A report on Chicago

Traditional Potawatomi regalia on display at the Field Museum of Natural History
An artist's rendering of the Great Chicago Fire of 1871
Court of Honor at the World's Columbian Exposition in 1893
Men outside a soup kitchen during the Great Depression (1931)
Boy from Chicago, 1941
Protesters in Grant Park outside the 1968 Democratic National Convention
Downtown and the North Side with beaches lining the waterfront
A satellite image of Chicago
Community areas of the City of Chicago
The Chicago Building (1904–05) is a prime example of the Chicago School, displaying both variations of the Chicago window.
Replica of Daniel Chester French's Statue of the Republic at the site of the World's Columbian Exposition
Downtown Chicago and the Chicago River during January 2014 cold wave
Map of racial distribution in Chicago, 2010 U.S. Census. Each dot is 25 people:
Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago
The Chicago Board of Trade Building
The National Hellenic Museum in Greektown is one of several ethnic museums comprising the Chicago Cultural Alliance.
A Chicago jazz club
The Chicago Theatre
The spire of the Copernicus Center is modeled on the Royal Castle in Warsaw.
Jay Pritzker Pavilion by night
Ferries offer sightseeing tours and water-taxi transportation along the Chicago River and Lake Michigan.
Aerial view of Navy Pier at night
The Magnificent Mile hosts numerous upscale stores, as well as landmarks like the Chicago Water Tower.
Chicago-style stuffed pizza
A Polish market in Chicago
Carl Sandburg's most famous description of the city is as "Hog Butcher for the World/Tool Maker, Stacker of Wheat/ Player with Railroads and the Nation's Freight Handler,/ Stormy, Husky, Brawling, City of the Big Shoulders."
Chicago Half Marathon on Lake Shore Drive on the South Side
Daley Plaza with Picasso statue, City Hall in background. At right, the Daley Plaza Building contains the state law courts.
Chicago Police Department SUV, 2011
When it was opened in 1991, the central Harold Washington Library appeared in Guinness World Records as the largest municipal public library building in the world.
The University of Chicago, as seen from the Midway Plaisance
WGN began in the early days of radio and developed into a multi-platform broadcaster, including a cable television super-station.
The former Harpo Studios in West Loop, Chicago was home of The Oprah Winfrey Show from 1986 until 2011 and other Harpo Production operations until 2015.
Aerial photo of the Jane Byrne Interchange, opened in the 1960s
Chicago Union Station, opened in 1925, is the third-busiest passenger rail terminal in the United States.
Amtrak train on the Empire Builder route departs Chicago from Union Station
O'Hare International Airport
Prentice Women's Hospital on the Northwestern Memorial Hospital Downtown Campus

Most populous city in the U.S. state of Illinois, and the third-most populous city in the United States, following New York City and Los Angeles.

- Chicago

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Polish Americans

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Polish Americans (Polonia amerykańska) are Americans who either have total or partial Polish ancestry, or are citizens of the Republic of Poland.

Polish Americans (Polonia amerykańska) are Americans who either have total or partial Polish ancestry, or are citizens of the Republic of Poland.

The Polish flag variant with the coat of arms is particularly often used by the Polonia, or Polish diaspora outside Poland, especially in the United States
Polish-American grocery, 1922, Detroit, Michigan
The Gateway Theatre, seat of the Copernicus Foundation, in Jefferson Park, Chicago. The Baroque spire is modeled on the Royal Castle, Warsaw.
The deli counter at the former Bobak's Polish supermarket in Chicago
Greenpoint, Brooklyn, is considered the center of New York City's Little Poland.
Greenpoint, Brooklyn
Inside view of St. Stanislaus Church in Slavic Village in Cleveland
Lagrange Street Polish Festival in Toledo, Ohio
Marker of immigration from Silesia into Texas - Indianola, Texas
Distribution of Americans claiming Polish Ancestry by county in 2018
St. Stanislaus Kostka Church in Chicago, Illinois, the city's first Polish parish
Our Lady of Lourdes Catholic Church, Little Falls, Minnesota. Built in 1922 by Polish-American immigrants.
Black Madonna of Częstochowa, a religious figure in Polish Catholicism
Polish American novelty flag
The Polish Museum of America in Chicago
Polish-American parade in New York City, 2008
Monument of Andrzej Pityński "Contribution of Polish Americans to Polish-Soviet War 1920" founded in Warsaw by Polish-Americans
SWAP Branch #57 in Elizabeth, New Jersey, in 1928
Polish-Americans who fought in the Blue Army. Image taken in Detroit, Michigan (1955) and featured in Life magazine.

Many found manual labor jobs in the coal mines of Pennsylvania and the heavy industries (steel mills, iron foundries, slaughterhouses, oil and sugar refineries), of the Great Lakes cities of Chicago, Pittsburgh, Detroit, Buffalo, Milwaukee, Cleveland, and Toledo.


Daniel Burnham

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American architect and urban designer.

American architect and urban designer.

Burnham's childhood home in Henderson, New York
The Montauk Building, c.1886
Masonic Temple Building in Chicago
Court of Honor and Grand Basin — World's Columbian Exposition
The Agricultural Building at night (1893)
Title page of first edition
Burnham and Bennett's plan for San Francisco
Burnham c.early 1900s
Daniel Burnham's headstone in Graceland Cemetery, Chicago, Illinois
Burnham's Plan for Manila

A successful Chicago architect, he was selected as Director of Works for the 1892–93 World's Columbian Exposition, colloquially referred to as "The White City".


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Most populous city in the U.S. state of Wisconsin and the county seat of Milwaukee County.

Most populous city in the U.S. state of Wisconsin and the county seat of Milwaukee County.

Statue of Solomon Juneau, who helped establish the city of Milwaukee
Illustrated map of Milwaukee in 1872
Milwaukee's Lake Front Depot in 1898
Wisconsin Street with Pabst Building, Milwaukee, 1900
A slum area of Milwaukee from 1936
The historic Third Ward
Brady Street, Milwaukee
Panorama map of Milwaukee, with a view of the City Hall tower, c. 1898
Aerial view from the north – the Menomonee River, Kinnickinnic River, and Milwaukee River are visible in the foreground; Wind Point in the background.
Downtown Milwaukee from the Milwaukee River
Map of racial distribution in Milwaukee, 2010 U.S. Census. Each dot is 25 people:
St. Josaphat Basilica, in Milwaukee's historic Lincoln Village.
Rail tracks along the industrial Menomonee Valley, ancestral home of the Menominee Indians
Entrance to Miller Brewery in Milwaukee
The Pabst Brewery Complex, closed in 1997, before its redevelopment
Rockwell Automation Headquarters and Allen-Bradley Clock Tower
Milwaukee's skyline visible from a sailboat out on Lake Michigan
Milwaukee Art Museum
The Calling I-beams
Discovery World
Pabst Mansion
Henry Maier Festival Grounds during Summerfest
Aerial view of "Jazz in the Park", Cathedral Square Park
Pabst Theater
American Family Field (formerly known as Miller Park), home of the Brewers
Fiserv Forum, home of the Bucks and Golden Eagles
Panoramic view of Lake Park, c. 1890.
Leisure boats on the Milwaukee River
Havenwoods State Forest entrance
Mitchell Park Horticultural Conservatory, "The Domes"
The Milwaukee Public Market
Merrill Hall at the University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee
The John P. Raynor, S.J. Library at Marquette University
Wisconsin Lutheran College
The WITI TV Tower is in Shorewood, off of the Oak Leaf Trail, just north of Capitol Drive.
Timmerman Field
Milwaukee Intermodal Station
The Hoan Bridge
Milwaukee at 3:03:05 AM in 2015. Photo reversed from the original so north would point up.
The Lake Express Terminal
The Oak Leaf Trail on the East Side
The Rave/Eagles Ballroom
Milwaukee Youth Arts Center
Turner Hall
Leif Ericson monument
Tadeusz Kościuszko monument in Kosciuszko Park in Historic Lincoln Village.

With a population of 577,222 at the 2020 census, Milwaukee is the 31st largest city in the United States, the fifth-largest city in the Midwestern United States, and the second largest city on Lake Michigan's shore behind Chicago.

Midway International Airport

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FAA airport diagram
Sculpture at Chicago–Midway
SBD Dauntless on static display as part of the Midway memorial
The Chicago area, featuring Chicago Midway and O'Hare International Airports
Main corridor at Chicago–Midway
Southwest Airlines check-in ticket counters

Chicago Midway International Airport, typically referred to as Midway Airport, Chicago Midway, or simply Midway, is a major commercial airport on the Southwest side of Chicago, Illinois, located approximately 12 miles (19 km) from the Loop business district.

Burnham's Plan of Chicago (1909) — north is to the right

Northerly Island

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Burnham's Plan of Chicago (1909) — north is to the right
Man Enters the Cosmos by Henry Moore in front of the Adler Planetarium
Construction in 1921
Northerly Island Beach
Looking North
FirstMerit Bank Pavilion
Twelfth Street Beach House
Statue of Tadeusz Kościuszko on Northerly Island, Chicago
Northerly Island Park

Northerly Island is a 91 acre man-made peninsula along Chicago's Lake Michigan lakefront.

a scene at Seneca, Illinois

Illinois and Michigan Canal

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The Illinois and Michigan Canal connected the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River and the Gulf of Mexico.

The Illinois and Michigan Canal connected the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River and the Gulf of Mexico.

a scene at Seneca, Illinois
The location and course of the Illinois and Michigan Canal
New lock and dam structures that replaced the historic Illinois and Michigan Canal
Illinois and Michigan Canal west of Willow Springs, where the unused canal is clogged with fallen trees
Fox River Aqueduct in Ottawa, IL
Aux Sable Creek Aqueduct, Morris, IL
Locktenders House and lock at the Aux Sable Creek
Goose Lake Prairie F&WA, Morris, IL
Lock #3, Lockport, IL
Historic Route 66, Illinois Route 53, and I&M Canal overlap in Joliet, IL

In Illinois, it ran 96 mi from the Chicago River in Bridgeport, Chicago to the Illinois River at LaSalle-Peru.

Humphrey and Muskie

1968 Democratic National Convention

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Humphrey and Muskie
Chicago Police helmet and billy club circa 1968 (photographed 2012)
Illinois delegates (including then Mayor Richard J. Daley and his son future mayor Richard M. Daley) react to Senator Abraham Ribicoff's criticism of the Chicago Police. Reports differ as to whether the elder Daley shouted, "You faker!" or, "Fuck you, you Jew son of a bitch."
Senator Eugene McCarthy of Minnesota
Senator Robert F. Kennedy of New York
Senator George McGovern of South Dakota
Channing Phillips
Governor Dan Moore of North Carolina
Senator Edmund Muskie of Maine
Julian Bond of Georgia

The 1968 Democratic National Convention was held August 26–29 at the International Amphitheatre in Chicago, Illinois, United States.

Official portrait, 2012

Barack Obama

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American politician who served as the 44th president of the United States from 2009 to 2017.

American politician who served as the 44th president of the United States from 2009 to 2017.

Official portrait, 2012
Stanley Armour Dunham, Ann Dunham, Maya Soetoro and Barack Obama, (L to R) mid-1970s in Honolulu
Barack Obama's school record in St. Francis of Assisi Catholic Elementary School. Obama was enrolled as "Barry Soetoro" (no. 1), and was wrongly recorded as an Indonesian citizen (no. 3) and a Muslim (no. 4).
Obama poses in the Green Room of the White House with wife Michelle and daughters Sasha and Malia, 2009
Obama playing in a pickup game on the White House basketball court, 2009
The Obamas worship at African Methodist Episcopal Church in Washington, D.C., January 2013
State Senator Obama and others celebrate the naming of a street in Chicago after ShoreBank co-founder Milton Davis in 1998
Results of the 2004 U.S. Senate race in Illinois; Obama won the counties in blue.
Official portrait of Obama as a member of the United States Senate
Obama and U.S. Senator Richard Lugar (R-IN) visit a Russian facility for dismantling mobile missiles (August 2005)
Obama on stage with wife and daughters just before announcing presidential candidacy in Springfield, Illinois, February 10, 2007
2008 electoral vote results. Obama won 365–173.
2012 electoral vote results. Obama won 332–206.
Obama takes the oath of office administered by Chief Justice John G. Roberts Jr. at the Capitol, January 20, 2009
Obama delivers a speech at joint session of Congress with Vice President Joe Biden and House Speaker Nancy Pelosi on February 24, 2009.
Obama visits an Aurora shooting victim at University of Colorado Hospital, 2012.
The White House was illuminated in rainbow colors on the evening of the Supreme Court same-sex marriage ruling, June 26, 2015.
Deficit and debt increases, 2001–2016
US employment statistics (unemployment rate and monthly changes in net employment) during Obama's tenure as U.S. president
Obama at a 2010 briefing on the BP oil spill at the Coast Guard Station Venice in Venice, Louisiana
Obama signs the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act at the White House, March 23, 2010.
Maximum Out-of-Pocket Premium as Percentage of Family Income and federal poverty level, under Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, starting in 2014 (Source: CRS)
Percentage of Individuals in the United States without Health Insurance, 1963–2015 (Source: JAMA)
June 4, 2009 − after his speech A New Beginning at Cairo University, U.S. President Obama participates in a roundtable interview in 2009 with among others Jamal Khashoggi, Bambang Harymurti and Nahum Barnea.
Obama with Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi at Hyderabad House in New Delhi, January 2015.
Obama meets with Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi at the White House, October 2016.
Meeting with UK Prime Minister David Cameron during the 2010 G20 Toronto summit
Obama after a trilateral meeting with Afghan President Hamid Karzai (left) and Pakistani President Asif Ali Zardari (right), White House Cabinet Room, May 2009
Obama meeting with Israeli President Shimon Peres in the Oval Office, May 2009
President Obama meets with Russian President Vladimir Putin to discuss Syria and ISIS, September 29, 2015.
Obama and members of the national security team receive an update on Operation Neptune's Spear in the White House Situation Room, May 1, 2011. See also: Situation Room
Obama talks with Benjamin Netanyahu, March 2013.
President Obama meeting with Cuban President Raúl Castro in Panama, April 2015
Obama meets Russian President Vladimir Putin in September 2015.
Presidential approval ratings
G8 leaders watching the 2012 UEFA Champions League Final
Obama with his then-new successor Donald Trump and his later successor Joe Biden, at the former's inauguration on January 20, 2017
Obama playing golf with the President of Argentina Mauricio Macri, October 2017
Obama and his wife Michelle at the inauguration of Joe Biden
Job growth during the presidency of Obama compared to other presidents, as measured as a cumulative percentage change from month after inauguration to end of his term
First official portrait of Barack Obama as President of the United States, 2009
Obama meets with Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper in Ottawa, February 19, 2009.
Obama and Donald Trump, January 20, 2017

After graduating from Columbia University in 1983, he worked as a community organizer in Chicago.


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American chain of department stores founded in 1892 by Richard Warren Sears and Alvah Curtis Roebuck and reincorporated in 1906 by Richard Sears and Julius Rosenwald.

American chain of department stores founded in 1892 by Richard Warren Sears and Alvah Curtis Roebuck and reincorporated in 1906 by Richard Sears and Julius Rosenwald.

Richard Warren Sears
Julius Rosenwald
The exterior of the Sears Merchandise Building Tower
Store in Raleigh, North Carolina (circa 1952)
The Sears Tower, now the Willis Tower in Chicago
A closed Sears store at Stones River Town Centre, in Murfreesboro, Tennessee in April 2019, with signage still intact. The store closed on February 11, 2019.
Sears building in the Edificio La Nacional building in Mexico City, across from the Palacio de Bellas Artes
Logo used in 1907
Logo used from 1966 to 1984
Logo used from 1984 to 1994
Logo used from 1994 to 2004; this logo is still used by Sears in Mexico
Logo used from 2004 to 2010 in the United States
Logo used from 2010 to 2019
Mall entrance to the Sears store at Plaza del Norte in Hatillo, Puerto Rico, as shown in 2011. This store closed in April 2021.
Sears Auto Center at Steeplegate Mall in Concord, New Hampshire, as shown in 2017. The Auto Center and the main Sears store at this location closed in February 2020.
Exterior of the Sears at the Westfield Hawthorn in Vernon Hills, Illinois, as shown in 2006. This location closed in August 2018. This location was demolished in 2021.
Mall entrance to the former Sears at Paramus Park in Paramus, New Jersey, as shown in 2009. This location closed in 2018.
Sears, Roebuck and Company Warehouse and Service Center in Houston, Texas, as shown in August 2020. On the National Register of Historic Places
Exterior of the Sears Essentials in Palm Springs, Florida, as shown in 2010. (reopened as Sears Outlet and closed)
2013 photo of the mall entrance to the Sears Grand at Pittsburgh Mills in Tarentum, Pennsylvania. This Sears closed in January 2015.
Exterior of the Sears Parts & Repair Store in Brooklyn, Ohio, as shown in 2012.
Inside a Sears Store at Coral Gables in Miami, Florida, as shown in 2022.

Sears was based in the Sears Tower in Chicago from 1973 until 1995, and is currently headquartered in Hoffman Estates, Illinois.

Meigs Field Airport alongside Burnham Harbor in 2002, a year before its demolition

Meigs Field

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Meigs Field Airport alongside Burnham Harbor in 2002, a year before its demolition
Burnham's Plan of Chicago (1909). North is to the right.
Meigs Field Airport terminal building
Meigs Field Airport air traffic control tower
The field in 1997
Meigs Field Runway a few days after destruction ordered by Mayor Daley. The large X marks were cut into the runway by bulldozers to prevent aircraft from taking off or landing.
12th Street Beach House
Charter One Pavilion sign, January 10, 2007

Merrill C. Meigs Field Airport was a single-runway airport in Chicago that was in operation from December 1948 until March 2003, on Northerly Island, an artificial peninsula on Lake Michigan.