way of the Trail of Tears (1830s); and descendants of the Natchez, the Lenape and the Shawnee peoples, and, after the Civil War and emancipation of slaves, Cherokee Freedmen and their descendants.

At that time, Cherokee communities continued in lands claimed by the states of North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, and the Overhill area, located in present-day eastern Tennessee.