Chota Char Dham

Yamunotri temple and ashrams

Important Hindu pilgrimage circuit in the Indian Himalayas.

- Chota Char Dham

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Town and a Nagar Panchayat in Uttarkashi district in the state of Uttarakhand, India.

Bhagirathi River and Himalayas in Gangotri, Uttarakhand
Gaumukh, source of the Ganges above Gangotri
Brahma Kamal Saussurea obvallata.<ref>Brahma Kamal</ref>

Gangotri is one of the four sites in the Chota Char Dham pilgrimage circuit.


City and municipal corporation in the Haridwar district of Uttarakhand, India.

Meandering main Ganga river, known here as Neel Dhara (left) and the Ganga canal (right), passing through Haridwar.
Ganga Aarti at Haridwar
Prince Bhagiratha in penance for the salvation of 60,000 of his ancestors.
Gangadhara, Shiva bearing the Descent of the Ganges River as Parvati and Bhagiratha, and the bull Nandi look on. circa 1740
Head of the Ganges Canal, Haridwar, ca 1894–1898.
Haridwar from the opposite bank of the Ganges, 1866
Haridwar as a part of the United Province, 1903
Neeldhara Bird Sanctuary at the main Ganges Canal, before Bhimgoda Barrage, also showing signs of an ancient port.
Panoramic view of Har ki Pauri
Panorama of Haridwar city from Mansa Devi Temple
Main bathing Ghat, at Haridwar, in the 1880s.
The Clock Tower on the Malviya Dwip at Har Ki Pauri.
The Haridwar Kumbh Mela is held in every 12 years and the date is determined by Hindu astrology.
Das Mahavidya temple, Daksheswara Mahadev temple
Ropeway to Mansa Devi Temple, Haridwar.
Bholanath Sevashram temple by the Ganges, Haridwar
Haridwar from Chilla Range, Rajaji National Park
Shiva statue by the Ganges, across Har-ki-Pauri, Haridwar
Shri Chintamani Parshwnath Jain Shwetambar Mandir
Pantanjali Yogpeeth
Haridwar Railway station

It is additionally a passage for the Chota Char Dham (the four principal pilgrim destinations in Uttarakhand).


Source of the Yamuna River and the seat of the Goddess Yamuna in Hinduism.

Yamunotri temple was built by Maharani Guleria of Jaipur in the 19th century.
Janki Chatti hot water spring, Surya Kund.
Yamunotri as depicted by James Baillie Fraser (1820)

It is one of the four sites in India's Chhota Char Dham pilgrimage.


Capital and the most populous city of the Indian state of Uttarakhand.

Doon Valley, Dehradun, 1850s
Guru Ram Rai Darbar Sahib in 1858. The construction of the present building was completed in 1707.
Princely flag of Kingdom of Garhwal. Dehradun was part of the princely state of Garhwal before becoming part of British India after the Anglo-Nepalese War in 1816.
Capt John War memorial maintained by the army at Dehradun
A cloudy view of Rajpur Town, Dehradun
The Municipality office of Dehradun City
Main Building of The Doon School
Front view of Forest Research Institute
Adm Block of Doon University
Central Braille Press, Dehradun – the first Braille press of India
Statue of Tara and Great Stupa Dehra Dun
Dehradun cricket stadium
International Day of Yoga in Dehradun, 2018
Hanuman Idol at Tapkeshwar Temple
An Indian monkey in Malsi Deer Park
Hanol Temple
Robbers Cave, Dehradun
Front view of Buddha Temple Dehradun Uttarakhand
Santala Devi Temple Dehradun

The Hindu holy cities of Haridwar and Rishikesh, along with the Himalayan pilgrimage circuit of Chota Char Dham, viz.

2013 North India floods

In June 2013, a mid-day cloudburst centered on the North Indian state of Uttarakhand caused devastating floods and landslides, becoming the country's worst natural disaster since the 2004 tsunami.

Broken end of footbridge over the Mandakini River at Rudraprayag Sangam.
The Kedarnath Temple, before the floods
Effect of flood in Darchula district of Nepal.
Satellite image of the affected region, taken on 30 May by NASA's MODIS.
Same location, shot on 21 June floods
Animals suffered greatly during the calamity

Destruction of bridges and roads left about 300,000 pilgrims and tourists trapped in the valleys leading to three of the four Hindu Chota Char Dham pilgrimage sites.


City governed by Rishikesh Municipal Corporation , and a tehsil in Dehradun district of the Indian state Uttarakhand.

A view of temples on the banks of river Ganges near Laxman Jhula
Students from around the world undergoing yoga teacher training by the River Ganges at Rishikesh, 2015
Rafting in Rishikesh
View of Rishikesh
Chit chat at bank of River Ganga at Rishikesh
Shiva statue near Parmarth Niketan which was washed away by the 2013 flood on River Ganga
Tera Manzil Temple
A temple in Rishikesh
Ghats by the River Ganges
Ram Jhula Bridge across the Ganges at Muni Ki Reti, built in the 1980s
A Hanuman temple in Rishikesh
Rishikesh Views

Rishikesh is the starting point for travelling to the four Chota Char Dham pilgrimage places—Badrinath, Kedarnath, Gangotri, and Yamunotri.

Char Dham

Set of four pilgrimage sites in India.

Jagannath Temple, Puri
Rameswaram Temple, Rameswaram
Dwarakadheesh Temple, Dwarka
Badrinath Temple

Another small circuit in Uttarakhand of four pilgrimage sites-Yamunotri, Gangotri, Kedarnath, and Badrinath is referred to as Chota Char Dham.


Second-largest tributary river of the Ganges by discharge and the longest tributary in India.

Banderpoonch peak, the source of Yamuna, as seen from Mussoorie.
The Yamunotri temple on the river, dedicated to Goddess Yamuna.
The Doab, United Provinces, 1908.
Yamuna river between Saharanpur and Yamunanagar
Course of Yamuna, in the Indo-Gangetic Plain
Catchment boundary of the Yamuna.
Vasudev carrying baby Lord Krishna across the Yamuna, an important legend of Bhagavata Purana, mid-18th century.
Agra Canal headworks at Okhla barrage, Delhi, 1871.
The goddess Yamuna.
Taj Mahal is situated on the banks of river Yamuna.
The Yamuna near the Himalayas, just as it reaches the plains, beyond Dehradun in Uttarakhand
The Yamuna, seen from the Taj Mahal at Agra in Uttar Pradesh
Madan Mohan temple, on the Yamuna at Vrindavan in Uttar Pradesh, 1789; the river has since shifted further away
'Keshi Ghat' on the Yamuna at Vrindavan in Uttar Pradesh
The Yamuna near Allahabad in Uttar Pradesh, just a few kilometres before it meets the Ganges
The Yamuna near Allahabad in Uttar Pradesh, during the monsoon
View of Yamuna from Okhla Sanctuary
View of Yamuna from Kesi Ghata
The Yamuna view from Hathni Kund Barrage

Yamunotri temple, a shrine dedicated to the goddess Yamuna, is one of the holiest shrines in Hinduism, and part of the Chota Char Dham Yatra circuit.

Kedarnath Temple

Hindu temple (shrine) dedicated to the lord Shiva.

Kedarnath Temple
The Pandavas visit Kedarnath after Mahabharata War
Way to Kedarnath Temple in early winter
Rear view of the Kedarnath Temple in the aftermath of the flood with the huge rock that protected the temple.
Front view of the Kedarnath Temple in the aftermath of the flood
1880s photo of Kedarnath Temple
Kedarnath Temple in 2014, one year after the floods.
Kedarnath Temple at dawn

The temple is one of the four major sites in India's Chota Char Dham pilgrimage of Northern Himalayas and is the first of the Panch Kedar pilgrimage sites.


The Himalayas, or Himalaya, are a mountain range in Asia, separating the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau.

Map of the Himalayas (including the Hindu Kush)
The 6000 km journey of the India landmass (Indian Plate) before its collision with Asia (Eurasian Plate) about 40 to 50 million years ago
Icefall on Khumbu Glacier
Gurudongmar Lake in Sikkim

The state is also home to the important pilgrimage destinations of Chaar Dhaam, with Gangotri, the source of the holy river Ganges, Yamunotri, the source of the river Yamuna, and the temples at Badrinath and Kedarnath.