Child care

day carechildcaredaycarecrèchecrecheday care centerdaycare centerday-carechild-careday nursery
Child care, or otherwise known as daycare, is the care and supervision of a child or multiple children at a time, whose age ranges from six weeks to thirteen years.wikipedia
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Orphanage

orphanageschildren's homeOrphan Asylum
Another form of childcare that is on the rise in contrast to familial caregiving is that of center based child care.In lieu of familial care giving, these responsibilities may be given to paid-caretakers, orphanages or foster homes to provide care, housing, and schooling.
Historically, an orphanage was a residential institution, or group home, devoted to the care of orphans and other children who were separated from their biological families.

Child development

developmentchildhood developmentdevelopmental
Early child care is an equally important and often overlooked component of child development.
Child care programs present a critical opportunity for the promotion of child development.

Au pair

au-pairAu pairsau pair
At home, care is typically provided by nannies, au pairs, or friends and family. Child care in the child's own home is traditionally provided by a nanny or au pair, or by extended family members including grandparents, aunts and uncles.
Typically, au pairs take on a share of the family's responsibility for childcare as well as some housework, and receive a monetary allowance for personal use.

Early childhood education

early childhoodEEchild education
Child care providers can be children's first teachers, and therefore play an integral role in systems of early childhood education. Child care can consist of advanced learning environments that include early childhood education or elementary education.
ECCE begins at birth and can be organized in a variety of non-formal, formal and informal modalities, such as parenting education, health-based mother and child intervention, care institutions, child-to-child programmes, home-based or centre-based childcare, kindergartens and pre-schools.

Nanny

nannieschildmindernurse
Child care in the child's own home is traditionally provided by a nanny or au pair, or by extended family members including grandparents, aunts and uncles.
A nanny provides child care within the children's family setting.

HiMama

According to a survey done by HiMama, 68% of for-profit child care organizations ranked 'Labor' as their top risk and 65% ranked 'Talent and Recruitment' as their top priority for 2017.
HiMama is a privately held Canadian technology company based in Toronto, Ontario that developed an App that connects childcare programs to parents through digital communications such as face-to-face calls, real-time picture updates and digital daily reports.

KinderCare Learning Centers

Knowledge Universe
For instance, in North America, KinderCare Learning Centers, one of the largest of such companies, has approximately 1,600 centers located in 39 states and the District of Columbia.
KinderCare Learning Centers is an American operator of for-profit child care and early childhood education facilities founded in 1969 and currently owned by KinderCare Education.

Comprehensive Child Development Bill of 1972

Comprehensive Child Development Act
More contemporary proposals for government advancement of day care in the United States have experienced a checkered path, for example, in 1971, the Comprehensive Child Development Act was passed by Congress, but was vetoed by Richard Nixon.
If this bill had become law it would have provided a multibillion-dollar national day care system designed partially to make it easier for single parents to work and care for children simultaneously, thereby alleviating strain on the welfare system.

Pediatrics

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Some places require caregivers to take classes in pediatric CPR and first aid.
The Byzantines also built brephotrophia (crêches).

Bright Horizons Family Solutions

Bright Horizon
Bright Horizons Family Solutions another of the largest has over 600 daycare centers.
Bright Horizons Family Solutions is a United States–based child-care provider and is the largest provider of employer-sponsored child care.

Firmin Marbeau

The first crèche was opened by Firmin Marbeau on 14 November 1844 in Paris, The Société des Crèches was recognized by the French government in 1869.
Jean Firmin Marbeau (1798 – October 10, 1875) was a French philanthropist who pioneered the crèche movement, a forerunner of modern day care.

Preschool

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Professional caregivers work within the context of a center-based care (including creches, daycare, preschools and schools) or a home-based care (nannies or family daycare).
Daycare

Extended family

joint familyextended familiesextended
This care giving role may also be taken on by the child's extended family.

Foster care

foster homefoster parentfoster parents
Another form of childcare that is on the rise in contrast to familial caregiving is that of center based child care.In lieu of familial care giving, these responsibilities may be given to paid-caretakers, orphanages or foster homes to provide care, housing, and schooling.

Nannies (How I Met Your Mother)

nannies
At home, care is typically provided by nannies, au pairs, or friends and family. Professional caregivers work within the context of a center-based care (including creches, daycare, preschools and schools) or a home-based care (nannies or family daycare).

First aid

first-aidmedical attentionfirst aider
Some places require caregivers to take classes in pediatric CPR and first aid. The majority of child care institutions that are available require that child care providers to have extensive training in first aid and be CPR certified.

Drug test

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In addition, background checks, drug testing at all centers, and reference verification are normally a requirement.

Background check

background checkscriminal background checkbackground investigation
In addition, background checks, drug testing at all centers, and reference verification are normally a requirement.

Primary education

primaryelementary educationelementary
Child care can consist of advanced learning environments that include early childhood education or elementary education.

Caregiver

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As well as these licensed options, parents may also choose to find their own caregiver or arrange childcare exchanges/swaps with another family.

Shift work

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The hours may be more flexible and the provider may offer evening and weekend care for parents who work shifts.

National Association for the Education of Young Children

NAEYCNational Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC)NatYC: Young Children
In centers, National Association for the Education of Young Children institutes it. For family child care providers, the National Association of Family Child Care Providers award the credentials.

Interpersonal relationship

relationshiprelationshipsinterpersonal
Family child care helps foster emotionally secure interpersonal relationships for everyone involved.

Trust (emotion)

trusttrustworthinesstrusting
Providers care for multi-aged groups of children allowing children to remain with one caregiver for many years which helps children develop a sense of trust and security.

Socialization

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Some positive aspects of commercial care are that children may gain a sense of independence, academic achievement, and socialization.