A report on Choir

Evensong rehearsal in the quire of York Minster, showing carved choirstalls
Egyptian Alexandria Jewish choir of Rabbin Moshe Cohen at Samuel Menashe synagogue, Alexandria, Egypt
The boychoir Cantores Minores in the Helsinki Cathedral in 2013
Lambrook School choir in the 1960s, a typical boys' school choir of the time
One possible layout
Choir in front of the orchestra
Relief, now in Athens, showing Dionysus with actresses (possibly from The Bacchae) carrying masks and drums
Church singing, Tacuinum Sanitatis Casanatensis (14th century)
Luca della Robbia's Cantoria, Museo dell'Opera del Duomo, Florence
Baroque cantata with one voice per part

Musical ensemble of singers.

- Choir
Evensong rehearsal in the quire of York Minster, showing carved choirstalls

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Tomb of Giovanni Gabrieli in Santo Stefano, Venice

Giovanni Gabrieli

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Giovanni Gabrieli (c.

Giovanni Gabrieli (c.

Tomb of Giovanni Gabrieli in Santo Stefano, Venice
Canzon Septimi Toni No. 2, a piece for two antiphonal choirs of four instruments each; original instruments unspecified, but often played with eight trombones. Synthesized sound:[[File:Gabrieli Canzon Septimi Toni 02.wav]]

Most of his pieces are written so that a choir or instrumental group will first be heard on one side, followed by a response from the musicians on the other side; often there was a third group situated on a stage near the main altar in the center of the church.

The Dapper Dans barbershop quartet, at Disneyland's Main Street, USA

Barbershop music

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Style of a cappella close harmony, or unaccompanied vocal music, characterized by consonant four-part chords for every melody note in a primarily homorhythmic texture.

Style of a cappella close harmony, or unaccompanied vocal music, characterized by consonant four-part chords for every melody note in a primarily homorhythmic texture.

The Dapper Dans barbershop quartet, at Disneyland's Main Street, USA
WPA poster, 1936
Rönninge Show, the highest ever scoring Sweet Adelines International barbershop chorus.

Barbershop music is generally performed by either a barbershop quartet, a group of four singers with one on each vocal part, or a barbershop chorus, which closely resembles a choir with the notable exception of the genre of music.

Part song

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A part song, part-song or partsong is a form of choral music that consists of a secular (vs.

A church choir singing

Christian music

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Music that has been written to express either personal or a communal belief regarding Christian life and faith.

Music that has been written to express either personal or a communal belief regarding Christian life and faith.

A church choir singing
A page (leaf 12 recto) from Beethoven's manuscript. Catholic monks developed the first forms of modern Western musical notation in order to standardize liturgy throughout the worldwide church, and an enormous body of religious music has been composed for it through the ages. This led directly to the emergence and development of European classical music, and its many derivatives. The Baroque style, which encompassed music, art, and architecture, was particularly encouraged by the post-Reformation Catholic Church as such forms offered a means of religious expression that was stirring and emotional, intended to stimulate religious fervor.

Most Christian music involves singing, whether by the whole congregation (assembly), or by a specialized subgroup—such as a soloist, duet, trio, quartet, madrigal, choir, or worship band— or both.

Chamber choir

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A chamber choir is a small or medium-sized choir of roughly 8 to 40 singers (occasionally called 'chamber singers'), typically singing classical or religious music in a concert setting.

Mozart in 1782

Requiem (Mozart)

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Requiem mass by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart .

Requiem mass by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart .

Mozart in 1782
The first page of Mozart's autograph score
Mozart's Amen fragment
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Constanze in 1802, portrait by Hans Hansen
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Michael Haydn (younger brother of Joseph Haydn), whose own Requiem influenced Mozart

The vocal forces consist of soprano, contralto, tenor, and bass soloists and an SATB mixed choir.

American Choral Directors Association

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The American Choral Directors Association (ACDA), headquartered in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, is a non-profit organization with the stated purpose of promoting excellence in the field of choral music.

Bach's autograph of the soprano aria in the cantata Herr, gehe nicht ins Gericht mit deinem Knecht, BWV 105

Bach cantata

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The cantatas composed by Johann Sebastian Bach, known as Bach cantatas (German: Bachkantaten), are a body of work consisting of over 200 surviving independent works, and at least several dozen that are considered lost.

The cantatas composed by Johann Sebastian Bach, known as Bach cantatas (German: Bachkantaten), are a body of work consisting of over 200 surviving independent works, and at least several dozen that are considered lost.

Bach's autograph of the soprano aria in the cantata Herr, gehe nicht ins Gericht mit deinem Knecht, BWV 105
Schlosskirche in Weimar (c. 1660, burned 1774) where Bach composed and performed church cantatas monthly from 1714 to 1717
Thomaskirche in 1885, one of the two Leipzig churches where Bach composed and performed church cantatas almost weekly from 1723 to 1726

1) Opening chorus

Autograph, beginning of the Kyrie, with the famous dedication "Von Herzen..." and the performance advice "Mit Andacht" ("with devotion")

Missa solemnis (Beethoven)

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Solemn Mass composed by Ludwig van Beethoven from 1819 to 1823.

Solemn Mass composed by Ludwig van Beethoven from 1819 to 1823.

Autograph, beginning of the Kyrie, with the famous dedication "Von Herzen..." and the performance advice "Mit Andacht" ("with devotion")

The orchestra consists of 2 flutes; 2 oboes, 2 clarinets (in A, C, and B); 2 bassoons; contrabassoon; 4 horns (in D, E, B basso, E, and G); 2 trumpets (D, B, and C); alto, tenor, and bass trombone; timpani; organ continuo; strings (violins I and II, violas, cellos, and basses); soprano, alto, tenor, and bass soloists; and mixed choir.

Folio 12v of the Old Hall Manuscript contains the decorated opening to a Gloria by Roy Henry (probably King Henry V).

Old Hall Manuscript

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Largest, most complete, and most significant source of English sacred music of the late 14th and early 15th centuries, and as such represents the best source for late Medieval English music.

Largest, most complete, and most significant source of English sacred music of the late 14th and early 15th centuries, and as such represents the best source for late Medieval English music.

Folio 12v of the Old Hall Manuscript contains the decorated opening to a Gloria by Roy Henry (probably King Henry V).

A historically significant development was the occasional use of divisi, the earliest certain evidence of polyphony being sung by a choir of two or more voices per part.