A report on Chicago and Illinois

Traditional Potawatomi regalia on display at the Field Museum of Natural History
An artist's rendering of the Great Chicago Fire of 1871
Mississippian copper plate found at the Saddle Site in Union County, Illinois
Court of Honor at the World's Columbian Exposition in 1893
Illinois in 1718, approximate modern state area highlighted, from Carte de la Louisiane et du cours du Mississipi by Guillaume de L'Isle
Men outside a soup kitchen during the Great Depression (1931)
The bell donated by King Louis XV in 1741 to the mission at Kaskaskia. It was later called the "Liberty Bell of the West", after it was rung to celebrate U.S. victory in the Revolution
Boy from Chicago, 1941
In 1818, Illinois became the 21st U.S. state. The southern portion of Illinois Territory was admitted as the state of Illinois, and the rest was joined to Michigan Territory.
Protesters in Grant Park outside the 1968 Democratic National Convention
[[Old State Capitol State Historic Site|
Old State Capitol]]: Abraham Lincoln and other area legislators were instrumental in moving the state capitol to centrally located Springfield in 1839.
Downtown and the North Side with beaches lining the waterfront
Embarkation of Union troops from Cairo on January 10, 1862
A satellite image of Chicago
Charles Mound, the highest natural point in Illinois at 1,235 feet above sea level, is located in the Driftless Area in the northwestern part of the state.
Community areas of the City of Chicago
At 279 feet above sea level, the lowest elevation point in the state is located near Cairo and the confluence of the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers.
The Chicago Building (1904–05) is a prime example of the Chicago School, displaying both variations of the Chicago window.
Köppen climate types of Illinois
Replica of Daniel Chester French's Statue of the Republic at the site of the World's Columbian Exposition
Density map displaying the population of Illinois
Downtown Chicago and the Chicago River during January 2014 cold wave
The Baháʼí House of Worship in Wilmette, Illinois
Map of racial distribution in Chicago, 2010 U.S. Census. Each dot is 25 people:
The Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago at the heart of Chicago's financial center
Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago
Byron Nuclear Generating Station in Ogle County
The Chicago Board of Trade Building
Average annual wind power distribution for Illinois, 50 m height above ground (2009)
The National Hellenic Museum in Greektown is one of several ethnic museums comprising the Chicago Cultural Alliance.
Soldier Field, Chicago
A Chicago jazz club
The Illinois State Capitol in Springfield
The Chicago Theatre
Illinois House of Representatives
The spire of the Copernicus Center is modeled on the Royal Castle in Warsaw.
Governor J. B. Pritzker (D)
Jay Pritzker Pavilion by night
University of Illinois
Ferries offer sightseeing tours and water-taxi transportation along the Chicago River and Lake Michigan.
University of Chicago
Aerial view of Navy Pier at night
University of Illinois Willard Airport
The Magnificent Mile hosts numerous upscale stores, as well as landmarks like the Chicago Water Tower.
Inside O'Hare International Airport
Chicago-style stuffed pizza
Vandalia State House State Historic Site in Vandalia
A Polish market in Chicago
The Museum of Science and Industry in Chicago
Carl Sandburg's most famous description of the city is as "Hog Butcher for the World/Tool Maker, Stacker of Wheat/ Player with Railroads and the Nation's Freight Handler,/ Stormy, Husky, Brawling, City of the Big Shoulders."
Magnolia Manor is a Victorian period historic house museum in Cairo.
Chicago Half Marathon on Lake Shore Drive on the South Side
Lincoln Home National Historic Site in Springfield
Daley Plaza with Picasso statue, City Hall in background. At right, the Daley Plaza Building contains the state law courts.
The Polish Museum of America in Chicago
Chicago Police Department SUV, 2011
A Railway Post Office preserved at the Illinois Railway Museum in Union
When it was opened in 1991, the central Harold Washington Library appeared in Guinness World Records as the largest municipal public library building in the world.
Standard license plate introduced in 2017
The University of Chicago, as seen from the Midway Plaisance
Standard license plate 2001 to 2016
WGN began in the early days of radio and developed into a multi-platform broadcaster, including a cable television super-station.
Illinois license plate design used throughout the 1980s and 1990s, displaying the Land of Lincoln slogan that has been featured on the state's plates since 1954
The former Harpo Studios in West Loop, Chicago was home of The Oprah Winfrey Show from 1986 until 2011 and other Harpo Production operations until 2015.
Illinois 2020 Population Density Map
Aerial photo of the Jane Byrne Interchange, opened in the 1960s
Chicago Union Station, opened in 1925, is the third-busiest passenger rail terminal in the United States.
Amtrak train on the Empire Builder route departs Chicago from Union Station
O'Hare International Airport
Prentice Women's Hospital on the Northwestern Memorial Hospital Downtown Campus

Chicago (, locally also ), officially the City of Chicago, is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Illinois, and the third-most populous city in the United States, following New York City and Los Angeles.

- Chicago

Chicago is its largest city, and the state's capital is Springfield; other major metropolitan areas include Metro East (of Greater St. Louis), Peoria and Rockford.

- Illinois

51 related topics with Alpha

Overall

Chicago metropolitan area

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Metropolitan area in the Midwestern United States.

Metropolitan area in the Midwestern United States.

Chicagoland by county and state.
A map of Chicagoland in relation to the states of Wisconsin, Illinois, and Indiana.
Airborne view of the dense southern part of Chicago, running alongside Lake Michigan. Downtown Chicago is at the far left by the lake in the photo.
The extent of the 16-county Chicago CSA (in black) and the 16 counties that share a border with the Chicago CSA (in gray), with counties divided into Minor Civil Divisions. In Illinois and Indiana, townships are intermediate between counties and municipalities (with the latter lying within townships and crossing township borders), while in Michigan and Wisconsin, townships are a type of municipality.
Westward view from the Willis Tower in Chicago
Whitney M. Young Magnet High School in Chicago
Taken from the ISS on June 23, 2022; downtown Chicago is at the center by the lake

Encompassing 10,286 sq mi (28,120 km2), the metropolitan area includes the city of Chicago, its suburbs and hinterland, spanning 14 counties in northeast Illinois, northwest Indiana, and a small portion of southeast Wisconsin.

Midwestern United States

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One of four census regions of the United States Census Bureau .

One of four census regions of the United States Census Bureau .

Divisions of the Midwest by the U.S. Census Bureau into East North Central and West North Central, separated largely by the Mississippi River.
Scotts Bluff National Monument in western Nebraska
The Driftless Area as viewed from Wildcat Mountain State Park in Vernon County, Wisconsin
Flint Hills grasslands of Kansas
Theodore Roosevelt National Park, North Dakota
Prairie in Effigy Mounds National Monument, Iowa
Monks Mound, located at the Cahokia Mounds near Collinsville, Illinois, is the largest Pre-Columbian earthwork in America north of Mesoamerica and a World Heritage Site
Winnebago family (1852)
Young Oglala Lakota girl in front of tipi with puppy beside her, probably on or near Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, South Dakota
Cumulus clouds hover above a yellowish prairie at Badlands National Park, South Dakota, native lands to the Sioux.
c. 1681 map of Marquette and Jolliet's 1673 expedition
Beaver hunting grounds, the basis of the fur trade
The state cessions that eventually allowed for the creation of the territories north and southwest of the River Ohio
Northwest Territory 1787
Louisiana Purchase 1803
Ohio River near Rome, Ohio
Lake Michigan is shared by four Midwestern states: Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, and Wisconsin.
The Upper Mississippi River near Harpers Ferry, Iowa
An animation depicting when United States territories and states forbade or allowed slavery, 1789–1861
1855 Free-State poster
A map of various Underground Railroad routes
Minneapolis, Minnesota is on the Mississippi River
Omaha, Nebraska, is on the Missouri River
Cincinnati, Ohio is on the Ohio River
Distribution of Americans claiming German Ancestry by county in 2018
German population density in the United States, 1870 census
A pastoral farm scene near Traverse City, Michigan, with a classic American red barn
Central Iowa cornfield in June
Standing wheat in Kansas, part of America's Breadbasket
Soybean fields at Applethorpe Farm, north of Hallsville in Ross County, Ohio
The Chicago Board of Trade Building a National Historic Landmark
The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in Cleveland
Mount Rushmore is located in the Black Hills of South Dakota.
The Milwaukee Art Museum is located on Lake Michigan.
The first local meeting of the new Republican Party took place here in Ripon, Wisconsin on March 20, 1854.
Midwestern Governors by party
Midwestern U.S. Senators by party for the 117th Congress
Midwestern U.S. Representatives by party for the 117th Congress
Beaver hunting grounds, the basis of the fur trade

The Census Bureau's definition consists of 12 states in the north central United States: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

Chicago is the most populous city in the American Midwest and the third most populous in the United States.

Midway International Airport

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FAA airport diagram
Sculpture at Chicago–Midway
SBD Dauntless on static display as part of the Midway memorial
The Chicago area, featuring Chicago Midway and O'Hare International Airports
Main corridor at Chicago–Midway
Southwest Airlines check-in ticket counters

Chicago Midway International Airport, typically referred to as Midway Airport, Chicago Midway, or simply Midway, is a major commercial airport on the Southwest side of Chicago, Illinois, located approximately 12 miles (19 km) from the Loop business district.

Satellite image of the Great Lakes, April 24, 2000

Great Lakes

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The Great Lakes, also called the Great Lakes of North America or the Laurentian Great Lakes, are a series of large interconnected freshwater lakes with certain sea-like characteristics in the mid-east region of North America that connect to the Atlantic Ocean via the Saint Lawrence River.

The Great Lakes, also called the Great Lakes of North America or the Laurentian Great Lakes, are a series of large interconnected freshwater lakes with certain sea-like characteristics in the mid-east region of North America that connect to the Atlantic Ocean via the Saint Lawrence River.

Satellite image of the Great Lakes, April 24, 2000
Terra MODIS image of the Great Lakes, January 27, 2005, showing ice beginning to build up around the shores of each of the lakes, with snow on the ground; Green Bay, the North Channel, Saginaw Bay, and Lake St. Clair show complete ice coverage.
Location in North America
A map of the Great Lakes Basin showing the five sub-basins. Left to right they are: Superior (magenta); Michigan (cyan); Huron (green); Erie (yellow); Ontario (orange-red).
Lake Michigan–Huron with north oriented to the right; taken on April 14, 2022 during Expedition 67 of the International Space Station. Green Bay is at the upper left and Saginaw Bay is on the right.
South Bass Island in Lake Erie
Toronto on Lake Ontario is in the eastern section of the Great Lakes Megalopolis
Water levels of Lakes Michigan and Huron in the United States, 1918 to 2019.
The Great Lakes, as photographed from the International Space Station
A diagram of the formation of the Great Lakes
Map of Glacial Lake Algonquin and its Correlatives (USGS 1915)
The location of common lake effect bands on the Great Lakes
Lake sturgeon, the largest native fish in the Great Lakes and the subject of extensive commercial fishing in the 19th and 20th centuries is listed as a threatened species
Cliffs at Palisade Head on Lake Superior in Minnesota near Silver Bay.
A zebra mussel–encrusted vector-averaging current meter from Lake Michigan.
Diatoms of different sizes seen through the microscope. These minuscule phytoplankton are encased within a silicate cell wall.
A woodcut of Le Griffon
The passenger ship (foreground) leaving Chicago, c. 1909
Photograph of Lakes Ontario, Erie and Huron plus the Finger Lakes of upstate New York, June 14, 2012, taken aboard the International Space Station, with lake names added
Escanaba's Ludington Park in Michigan
Various national, state, provincial, and municipal jurisdictions govern the Great Lakes
Satellite image of the Great Lakes taken by the Terra satellite on June 16, 2021
Chicago on Lake Michigan is in the western part of the lakes megalopolis and the site of the waterway linking the lakes to the Mississippi River valley
Detroit on the Detroit River links the region's central metropolitan areas

The lakes are divided among the jurisdictions of the Canadian province of Ontario and the U.S. states of Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and New York.

While enormous public investments such as the Deep Tunnel projects in Chicago and Milwaukee have greatly reduced the frequency and volume of these events, they have not been eliminated.

Lake Michigan on April 10, 2022; from the International Space Station

Lake Michigan

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One of the five Great Lakes of North America.

One of the five Great Lakes of North America.

Lake Michigan on April 10, 2022; from the International Space Station
Taken from Resourcesat-2 on July 3, 2022
Lake Michigan basin
SS Badger operates ferry services between Manitowoc and Ludington
Most islands in Lake Michigan are in the northern part of the lake. Photo taken from the International Space Station on April 10, 2022.
Ice volcanoes form from sea ice and protect the coast from erosion.
Lake fisheries postcard produced for the Milwaukee Public Museum, the backside identifies the fishermen as using a pound net.

Located in the United States, it is shared, from west to east, by the states of Wisconsin, Illinois, Indiana, and Michigan.

Ports along its shores include Milwaukee and the City of Green Bay in Wisconsin; Chicago in Illinois; Gary in Indiana; and Muskegon in Michigan.

Illinois River

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Principal tributary of the Mississippi River and is approximately 273 mi long.

Principal tributary of the Mississippi River and is approximately 273 mi long.

Peoria, Illinois is the largest city on the river
The Illinois River as mapped in 1718, modern Illinois state highlighted.
River tow leaving the Starved Rock Lock headed down river.
The Illinois River, as seen from Starved Rock State Park. The dam (upper-left center) is part of the infrastructure of the Illinois Waterway
Aerial view looking west along the Illinois River, with Marseilles (bottom) and Ottawa (center frame).
Late October 2009 (before the flood)
Early November 2009 (during the flood)

Located in the U.S. state of Illinois, the river drains a large section of central Illinois, with a drainage basin of 28756.6 sqmi.

After the I&M Canal saw a string of cities, such as LaSalle, Peru, and Ottawa grow along the river, extending Chicago's influence into the Mississippi Valley.

O'Hare International Airport

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FAA airport diagram
Grumman F4F-3 Wildcat on display in O'Hare's Terminal 2, restored in the markings of "Butch" O'Hare's plane
Reconstructed Brachiosaurus skeleton, formerly in the Field Museum, exhibited at the airport since 1999
Control tower and terminals 3 & 2 seen from ATS (Airport Transit System)
United Airlines Terminal 1, Concourse B
American Airlines Terminal 3 Main Hall
The Terminal 1 underground tunnel connects Concourses B and C
United Airlines Terminal 1, Concourse B

Chicago O'Hare International Airport, typically referred to as O'Hare Airport, Chicago O'Hare, or simply O'Hare, is the main international airport located on the Northwest Side of Chicago, Illinois, 17 mi northwest of the Loop business district.

Richard M. Daley

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Meigs Field Runway a few days after destruction ordered by Mayor Daley, April 2003
Chicago Mayor Richard M. Daley at the opening of the 2005 Revealing Chicago Exhibition in the Boeing Gallery and Chase Promenade in Millennium Park.
Daley in Chicago City Hall

Richard Michael Daley (born April 24, 1942) is an American politician who served as the 54th Mayor of Chicago, Illinois, from 1989 to 2011.

His budgets ran up the largest deficits in Chicago history.

a scene at Seneca, Illinois

Illinois and Michigan Canal

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The Illinois and Michigan Canal connected the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River and the Gulf of Mexico.

The Illinois and Michigan Canal connected the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River and the Gulf of Mexico.

a scene at Seneca, Illinois
The location and course of the Illinois and Michigan Canal
New lock and dam structures that replaced the historic Illinois and Michigan Canal
Illinois and Michigan Canal west of Willow Springs, where the unused canal is clogged with fallen trees
Fox River Aqueduct in Ottawa, IL
Aux Sable Creek Aqueduct, Morris, IL
Locktenders House and lock at the Aux Sable Creek
Goose Lake Prairie F&WA, Morris, IL
Lock #3, Lockport, IL
Historic Route 66, Illinois Route 53, and I&M Canal overlap in Joliet, IL

In Illinois, it ran 96 mi from the Chicago River in Bridgeport, Chicago to the Illinois River at LaSalle-Peru.

The Stevenson Expressway near Countryside, heading southwest

Interstate 55 in Illinois

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The Stevenson Expressway near Countryside, heading southwest

Interstate 55 (I-55) is a major north–south Interstate Highway in the US state of Illinois that connects St. Louis, Missouri, to the Chicago metropolitan area.

The section from the south suburbs of Chicago to the area near Pontiac is officially named the Barack Obama Presidential Expressway after the 44th President, Barack Obama, who launched his political career from Illinois.