Chess piece

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A chess piece, or chessman, is any of the six different movable objects used on a chessboard to play the game of chess.wikipedia
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Chess

chess playerchess gamewestern chess
A chess piece, or chessman, is any of the six different movable objects used on a chessboard to play the game of chess.
Each player begins with 16 pieces: one king, one queen, two rooks, two knights, two bishops, and eight pawns.

White and Black in chess

WhiteBlackblack pieces
The pieces that belong to each player are distinguished by color.
Similarly, the pieces that each conducts are called, respectively, "the white pieces" and "the black pieces".

Queen (chess)

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1 queen
The queen is the most powerful piece in the game of chess, able to move any number of squares vertically, horizontally or diagonally.

Rook (chess)

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2 rooks
A rook is a piece in the strategy board game of chess.

King (chess)

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1 king
In chess, the king is the most important piece.

Bishop (chess)

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2 bishops
A bishop is a piece in the board game of chess.

Knight (chess)

knightknightsKnight's Move
2 knights
The knight is a piece in the game of chess, representing a knight (armored cavalry).

Pawn (chess)

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8 pawns
The pawn is the most numerous piece in the game of chess, and in most circumstances, also the weakest.

Rules of chess

chessrulesstandard chess
The rules of chess prescribe the types of move a player can make with each type of chess piece.
Chess is a two-player board game utilizing a chessboard and sixteen pieces of six types for each player.

Howard Staunton

Staunton
Chess sets are available in a variety of designs, with the most well-known Staunton design, named after Howard Staunton, a 19th-century English chess player, and designed by Nathaniel Cooke.
He promoted a chess set of clearly distinguishable pieces of standardised shape—the Staunton pattern promulgated by Nathaniel Cooke—that is still the style required for competitions.

Chessboard

boardchess boardboards
A chess piece, or chessman, is any of the six different movable objects used on a chessboard to play the game of chess.
In 1250 a sermon called Quaedam moralitas de scaccario per Innocentium papum (The Innocent Morality) showed the world as being represented by a chessboard, with the white and black squares representing the two conditions of life and death or praise and censure over which the pieces, representing humanity, would confront each other in the adversities of the game, symbolising life.

Jaques of London

JaquesJ. Jaques & Son LtdJaques & Son
The first Staunton style sets were made in 1849 by Jaques of London (also known as John Jaques of London and Jaques and Son of London).
Chess - Jaques had exclusive manufacturing rights for a chess set designed by Nathaniel Cooke in 1849 and named the Staunton chess set after Howard Staunton. This set later became the official international standard.

Rosewood

palisanderRose WoodHonduran Rosewood
Black wooden pieces are made of a dark wood such as rosewood, ebony, red sandalwood, African Padauk wood (African padauk which is similar to red sandalwood and is marketed as Bud Rosewood or Blood Red Rosewood) or walnut.
All rosewoods are strong and heavy, taking an excellent polish, being suitable for guitars (the fretboards on electric and acoustic guitars often being made of rosewood), marimbas, recorders, turnery (billiard cues, fountain pens, black pieces in chess sets, etc.), handles, furniture, and luxury flooring, etc. Rosewood oil, used in perfume, is extracted from the wood of Aniba rosaeodora, which is not related to the rosewoods used for lumber.

Staunton chess set

StauntonStaunton designStaunton pattern
Staunton chess set
The Staunton chess set is composed of a particular style of chess pieces used to play the game of chess.

Chess symbols in Unicode

Chess symbolsfigurine algebraic notationfigurines
Unicode contains symbols for chess pieces in both white and black.
Chess symbols are part of Unicode. Instead of using images, one can represent chess pieces by symbols that are defined in the Unicode character set.

Chess piece relative value

pointsvalueschess piece value
Chess piece relative value
In chess, the chess piece relative value system conventionally assigns a point value to each piece when assessing its relative strength in potential exchanges.

Outline of chess

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Outline of chess
Chess pieces – two armies of 16 chess pieces, one army white, the other black. Each player controls one of the armies for the entire game. The pieces in each army include:

Fairy chess piece

Betza's funny notationfairy piecesfairy piece
Fairy chess piece
A fairy chess piece, variant chess piece, unorthodox chess piece, or heterodox chess piece is a chess piece not used in conventional chess but incorporated into certain chess variants and some chess problems.

Buxus

boxwoodboxbox tree
Wooden White chess pieces are normally made of a light wood, boxwood, or sometimes maple.
Owing to the relatively high density of the wood (it is one of the few woods that are denser than water), boxwood is often used for chess pieces, unstained boxwood for the white pieces and stained ('ebonized') boxwood for the black pieces, in lieu of ebony.

Ebony

eboniesebony woodblack wood
Black wooden pieces are made of a dark wood such as rosewood, ebony, red sandalwood, African Padauk wood (African padauk which is similar to red sandalwood and is marketed as Bud Rosewood or Blood Red Rosewood) or walnut.
Traditionally, the black pieces in chess sets were made from ebony, with rare boxwood or ivory being used for the white pieces.

Chess box

Chess box, container for chess pieces.
A chess box is a container for holding chess pieces.

Mann (chess)

mannguardsGuard
Courier Chess, a predecessor of modern chess, used all six chess pieces plus a courier, man (or rath or sage), and jester.
The man is one of the most simply described chess pieces and as such has a long history and has gone by many names.

Courier chess

Courier Chess, a predecessor of modern chess, used all six chess pieces plus a courier, man (or rath or sage), and jester.
In 1821 H. G. Albers reported that Courier Chess was still played in Ströbeck, and that some pieces had gained more powerful moves, but a few years later other visitors found that it had been abandoned.

Castling

castlecastledcastles
The rook moves any number of vacant squares forwards, backwards, left, or right in a straight line. It also takes part, along with the king, in a special move called castling.

En passant

The pawn moves forward exactly one space, or optionally, two spaces when on its starting square, toward the opponent's side of the board. When there is an enemy piece one square diagonally ahead of the pawn, either left or right, then the pawn may capture that piece. A pawn can perform a special type of capture of an enemy pawn called en passant. If the pawn reaches a square on the of the opponent, it promotes to the player's choice of a queen, rook, bishop, or knight.