Christian name

A baptism, at which Christian names are traditionally given.

Religious personal name historically given on the occasion of a Christian baptism, though now most often assigned by parents at birth.

- Christian name

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Religious name

Type of given name bestowed for a religious purposes, and which is generally used in such contexts.

In many Christian traditions, those who receive the sacrament of baptism are given a Christian name by which they become known.

In baptism, Catholics are given a Christian name, which should not be "foreign to Christian sentiment" and is often the name of a saint.

Given name

Part of a personal name that identifies a person, potentially with a middle name as well, and differentiates that person from the other members of a group (typically a family or clan) who have a common surname.

Diagram of naming conventions, using John F. Kennedy as an example. "First names" can also be called given names or forenames; "last names" can also be called family names or surnames. This shows a structure typical for English-speaking cultures (and some others). Other cultures use other structures for full names.
The sarcophagus of Queen Desideria at Riddarholm Church in Sweden. The name was given to Désirée Clary not at birth but when she was elected Crown Princess of Sweden in 1810.
The signature of Alexander Graham Bell.
John, a name of Hebrew origin is very popular in the Western World, and has given many variants depending on the language: Shaun, Eoin, Ian, Juan, Ivan, and Yahya. Click on the image to see the diagram in full detail.
Most popular US baby names from 1880 to 2012

A Christian name is the first name which is given at baptism, in Christian custom.


The knyaz of western parts of Galicia (1264 – c. 1269) and Grand Duke of Lithuania (1267 – c. 1269).

Until Boris I (852–889) the title of the Bulgarian monarchs was knyaz (Кнѣзъ). His son, Simeon I (893–927), adopted the title Tsar (emperor), which became the title of the subsequent Bulgarian rulers.

Contemporary sources also mention his Christian name of Ioann (Іоанн), that is either John or George.

Amakusa Shirō

Japanese Christian of the Edo period and leader of the Shimabara Rebellion, an uprising of Japanese Roman Catholics against the Shogunate.

Amakusa Shirō
Banner of Amakusa Shirō, during the Shimabara Rebellion. Text on the banner is medieval Portuguese reading "LOVVADo SEIA O SĀCTISSIMo SACRAMENTO". English meaning "Praised be the Most Holy Sacrament".

His Christian name was Geronimo, however, he later changed it to Francisco.

Oda Nagamasu

Japanese daimyō and a brother of Oda Nobunaga who lived from the late Sengoku period through the early Edo period.

Oda Yūraku

Nagamasu converted to Christianity in 1588 and took the baptismal name of John.

Macbeth, King of Scotland

King of Scots from 1040 until his death.

Macbeth and Banquo encounter the witches. Illustration from Holinshed's Chronicles (1577)
Macbeth and the witches by Henry Fuseli (Johann Heinrich Füssli) (1741–1825)
Macbeth at the fort of Macduff, by J. R. Skelton

Nigel Tranter, in his novel Macbeth the King, went so far as to portray Macbeth as Thorfinn's half-brother, and Dorothy Dunnett portrays Macbeth and Thorfinn as a single individual (Macbeth being a baptismal name) in the novel "King Hereafter. However, this is speculation arising from the lack of historical certainty regarding the number of daughters that Malcolm had.


Bishop of Rome (or historically the patriarch of Rome ), head of the worldwide Catholic Church, and also serves as head of state or sovereign of the Vatican City State since the eighth century.

Pope Francis in 2021
Gregory the Great (c. 540–604) who established medieval themes in the Church, in a painting by Carlo Saraceni, c. 1610, Rome.
A historical map of the Mediterranean states in 1400. The Western Schism lasted from 1378 to 1417.
As part of the Catholic Reformation, Pope Paul III (1534–49) initiated the Council of Trent (1545–63), which established the triumph of the papacy over those who sought to reconcile with Protestants or oppose papal claims.
The Delivery of the Keys painted by Pietro Perugino (1492)
The conclave in Konstanz where Pope Martin V was elected
The formal declaration of "Habemus Papam" after the election of Pope Martin V
Funeral of Pope John Paul II at the Vatican in April 2005, presided over by Cardinal Ratzinger, the future Pope Benedict XVI
Entrance to Vatican City, with inscription "Benedictus XVI Pont(ifex) Max(imus) Anno Domini MMV Pont(ificatus) I.", i.e., "Benedict XVI, Pontifex Maximus, in the year of Our Lord 2005, the first year of his pontificate."
The coat of arms of the Holy See. That of the State of Vatican City is the same except that the positions of the gold and silver keys are interchanged.
1881 illustration depicting papal infallibility
Pope Pius XII, wearing the traditional 1877 Papal tiara, is carried through St. Peter's Basilica on a sedia gestatoria c. 1955.
Pope Pius VII, bishop of Rome, seated, and Cardinal Caprara.
Antichristus, a woodcut by Lucas Cranach of the pope using the temporal power to grant authority to a generously contributing ruler
Antichristus, by Lucas Cranach the Elder, from Luther's 1521 Passionary of the Christ and Antichrist. The pope is signing and selling indulgences.
Christus, by Lucas Cranach. This woodcut of John 13:14–17 is from Passionary of the Christ and Antichrist. Cranach shows Jesus kissing Peter's foot during the footwashing. This stands in contrast to the opposing woodcut, where the pope demands others kiss his foot.
Antichristus, by the Lutheran Lucas Cranach the Elder. This woodcut of the traditional practice of kissing the pope's foot is from Passionary of the Christ and Antichrist.
Pope Pius IX, the pope with the longest verifiable reign
Pope Urban VII, the shortest-reigning pope

He announces the new pope's Christian name along with his newly chosen regnal name.

Gyula (title)

Gyula (Yula, Gula, Gila) was, according to Muslim and Byzantine sources, the title of one of the leaders, the second in rank, of the Hungarian tribal federation in the 9th–10th centuries.

King St. Stephen captures Gyula (Chronicon Pictum)
The first page of the Chronicon Pictum

"Gyula II" (c. 952/953); his baptismal name was Stefan

History of Paraguay

The history of Paraguay begins with the interaction between the early Spanish colonists and the indigenous people.

Asunción, the capital of Paraguay.
Guaraní ceramics
A Payagua chief
Sebastian Cabot
Monument of Juan de Salazar de Espinosa in Asuncion
Domingo Martinez de Irala
Map of Paraguay province around 1600 CE
Grazing cattle, Paraguay
Locations of Jesuit reductions
Colonial era crucifix
Jesuit reduction of Trinidad
Ruins of Tavarangue reduction
Map of Paraguay and surrounding regions, 1756 CE
Belgrano's campaign against Paraguay
Pedro Juan Caballero demands shared power from governor Velasco on the night of May 14, 1811.
Independence leaders Caballero, Yegros, Francia
Lithograph of José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia, a 19th-century ruler of Paraguay, with a mate and its respective bombilla
Carlos Antonio López
Palace of Lopez, started in 1857, now the Palace of the President
Asunción Cathedral, built in 1845
Railway station in Asunción
The Paraguay Squadron (Harper's Weekly, New York, 16 October 1858)
Francisco Solano López during his trip to Europe, 1854
López as a military leader, 1866
Political map of the region, 1864
Territorial disputes between Paraguay and its neighbors, 1864
Collage of images of the Paraguayan War
A half-naked Paraguayan soldier on sentry duty at Solano López's headquarters
Paraguay after the war with main battle sites (in yellow). Gran Chaco not included as it was still a disputed territory.
Allied warships in the port of Asuncion, 1869
Paraguayan Legion soldiers in 1866
Cirilo Antonio Rivarola
Bernardino Caballero
Paraguay 1890 anniversary stamp
Eduardo Schaerer
Chaco war map
Paraguayan soldiers in Chaco
José Félix Estigarribia
Provisional flag, May–June 1811<ref name="mdi">{{cite web|url=||title=Las Banderas del Paraguay y su Historia: el Ministerio del Interior cuenta con una Galería|access-date=2017-01-07}}</ref>
Provisional flag, 1812
Provisional flag, 1812
Flag from 1812 to 1826

A Guaraní woman from the early-colonial era, known by the Christian name of Juliana, is regarded as one of the most prominent female figures in the history of Paraguay.

Pope Adrian VI

Head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 9 January 1522 until his death on 14 September 1523.

Portrait of Pope Adrian VI, copy after an original of Jan van Scorel, c. 1625 (Centraal Museum, Utrecht)
Pope Adrian VI's birthplace in Utrecht
Pope Adrian VI, 1598 engraving by Théodore Galle
Portrait of Pope Adrian VI (1568)
The funeral monument for Adrian VI in Santa Maria dell'Anima in Rome
The birth house of Pope Adrian and accompanying poem. Detail of an engraving of 'Famous Dutch Men and Women'.

Adrian VI and Marcellus II are the only popes of the modern era to retain their baptismal names after their election.