Chess notation

notation0-11-0chess coordinatesmove notationNotated
Chess notations are various systems that have developed to record either the moves made in a game of chess or the position of pieces on a chessboard.wikipedia
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Descriptive notation

descriptive chess notationdescriptiveEnglish notation
Descriptive chess notation was used in English- and Spanish-language literature until the late 20th century, but is now obsolete. Algebraic chess notation is more compact than descriptive chess notation, and is the most widely used method for recording the moves of a game of chess. In embryonic form it was used by Philip Stamma in the 1737 book Essai sur le jeu des echecs. It was later adopted (in long form) by the influential Handbuch des Schachspiels and became standard in German publications. It is more compact and less prone to error than the English descriptive system. Algebraic notation is the official notation of FIDE which must be used in all recognized international competition involving human players. The U.S. Chess Federation prefers the use of algebraic notation but still permits descriptive notation.
Descriptive notation is a notation for recording chess games, and at one time was the most popular notation in English- and Spanish-speaking countries.

Chessboard

boardchess boardboards
Chess notations are various systems that have developed to record either the moves made in a game of chess or the position of pieces on a chessboard.
Each subdivision of the board is called a square and receives a unique identification to be used in chess notation, which may be descriptive, algebraic, or numeric.

Notation

notation systemgraphic symbolsnotational
Chess notations are various systems that have developed to record either the moves made in a game of chess or the position of pieces on a chessboard.
Chess notation, to represent moves in a game of chess

ICCF numeric notation

language-independent chess notationnumeric
ICCF numeric notation. In international correspondence chess the use of algebraic notation may cause confusion, since different languages have different names for the pieces. The standard for transmitting moves in this form of chess is ICCF numeric notation.
ICCF numeric notation is the official chess game notation for all International Correspondence Chess Federation games.

Forsyth–Edwards Notation

FEN
Forsyth–Edwards Notation (FEN). A single line format which gives the current positions of pieces on a board, to enable generation of a board in something other than the initial array of pieces. It also contains other information such as castling rights, move number, and color on move. It is incorporated into the PGN standard as a Tag Pair in conjunction with the SetUp tag.
Forsyth–Edwards Notation (FEN) is a standard notation for describing a particular board position of a chess game.

Louis Uedemann

This code was devised by Louis Uedemann (1854–1912).
Gringmuth's notation was first used in the telegraphic match between London and St Petersburg in November 1886 (see Chess notation#Uedemann code).

Chess annotation symbols

?!chess punctuation
Annotators commenting on a game frequently use question marks and exclamation marks to label a move as bad or praise the move as a good one (see Chess annotation symbols).
Chess notation

Chess opening theory table

ECO'' tabletheory tabletheory tables
Chess opening theory table
Notated chess moves are presented in the table from left to right.

Sir William Rutherford, 1st Baronet

William RutherfordWilliam Watson RutherfordRutherford, William
This code was invented in 1880 by Sir William Watson Rutherford (1853–1927).
He developed the Rutherford Code for transmitting chess moves over a telegraph.

Algebraic notation (chess)

algebraic notationalgebraic chess notationalgebraic notation used for chess
Currently algebraic chess notation is the accepted standard and is widely used. Algebraic chess notation is more compact than descriptive chess notation, and is the most widely used method for recording the moves of a game of chess. In embryonic form it was used by Philip Stamma in the 1737 book Essai sur le jeu des echecs. It was later adopted (in long form) by the influential Handbuch des Schachspiels and became standard in German publications. It is more compact and less prone to error than the English descriptive system. Algebraic notation is the official notation of FIDE which must be used in all recognized international competition involving human players. The U.S. Chess Federation prefers the use of algebraic notation but still permits descriptive notation.
Chess notation

Chess

chess playerchess gamewestern chess
Chess notations are various systems that have developed to record either the moves made in a game of chess or the position of pieces on a chessboard.

Chess piece

piecepieceschess pieces
Chess notations are various systems that have developed to record either the moves made in a game of chess or the position of pieces on a chessboard.

Correspondence chess

correspondencecorrespondence gamescorrespondence game
There are some special systems for international correspondence chess.

Portable Game Notation

PGNPGN format
Portable Game Notation is used when working with computer chess programs.

Telegraphy

telegraphtelegramcable
Systems also exist for transmission using Morse code over telegraph or radio.

Handbuch des Schachspiels

HandbuchBilguerBilguer handbook
Algebraic chess notation is more compact than descriptive chess notation, and is the most widely used method for recording the moves of a game of chess. In embryonic form it was used by Philip Stamma in the 1737 book Essai sur le jeu des echecs. It was later adopted (in long form) by the influential Handbuch des Schachspiels and became standard in German publications. It is more compact and less prone to error than the English descriptive system. Algebraic notation is the official notation of FIDE which must be used in all recognized international competition involving human players. The U.S. Chess Federation prefers the use of algebraic notation but still permits descriptive notation.

FIDE

World Chess FederationFédération Internationale des ÉchecsAgon
Algebraic chess notation is more compact than descriptive chess notation, and is the most widely used method for recording the moves of a game of chess. In embryonic form it was used by Philip Stamma in the 1737 book Essai sur le jeu des echecs. It was later adopted (in long form) by the influential Handbuch des Schachspiels and became standard in German publications. It is more compact and less prone to error than the English descriptive system. Algebraic notation is the official notation of FIDE which must be used in all recognized international competition involving human players. The U.S. Chess Federation prefers the use of algebraic notation but still permits descriptive notation.

United States Chess Federation

USCFU.S. Chess FederationUS Chess Federation
Algebraic chess notation is more compact than descriptive chess notation, and is the most widely used method for recording the moves of a game of chess. In embryonic form it was used by Philip Stamma in the 1737 book Essai sur le jeu des echecs. It was later adopted (in long form) by the influential Handbuch des Schachspiels and became standard in German publications. It is more compact and less prone to error than the English descriptive system. Algebraic notation is the official notation of FIDE which must be used in all recognized international competition involving human players. The U.S. Chess Federation prefers the use of algebraic notation but still permits descriptive notation.

Chess symbols in Unicode

Chess symbolsfigurine algebraic notationfigurines
Figurine algebraic notation (FAN) is a widely used variation of standard algebraic notation that which replaces the letter that stands for a piece by its symbol, e.g., ♞c6 instead of Nc6 or ♖xg4 instead of Rxg4. Pawns are omitted as in standard algebraic notation. This enables the moves to be read independent of language. To display or print these symbols on a computer, one or more fonts with good Unicode support must be installed, and the document (web page, word processor document, etc.) must use one of these fonts. For more information see Chess symbols in Unicode.

Font

fontsoptical sizeoptical sizes
Figurine algebraic notation (FAN) is a widely used variation of standard algebraic notation that which replaces the letter that stands for a piece by its symbol, e.g., ♞c6 instead of Nc6 or ♖xg4 instead of Rxg4. Pawns are omitted as in standard algebraic notation. This enables the moves to be read independent of language. To display or print these symbols on a computer, one or more fonts with good Unicode support must be installed, and the document (web page, word processor document, etc.) must use one of these fonts. For more information see Chess symbols in Unicode.

Unicode

Unicode StandardUU+
Figurine algebraic notation (FAN) is a widely used variation of standard algebraic notation that which replaces the letter that stands for a piece by its symbol, e.g., ♞c6 instead of Nc6 or ♖xg4 instead of Rxg4. Pawns are omitted as in standard algebraic notation. This enables the moves to be read independent of language. To display or print these symbols on a computer, one or more fonts with good Unicode support must be installed, and the document (web page, word processor document, etc.) must use one of these fonts. For more information see Chess symbols in Unicode.

Chess960

Fischer Random Chess960 World Chess Championchess 960
Figurine concise reversible algebraic notation (FCRAN) is a form of CRAN with non-Staunton figurines, used by Gene Milener during Chess960 tournaments. Extended Position Description (EPD). Another format which gives the current positions of a board, with an extended set of structured attribute values using the ASCII character set. It is intended for data and command interchange among chessplaying programs. It is also intended for the representation of portable opening library repositories. It is better than FEN for certain chess variants, such as Chess960.

Chess variant

chess variantsvariantvariant of chess
Extended Position Description (EPD). Another format which gives the current positions of a board, with an extended set of structured attribute values using the ASCII character set. It is intended for data and command interchange among chessplaying programs. It is also intended for the representation of portable opening library repositories. It is better than FEN for certain chess variants, such as Chess960.

Morse code

MorseCWMorse-code
Systems also exist for transmission using Morse code over telegraph or radio.

Glossary of chess

performance ratingresignedkingside
A square on the queenside is designated by its file letter and then its rank letter.