Christmas traditions

ChristmasChristmas holidaysother European traditionsArmenian Christmasaround the worldcelebrating Christmascelebrations of the Christmas VigilChristmas as it is celebrated in South AfricaChristmas clothingChristmas Day
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.wikipedia
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Christmas Eve

December 2424 DecemberEve of Nativity
The sending and exchange of Christmas card greetings, observance of fasting and special religious observances such as a midnight Mass or Vespers on Christmas Eve, the burning of a Yule log, and the giving and receiving of presents.
Christmas Day is observed around the world, and Christmas Eve is widely observed as a full or partial holiday in anticipation of Christmas Day.

Christmas card

Antichristmas cardsChristmascharity Christmas card
The sending and exchange of Christmas card greetings, observance of fasting and special religious observances such as a midnight Mass or Vespers on Christmas Eve, the burning of a Yule log, and the giving and receiving of presents.
Many Christmas cards show Christmas traditions, such as seasonal figures (e.g., Santa Claus, snowmen, and reindeer), objects associated with Christmas such as candles, holly, baubles, and Christmas trees, and Christmastime activities such as shopping, caroling, and partying, or other aspects of the season such as the snow and wildlife of the northern winter.

Christianity in Japan

ChristianChristianityJapanese Christians
Christianity in Japan along with Christmas reemerged in the Meiji period.
Christmas in Japan is celebrated on a much larger scale as a commercial and secular festival, but again is not an official public holiday.

Christmas wafer

Sometimes, families also partake in a religious tradition, such as the consumption of a Christmas wafer in Christian families of European ancestry.
Christmas wafer (opłatek, plural opłatki; kalėdaitis, plural kalėdaičiai) is a central European Christian Christmas tradition celebrated in Poland, Lithuania and in some parts of Slovakia during Wigilia, or the Christmas Eve Vigil.


In Catholic Slovakia, the tradition of Jasličkári involves young men dressed as shepherds or angels visiting their neighbors and presenting recitations and songs about the story of the birth of Jesus.
Jasličkári, jaslickare (English:The Infant) or betlehemci (English: The Bethlehemers) is a Christmas tradition within the Catholic communities of Slovakia where a troupe of young men visit the homes of their neighbors and perform recitations and songs to commemorate the story of the birth of Jesus Christ.

Feast of the Seven Fishes

The dinner traditionally consists of seafood, with the Feast of the Seven Fishes, followed by typical Italian Christmas sweets, such as pandoro, panettone, torrone, panforte, struffoli, caggionetti, Monte Bianco or others, depending on the regional cuisine.
The tradition comes from Southern Italy, where it is known simply as The Vigil (La Vigilia). This celebration commemorates the wait, the Vigilia di Natale, for the midnight birth of the baby Jesus.

A Christmas Carol

Christmas Carolnovellanovella of the same name
On Christmas Eve, presents are supposedly delivered in stockings and under the Christmas tree by Father Christmas, who previously had been something like The Ghost of Christmas Present in Charles Dickens' A Christmas Carol (1843), but who has now become mainly conflated with Santa Claus.
Dickens wrote A Christmas Carol during a period when the British were exploring and re-evaluating past Christmas traditions, including carols and newer customs such as Christmas trees.


Christmas DayDecember 25Nativity
Christmas celebrations for many nations include the installing and lighting of Christmas trees, the hanging of Advent wreaths, Christmas stockings, candy canes, setting out cookies and milk, and the creation of Nativity scenes depicting the birth of Jesus Christ.
In addition, several closely related and often interchangeable figures, known as Santa Claus, Father Christmas, Saint Nicholas, and Christkind, are associated with bringing gifts to children during the Christmas season and have their own body of traditions and lore.

Bulgarian budnik

On that day, a Bulgarian budnik is set alight.
Budnik (transliterated),, refers to a log brought into the house and placed on the fire on the evening of Christmas Eve, a central tradition in Slavic Christmas celebrations in Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Serbia, and Montenegro, much like a yule log in other European traditions (in the Bulgarian, Croatian, and Serbian languages, the name for Christmas Eve is derived from the term badnjak or budnik) as well as the Bulgarian name for Christmas Eve (bg:Бъдни вечер).

Christmas in Iceland

Þrettándinnin Iceland and the Faroe IslandsJól
The Christmas or Yule (Jól in Icelandic) celebration in Iceland starts four Sundays before Christmas proper, which begins on December 24 (Advent) and ends thirteen days later on January 6.
Iceland at Christmas worldwide

Christmas window

Christmas Windows
Christmas-related tourist attractions, such as the Rockefeller Center Christmas tree and elaborate animated department store Christmas windows in New York City are heavily visited by tourists from all over the world.
Christmas worldwide

Day of the Little Candles

Candles and Lanterns Festivalcandlelight festival
While Christmas decorations may be put up as early as the beginning of November, the unofficial start of Colombian Christmas festivities takes place on December 7, Día de las Velitas, or "Day of the Candles."


Christmas Eve ends with Pasterka, the Midnight Mass at the local church.
Christmas worldwide


Father ChristmasSanta Claus
Children do not hang up stockings in Finland but Joulupukki visits the household, maybe with a tonttu to help him distribute the presents.
Section on Finland in Christmas worldwide


Snow MaidenSnegourochkaSnegurochka, aka the Snow Maiden
With his young, blond assistant Snegurochka (the "Snow Maiden", said to be his granddaughter) at his side, he visits homes and gives gifts to good children (not true for former Yugoslavian countries).
* Christmas in Russia


carolingkoledaKoliada winter festival
In Bulgaria, Christmas (Коледа, Koleda or more formally Рождество Христово, Rozhdestvo Hristovo, "Nativity of Jesus") is celebrated on December 25 and is preceded by Christmas Eve (Бъдни вечер, Badni vecher). Traditionally, Christmas Eve would be the climax of the Nativity Fast, and thus only an odd number of lenten dishes are presented on that evening.

Christmas and holiday season

holiday seasonChristmas seasonholiday shopping season
The Christmas and holiday season begins around the end of November with a major shopping kickoff on Black Friday, the day after the U.S. holiday of Thanksgiving, though Christmas decorations and music playing in stores sometimes extend into the period between Halloween and Thanksgiving.

2013–14 in Spanish football

2013–142013–142013–14 season
All competitions stopped during the Christmas holidays between 23 December 2013 and 2 January 2014.

2012–13 in Spanish football

2012–132012–132012–13 season
All competitions made a break during Christmas holidays between 24 December 2012 and 3 January 2013.

Mrs. Claus

his wifeMargaret ClausMrs. Santa Claus
Mrs. Claus (also known as Mrs Santa Claus) is the wife of Santa Claus, the Christmas gift-bringer in American and European Christmas tradition.

Christmas gift-bringer

gift-bringer at Christmas
A number of Midwinter or Christmas traditions in European folklore involve gift-bringers. Mostly involving the figure of a bearded old man, the traditions have mutually influenced one another, and have adopted aspects from Christian hagiography, even before the modern period.

Christmas in Hungary

Christmas in Hungary is celebrated with traditions similar to those found in other Central European countries (See: Christmas worldwide) as well as customs unique to the region.

Formal wear

formalevening wearformal attire
Formal wear, formal attire or full dress is the traditional Western dress code category applicable for the most formal occasions, such as weddings, christenings, confirmations, funerals, Easter and Christmas traditions, in addition to certain audiences, balls, and horse racing events.

Serbian Christmas traditions

Detinjcitheir own customs regarding ChristmasBadnjak ceremony
The badnjak is an oak log or branch brought into the house and placed on the fire on the evening of Christmas Eve, much like a yule log in other European traditions.