Chesterfield Islands

Bellona ReefsBellona ReefBampton ReefBooby ShoalChesterfield groupChesterfield ReefChesterfield ReefsGreater Chesterfield Island
Chesterfield Islands (îles Chesterfield in French) are a French archipelago of New Caledonia located in the Coral Sea, 550 km northwest of Grande Terre, the main island of New Caledonia.wikipedia
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New Caledonia

New-CaledoniaNouvelle-CalédonieNCL
Chesterfield Islands (îles Chesterfield in French) are a French archipelago of New Caledonia located in the Coral Sea, 550 km northwest of Grande Terre, the main island of New Caledonia.
The archipelago, part of the Melanesia subregion, includes the main island of Grande Terre, the Loyalty Islands, the Chesterfield Islands, the Belep archipelago, the Isle of Pines, and a few remote islets.

Coral Sea

CoralCoral Sea, Queenslandtropical sea
Chesterfield Islands (îles Chesterfield in French) are a French archipelago of New Caledonia located in the Coral Sea, 550 km northwest of Grande Terre, the main island of New Caledonia. The reef complex is named after the whaling ship, commanded by Matthew Bowes Alt, which sailed through the Coral Sea in the 1790s.
In addition, some islands west of and belonging to New Caledonia are also part of the Coral Sea Islands in a geographical sense, such as the Chesterfield Islands and Bellona Reefs.

19th parallel south

19° 30′ S19°S19 degrees south
The reefs extend from 19˚ to 22˚S between 158–160˚E in the southern Coral Sea halfway between Australia and New Caledonia.

Bellona (1782 ship)

BellonaBellona'' (1782 ship)Bellona'' (1782)
The reefs to the south were found next by Mathew Boyd in the convict ship Bellona on his way from Sydney to Canton (modern day Guangzhou) in February or March 1793.
The Bellona Reefs are named in honour of the ship.

158th meridian east

158
The reefs extend from 19˚ to 22˚S between 158–160˚E in the southern Coral Sea halfway between Australia and New Caledonia.

159th meridian east

159°E159th meridians159˚E
Chesterfield lagoon, located between 19˚00' and 20˚30' S and 158˚10' and 159˚E covers an area of approximately 3500 km 2.

Baring (1801 Indiaman)

Baring
Lieutenant John Lamb, R.N., Commander of the ship Baring, spent three days in the neighborhood of Booby and Bellona Shoals and reefs.
While sailing from Port Jackson to Bengal, Lamb and Baring spent three days in the Baring Shoals, a cluster of detached reefs and banks near Booby and Bellona Shoals and reefs in the Chesterfield Islands after leaving New South Wales.

HMS Renard (1873)

HM Schooner ''RenardHMS ''RenardHMS Renard
The northern reefs were charted by Lieutenant G.E.Richards in HMS Renard in 1878 and the French the following year.
She commenced service on the Australia Station at Sydney in 1873 for anti-blackbirding operations in the South Pacific and later hydrographic surveys around Chesterfield Islands, Fiji and the Russell Islands.

Archipelago

Island grouparchipelagicarchipelagos
Chesterfield Islands (îles Chesterfield in French) are a French archipelago of New Caledonia located in the Coral Sea, 550 km northwest of Grande Terre, the main island of New Caledonia.

Grande Terre (New Caledonia)

Grande TerreGrand TerreArchipelago of New Caledonia
Chesterfield Islands (îles Chesterfield in French) are a French archipelago of New Caledonia located in the Coral Sea, 550 km northwest of Grande Terre, the main island of New Caledonia.

Whaling

whalerswhalerwhale hunting
The reef complex is named after the whaling ship, commanded by Matthew Bowes Alt, which sailed through the Coral Sea in the 1790s.

Coral

coralscoral headsAnthozoa
The Chesterfield Islands, sometimes referred to as the Chesterfield Reefs or Chesterfield Group, are the most important of a number of uninhabited coral sand cays.

Cay

caysCayeskeys
The Chesterfield Islands, sometimes referred to as the Chesterfield Reefs or Chesterfield Group, are the most important of a number of uninhabited coral sand cays.

22nd parallel south

22°S22 degrees south22°S
The reefs extend from 19˚ to 22˚S between 158–160˚E in the southern Coral Sea halfway between Australia and New Caledonia.

160th meridian east

160°Elongitude 160°E160° E
The reefs extend from 19˚ to 22˚S between 158–160˚E in the southern Coral Sea halfway between Australia and New Caledonia.

Australia

AUSAustralianCommonwealth of Australia
The reefs extend from 19˚ to 22˚S between 158–160˚E in the southern Coral Sea halfway between Australia and New Caledonia.

Lagoon

lagoonscoastal lagoonlagoonal
Chesterfield lagoon, located between 19˚00' and 20˚30' S and 158˚10' and 159˚E covers an area of approximately 3500 km 2.

East India Company

British East India CompanyHonourable East India CompanyEnglish East India Company

James Horsburgh

Horsburgh
The ship Minerva measured the water's depth as eight fathoms (48 ft), with the appearance of shallower water to the southwest; this last danger is in a line between the two shoals at about longitude 159°20′ east, as described by James Horsburgh.

Henry Mangles Denham

Captain H. M. DenhamH.M. DenhamHenry Denham
In May 1859 Henry Mangles Denham found Long Island was “a heap of 'foraminifera' densely covered with stunted bush‑trees with leaves as large as cabbage plants, spreading 12 feet (3.7 m) and reaching as high, upon trunks 9 inches (23 cm) diameter... The trees around the margin of this island were leafless, as if from the sea‑fowl." Although wooded in the 1850s, it was stripped during guano extraction in the 1870s and was said to be covered in grass with only two coconut trees and some ruins at the south end early in the 20th century. The vegetation was growing again by 1957 when the remaining ruins were confused with those of a temporary automatic meteorological station established in the same area by the Americans between 1944 and 1948. Terry Walker reported that by 1990 there was a ring of low Tournefortia trees growing around the margin, herbs, grass and shrubs in the interior, and still a few exotic species including coconuts.