Chinese Land Reform

Mass killings of landlords under Mao ZedongLand Reform1947–1951 landlord purgescampaigns against landlordsexecution of between 1 and 2 million landlordsLand Reform Movementland to the tillerlandlord classMaoist bloodbath
The Chinese Land Reform Movement, also known by the Chinese abbreviation Tǔgǎi, was a campaign by the Communist Party leader Mao Zedong during the late phase of the Chinese Civil War and the early People's Republic of China.wikipedia
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Mao Zedong

MaoMao Tse-tungChairman Mao
The Chinese Land Reform Movement, also known by the Chinese abbreviation Tǔgǎi, was a campaign by the Communist Party leader Mao Zedong during the late phase of the Chinese Civil War and the early People's Republic of China.
In the following years he solidified his control through campaigns against landlords, suppression of "counter-revolutionaries", and through a psychological victory in the Korean War, which altogether caused the deaths of several-million Chinese.

China

People's Republic of ChinaChineseCHN
The Chinese Land Reform Movement, also known by the Chinese abbreviation Tǔgǎi, was a campaign by the Communist Party leader Mao Zedong during the late phase of the Chinese Civil War and the early People's Republic of China.
The regime consolidated its popularity among the peasants through land reform, which included the execution of between 1 and 2 million landlords.

History of the People's Republic of China (1949–1976)

Maoist ChinaMao eraMao's China
Class-motivated mass killings continued almost throughout the 30 years of social and economic transformation in Maoist China, and by the end of reforms, the Landlord class had been largely eliminated from Mainland China or had fled to Taiwan.
Mao's government carried out Land Reform, instituted collectivisation and implemented the laogai camp system.

Classicide

the elimination of the Kulaks ''as a class
Those who were killed were targeted on the basis of their social class rather than on the basis of their ethnicity; the neologism "classicide" is used to describe the killings.

Fanshen

Fanshen: A Documentary of Revolution in a Chinese VillageFanshen: Documentary of Revolution in a Chinese Village
He gives as an example the village of Zhangzhuangcun, made famous by William Hinton's book Fanshen: "In Zhangzhuangcun, in the more thoroughly reformed north of the country, most "landlords" and "rich peasants" had lost all their land and often their lives or had fled. All formerly landless workers had received land, which eliminated this category altogether. As a result, "middling peasants," who now accounted for 90 percent of the village population, owned 90.8 percent of the land, as close to perfect equality as one could possibly hope for."
The Outline Land Law of October 1947 mandated the elimination of land rent, which it termed "feudal exploitation", and the elimination of landlord status by implementing Sun Yat-sen's "land to the tiller" program.

Great Leap Forward

The Great Leap Forwardcommunefamine
In the mid-1950s, a second land reform during the Great Leap Forward compelled individual farmers to join collectives, which, in turn, were grouped into People's communes with centrally controlled property rights and an egalitarian principle of distribution.

Chinese Civil War

civil warCommunist RevolutionChina
The Chinese Land Reform Movement, also known by the Chinese abbreviation Tǔgǎi, was a campaign by the Communist Party leader Mao Zedong during the late phase of the Chinese Civil War and the early People's Republic of China.

Landlord

landlordslandladylicensed victualler
The campaign involved mass killings of landlords and land redistribution to the peasantry.

Peasant

peasantspeasantrycampesinos
The campaign involved mass killings of landlords and land redistribution to the peasantry.

Social class

classsocial classesclasses
Those who were killed were targeted on the basis of their social class rather than on the basis of their ethnicity; the neologism "classicide" is used to describe the killings.

Ethnic group

ethnicityethnicethnic groups
Those who were killed were targeted on the basis of their social class rather than on the basis of their ethnicity; the neologism "classicide" is used to describe the killings.

Mass murder

mass murderermass killingsmass murders
Class-motivated mass killings continued almost throughout the 30 years of social and economic transformation in Maoist China, and by the end of reforms, the Landlord class had been largely eliminated from Mainland China or had fled to Taiwan.

Taiwan

Republic of ChinaFormosaRepublic of China (Taiwan)
Class-motivated mass killings continued almost throughout the 30 years of social and economic transformation in Maoist China, and by the end of reforms, the Landlord class had been largely eliminated from Mainland China or had fled to Taiwan.

Xinjiang

Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous RegionXinjiang Uygur Autonomous RegionSinkiang
By 1953, land reform in most parts of mainland China was completed except in Xinjiang, Tibet, Qinghai, and Sichuan.

Tibet

TibetanGreater TibetThibet
By 1953, land reform in most parts of mainland China was completed except in Xinjiang, Tibet, Qinghai, and Sichuan.

Qinghai

Qinghai ProvinceKokonorTsinghai
By 1953, land reform in most parts of mainland China was completed except in Xinjiang, Tibet, Qinghai, and Sichuan.

Sichuan

Sichuan ProvinceSzechuanSzechwan
By 1953, land reform in most parts of mainland China was completed except in Xinjiang, Tibet, Qinghai, and Sichuan.

Taiping Rebellion

Taiping rebelsTaipingTaiping Revolution
In the mid-19th century, the Taiping Rebellion had a short-lived program of land confiscation and redistribution and after

Taiping Heavenly Kingdom

TaipingHeavenly KingdomTaiping Tianguo
In the mid-19th century, the Taiping Rebellion had a short-lived program of land confiscation and redistribution and after

Xinhai Revolution

1911 RevolutionChinese RevolutionChinese Revolution of 1911
the Xinhai Revolution in 1911, the founder of the Nationalist Party, Sun Yat-sen, advocated a "land to the tiller" program of equal distribution of land which was partly implemented by the Nationalist Government under Chiang Kai-shek.

Kuomintang

KMTNationalistnationalists
the Xinhai Revolution in 1911, the founder of the Nationalist Party, Sun Yat-sen, advocated a "land to the tiller" program of equal distribution of land which was partly implemented by the Nationalist Government under Chiang Kai-shek.

Sun Yat-sen

Sun YatsenDr. Sun Yat-senSun Zhongshan
the Xinhai Revolution in 1911, the founder of the Nationalist Party, Sun Yat-sen, advocated a "land to the tiller" program of equal distribution of land which was partly implemented by the Nationalist Government under Chiang Kai-shek.

Socialist ideology of the Kuomintang

equal distribution of landChinaKuomintang ideology
the Xinhai Revolution in 1911, the founder of the Nationalist Party, Sun Yat-sen, advocated a "land to the tiller" program of equal distribution of land which was partly implemented by the Nationalist Government under Chiang Kai-shek.

Chiang Kai-shek

Chiang Kai ShekJiang JieshiChiang Kaishek
the Xinhai Revolution in 1911, the founder of the Nationalist Party, Sun Yat-sen, advocated a "land to the tiller" program of equal distribution of land which was partly implemented by the Nationalist Government under Chiang Kai-shek.