A report on Choir and Medieval music

Evensong rehearsal in the quire of York Minster, showing carved choirstalls
Trobadours, 14th century
Egyptian Alexandria Jewish choir of Rabbin Moshe Cohen at Samuel Menashe synagogue, Alexandria, Egypt
A musician plays the vielle in a fourteenth-century medieval manuscript
The boychoir Cantores Minores in the Helsinki Cathedral in 2013
A sample of Kýrie Eléison XI (Orbis Factor) from the Liber Usualis. The modern "neumes" on the staff above the text indicate the pitches of the melody. [//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/cc/Kyrie_XI_%28Orbis_Factor%29_sample.ogg Listen] to it interpreted.
Lambrook School choir in the 1960s, a typical boys' school choir of the time
Pérotin, "Alleluia nativitas", in the third rhythmic mode.
One possible layout
Pérotin's Viderunt omnes, ca. 13th century.
Choir in front of the orchestra
Musicians playing the Spanish vihuela, one with a bow, the other plucked by hand, in the Cantigas de Santa Maria of Alfonso X of Castile, 13th century
Relief, now in Athens, showing Dionysus with actresses (possibly from The Bacchae) carrying masks and drums
Men playing the organistrum, from the Ourense Cathedral, Spain, 12th century
Church singing, Tacuinum Sanitatis Casanatensis (14th century)
Christian and Muslim playing lutes in a miniature from Cantigas de Santa Maria of Alfonso X
Luca della Robbia's Cantoria, Museo dell'Opera del Duomo, Florence
In this illustration from the satirical collection of music and poetry Roman de Fauvel, the horse Fauvel is about to join Vainglory in the bridal bed and the people form a charivari in protest.
Baroque cantata with one voice per part
The chanson Belle, bonne, sage by Baude Cordier, an Ars subtilior piece included in the Chantilly Codex
Manuscript of the Mass Missa O Crux Lignum by Antoine Busnois (ca. 1450).

Choirs may perform music from the classical music repertoire, which spans from the medieval era to the present, or popular music repertoire.

- Choir

Medieval music includes liturgical music used for the church, and secular music, non-religious music; solely vocal music, such as Gregorian chant and choral music (music for a group of singers), solely instrumental music, and music that uses both voices and instruments (typically with the instruments accompanying the voices).

- Medieval music
Evensong rehearsal in the quire of York Minster, showing carved choirstalls

3 related topics with Alpha

Overall

The first page from the manuscript of J. S. Bach's Baroque music era motet, entitled Der Geist hilft unser Schwachheit auf (BWV226)

Motet

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The first page from the manuscript of J. S. Bach's Baroque music era motet, entitled Der Geist hilft unser Schwachheit auf (BWV226)

In Western classical music, a motet is mainly a vocal musical composition, of highly diverse form and style, from high medieval music to the present.

In the latter part of the 16th century, Giovanni Gabrieli and other composers developed a new style, the polychoral motet, in which two or more choirs of singers (or instruments) alternated.

The Introit Gaudeamus omnes, scripted in square notation in the 14th–15th century Graduale Aboense, honors Henry, patron saint of Finland

Gregorian chant

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Central tradition of Western plainchant, a form of monophonic, unaccompanied sacred song in Latin of the Roman Catholic Church.

Central tradition of Western plainchant, a form of monophonic, unaccompanied sacred song in Latin of the Roman Catholic Church.

The Introit Gaudeamus omnes, scripted in square notation in the 14th–15th century Graduale Aboense, honors Henry, patron saint of Finland
A dove representing the Holy Spirit sitting on Pope Gregory I's shoulder symbolizes Divine Inspiration
Two plainchants from the Mass Proper, written in adiastematic neumes, from Codex Sangallensis 359
Antiphonary with Gregorian chants
Offertory Iubilate deo universa terra in unheightened neume
Liber usualis in square notation (excerpt from the Kyrie eleison (Orbis factor))
Plainchant notation for the solemn setting of the Salve Regina; a simple setting is used more commonly.

Gregorian chant was traditionally sung by choirs of men and boys in churches, or by men and women of religious orders in their chapels.

Gregorian chant had a significant impact on the development of medieval and Renaissance music.

Folio 12v of the Old Hall Manuscript contains the decorated opening to a Gloria by Roy Henry (probably King Henry V).

Old Hall Manuscript

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Folio 12v of the Old Hall Manuscript contains the decorated opening to a Gloria by Roy Henry (probably King Henry V).

The Old Hall Manuscript (British Library, Add MS 57950) is the largest, most complete, and most significant source of English sacred music of the late 14th and early 15th centuries, and as such represents the best source for late Medieval English music.

A historically significant development was the occasional use of divisi, the earliest certain evidence of polyphony being sung by a choir of two or more voices per part.