Christianismi Restitutio

Christianismi Restituto
Christianismi Restitutio (English: The Restoration of Christianity) was a book published in 1553 by Michael Servetus.wikipedia
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Michael Servetus

ServetusMiguel ServetMiguel Serveto
Christianismi Restitutio (English: The Restoration of Christianity) was a book published in 1553 by Michael Servetus.
He was the first European to correctly describe the function of pulmonary circulation, as discussed in Christianismi Restitutio (1553).

John Calvin

CalvinJean CalvinCalvinist
It rejected the Christian doctrine of the Trinity and the concept of predestination, which had both been considered fundamental to Christianity since the time of St. Augustine and emphasized by John Calvin in his magnum opus, Institutio Christianae Religionis. After sending an early draft of Christianismi Restitutio to the theologian John Calvin, Servetus was arrested by the Inquisition in Vienne, but he managed to escape from imprisonment.
In 1553 Servetus published Christianismi Restitutio (English: The Restoration of Christianity), in which he rejected the Christian doctrine of the Trinity and the concept of predestination.

Pulmonary circulation

pulmonary vesselspulmonary circuitpulmonary
It also contained, incidentally and by way of illustration, groundbreaking views on pulmonary circulation based on the discoveries of Arab Muslim physician Ibn Al Nafis, that challenged the incorrect teachings of Galen.
Servetus published his findings in Christianismi Restituto (1553), a theological work that was considered "heretical" by Catholics and Calvinists alike, burned on the stake (along with its author) and barely survived in a few copies.

Trinity

Holy TrinityTrinitarianTrinitarianism
It rejected the Christian doctrine of the Trinity and the concept of predestination, which had both been considered fundamental to Christianity since the time of St. Augustine and emphasized by John Calvin in his magnum opus, Institutio Christianae Religionis.

Predestination

double predestinationpredestinedpredestinarian
It rejected the Christian doctrine of the Trinity and the concept of predestination, which had both been considered fundamental to Christianity since the time of St. Augustine and emphasized by John Calvin in his magnum opus, Institutio Christianae Religionis.

Augustine of Hippo

AugustineSt. AugustineSaint Augustine
It rejected the Christian doctrine of the Trinity and the concept of predestination, which had both been considered fundamental to Christianity since the time of St. Augustine and emphasized by John Calvin in his magnum opus, Institutio Christianae Religionis.

Institutes of the Christian Religion

InstitutesInstitutio Christianae religionisCalvin's ''Institutes
It rejected the Christian doctrine of the Trinity and the concept of predestination, which had both been considered fundamental to Christianity since the time of St. Augustine and emphasized by John Calvin in his magnum opus, Institutio Christianae Religionis.

Ibn al-Nafis

Ibn NafisIbn an-NafisAl-Nafis
It also contained, incidentally and by way of illustration, groundbreaking views on pulmonary circulation based on the discoveries of Arab Muslim physician Ibn Al Nafis, that challenged the incorrect teachings of Galen.

Galen

Galen of PergamonGalenic medicineGalenus
It also contained, incidentally and by way of illustration, groundbreaking views on pulmonary circulation based on the discoveries of Arab Muslim physician Ibn Al Nafis, that challenged the incorrect teachings of Galen.

Vienne

86Archbishop of VienneCS Vienne
After sending an early draft of Christianismi Restitutio to the theologian John Calvin, Servetus was arrested by the Inquisition in Vienne, but he managed to escape from imprisonment.

Geneva

Geneva, SwitzerlandGenèveGeneve
On October 27, 1553, he was burned at the stake in Geneva.

Bibliothèque nationale de France

data.bnf.frBibliothèque NationaleGallica
Almost all copies of his book were burned shortly after its publication, although three copies survived and are currently kept in Bibliothèque nationale de France, Edinburgh University Library and the Austrian National Library.

Edinburgh University Library

libraryMain LibraryUniversity of Edinburgh Information Services
Almost all copies of his book were burned shortly after its publication, although three copies survived and are currently kept in Bibliothèque nationale de France, Edinburgh University Library and the Austrian National Library.

Austrian National Library

Österreichische NationalbibliothekImperial LibraryHofbibliothek
Almost all copies of his book were burned shortly after its publication, although three copies survived and are currently kept in Bibliothèque nationale de France, Edinburgh University Library and the Austrian National Library.

William Harvey

HarveyDe GenerationeHarvey, William
Since the information on pulmonary circulation was suppressed with the theological work in which it was embedded, the function of the pulmonary circulation was forgotten until published by Sir William Harvey seventy-five years later in his work De Motu Cordis.

Exercitatio Anatomica de Motu Cordis et Sanguinis in Animalibus

De Motu CordisOn the Motion of the Heart and Blood in Animalsbook on the circulation of blood
Since the information on pulmonary circulation was suppressed with the theological work in which it was embedded, the function of the pulmonary circulation was forgotten until published by Sir William Harvey seventy-five years later in his work De Motu Cordis.

El Español de la Historia

25. Miguel Servet, (1511 – 1553) theologian, physician, and humanist (Christianismi Restitutio)

List of book-burning incidents

the siege of 1870burned by the Nazi youthList of book burning incidents
As he was placed on the stake, "around [Servetus'] waist were tied a large bundle of manuscript and a thick octavo printed book", his Christianismi Restitutio.

Heart

cardiachuman heartapex of the heart
Michael Servetus wrote in Christianismi Restitutio (1553) that blood flows from one side of the heart to the other via the lungs.

Realdo Colombo

De Re AnatomicaRenaldus ColumbusRealdo Columbo
The permeability of the septum was questioned by Michael Servetus in Christianismi Restitutio in 1553 and by Ibn al-Nafis in the 13th century and both proposed that the blood was pushed from the right ventricle to the left via the lungs, however, both of these accounts were largely forgotten.

David Joris

David Gorge
Its chief claim to recognition is its use, in the latter part, of the phrase Restitutio Christi, which apparently suggested to Servetus his title Christianismi Restitutio (1553).