A report on Christology

Paolo Veronese, The Resurrection of Jesus Christ (ca. 1560).
Christ Pantocrator, Holy Trinity's monastery, Meteora, Greece
Saint Paul delivering the Areopagus sermon in Athens, by Raphael, 1515
The Four Evangelists, by Pieter Soutman, 17th century
Christological spectrum during the 5th–7th centuries showing the views of the Church of the East (light blue), the Eastern Orthodox and Catholic Churches (light purple), and the Miaphysite Churches (pink).

Branch of theology that concerns Jesus.

- Christology
Paolo Veronese, The Resurrection of Jesus Christ (ca. 1560).

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Reginald H. Fuller

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Anglo-American biblical scholar, ecumenist, and Anglican priest.

Anglo-American biblical scholar, ecumenist, and Anglican priest.

His works are recognized for their consequential analysis of New Testament Christology.

Christians believe that Jesus is the mediator of the New Covenant. His famous sermon from a hill representing Mount Zion is considered by many Christian scholars to be the antitype of the proclamation of the Old Covenant by Moses from Mount Sinai.

Epistle to the Hebrews

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One of the books of the New Testament.

One of the books of the New Testament.

Christians believe that Jesus is the mediator of the New Covenant. His famous sermon from a hill representing Mount Zion is considered by many Christian scholars to be the antitype of the proclamation of the Old Covenant by Moses from Mount Sinai.

The epistle casts Jesus as both exalted Son and High Priest, a unique dual Christology.

Larry Hurtado

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American New Testament scholar, historian of early Christianity, and Emeritus Professor of New Testament Language, Literature, and Theology at the University of Edinburgh (1996–2011).

American New Testament scholar, historian of early Christianity, and Emeritus Professor of New Testament Language, Literature, and Theology at the University of Edinburgh (1996–2011).

He was an authority on the Gospels (especially the Gospel of Mark), the Apostle Paul, early Christology, the Jewish background of the New Testament, and textual criticism of the New Testament.

IHS monogram, with kneeling angels, atop the main altar, Church of the Gesù, Rome.

Holy Name of Jesus

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In Catholicism, the veneration Holy Name of Jesus (also Most Holy Name of Jesus, Santissimo Nome di Gesù) developed as a separate type of devotion in the Early modern period, in parallel to that of the Sacred Heart.

In Catholicism, the veneration Holy Name of Jesus (also Most Holy Name of Jesus, Santissimo Nome di Gesù) developed as a separate type of devotion in the Early modern period, in parallel to that of the Sacred Heart.

IHS monogram, with kneeling angels, atop the main altar, Church of the Gesù, Rome.
An 11th-century Gospel of Matthew (1:18-21), with Matthew 1:21 which indicates a) Jesus as the saviour.
IHS monogram, Montmorency, France.
The Jesuit logo has three nails (symbolizing the Crucifixion) below the IHS monogram with a cross.
IHS with angels and a Crown of Thorns, in Hostýn, Czech Republic.

Matthew 1:21 provides the beginnings of the Christology of the name Jesus.

An altarpiece in Ascoli Piceno, Italy,
by Carlo Crivelli (15th century)

Thomas Aquinas

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Italian Dominican friar and priest, who was an immensely influential philosopher, theologian, and jurist in the tradition of scholasticism; he is known within the scholastic tradition as the Doctor Angelicus, the Doctor Communis, and the Doctor Universalis.

Italian Dominican friar and priest, who was an immensely influential philosopher, theologian, and jurist in the tradition of scholasticism; he is known within the scholastic tradition as the Doctor Angelicus, the Doctor Communis, and the Doctor Universalis.

An altarpiece in Ascoli Piceno, Italy,
by Carlo Crivelli (15th century)
The Castle of Monte San Giovanni Campano
Thomas is girded by angels with a mystical belt of purity after his proof of chastity. Painting by Diego Velázquez.
Triumph of St Thomas Aquinas, "Doctor Communis", between Plato and Aristotle, Benozzo Gozzoli, 1471. Louvre, Paris.
Icon of the crucifixion speaking to Thomas Aquinas is depicted on this stained glass window in Saint Patrick Church (Columbus, Ohio).
Triumph of St. Thomas Aquinas, "Doctor Angelicus", with saints and angels, Andrea di Bonaiuto, 1366. Basilica of Santa Maria Novella, fresco.
The remains of Thomas Aquinas are buried in the Church of the Jacobins in Toulouse.
St. Thomas Aquinas and the Pope
Detail of The Apotheosis of Saint Thomas Aquinas by Francisco de Zurbarán, 1631
Saint Thomas Aquinas by Luis Muñoz Lafuente
Super libros de generatione et corruptione
Super Physicam Aristotelis, 1595
Thomas Aquinas by Bartolomé Esteban Murillo, 1650
17th-century sculpture of Thomas Aquinas
Portrait of St. Thomas by Antonio del Castillo y Saavedra, c. 1649
A stained glass window of Thomas Aquinas in St. Joseph's Catholic Church (Central City, Kentucky)

With respect to Paul's assertion that Christ, "though he was in the form of God... emptied himself" (Philippians 2:6–7) in becoming human, Thomas offered an articulation of divine kenosis that has informed much subsequent Catholic Christology.

According to Aristotle, "physis" (nature) is dependent on "techne" (art)

Physis

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Greek philosophical, theological, and scientific term, usually translated into English—according to its Latin translation "natura"—as "nature".

Greek philosophical, theological, and scientific term, usually translated into English—according to its Latin translation "natura"—as "nature".

According to Aristotle, "physis" (nature) is dependent on "techne" (art)

Although found in the context of the Trinitarian debate, it is chiefly important in the Christology of Cyril of Alexandria.

Acts 26:7–8, 20 on Papyrus 29 (c. AD 250).

Acts of the Apostles

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Fifth book of the New Testament; it tells of the founding of the Christian Church and the spread of its message to the Roman Empire.

Fifth book of the New Testament; it tells of the founding of the Christian Church and the spread of its message to the Roman Empire.

Acts 26:7–8, 20 on Papyrus 29 (c. AD 250).
Ministry of the Apostles: Russian icon by Fyodor Zubov, 1660
Acts 1:1–2a from the 14th century Minuscule 223
Paul's conversion, from Livre d'Heures d'Étienne Chevalier (c. 1450–1460), Jean Fouquet, in the Château de Chantilly
Saint Paul Writing His Epistles, ascribed to Valentin de Boulogne, 17th century

There are also major differences between Acts and Paul on Christology (the understanding of Christ's nature), eschatology (the understanding of the "last things"), and apostleship.

Portrait of Rahner by L. M. Cremer

Karl Rahner

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German Jesuit priest and theologian who, alongside Henri de Lubac, Hans Urs von Balthasar, and Yves Congar, is considered to be one of the most influential Roman Catholic theologians of the 20th century.

German Jesuit priest and theologian who, alongside Henri de Lubac, Hans Urs von Balthasar, and Yves Congar, is considered to be one of the most influential Roman Catholic theologians of the 20th century.

Portrait of Rahner by L. M. Cremer
The Karl Rahner centre in Freiburg
Rahner interviewed in 1974
Christology flowchart explaining the various Christological positions and their names

Moreover, Rahner advances the possibility of multiple Incarnations, but does not delve into it: given the strong Christological orientation of his theology, it does not appear likely he would have propended for repetitions of the Incarnation of Christ.

Oscar Cullmann

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Lutheran theologian.

Lutheran theologian.

Cullmann's studies on Christian eschatology and Christology drove him to propose a third position over against the popular positions of C. H. Dodd and Albert Schweitzer, known as "redemptive history" or "inaugurated eschatology".

Wolfhart Pannenberg

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German Lutheran theologian.

German Lutheran theologian.

Pannenberg speaking at a Christian Democratic Union conference in Bonn in 1983

Pannenberg is perhaps best known for Jesus: God and Man in which he constructs a Christology "from below", deriving his dogmatic claims from a critical examination of the life and particularly the resurrection of Jesus of Nazareth.