The Chesapeake Bay – Landsat satellite image
The Chesapeake Bay – Landsat satellite image
A 1529 map depicting "Verazzano's Sea" extending from the North Atlantic to the Outer Banks
Boundaries of the Chesapeake Bay impact crater.
The arrival of the Englishmen in Virginia (1590). Engraving by Theodor De Bry, from a drawing by John White.
View of the Eastern Bay in Maryland at sunset
Sir Richard Grenville
The Chesapeake Bay Bridge, near Annapolis, Maryland
Plymouth, Devon, was the burgeoning home port of Drake, Gilbert, Grenville, and Raleigh
The Bay viewed from a plane
Ralph Lane's fort at Mosquetal
Food chain diagram for waterbirds of the Chesapeake Bay
Collecting salt in Salinas Bay
Revised map of John White's original by Theodore DeBry. In this 1590 version, the Chesapeake Bay appears named for the first time.
The 1585 assault on Aquascogoc village
Later (1630) version of the 1612 map by Captain John Smith during his exploration of the Chesapeake. The map is oriented with west at top.
An artist's rendering of Ralph Lane's Roanoke fort; author unknown, 1962
Oyster boats at war off the Maryland shore (1886 wood engraving). Regulation of the oyster beds in Virginia and Maryland has existed since the 19th century.
La Virginea Pars map, by John White
Lighthouses and lightships such as Chesapeake have helped guide ships into the Bay.
Portrait of a weroance, who may have been Wingina
Example Chesapeake Bay tides from Baltimore and the Chesapeake Bay Bridge–Tunnel for quarter and full moons during June 2013
Map of Sir Francis Drake's 1585–86 voyage
A skipjack, part of the oystering fleet in Maryland
Death of George Howe
The Thomas Point Shoal Light in Maryland
Baptism of Virginia Dare
Tidal wetlands of the Chesapeake Bay
Launch of English fireships against the Spanish Armada, 7 August 1588
Dead menhaden floating in the bay in 1973
John White at the ruins of the Roanoke colony, 1590
Dissolved oxygen levels (Milligrams per liter) required by various marine animals living in the Chesapeake Bay.
Sir Walter Raleigh
A cluster of oysters grown in a sanctuary
Reproduction of the Zúñiga Map
Sediment sources in the Chesapeake Bay
Powhatan attack on Jamestown
Maryland Department of Natural Resources survey vessel tied up to a private dock with a continuous monitoring station.
Reconstructed earthwork at Fort Raleigh National Historic Site
Chesapeake Bay Interpretive Buoy System smart buoy on the Patapsco River.
Archaeological research dig at Fort Raleigh National Historic Site (2009)
Chief Powhatan, detail of map published by John Smith (1612)
Watercolor of a Secotan village, by John White
Construction of a pinnace to evacuate Charlesfort
Reverse of a commemorative 1937 US half-dollar coin, depicting Eleanor and Virginia Dare
Re-creation of the tree inscribed with "CRO", from a production of The Lost Colony

In 1587, Raleigh sent White on an expedition to establish the "Cittie of Raleigh" in Chesapeake Bay.

- Roanoke Colony

It is the seventh-oldest surviving English place-name in the United States, first applied as Chesepiook by explorers heading north from the Roanoke Colony into a Chesapeake tributary in 1585 or 1586.

- Chesapeake Bay
The Chesapeake Bay – Landsat satellite image

3 related topics


Colony of Virginia

The site of the 1607 Popham Colony is shown by "Po" on the map. The settlement at Jamestown is shown by "J".
The 1609 charter for the Virginia colony "from sea to sea"
Map depicting the Colony of Virginia (according to the Second Charter), made by Willem Blaeu between 1609 and 1638
The Indian massacre of 1622, depicted in a 1628 woodcut by Matthäus Merian out of Theodore de Bry's workshop
Briefe Declaration of 1624
Red line showing the boundary between the Virginia Colony and Tributary Indian tribes, as established by the Treaty of 1646. The Red dot shows Jamestown, the capital of the Virginia Colony.
Lines showing the legal treaty frontiers between the Virginia Colony and Indian Nations in various years, as well as today's state boundaries. Red: Treaty of 1646. Green: Treaty of Albany (1684). Blue: Treaty of Albany (1722). Orange: Proclamation of 1763. Black: Treaty of Camp Charlotte (1774). Area west of this line in present-day Southwest Virginia was ceded by the Cherokee in 1775.
Map of the Iroquois expansion during the Beaver Wars, 1638–1711
Bermuda Hundred and other early English settlements upriver of Jamestown
Hanover County Courthouse (c. 1735–1742), with its arcaded front, is typical of a numerous colonial courthouse built in Virginia.
Rear view of the Wren Building at the College of William and Mary, begun in 1695

The Colony of Virginia, chartered in 1606 and settled in 1607, was the first enduring English colony in North America, following failed proprietary attempts at settlement on Newfoundland by Sir Humphrey Gilbert in 1583, and the subsequent farther south Roanoke Island (modern eastern North Carolina) by Sir Walter Raleigh in the late 1580s.

By the terms of the charter, the Plymouth Company was permitted to establish a colony of 100 mi square between the 38th parallel and the 45th parallel (roughly between Chesapeake Bay and the current U.S.–Canada border).

ChristogramOfficial seal of the Jesuits

Ajacán Mission

Spanish attempt in 1570 to establish a Jesuit mission in the vicinity of the Virginia Peninsula to bring Christianity to the Virginia Indians.

Spanish attempt in 1570 to establish a Jesuit mission in the vicinity of the Virginia Peninsula to bring Christianity to the Virginia Indians.

ChristogramOfficial seal of the Jesuits

Early in the 16th century, Spanish explorers were the first recorded Europeans to see the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay, which the Spanish called Bahía de Madre de Dios or Bahía de Santa Maria. They were searching for a Northwest Passage to India, and they named the land Ajacán, "Jacán" in Oré.

In 1587, English settlers tried to establish a colony on Roanoke Island off the Virginia coast.

Captain John Smith Admiral of New England (1624)

John Smith (explorer)

English soldier, explorer, colonial governor, Admiral of New England, and author.

English soldier, explorer, colonial governor, Admiral of New England, and author.

Captain John Smith Admiral of New England (1624)
Window in St Helena's Church, Willoughby, displaying Smith's coat of arms
Statue at Historic Jamestowne
Inside a longhouse with Chief Powhatan (detail of John Smith map, 1612)
John Smith taking the King of Pamunkey prisoner (1624 history)
Smith's 1616 Map of New England
Title page of A Description of New England (1616)
Capt. John Smith Monument as it appeared c. 1914, Isles of Shoals
1624 John Smith's The Generall Historie of Virginia
The Generall Historie of Virginia, New-England, and the Summer Isles by Capt. John Smith, 1624
Smith's 1624 map of the Somers Isles (Bermuda) showing St. George's Town and related fortifications, including the Castle Islands Fortifications
Smith's map of Virginia from The Generall Historie of Virginia, New-England, and the Summer Isles, 1624

He was a leader of the Virginia Colony between September 1608 and August 1609, and he led an exploration along the rivers of Virginia and the Chesapeake Bay, during which he became the first English explorer to map the Chesapeake Bay area.

His relationship with the Powhatan tribe was an important factor in preserving the Jamestown colony from sharing the presumed fate of the Roanoke Colony.