Child protection

child welfarechild safetywelfare of childrenchild-welfarechildren at riskProtection Of Childrenadvocatechild welfare serviceschild welfare systemchildren
Child protection is the protection of children from violence, exploitation, abuse and neglect.wikipedia
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Child abuse

abuseabusiveabused
This completes the definitions of child neglect and abuse in Annex A of Working Together (see also Preventing child maltreatment: a guide to taking action and generating evidence (WHO 2006)).
Definitions of child maltreatment can vary across the sectors of society which deal with the issue, such as child protection agencies, legal and medical communities, public health officials, researchers, practitioners, and child advocates.

Child sexual abuse

child molestationchild molestermolested
If a child is assaulted, sexually or physically, then both the assailant and the person responsible for keeping the child safe from the assault are culpable for the harm suffered as physical abuse or sexual abuse.
In many jurisdictions, abuse that is suspected, not necessarily proven, requires reporting to child protection agencies, such as the Child Protection Services in the United States.

Child Protective Services

Department of Social ServicesChild WelfareChild Protection Services
Child Protective Services (CPS) is the name of a governmental agency in many states of the United States responsible for providing child protection, which includes responding to reports of child abuse or neglect.

Adoption and Safe Families Act

Adoption and Safe Families Act (ASFA)ASFAThe Adoption and Safe Families Act
Moreover, ASFA marked a fundamental change to child welfare thinking, shifting the emphasis towards children's health and safety concerns and away from a policy of reuniting children with their birth parents without regard to prior abusiveness.

School social work in Hungary

At the outset, the group belonged to the Educational Service Centre, and later was converted into a child welfare centre (Bányai 2009, Molnár 2009, Mihály 1991).

Minor (law)

minorminorsjuvenile
Child protection systems are a set of usually government-run services designed to protect children and young people who are underage and to encourage family stability.

Capital punishment

death penaltyexecutionexecuted
In some countries, like Iran or China, criminals can even be sentenced to capital punishment for crimes committed while they were children (the United States abandoned the practice in 2005).

Children in the military

child soldierschild soldierMilitary use of children
In contexts where military use of children is made, they also risk being prisoners of war.

Prisoner of war

prisoners of warPOWPOWs
In contexts where military use of children is made, they also risk being prisoners of war.

Child prostitution

prostitution of childrenchild sex traffickingprostitution
Other children are forced to prostitution, exploited by adults for illegal traffic in children or endangered by poverty and hunger.

Infanticide

Sex-selective infanticideexposedhave been killed
Infanticide today continues at a much higher rate in areas of extremely high poverty and overpopulation, such as parts of China and India.

Physical abuse

physicalphysicallyphysically abusive
If a child is assaulted, sexually or physically, then both the assailant and the person responsible for keeping the child safe from the assault are culpable for the harm suffered as physical abuse or sexual abuse.

Psychological abuse

emotional abusepsychologicalemotional
Failure of the responsible person to so is an offence on the grounds of emotional neglect (see, Part 2 B, 24, sentencing guidance, Overarching Principles: Overarching Principles: Assaults on children Assaults on children and Cruelty to a child; and Introduction, Working Together to Safeguard Children (HMG 2015) the governmental child protection guidance).

Council of Europe

CECoEthe Council of Europe
In 1984 the Council of Europe, the body that supervises the European Convention on Human Rights, make Recommendation R(84) 4 on Parental Responsibilities.

Foster care

foster homefoster parentfoster parents
Actions typically include services aimed at supporting at-risk families so they can remain intact to safeguard and promote the welfare of the child, investigation of alleged child abuse and, if necessary, assuming parental responsibility by foster care and adoption services.

Adoption

adoptedadoptadoptive
Actions typically include services aimed at supporting at-risk families so they can remain intact to safeguard and promote the welfare of the child, investigation of alleged child abuse and, if necessary, assuming parental responsibility by foster care and adoption services.

Legal person

legal personalitylegal entitybody corporate
Services are provided by corporate bodies (or legal personalities).

International Labour Organization

ILOInternational Labour OfficeInternational Labor Organization
The International Labour Organization (ILO) is a United Nations agency dealing with labour issues, created in 1919.

United Nations General Assembly

General AssemblyUN General AssemblyGeneral Assembly of the United Nations
On 20 November 1959 the United Nations General Assembly adopted a Declaration of the Rights of the Child during the Convention on the Rights of the Child.

Declaration of the Rights of the Child

Geneva Declaration of the Rights of the Child1924 Declaration on the Rights of the Child1959 United Nations Declaration on the Rights of the Child
On 20 November 1959 the United Nations General Assembly adopted a Declaration of the Rights of the Child during the Convention on the Rights of the Child.