Christian anarchism

Christian anarchistChristian anarchistsanarchistAnarchismCatholic anarchistanarchistsanarcho-ChristianAnarcho-ChristiansChristianChristian anarchistic
Christian anarchism is a movement in political theology that claims anarchism is inherent in Christianity and the Gospels.wikipedia
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Jacques Ellul

Ellul, JacquesEllul
Jacques Ellul, a French philosopher and Christian anarchist, notes that the final verse of the Book of Judges (Judges 21:25) states that there was no king in Israel and that "everyone did as they saw fit". Christian anarchists, such as Leo Tolstoy, Ammon Hennacy, Jacques Ellul, and Dave Andrews, follow Jesus' call to not resist evil but turn the other cheek.
Jacques Ellul (January 6, 1912 – May 19, 1994) was a French philosopher, sociologist, lay theologian, and professor who was a noted Christian anarchist.

Anarchism

anarchistanarchistsanarchistic
Christian anarchism is a movement in political theology that claims anarchism is inherent in Christianity and the Gospels.
Jesus is sometimes considered the first anarchist in the Christian anarchist tradition.

Leo Tolstoy

TolstoyLev TolstoyTolstoi
Leo Tolstoy's The Kingdom of God Is Within You is often regarded as a key text for modern Christian anarchism. Christian anarchists, such as Leo Tolstoy, Ammon Hennacy, Jacques Ellul, and Dave Andrews, follow Jesus' call to not resist evil but turn the other cheek.
His literal interpretation of the ethical teachings of Jesus, centering on the Sermon on the Mount, caused him to become a fervent Christian anarchist and pacifist.

State (polity)

statestatesthe state
Christian anarchists denounce the state, believing it is violent, deceitful and, when glorified, idolatrous.
Various Christian anarchists, such as Jacques Ellul, have identified the State and political power as the Beast in the Book of Revelation.

Christian eschatology

eschatologyeschatologicalChristian eschatological
Christian eschatology and various Christian anarchists, such as Jacques Ellul, have identified the state and political power as the Beast in the Book of Revelation.
Various Christian anarchists, such as Jacques Ellul, have identified the State and political power as the Beast.

Ammon Hennacy

IWW members included Christian anarchists like Dorothy Day and Ammon Hennacy. Christian anarchists, such as Leo Tolstoy, Ammon Hennacy, Jacques Ellul, and Dave Andrews, follow Jesus' call to not resist evil but turn the other cheek.
Ammon Ashford Hennacy (July 24, 1893 – January 14, 1970) was an American Christian pacifist, anarchist, social activist, member of the Catholic Worker Movement, and Wobbly.

Christian pacifism

Christian pacifistpacifistChristian pacifists
Most Christian anarchists are pacifists—they reject war and the use of violence. He takes the viewpoint that all governments who wage war, and churches who in turn support those governments, are an affront to the Christian principles of nonviolence and nonresistance.
Hennacy believed that adherence to Christianity required not just pacifism but, because governments inevitably threatened or used force to resolve conflicts, anarchism.

The Beast (Revelation)

the BeastBeastBeast of Revelation
Christian eschatology and various Christian anarchists, such as Jacques Ellul, have identified the state and political power as the Beast in the Book of Revelation.
Various Christian anarchists, such as Jacques Ellul, have associated the State and political power as the beast.

Book of Revelation

RevelationApocalypseRevelations
Christian eschatology and various Christian anarchists, such as Jacques Ellul, have identified the state and political power as the Beast in the Book of Revelation.
Various Christian anarchists, such as Jacques Ellul, have identified the State and political power as the Beast and the events described, being their doings and results, the aforementioned ‘wrath’.

Peter Maurin

MaurinPierre Joseph Oristide Maurin
Alongside Peter Maurin, she founded the Catholic Worker Movement in 1933, espousing nonviolence, and hospitality for the impoverished and downtrodden.
His ideas served as the inspiration for the creation of "houses of hospitality" for the poor, for the agrarian endeavors of the Catholic Worker farms, and the regular "roundtable discussions for the clarification of thought" that began taking place shortly after the publication of the first issue of The Catholic Worker which is considered a Christian Anarchist publication.

The Kingdom of God Is Within You

Leo Tolstoy's The Kingdom of God Is Within You is often regarded as a key text for modern Christian anarchism.
The Kingdom of God is Within You is a key text for Tolstoyan proponents of nonviolence, of nonviolent resistance, and of the Christian anarchist movement.

Dave Andrews (activist)

Dave Andrews
Jacques Ellul and Dave Andrews claim that Jesus did not intend to be the founder of an institutional religion, while Michael Elliot believes one of Jesus' intentions was to bypass human intermediaries and do away with priests. Christian anarchists, such as Leo Tolstoy, Ammon Hennacy, Jacques Ellul, and Dave Andrews, follow Jesus' call to not resist evil but turn the other cheek.
David Frank Andrews (born 20 May 1951) is an Australian Christian anarchist author, speaker, social activist, community worker, and a founder of the Waiters' Union, an inner city Christian community network working with Aboriginals, refugees and people with disabilities in Brisbane, Australia.

Bogomilism

BogomilsBogomilBogomil heresy
*Bogomils – a group arising in the 11th century in Macedonia and the Balkans who sought a return to the spirituality of the early Christians and opposed established forms of government and church.
They also opposed established forms of government and church as alike to anarchism (see Christian anarchism).

Brotherhood Church

The Brotherhood Church is a Christian anarchist and pacifist community.
The Brotherhood Church is a Christian anarchist and pacifist community.

Paul the Apostle

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*Paulicans – an Armenian group (6th to 9th centuries) who sought a return to the purity of the church at the time of Paul the Apostle.
Christian anarchists Leo Tolstoy and Ammon Hennacy take a similar view.

Turning the other cheek

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Christian anarchists, such as Leo Tolstoy, Ammon Hennacy, Jacques Ellul, and Dave Andrews, follow Jesus' call to not resist evil but turn the other cheek.
Since the passages call for total nonresistance to the point of facilitating aggression against oneself, and since human governments defend themselves by military force, some have advocated Christian anarchism, including Leo Tolstoy who elucidated his reasoning in The Kingdom of God Is Within You.

Catholic Worker Movement

Catholic WorkerCatholic WorkersCatholic Worker House
With some notable exceptions, such as the Catholic Worker Movement, many Christian anarchists are critical of Church dogma and rituals.
The radical philosophy of the group can be described as Christian anarchism.

Anarchism and Orthodox Judaism

Pinchas Elijah Horovitz
Anarchism and Orthodox Judaism
While there is no organized Orthodox Jewish anarchist movement similar to Christian anarchist movements, a number of pro-anarchistic ideas are found in the works of some Kabbalists and Hasidic teachers, as well as in the Jewish folk religion.

Stapleton Colony

Stapleton
An intentional community with Quaker origins has been located at Stapleton, near Pontefract, Yorkshire, since 1921.
The Stapleton Colony, based in Stapleton, North Yorkshire, is a Christian pacifist and anarchist community, and the only remaining colony of the Brotherhood Church.

Christianity and politics

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Christianity and politics
Along these lines, various thinkers have argued for Christian communism, Christian socialism, Christian anarchism, Christian libertarianism, or Christian democracy.

Petr Chelčický

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Tolstoy, Adin Ballou and Petr Chelčický understand this to mean that Christians should never bind themselves to any oath as they may not be able to fulfil the will of God if they are bound to the will of a fellow-man.
His positions on government are similar to the Christian anarchist principles of Leo Tolstoy.

Nonresistance

non-resistancenonresistantexemption from military service
He takes the viewpoint that all governments who wage war, and churches who in turn support those governments, are an affront to the Christian principles of nonviolence and nonresistance.
To illustrate how nonresistance works in practice, Alexandre Christoyannopoulos offers the following Christian anarchist response to terrorism:

Beguines and Beghards

BeguineBeguinesbéguine
*Neo-Adamites – a term applied in the 13th to 15th centuries to those, including Taborites, Picards and some Beghards, who wished to return to the purity of the life of Adam by living communally, practicing social and religious nudity, embracing free love, rejecting marriage and individual ownership of property.
Christian anarchism

Anarcho-pacifism

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Anarcho-pacifism
At some point anarcho-pacifism had as its main proponent Christian anarchism.

House of hospitality

houses of hospitality
Peter Maurin's vision to transform the social order consisted of establishing urban houses of hospitality to care for the destitute; rural farming communities to teach city dwellers agrarianism and encourage a movement back-to-the-land; and roundtable discussions in community centres to clarify thought and initiate action.
Founded on principals of Christian anarchism, the houses provide hospitality without charge and without requiring religious practice or attendance at services.