China

People's Republic of ChinaChineseCHNPR ChinaPRCPeople’s Republic of ChinaMainland ChinaCommunist ChinaChina PRthe People's Republic of China
China (undefined), officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around billion in 2017.wikipedia
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Demographics of China

Demographics of the People's Republic of ChinaChinapopulation of China
China (undefined), officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around billion in 2017.
The demographics of China demonstrate a large population with a relatively small youth component, partially a result of China's one-child policy.

Provinces of China

ProvinceprovincesChinese provinces
Governed by the Communist Party of China, the state exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four direct-controlled municipalities (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, and Chongqing), and the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau.
Provincial-level administrative divisions or first-level administrative divisions, are the highest-level Chinese administrative divisions.

Beijing

Beijing, ChinaPekingPeking, China
Governed by the Communist Party of China, the state exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four direct-controlled municipalities (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, and Chongqing), and the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau.
Beijing (, ; Mandarin pronunciation: ), alternately romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's third most populous city proper, and most populous capital city.

Shanghai

Shanghai, ChinaSHAShanghai Municipality
Governed by the Communist Party of China, the state exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four direct-controlled municipalities (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, and Chongqing), and the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau.
Shanghai (, Putonghua pronunciation: ) is one of the four municipalities of the People's Republic of China.

Special administrative regions of China

Special Administrative Regionspecial administrative regionsSpecial Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China
Governed by the Communist Party of China, the state exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four direct-controlled municipalities (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, and Chongqing), and the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau.
The special administrative regions (SAR) are one type of provincial-level administrative divisions of China directly under Central People's Government.

Yellow River

YellowHuang HeYellow River Valley
China emerged as one of the world's first civilizations, in the fertile basin of the Yellow River in the North China Plain.
The Yellow River or Huang He is the second longest river in China, after the Yangtze River, and the sixth longest river system in the world at the estimated length of 5464 km.

Silk Road

Silk Routesilk tradesilk
Tang culture spread widely in Asia, as the new Silk Route brought traders to as far as Mesopotamia and the Horn of Africa.
The Silk Road derives its name from the lucrative trade in silk carried out along its length, beginning in the Han dynasty in China (207 BCE–220 CE).

Mao Zedong

MaoMao Tse-tungChairman Mao
The subsequent Chinese Civil War resulted in a division of territory in 1949 when the Communist Party of China led by Mao Zedong established the People's Republic of China on mainland China while the Kuomintang-led nationalist government retreated to the island of Taiwan where it governed until 1996 when Taiwan transitioned to democracy.
Mao Zedong (26 December 1893 – 9 September 1976), also known as Chairman Mao and Mao Runzhi (courtesy name), was a Chinese communist revolutionary who became the founding father of the People's Republic of China (PRC), which he ruled as the Chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976.

Political status of Taiwan

Legal status of Taiwanpolitical statusTaiwan
The political status of Taiwan remains disputed to this day.
The controversy regarding the political status of Taiwan, sometimes referred to as the Taiwan Issue or Taiwan Strait Issue, or from a Taiwanese perspective as the Mainland Issue, is a result of the Chinese Civil War and the subsequent split of China into the two present-day self-governing entities of the People's Republic of China (PRC; commonly known as "China") and the Republic of China (ROC; commonly known as "Taiwan").

Chinese Civil War

civil warCommunist RevolutionChina
The subsequent Chinese Civil War resulted in a division of territory in 1949 when the Communist Party of China led by Mao Zedong established the People's Republic of China on mainland China while the Kuomintang-led nationalist government retreated to the island of Taiwan where it governed until 1996 when Taiwan transitioned to democracy.
The Communists gained control of mainland China and established the People's Republic of China (PRC) in 1949, forcing the Republic of China to retreat to the island of Taiwan.

Proclamation of the People's Republic of China

establishedestablishmentfounding
The subsequent Chinese Civil War resulted in a division of territory in 1949 when the Communist Party of China led by Mao Zedong established the People's Republic of China on mainland China while the Kuomintang-led nationalist government retreated to the island of Taiwan where it governed until 1996 when Taiwan transitioned to democracy.
The People's Republic of China was formally proclaimed by Mao Zedong, the Chairman of the Communist Party of China, on 1 October 1949 at 3:00 pm in Tiananmen Square in Beijing, the new capital (Nanjing had been the capital of the former Republic of China).

Economy of China

Chinese economyChinaChinese financial system
Since the introduction of economic reforms in 1978, China's economy has been one of the world's fastest-growing with annual growth rates consistently above 6 percent.
China has the world's fastest-growing major economy, with growth rates averaging 6% over 30 years.

Mainland China

mainlandMainland ChineseChina
The subsequent Chinese Civil War resulted in a division of territory in 1949 when the Communist Party of China led by Mao Zedong established the People's Republic of China on mainland China while the Kuomintang-led nationalist government retreated to the island of Taiwan where it governed until 1996 when Taiwan transitioned to democracy.
Mainland China, also known as the Chinese mainland, is the geopolitical as well as geographical area under the direct jurisdiction of the People's Republic of China (PRC).

People's Liberation Army

PLAChinese People's Liberation ArmyChinese Army
China is a recognized nuclear weapons state and has the world's largest standing army, the People's Liberation Army, and second-largest defense budget.
The Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) is the armed forces of the People's Republic of China (PRC) and of its founding and ruling political party, the Communist Party of China (CPC).

Mass surveillance in China

mass surveillancecrackdown on peopleits Mass surveillance
Political dissidents and human rights groups have denounced and criticized the Chinese government for human rights abuses, suppression of religious and ethnic minorities, censorship and mass surveillance, and cracking down on protests such as in 1989.
Mass surveillance in China is the network of monitoring systems used by the Chinese government to supervise the lives of Chinese citizens.

List of Chinese dissidents

Chinese dissidentChinese dissidentsdissident
Political dissidents and human rights groups have denounced and criticized the Chinese government for human rights abuses, suppression of religious and ethnic minorities, censorship and mass surveillance, and cracking down on protests such as in 1989.
Many Chinese political activists have been detained or jailed or exiled for their pro-democracy or rights defending activities.

List of countries by imports

Importsimporterlargest importer
China is also the world's largest exporter and second-largest importer of goods.

List of countries by exports

Exportslargest exporterfourth-largest exporter
China is also the world's largest exporter and second-largest importer of goods.

Communist state

Communist regimecommunist countriescommunist
China is a unitary one-party socialist republic and is one of the few remaining Communist states.
These parties usually are Marxist–Leninist or some variation thereof (including Maoism in China), with the official aim of achieving socialism and progressing toward a communist society.

Permanent members of the United Nations Security Council

permanent membersfive permanent memberspermanent members of the Security Council
The PRC is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council as it replaced the ROC in 1971, as well as an active global partner of ASEAN Plus mechanism.
The permanent members of the United Nations Security Council (also known as the Permanent Five, Big Five, or P5) are the five states which the UN Charter of 1945 grants a permanent seat on the UN Security Council: The People's Republic of China (formerly the Republic of China), the French Republic, the Russian Federation (formerly the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, aka the Soviet Union), the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and the United States of America.

Military budget of China

China's military expenditureMilitary budget of the People's Republic of Chinaa massive military build-up
China is a recognized nuclear weapons state and has the world's largest standing army, the People's Liberation Army, and second-largest defense budget.
The military budget of China is the portion of the overall budget of China that is allocated for the funding of the military of China.

Portuguese Empire

PortuguesePortugalPortuguese colonies
"China" appears in Richard Eden's 1555 translation of the 1516 journal of the Portuguese explorer Duarte Barbosa.
One of the longest-lived empires in world history, it existed for almost six centuries, from the capture of Ceuta in 1415, to the handover of Portuguese Macau to China in 1999.

Shanghai Cooperation Organisation

Shanghai Cooperation OrganizationSCOShanghai Co-operation Organisation
China is also a leading member of numerous formal and informal multilateral organizations, including the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), WTO, APEC, BRICS, the BCIM, and the G20.
The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), or Shanghai Pact, is a Eurasian political, economic, and security alliance, the creation of which was announced on 15 June 2001 in Shanghai, China by the leaders of China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan; the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation Charter, formally establishing the organisation, was signed in June 2002 and entered into force on 19 September 2003.

Tencent

Tencent GamesTencent HoldingsTencent Holdings Limited
China is one of the world's most technologically advanced nations and is home to some of the world's largest tech giants such as Huawei, Baidu, Tencent, and Alibaba.
Tencent Holdings Limited is a Chinese multinational conglomerate holding company founded in 1998, whose subsidiaries specialise in various Internet-related services and products, entertainment, artificial intelligence and technology both in China and globally.

BRICS

BRICS summitBRICBRICS countries
China is also a leading member of numerous formal and informal multilateral organizations, including the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), WTO, APEC, BRICS, the BCIM, and the G20.
BRICS is the acronym coined for an association of five major emerging national economies: Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa.