Chivalric romance

Yvain fighting Gawain in order to regain the love of his lady Laudine. Medieval illumination from Chrétien de Troyes's romance, Yvain, le Chevalier au Lion
Holger Danske, or Ogier the Dane, from the Matter of France
A knight rescues a lady from a dragon.

Type of prose and verse narrative that was popular in the noble courts of High Medieval and Early Modern Europe.

- Chivalric romance
Yvain fighting Gawain in order to regain the love of his lady Laudine. Medieval illumination from Chrétien de Troyes's romance, Yvain, le Chevalier au Lion

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William Morris by Frederick Hollyer, 1887

William Morris

British textile designer, poet, artist, novelist, architectural conservationist, printer, translator and socialist activist associated with the British Arts and Crafts Movement.

British textile designer, poet, artist, novelist, architectural conservationist, printer, translator and socialist activist associated with the British Arts and Crafts Movement.

William Morris by Frederick Hollyer, 1887
Water House, Morris's childhood home; renovated in 2012, it now houses The William Morris Gallery
William Morris at 23
William Morris self-portrait, 1856; Morris grew his beard that year, after leaving university.
Morris's 1858 painting La belle Iseult, also inaccurately called Queen Guinevere, is his only surviving easel painting, now in the Tate Gallery. The model is Jane Burden, who married Morris in 1859.
Red House in Bexleyheath; it is now owned by The National Trust and open to visitors
Design for Trellis wallpaper, 1862
Portrait of William Morris by George Frederic Watts, 1870.
A caricature sketch of Morris by Rossetti, The Bard and Petty Tradesman, reflecting his behaviour at the Firm
Main Entrance to Kelmscott Manor
Portrait of William Morris by William Blake Richmond
The Pond at Merton Abbey by Lexden Lewis Pocock is an idyllic representation of the works in the time of Morris
David's Charge to Solomon (1882), a stained-glass window by Edward Burne-Jones and William Morris in Trinity Church, Boston, Massachusetts.
Morris (right) with Burne-Jones, 1890
Morris's design for the Kelmscott Press trademark
The Salutation of Beatrice, Jane Morris portrayed by Dante Gabriel Rossetti as Dante Alighieri's muse, Beatrice, 1869
A Wooden Pattern for Textile Printing from William Morris's Company
Morris family tombstone at Kelmscott, designed by Webb
The blue plaque erected outside the Red House
Morris's essay "Printing" as reprinted by the Village Press in Chicago run by Will Ransom and Frederic Goudy, c. 1903
All Saints, Middleton Cheney, Northamptonshire
All Saints, Middleton Cheney – Solomon
William Morris King Arthur and Sir Lancelot, (1862)
William Morris Queen Guenevere and Isoude, (1862)
Detail, William Morris window, Cattistock Church, (1882).
Detail from The Worship of the Shepherds window (1882).
Burne-Jones-designed and Morris & Co.-executed Saint Cecilia window at Second Presbyterian Church (Chicago, Illinois)
Burne-Jones-designed and Morris & Co.-executed Luce Memorial Window in Malmesbury Abbey, Malmesbury, Wiltshire, England (1901).
Design for Windrush printed textile, 1881–1883
Acanthus embroidered panel, designed Morris, 1890
Strawberry Thief, furnishing fabric, designed Morris, 1883
Morris Strawberry Thief 1883 detail
Wallpaper – Hyacinth, pattern #480 – 1915–1917
Wallpaper – Blackberry, pattern #388 – 1915–1917
Detail of a watercolour design for the Little Flower carpet showing a portion of the central medallion, by William Morris
Panel of ceramic tiles designed by Morris and produced by William De Morgan, 1876
The Vision of the Holy Grail tapestry, 1890
Kelmscott Press typefaces and colophon, 1897
William Morris, publisher

These were attempts to revive the genre of medieval romance, and written inimitation of medieval prose.

Andrómeda by Juan Antonio de Frías y Escalante (1633–1670), depicting Princess Andromeda of Greek mythology chained to a rock as a sacrifice to the dragonlike sea monster Cetus

Princess and dragon

Andrómeda by Juan Antonio de Frías y Escalante (1633–1670), depicting Princess Andromeda of Greek mythology chained to a rock as a sacrifice to the dragonlike sea monster Cetus
Susanoo slaying the Yamata no Orochi, by Yoshitoshi
The Marshall (false hero) tells the court how he killed the dragon. Illustration by John Batten for Joseph Jacobs's Europa's Fairy Book (1916).
Ruggiero Rescuing Angelica, an illustration for Orlando Furioso by Gustave Doré
Russian civil war propaganda poster: White Russian knight is fighting the Red Russian dragon

Princess and dragon is a archetypical premise common to many legends, fairy tales, and chivalric romances.

Print after Pieter Bruegel the Elder of a performance based on the romance

Valentine and Orson

Print after Pieter Bruegel the Elder of a performance based on the romance

Valentine and Orson is a romance which has been attached to the Carolingian cycle.

Take the Fair Face of Woman, and Gently Suspending, With Butterflies, Flowers, and Jewels Attending, Thus Your Fairy is Made of Most Beautiful Things, painting Sophie Gengembre Anderson

Emaré

Take the Fair Face of Woman, and Gently Suspending, With Butterflies, Flowers, and Jewels Attending, Thus Your Fairy is Made of Most Beautiful Things, painting Sophie Gengembre Anderson

Emaré is a Middle English Breton lai, a form of mediaeval romance poem, told in 1035 lines.

Arms of FitzWarin: Quarterly per fess indented argent and gules

Fulk FitzWarin

Prominent representative of a marcher family associated especially with estates in Shropshire (on the English border with Wales) and at Alveston in Gloucestershire.

Prominent representative of a marcher family associated especially with estates in Shropshire (on the English border with Wales) and at Alveston in Gloucestershire.

Arms of FitzWarin: Quarterly per fess indented argent and gules
Whittington Castle gatehouse
Alberbury Castle, probably built for Fulk III
Seal-matrix of Fulk Fitz-Warin (1st half of 13th century), found near Lambourn.
Pembridge Castle (much restored), seat of Sir Henry de Pembridge

After his death Fulk became the subject of a popular "ancestral romance" in French verse, Fouke le Fitz Waryn, relating his life as an outlaw and his struggle to regain his patrimony from the king.

Robert commits one of his crimes (left) and is knighted (right); 15th-century illustration from the Chronique de Normandie

Robert the Devil

Legend of medieval origin about a Norman knight who discovers he is the son of Satan.

Legend of medieval origin about a Norman knight who discovers he is the son of Satan.

Robert commits one of his crimes (left) and is knighted (right); 15th-century illustration from the Chronique de Normandie
Louis Guéymard in the Meyerbeer opera

Then it appears in a French metrical romance of the 13th century, in which Robert is described as the son of the duchess of Normandy.

1865 illustration of Hop-o'-My-Thumb and the ogre by Alexander Zick

The Girl Without Hands

German fairy tale collected by the Brothers Grimm.

German fairy tale collected by the Brothers Grimm.

1865 illustration of Hop-o'-My-Thumb and the ogre by Alexander Zick

However, this motif was taken up in chivalric romance exclusively in tales such as "The Girl Without Hands"; no romance includes the Cinderella-like ending of three balls that are the characteristic conclusion of the persecuted heroine.

A tapestry of 1482 showing episodes from the Knight of the Swan story: At the bottom puppies are substituted for babies.

Knight of the Swan

Medieval tale about a mysterious rescuer who comes in a swan-drawn boat to defend a damsel, his only condition being that he must never be asked his name.

Medieval tale about a mysterious rescuer who comes in a swan-drawn boat to defend a damsel, his only condition being that he must never be asked his name.

A tapestry of 1482 showing episodes from the Knight of the Swan story: At the bottom puppies are substituted for babies.
Helias, Brabant (16th-century)
Lohengrin postcard around 1900 by unknown artist

The tale in all variants resemble not only such chivalric romances as The Man of Law's Tale and Emaré, but such fairy tales as The Girl Without Hands.

Frontispiece to The Prisoner of Zenda by Anthony Hope.

Ruritanian romance

Genre of literature, film and theatre comprising novels, stories, plays and films set in a fictional country, usually in Central or Eastern Europe, such as the "Ruritania" that gave the genre its name.

Genre of literature, film and theatre comprising novels, stories, plays and films set in a fictional country, usually in Central or Eastern Europe, such as the "Ruritania" that gave the genre its name.

Frontispiece to The Prisoner of Zenda by Anthony Hope.

Such stories are typically swashbuckling adventure novels, tales of high romance and intrigue, centered on the ruling classes, almost always aristocracy and royalty, although (for instance) Winston Churchill's novel Savrola, in every other way a typical example of the genre, concerns a revolution to restore rightful parliamentary government in the republican country of Laurania.

Tablet containing a fragment of the Epic of Gilgamesh

Acritic songs

The Acritic songs (Ακριτικά τραγούδια "frontiersmen songs") are the epic poems that emerged in the Byzantine Empire probably around the ninth century.

The Acritic songs (Ακριτικά τραγούδια "frontiersmen songs") are the epic poems that emerged in the Byzantine Empire probably around the ninth century.

Tablet containing a fragment of the Epic of Gilgamesh

Most academics trace the origins of Byzantine Akritic chivalric romance to the oral epic poetry of the ninth and tenth centuries.