Chile

🇨🇱ChileanRepublic of ChileCHICHLCLcountryChile Top 20Chilean governmentChileans
{{Infobox country * conventional_long_name = Republic of Chile * native_name = Native names of Chilewikipedia
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Argentina

🇦🇷ArgentineARG
It borders Peru to the north, Bolivia to the northeast, Argentina to the east, and the Drake Passage in the far south.
Sharing the bulk of the Southern Cone with Chile to the west, the country is also bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay to the north, Brazil to the northeast, Uruguay and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Drake Passage to the south.

Juan Fernández Islands

Juan FernándezJuan FernandezJuan Fernandez Islands
Chilean territory includes the Pacific islands of Juan Fernández, Salas y Gómez, Desventuradas, and Easter Island in Oceania.
Situated 670 km off the coast of Chile, they are composed of three main volcanic islands: Robinson Crusoe, Alejandro Selkirk and Santa Clara.

Peru

🇵🇪PerúPeruvian
It borders Peru to the north, Bolivia to the northeast, Argentina to the east, and the Drake Passage in the far south.
It is bordered in the north by Ecuador and Colombia, in the east by Brazil, in the southeast by Bolivia, in the south by Chile, and in the west by the Pacific Ocean.

Easter Island

Rapa NuiEasterIsla de Pascua
Chilean territory includes the Pacific islands of Juan Fernández, Salas y Gómez, Desventuradas, and Easter Island in Oceania.
Easter Island (, Isla de Pascua) is a Chilean island in the southeastern Pacific Ocean, at the southeasternmost point of the Polynesian Triangle in Oceania.

South America

SouthSouth AmericanSouth-
Chile ({{IPAc-en|audio=En-Chile-pronunciation.ogg|ˈ|tʃ|ɪ|l|i|}}; {{IPA-es|ˈtʃile|lang}}), officially the Republic of Chile ({{Audio-es|República de Chile|RepChile.ogg}}), is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
It includes twelve sovereign states (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, and Venezuela), a part of France (French Guiana), and a non-sovereign area (the Falkland Islands, a British Overseas Territory though this is disputed by Argentina).

Bolivia

🇧🇴BOLBolivian
It borders Peru to the north, Bolivia to the northeast, Argentina to the east, and the Drake Passage in the far south.
It is bordered to the north and east by Brazil, to the southeast by Paraguay, to the south by Argentina, to the southwest by Chile, and to the northwest by Peru.

Fjords and channels of Chile

Patagonian channelschannels of Patagoniafjords
The southern coast is a labyrinth of fjords, inlets, canals, twisting peninsulas, and islands.
The southern coast of Chile presents a large number of fjords and fjord-like channels from the latitudes of Cape Horn (55° S) to Reloncaví Estuary (42° S). Some fjords and channels are important navigable channels providing access to ports like Punta Arenas, Puerto Chacabuco and Puerto Natales.

Oceania

South PacificPacificOceanic
Chilean territory includes the Pacific islands of Juan Fernández, Salas y Gómez, Desventuradas, and Easter Island in Oceania.
The islands at the geographic extremes of Oceania are the Bonin Islands, a politically integral part of Japan; Hawaii, a state of the United States; Clipperton Island, a possession of France; the Juan Fernández Islands, belonging to Chile; and the Campbell Islands, belonging to New Zealand.

Conquest of Chile

Spanish conquestconquestconqueror of Chile
Spain conquered and colonized the region in the mid-16th century, replacing Inca rule in the north and centre, but failing to conquer the independent Mapuche who inhabited what is now south-central Chile.
The Conquest of Chile is a period in Chilean historiography that starts with the arrival of Pedro de Valdivia to Chile in 1541 and ends with the death of Martín García Óñez de Loyola in the Battle of Curalaba in 1598, and the destruction of the Seven Cities in 1600 in the Araucanía region.

Mapuche

AraucanianMapuche peopleAraucano
Spain conquered and colonized the region in the mid-16th century, replacing Inca rule in the north and centre, but failing to conquer the independent Mapuche who inhabited what is now south-central Chile.
The Mapuches are a group of indigenous inhabitants of south-central Chile and southwestern Argentina, including parts of present-day Patagonia.

Incas in Central Chile

a large portionconquest of northern ChileInca rule
Spain conquered and colonized the region in the mid-16th century, replacing Inca rule in the north and centre, but failing to conquer the independent Mapuche who inhabited what is now south-central Chile.
Inca rule in Chile was brief; it lasted from the 1470s to the 1530s when the Inca Empire collapsed.

War of the Pacific

Pacific WarSaltpeter Warconquered land from Peru and Bolivia
In the 19th century, Chile saw significant economic and territorial growth, ending Mapuche resistance in the 1880s and gaining its current northern territory in the War of the Pacific (1879–83) after defeating Peru and Bolivia.
The War of the Pacific (Guerra del Pacífico), also known as the Saltpeter War (Guerra del Salitre) and by multiple other names was a war between Chile and a Bolivian-Peruvian alliance.

Military dictatorship of Chile (1973–1990)

military dictatorshipChilemilitary regime
This development culminated with the 1973 Chilean coup d'état that overthrew Salvador Allende's democratically elected left-wing government and instituted a 16-year-long right-wing military dictatorship that left more than 3,000 people dead or missing.
The military dictatorship of Chile (dictadura militar de Chile) was an authoritarian military government that ruled Chile between 1973 and 1990.

Chilean Declaration of Independence

declaration of independenceindependenceChile declared its independence
After declaring its independence from Spain in 1818, Chile emerged in the 1830s as a relatively stable authoritarian republic.
The Chilean Declaration of Independence is a document declaring the independence of Chile from the Spanish Empire.

Desventuradas Islands

DesventuradasSan FélixIslas Desventuradas
Chilean territory includes the Pacific islands of Juan Fernández, Salas y Gómez, Desventuradas, and Easter Island in Oceania.
The Desventuradas Islands (Islas Desventuradas, "Unfortunate Islands" or Islas de los Desventurados, "Islands of the Unfortunate Ones" ) is a group of four small islands located 850 km off the coast of Chile, northwest of Santiago in the Pacific Ocean.

Salvador Allende

AllendeSalvador Allende GossensPresident Salvador Allende
This development culminated with the 1973 Chilean coup d'état that overthrew Salvador Allende's democratically elected left-wing government and instituted a 16-year-long right-wing military dictatorship that left more than 3,000 people dead or missing.
Salvador Guillermo Allende Gossens (26 June 1908 – 11 September 1973) was a Chilean democratic socialist politician and physician, President of Chile from 1970 until 1973, and head of the Popular Unity political coalition government; he was the first ever Marxist to be elected president in a country with liberal democracy.

Concertación

CPDCoalition of Parties for DemocracyConcertación Democrática
The regime, headed by Augusto Pinochet, ended in 1990 after it lost a referendum in 1988 and was succeeded by a center-left coalition which ruled through four presidencies until 2010.
The Concertación (full Spanish name: Concertación de Partidos por la Democracia, English: Coalition of Parties for Democracy) was a coalition of center-left political parties in Chile, founded in 1988.

History of Chile

ChileChilean historyChile's history
sovereignty_type = Independence
The territory of Chile has been populated since at least 3000 BC. By the 16th century, Spanish conquistadors began to subdue and colonize the region of present-day Chile, and the territory was a colony between 1540 and 1818, when it gained independence from Spain.

Senate of Chile

SenateSenatorChilean Senate
upper_house = Senate
The Senate of the Republic of Chile is the upper house of Chile's bicameral National Congress, as established in the current Constitution of Chile.

Chilean Spanish

SpanishChileanChile
languages = Spanish
Chilean Spanish (español chileno, español de Chile or castellano de Chile) is any of several varieties of Spanish spoken in most of Chile.

Chamber of Deputies of Chile

Chamber of DeputiesdeputyDeputies
lower_house = Chamber of Deputies
The Honourable Chamber of Deputies of the Republic of Chile (Cámara de Diputados) is the lower house of Chile's bicameral Congress.

Government Junta of Chile (1810)

First Government JuntaGovernment Junta of the Kingdom of ChileGovernment Junta
established_event1 = Government Junta
Government Assembly of the Kingdom of Chile (September 18, 1810 – July 4, 1811), also known as the First Government Junta, was the organization established to rule Chile following the deposition and imprisonment of King Ferdinand VII by Napoleon Bonaparte.

Valparaíso

ValparaisoValparaiso, ChileValparaíso, Chile
footnote_a = Legislature is based in Valparaíso.
Valparaíso is a major city, seaport, and educational center in the commune of Valparaíso, Chile.

Politics of Chile

Chilean governmentChileGovernment of Chile
footnote_a = Legislature is based in Valparaíso.
Chile's government is a representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Chile is both head of state and head of government, and of a formal multi-party system that in practice behaves like a two-party one, due to binomialism.

Latin America

Latin AmericanLatinLatin-American
It leads Latin American nations in rankings of human development, competitiveness, income per capita, globalization, state of peace, economic freedom, and low perception of corruption.
Amerindian languages are widely spoken in Peru, Guatemala, Bolivia, Paraguay and Mexico, and to a lesser degree, in Panama, Ecuador, Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela, Argentina, and Chile amongst other countries.