Christmas in Finland

Christmas in Finland begins, as is commonplace on public holidays in Finland, on Christmas Eve.wikipedia
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Public holidays in Finland

Finland11 paid public holidays
Christmas in Finland begins, as is commonplace on public holidays in Finland, on Christmas Eve.

Christmas Eve

December 2424 DecemberEve of Nativity
Christmas in Finland begins, as is commonplace on public holidays in Finland, on Christmas Eve.

Epiphany (holiday)

EpiphanyTheophanyFeast of the Epiphany
The Christmas period ends on Epiphany.

Tuomas

Tuomas’s nameday
In the Finnish tradition, the Christmas period has usually been considered to start on Tuomas’s nameday on December 21 and to continue until St. Knut's Day on January 13.

December 21

21 December21night of St. Thomas
In the Finnish tradition, the Christmas period has usually been considered to start on Tuomas’s nameday on December 21 and to continue until St. Knut's Day on January 13.

January 13

13 January13
In the Finnish tradition, the Christmas period has usually been considered to start on Tuomas’s nameday on December 21 and to continue until St. Knut's Day on January 13.

1774

This is reflected in several rhymes and jingles, such as Hyvä Tuomas joulun tuopi, paha Nuutti pois sen viepi (“Good Tuomas the bringer, bad Nuutti the taker of Christmas”). Prior to 1774, Finland also celebrated a third Christmas Day, the day of apostle John the Evangelist on December 27, and a fourth Christmas Day, Massacre of the Innocents on December 28.

December 27

27 December27
This is reflected in several rhymes and jingles, such as Hyvä Tuomas joulun tuopi, paha Nuutti pois sen viepi (“Good Tuomas the bringer, bad Nuutti the taker of Christmas”). Prior to 1774, Finland also celebrated a third Christmas Day, the day of apostle John the Evangelist on December 27, and a fourth Christmas Day, Massacre of the Innocents on December 28.

Massacre of the Innocents

Holy InnocentsThe Holy Innocentsslaughter of the Innocents
This is reflected in several rhymes and jingles, such as Hyvä Tuomas joulun tuopi, paha Nuutti pois sen viepi (“Good Tuomas the bringer, bad Nuutti the taker of Christmas”). Prior to 1774, Finland also celebrated a third Christmas Day, the day of apostle John the Evangelist on December 27, and a fourth Christmas Day, Massacre of the Innocents on December 28.

December 28

28 December28
This is reflected in several rhymes and jingles, such as Hyvä Tuomas joulun tuopi, paha Nuutti pois sen viepi (“Good Tuomas the bringer, bad Nuutti the taker of Christmas”). Prior to 1774, Finland also celebrated a third Christmas Day, the day of apostle John the Evangelist on December 27, and a fourth Christmas Day, Massacre of the Innocents on December 28.

Gustav III of Sweden

Gustav IIIKing Gustav IIIGustavus III
However, King Gustav III of Sweden cut them down to two, because the nobility and bourgeoisie believed that long holidays made the workers too lazy.

Nobility

noblemannoblenobles
However, King Gustav III of Sweden cut them down to two, because the nobility and bourgeoisie believed that long holidays made the workers too lazy.

Bourgeoisie

bourgeoisburgherburghers
However, King Gustav III of Sweden cut them down to two, because the nobility and bourgeoisie believed that long holidays made the workers too lazy.

Finnish Orthodox Church

OrthodoxOrthodox Church of FinlandFinland
The Finnish Orthodox Church spends Christmas at the same time as the Western Christianity.

Western Christianity

WesternWestern ChristianWest
The Finnish Orthodox Church spends Christmas at the same time as the Western Christianity.

Kekri (harvest festival)

Kekri
The Finnish Christmas has acquired some characteristics from the harvest festival kekri, that used to take place around the old All Saints' Day.

All Saints' Day

All SaintsAll HallowsFeast of All Saints
The Finnish Christmas has acquired some characteristics from the harvest festival kekri, that used to take place around the old All Saints' Day.

Joulupukki

Father ChristmasSanta Claus
In Sweden and Finland, joulupukki (Christmas goat) was a man who dressed as a fertility rite character, a goat.

Fertility

fertilemale fertilityfemale fertility
In Sweden and Finland, joulupukki (Christmas goat) was a man who dressed as a fertility rite character, a goat.

Goat

goatsdomestic goatmilk
In Sweden and Finland, joulupukki (Christmas goat) was a man who dressed as a fertility rite character, a goat.

Horn (anatomy)

hornhornshorned
He put goat horns on his head as in shamanistic tradition to look like a goat.

Mask

masksprotective maskritual masks
The outfit also included a mask made of birch bark and a sheepskin coat worn inside-out.

Birch bark

birchbarkbirch-barkbark
The outfit also included a mask made of birch bark and a sheepskin coat worn inside-out.

Birds (disambiguation)

birdAvesavian
Feeding small birds at Christmas is an old tradition and the peasant culture’s ritual that brought good luck to farming.

Barley

malting barleysix-row barleyH. vulgare
The purpose of the barley or oat sheaf was to keep the birds away from the crop in the summer.