Chief Justice of the United States

Chief judge of the Supreme Court of the United States and the highest-ranking officer of the U.S. federal judiciary.

- Chief Justice of the United States

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John Roberts

Official portrait, 2005
President Ronald Reagan greeting Roberts in the Oval Office while Roberts was serving as an associate White House Counsel (1983)
Roberts as a judge on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit (c. 2004)
President George W. Bush announces Roberts's nomination to be chief justice (2005)
Roberts is sworn in as chief justice by Justice John Paul Stevens in the East Room of the White House as President Bush and Roberts's wife Jane look on, September 29, 2005

John Glover Roberts Jr. (born January 27, 1955) is an American lawyer and jurist serving as the 17th chief justice of the United States since 2005.

Charles Evans Hughes

Hughes in 1931
Hughes at the age of 16
Hughes with his wife and children, c. 1916
Gubernatorial portrait of Charles Evans Hughes
Hughes struck up a close friendship with Associate Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr.
Hughes in Winona, Minnesota, during the 1916 presidential campaign campaigning on the Olympian
1916 electoral vote results
Hughes's residence in 1921
Hughes (fourth from right) leads a delegation to Brazil with Carl Theodore Vogelgesang in 1922
Time cover, December 29, 1924
Mrs. Antoinette Carter, (Mr. Hughes's Wife)
Portrait of Hughes as Chief Justice
The Hughes Court in 1937, photographed by Erich Salomon
Associate Justice William O. Douglas served alongside Hughes on the Supreme Court
Hughes's gravesite

Charles Evans Hughes Sr. (April 11, 1862 – August 27, 1948) was an American statesman, politician and jurist who served as the 11th Chief Justice of the United States from 1930 to 1941.

John Jay

American statesman, patriot, diplomat, Founding Father, abolitionist, negotiator, and signatory of the Treaty of Paris of 1783.

John Jay, by Gilbert Stuart, 1794
Drawing of Sarah Jay by Robert Edge Pine.
Jay's childhood home in Rye, New York is a New York State Historic Site and Westchester County Park
Jay's retirement home near Katonah, New York is a New York State Historic Site
The Treaty of Paris, by Benjamin West (1783) (Jay stands farthest to the left). The British delegation refused to pose for the painting, leaving it unfinished.
Jay as he appears at the National Portrait Gallery in Washington, D.C.
The Jay Treaty.
Gubernatorial portrait of Jay.
Certificate of Election of Jay as Governor of New York (June 6, 1795)
John Jay 15¢ Liberty Issue postage stamp, 1958.
Rye, New York Post Office Dedication Stamp and cancellation, September 5, 1936

He served as the second governor of New York and the first chief justice of the United States.

Harlan F. Stone

Birthplace of Stone
Harlan F. Stone commemorative stamp, issued in 1948

Harlan Fiske Stone (October 11, 1872 – April 22, 1946) was an American lawyer and jurist who served as an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court from 1925 to 1941 and then as the 12th chief justice of the United States from 1941 until his death in 1946.

William Rehnquist

Rehnquist portrait as an Associate Justice in 1972
William Rehnquist (left) takes the oath as Chief Justice from retiring Warren Burger at the White House in 1986, as his wife, Natalie, holds a Bible, President Ronald Reagan and Justice Antonin Scalia look on
Robes worn by Rehnquist while he presided over the impeachment trial of President Clinton, showing the four yellow stripes he added.
Rehnquist at the National Archives Rotunda in 2003
An ailing Chief Justice Rehnquist administers the presidential oath of office to President George W. Bush at his inauguration in 2005, as First Lady Laura Bush looks on. Note: Rehnquist's addition of the gold stripes on his robes
Rehnquist's grave, which is next to his wife, Nan, at Arlington National Cemetery

William Hubbs Rehnquist (October 1, 1924 – September 3, 2005) was an American lawyer and jurist who served on the Supreme Court of the United States for 33 years, first as an associate justice from 1972 to 1986 and then as the 16th chief justice from 1986 until his death in 2005.

Salmon P. Chase

Photograph by Mathew Brady, c. 1860-1865
Coat of Arms
The Salmon P. Chase Birthplace in Cornish, New Hampshire
Chase as U.S. Secretary of the Treasury
Bureau of Engraving and Printing portrait of Chase as Secretary of the Treasury
The first issue of $1 notes in 1862 as legal tender, featuring Chase
Salmon P. Chase, Treasury Secretary, scribes "In God is our Trust," scratches out "is our" and overwrites "We" to arrive at "In God We Trust" in a December 9, 1863, letter to James Pollock, Director of the Philadelphia Mint.
Chase as Chief Justice
The Chase Court, 1866
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court Samuel Nelson administers oath to Chief Justice Chase for the impeachment trial of Andrew Johnson
Grave of Salmon Chase in Spring Grove Cemetery; a docent is dressed in period clothing.
Chase depicted on the 1934 $10,000 gold certificate

Salmon Portland Chase (January 13, 1808 – May 7, 1873) was an American politician and jurist who served as the sixth chief justice of the United States.

United States federal judge

In the United States, federal judges are judges who serve on courts established by Article Three of the U.S. Constitution.

Often known as "Article III judges", these judges include the chief justice and associate justices of the U.S. Supreme Court, the circuit judges of the U.S. courts of appeals, the district judges of the U.S. district courts, and the judges of the U.S. Court of International Trade.

Oath of office of the president of the United States

Oath or affirmation that the president of the United States takes upon assuming office.

Franklin D. Roosevelt being administered the oath of office by Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes on March 4, 1933, the first of Roosevelt's four presidential inaugurations.
Joe Biden takes the oath of office on the Biden family Bible, January 20, 2021
George H. W. Bush being administered the oath of office by Chief Justice William Rehnquist on January 20, 1989.
Barack Obama being administered the oath of office by Chief Justice John Roberts for the second time, on January 21, 2009.
Map showing locations where the oath of office was first taken, marked with a green 'O' (or a green dot for scheduled occurrences). Locations where presidencies ended unexpectedly are marked with a red 'X' (a red dot denoted scheduled transitions). The nine sets of names shown in black denote the location where presidencies have ended intra-term due to the incumbent's death (four presidents have died of natural causes and four were assassinated—names underlined in grey) or resignation (one, noted by a superscript 'R'). The inset at the bottom of the map is Oath or Affirmation Clause (Article II, Section One, Clause 8) of the U.S. Constitution.

While the Constitution does not mandate that anyone in particular should administer the presidential oath of office, it has been administered by the chief justice beginning with John Adams, except following the death of a sitting president.

Edward Douglass White

American politician and jurist from Louisiana.

Edward White as a U.S. Senator
White as he appeared in Harper's Magazine in 1910

White served on the U.S. Supreme Court for 27 years, first as an associate justice from 1894 to 1910, then as the ninth chief justice from 1910 until his death in 1921.

Article Three of the United States Constitution

Article Three of the United States Constitution establishes the judicial branch of the federal government.

Secretary of State James Madison, who won Marbury v. Madison, but lost judicial review
A nineteenth-century painting of a jury
Iva Toguri, known as Tokyo Rose, and Tomoya Kawakita were two Japanese Americans who were tried for treason after World War II.

Article Three does not set the size of the Supreme Court or establish specific positions on the court, but Article One establishes the position of chief justice.