A report on Choir

Evensong rehearsal in the quire of York Minster, showing carved choirstalls
Egyptian Alexandria Jewish choir of Rabbin Moshe Cohen at Samuel Menashe synagogue, Alexandria, Egypt
The boychoir Cantores Minores in the Helsinki Cathedral in 2013
Lambrook School choir in the 1960s, a typical boys' school choir of the time
One possible layout
Choir in front of the orchestra
Relief, now in Athens, showing Dionysus with actresses (possibly from The Bacchae) carrying masks and drums
Church singing, Tacuinum Sanitatis Casanatensis (14th century)
Luca della Robbia's Cantoria, Museo dell'Opera del Duomo, Florence
Baroque cantata with one voice per part

Musical ensemble of singers.

- Choir
Evensong rehearsal in the quire of York Minster, showing carved choirstalls

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King's College Chapel, Cambridge

Choir of King's College, Cambridge

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King's College Chapel, Cambridge
Queen Victoria and Prince Albert in King's College Chapel (1843)
Kings College Choristers 1882
Fan Vault

The Choir of King's College, Cambridge is an English Anglican choir.

Marco Ricci's "Prove per un'opera" ("Rehearsal of an Opera") depicts Pyrrhus and Demetrius being rehearsed at the Haymarket Theatre in 1709.

Rehearsal

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Activity in the performing arts that occurs as preparation for a performance in music, theatre, dance and related arts, such as opera, musical theatre and film production.

Activity in the performing arts that occurs as preparation for a performance in music, theatre, dance and related arts, such as opera, musical theatre and film production.

Marco Ricci's "Prove per un'opera" ("Rehearsal of an Opera") depicts Pyrrhus and Demetrius being rehearsed at the Haymarket Theatre in 1709.
Russian Ground Forces Guards during a dress rehearsal for a military parade in Alabino, Moscow Oblast.
Laura Liguori playing Lilya Brik during a production rehearsal of Mayakovsky and Stalin.
Jack Benny at a rehearsal with members of the California Junior Symphony Orchestra, 1959
Steamcog band members at a rehearsal in September 2019.

On the other end of the spectrum, a rehearsal can be held for a very large orchestra with over 100 performers and a choir.

Oratorio

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An oratorio is a large musical composition for orchestra, choir, and soloists.

Missa Virgo parens Christi by Jacobus Barbireau

Mass (music)

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Missa Virgo parens Christi by Jacobus Barbireau

The Mass (missa), a form of sacred musical composition, is a choral composition that sets the invariable portions of the Eucharistic liturgy (principally that of the Catholic Church, the Anglican Communion, and Lutheranism) to music.

Mozart, c. 1781, detail from portrait by Johann Nepomuk della CroceWolfgang Amadeus Mozart Signature.svg

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

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Prolific and influential composer of the Classical period.

Prolific and influential composer of the Classical period.

Mozart, c. 1781, detail from portrait by Johann Nepomuk della CroceWolfgang Amadeus Mozart Signature.svg
Mozart's birthplace at Getreidegasse 9, Salzburg
The Mozart family on tour: Leopold, Wolfgang, and Nannerl. Watercolour by Carmontelle, c.1763
Mozart aged 14 in January 1770 (School of Verona, attributed to Giambettino Cignaroli)
, Salzburg, Mozart family residence from 1773; reconstructed 1996
Mozart wearing the badge of the Order of the Golden Spur which he received in 1770 from Pope Clement XIV in Rome. The painting is a 1777 copy of a work now lost.
Mozart family, c. 1780 (della Croce); the portrait on the wall is of Mozart's mother.
1782 portrait of Constanze Mozart by her brother-in-law Joseph Lange
Fortepiano played by Mozart in 1787, Czech Museum of Music, Prague
Drawing of Mozart in silverpoint, made by Dora Stock during Mozart's visit to Dresden, April 1789
Posthumous painting by Barbara Krafft in 1819
Detail of portrait of Mozart by his brother-in-law Joseph Lange; for discussion of the portrait, see Joseph Lange
Facsimile sheet of music from the Dies Irae movement of the Requiem Mass in D minor (K. 626) in Mozart's handwriting (Mozarthaus, Vienna)
Mozart Monument, Frankfurt, Mozartplatz, Frankfurt

Many of these compositions are acknowledged as pinnacles of the symphonic, concertante, chamber, operatic, and choral repertoire.

San Marco in the evening. The spacious, resonant interior of this building was an inspiration for the development of this musical style.

Venetian polychoral style

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San Marco in the evening. The spacious, resonant interior of this building was an inspiration for the development of this musical style.

The Venetian polychoral style was a type of music of the late Renaissance and early Baroque eras which involved spatially separate choirs singing in alternation.

A classical music concert in the Rod Laver Arena, Melbourne, Australia, 2005

Concert

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Live music performance in front of an audience.

Live music performance in front of an audience.

A classical music concert in the Rod Laver Arena, Melbourne, Australia, 2005
Julee Walker's flute recital at Texas A&M University–Commerce in 2015
After the performance has ended; showing stage clutter such as microphone stands, drinks, cables, speakers (2013)
Concert, by Italian baroque artist Bernardo Strozzi (circa 1630/1631)
A big band concert in Lappeenranta, Finland
A theatrical concert by Madonna in 1990
Jay Pritzker Pavilion is a bandshell in Chicago's Millennium Park
Donauinselfest is the world's largest music festival according to Guinness World Records
Vasco Rossi's 2017 show at Enzo Ferrari Park, Modena, Italy, set a new world record for the largest paying audience in a single concert

The performance may be by a single musician, sometimes then called a recital, or by a musical ensemble, such as an orchestra, choir, or band.

Allegory of Music, by François Boucher, 1764

Music

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Generally defined as the art of arranging sound to create some combination of form, harmony, melody, rhythm or otherwise expressive content.

Generally defined as the art of arranging sound to create some combination of form, harmony, melody, rhythm or otherwise expressive content.

Allegory of Music, by François Boucher, 1764
In Greek mythology, the nine Muses were the inspiration for many creative endeavors, including the arts, and eventually became closely aligned with music specifically
Musicians of Amun, Tomb of Nakht, 18th Dynasty, Western Thebes
Indian women dressed in regional attire playing a variety of musical instruments popular in different parts of India
Indonesia is the home of gong chime, there are many variants across Indonesia, especially in Java and Bali.
Musical notation from a Catholic Missal, c. 1310–1320
Allegory of Music, by Filippino Lippi (c. 1650)
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (seated at the keyboard) was a child prodigy virtuoso performer on the piano and violin. Even before he became a celebrated composer, he was widely known as a gifted performer and improviser.
The piano was the centrepiece of social activity for middle-class urbanites in the 19th century (Moritz von Schwind, 1868). The man at the piano is composer Franz Schubert.
Khatia Buniatishvili playing a grand piano
People composing music in 2013 using electronic keyboards and computers.
French Baroque music composer Michel Richard Delalande (1657–1726), pen in hand.
Sheet music is a written representation of music. Homorhythmic (i.e., hymn-style) arrangement of the traditional "Adeste Fideles" in standard two-staff format for mixed voices.Adeste Fideles sheet music sample.mid
Improvisation plays a central role in jazz; musicians learn progressions using scale and chord tones (Pictured is Johnny Hodges)
The melody to the traditional song "Pop Goes the Weasel" Pop Goes the Weasel.ogg
When musicians play three or more different notes at the same time, this creates a chord. In Western music, including classical music, pop music, rock music, and many related styles, the most common chords are triads– three notes usually played at the same time. The most commonly used chords are the major chord and the minor chord. An example of a major chord is the three pitches C, E and G. An example of a minor chord is the three pitches A, C, and E. (Pictured is a guitar player performing a chord on a guitar).
Singers add expression to the melodies they sing using many methods, including changing the tone of their singing, adding vibrato to certain notes, and emphasizing important words in the lyrics.
Sheet music notation for the chorus (refrain) of the Christmas song "Jingle Bells" Jingle Bells refrain vector.mid
Funk places most of its emphasis on rhythm and groove, with entire songs based on a vamp on a single chord. Pictured are the influential funk musicians George Clinton and Parliament-Funkadelic in 2006.
Chinese Naxi musicians
Assyrians playing zurna and Davul, instruments that go back thousands of years.
Trill sign—a rapid alternation between two notes. Trill example ornaments.mid
The Woman in Red by Giovanni Boldini
The primary auditory cortex is one of the main areas associated with superior pitch resolution.
Song Dynasty (960–1279) painting, Night Revels of Han Xizai, showing Chinese musicians entertaining guests at a party in a 10th-century household
19th-century composer and pianist Clara Schumann
Navneet Aditya Waiba- Nepali Folk Singer. The only singer using authentic/original folk instruments and singing authentic unadulterated Nepali Folk songs.
Music production in the 2000s using a digital audio workstation (DAW) with an electronic keyboard and a multi-monitor set-up
Music store selling various singles and albums
A Suzuki violin recital with students of varying ages
Manhattan School of Music professor and professional double bass player Timothy Cobb teaching a bass lesson in the late 2000s. His bass has a low C extension with a metal "machine" with buttons for playing the pitches on the extension.
Ethnomusicologist Frances Densmore recording Blackfoot chief Mountain Chief for the Bureau of American Ethnology (1916)
A music therapist from a "Blues in the Schools" program plays harmonica with a US Navy sailor at a Naval Therapy Center.
Grooved side of the Voyager Golden Record launched along the Voyager probes to space, which feature music from around the world

Musicians and singers played a prominent role in Greek theater and the ones who received a musical education were seen as nobles and in perfect harmony (as can be read in the Republic, Plato) Mixed-gender choruses performed for entertainment, celebration, and spiritual ceremonies.

Hymn-style arrangement of "Adeste Fideles" in standard two-staff format (bass staff and treble staff) for mixed voices[[File:Adeste Fideles sheet music sample.mid]]

Sheet music

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Handwritten or printed form of musical notation that uses musical symbols to indicate the pitches, rhythms, or chords of a song or instrumental musical piece.

Handwritten or printed form of musical notation that uses musical symbols to indicate the pitches, rhythms, or chords of a song or instrumental musical piece.

Hymn-style arrangement of "Adeste Fideles" in standard two-staff format (bass staff and treble staff) for mixed voices[[File:Adeste Fideles sheet music sample.mid]]
Tibetan musical score from the 19th century
Title page for the first-edition vocal score for Hector Berlioz's Béatrice et Bénédict
Page from the autograph score of Fugue No. 17 in A major from J. S. Bach's The Well-Tempered Clavier
Sheet music for the song "Oregon, My Oregon"
A conductor's score and baton
First page of the full score for Max Reger's Der 100. Psalm for choir, orchestra and organ
An excerpt of a piano-vocal score for César Cui's opera William Ratcliff.
The lead sheet for the song "Trifle in Pyjamas" shows only the melody and chord symbols. To play this song, a jazz band's rhythm section musicians would improvise chord voicings and a bassline using the chord symbols. The lead instruments, such as sax or trumpet, would improvise ornaments to make the melody more interesting, and then improvise a solo part.
The original stone at Delphi containing the second of the two Delphic Hymns to Apollo. The music notation is the line of occasional symbols above the main, uninterrupted line of Greek lettering.
Frontispiece to Petrucci's Odhecaton
Example of 16th century sheet music and music notation. Excerpt from the manuscript "Muziek voor 4 korige diatonische cister".
Buildings of New York City's Tin Pan Alley music publishing district in 1910.

Classical musicians playing orchestral works, chamber music, sonatas and singing choral works ordinarily have the sheet music in front of them on a music stand when performing (or held in front of them in a music folder, in the case of a choir), with the exception of solo instrumental performances of solo pieces, concertos, or solo vocal pieces (art song, opera arias, etc.), where memorization is expected.

The Introit Gaudeamus omnes, scripted in square notation in the 14th–15th century Graduale Aboense, honors Henry, patron saint of Finland

Gregorian chant

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Central tradition of Western plainchant, a form of monophonic, unaccompanied sacred song in Latin of the Roman Catholic Church.

Central tradition of Western plainchant, a form of monophonic, unaccompanied sacred song in Latin of the Roman Catholic Church.

The Introit Gaudeamus omnes, scripted in square notation in the 14th–15th century Graduale Aboense, honors Henry, patron saint of Finland
A dove representing the Holy Spirit sitting on Pope Gregory I's shoulder symbolizes Divine Inspiration
Two plainchants from the Mass Proper, written in adiastematic neumes, from Codex Sangallensis 359
Antiphonary with Gregorian chants
Offertory Iubilate deo universa terra in unheightened neume
Liber usualis in square notation (excerpt from the Kyrie eleison (Orbis factor))
Plainchant notation for the solemn setting of the Salve Regina; a simple setting is used more commonly.

Gregorian chant was traditionally sung by choirs of men and boys in churches, or by men and women of religious orders in their chapels.