Child poverty in New Zealand

child povertyone in six children in New Zealand were being raised in povertyNew Zealand child poverty
Child poverty affects around 285,000 children in New Zealand, as reported by the Child Poverty Action Group (Aotearoa New Zealand) (CPAG) in 2011, increasing to an estimated 295,000 children in 2016.wikipedia
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Child Poverty Action Group (Aotearoa New Zealand)

Child Poverty Action GroupCPAG
Child poverty affects around 285,000 children in New Zealand, as reported by the Child Poverty Action Group (Aotearoa New Zealand) (CPAG) in 2011, increasing to an estimated 295,000 children in 2016.

Poverty in New Zealand

In 2005, an international report found that one in six children in New Zealand were being raised in poverty – making New Zealand children 23rd poorest out of 26 rich nations.

KidsCan

KidsCan Charitable Trust
The Child Poverty Monitor is a partnership between the New Zealand Children's Commissioner, the JR McKenzie Trust and the University of Otago who measures and reports on New Zealand child poverty annually.

New Zealand

NZLNZKiwi
Child poverty affects around 285,000 children in New Zealand, as reported by the Child Poverty Action Group (Aotearoa New Zealand) (CPAG) in 2011, increasing to an estimated 295,000 children in 2016.

Ministry of Social Development (New Zealand)

Ministry of Social DevelopmentDepartment of Social WelfareWork and Income
The Ministry of Social Development (New Zealand) recognises that:

Rogernomics

1988Douglas reformseconomic reforms
The evolution of child poverty in New Zealand is associated with the 'Rogernomics' of 1984, the benefit cuts of 1991 and Ruth Richardson's "mother of all budgets", the child tax credit, the rise of housing costs, low-wage employment, and social hazards, both legal and illegal (i.e. alcoholism, drug addiction, and gambling addiction).

Ruth Richardson

Hon Ruth RichardsonRichardson, Ruth
The evolution of child poverty in New Zealand is associated with the 'Rogernomics' of 1984, the benefit cuts of 1991 and Ruth Richardson's "mother of all budgets", the child tax credit, the rise of housing costs, low-wage employment, and social hazards, both legal and illegal (i.e. alcoholism, drug addiction, and gambling addiction).

Working for Families

The Working for Families (WFF) gave financial support to lower-middle income "working families with children", and saw child poverty fall from 28% in 2006 to 22% in 2007, and then again to 19% in 2008.

Māori people

MāoriMaoriNew Zealand Māori
Studies have shown the Māori and other Pacific groups consistently rank higher when considering impoverishment compared to other European ethnicities.

Oranga Tamariki Act 1989

Children, Young Persons, and Their Families Act 1989
The Children, Young Persons, and Their Families Act 1989 provides help services for children, their parents and family to help with child care responsibilities with the aim of preventing children suffering harm, ill-treatment, abuse, neglect, and deprivation.

Convention on the Rights of the Child

United Nations Convention on the Rights of the ChildUN Convention on the Rights of the ChildCRC
New Zealand ratified the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCROC) in 1993 with three reservations which still stand: Article 22.1 regarding the rights children with parents who are not legally allowed in New Zealand; Article 32.2 regarding the minimum age of employment; and Article 37 (c) regarding separate detainment facilities for children.

United Nations Human Rights Council

Human Rights CouncilUN Human Rights CouncilUNHRC
Ten recommendations from the United Nations Human Rights Council Universal Periodic Review addressed child poverty issues in New Zealand.

Universal Periodic Review of New Zealand

Universal Periodic Reviewnational Universal Periodic Review
Ten recommendations from the United Nations Human Rights Council Universal Periodic Review addressed child poverty issues in New Zealand.

Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Universal Declaration on Human RightsUnited Nations Universal Declaration of Human RightsThe Universal Declaration of Human Rights
This is in accordance with article 26 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Article 13 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, Articles 28 and 29 of UNCROC, and Article 4 of UNESCO.

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

ICESCRInternational Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural RightsEconomic, Social and Cultural Rights
This is in accordance with article 26 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Article 13 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, Articles 28 and 29 of UNCROC, and Article 4 of UNESCO.

UNESCO

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural OrganizationUnited Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural OrganizationUnited Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
This is in accordance with article 26 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Article 13 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, Articles 28 and 29 of UNCROC, and Article 4 of UNESCO.

Human Rights Commission (New Zealand)

Human Rights CommissionNew Zealand Human Rights CommissionRace Relations Conciliator
The Human Rights Commission (New Zealand) reported in 2005 that some state schools were enforcing "compulsory donations", and there have been other reports of some state schools hiring debt collection agencies to pressure parents to pay these "donation fees."

Cycle of poverty

poverty cyclecycles of povertygenerational poverty
Lack of access to right of education may result in other human rights abuses and perpetuate the Cycle of poverty.

National Certificate of Educational Achievement

NCEANCEA Level 3National Certificate of Educational Achievement (NCEA)
The number of children leaving school with NCEA level 1 increased 8.5% and those achieving NCEA level 2 or higher increased 12.8% from 2009-2016.

Attorney-General (New Zealand)

Attorney-GeneralAttorney GeneralAttorney-General of New Zealand
In 2008 the Child Poverty Action Group (CPAG) took a case against the Attorney-General claiming provisions in the Income Tax Act 2007 were inconsistent with freedom from discrimination section 19 of the New Zealand Bill of Rights Act (NZBORA): this was the eligibility for tax credits under the WFF scheme.

New Zealand Bill of Rights Act 1990

New Zealand Bill of Rights ActBill of Rights ActNew Zealand Bill of Rights
In 2008 the Child Poverty Action Group (CPAG) took a case against the Attorney-General claiming provisions in the Income Tax Act 2007 were inconsistent with freedom from discrimination section 19 of the New Zealand Bill of Rights Act (NZBORA): this was the eligibility for tax credits under the WFF scheme.

OECD

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and DevelopmentOrganisation for European Economic Co-operationOrganisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
New Zealand immunisation rates were placed 23rd out of 25 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries by UNICEF, there are also higher rates of vaccine preventable diseases than in many similar countries Not only is this preventable harm and pain, but children's health affects their education and their future employment outcomes as adults.

Pacific Islander

Pacific Islandersother Pacific IslanderPasifika
The groups most affected by sudden unexpected death in infancy are the Māori and Pasifika groups.

Child development

developmentchildhood developmentdevelopmental
They want to see a higher tax credit for those aged 0–5, because research indicates that investing in child development at this age is crucial.

Children's ombudsman

Children's CommissionerOmbudsman for ChildrenOffice of the Children's Commissioner