Chrome OS

Chrome OS 87 Desktop
Chrome OS 87 Desktop
Samsung Chromebook
Chromebook Pixel (Wi-Fi) open
A Chromebook

Proprietary Linux-based operating system designed by Google.

- Chrome OS
Chrome OS 87 Desktop

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Alpha

Android 12 home screen with Pixel Launcher

Android (operating system)

Mobile operating system based on a modified version of the Linux kernel and other open source software, designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets.

Mobile operating system based on a modified version of the Linux kernel and other open source software, designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets.

Android 12 home screen with Pixel Launcher
Android 12 home screen with Pixel Launcher
HTC Dream or T-Mobile G1, the first commercially released device running Android (2008)
Eric Schmidt, Andy Rubin and Hugo Barra at a 2012 press conference announcing Google's Nexus 7 tablet
Frontal buttons (home, menu/options, go back, search) and optical track pad of an HTC Desire, a 2010 smartphone with Android OS.
The stack of Android Open Source Project
Android's architecture diagram
The first-generation Nexus 7 tablet, running Android 4.1 Jelly Bean
Barnes & Noble Nook running Android
Ouya, a video game console which runs Android
Android-x86 running on an ASUS Eee PC netbook

Android comes preinstalled on a few laptops (a similar functionality of running Android applications is also available in Google's Chrome OS) and can also be installed on personal computers by end users.

Samsung Series 3 Chromebook

Chromebook

Samsung Series 3 Chromebook
Samsung Series 3 Chromebook
Samsung Chromebook Series 3 with bottom panel removed
Chromebooks at a Staples retail store
A Paradise Valley Unified School District student using a Chromebook as part of the organization's pilot project
Cr-48
Chromebook Pixel (WiFi)
Pixelbook
Samsung Series 5
Samsung Series 3 Chromebook

A Chromebook (sometimes stylized in lowercase as chromebook) is a laptop or tablet running the Linux-based Chrome OS as its operating system.

Linux

Family of open-source Unix-like operating systems based on the Linux kernel, an operating system kernel first released on September 17, 1991, by Linus Torvalds.

Family of open-source Unix-like operating systems based on the Linux kernel, an operating system kernel first released on September 17, 1991, by Linus Torvalds.

Linus Torvalds, principal author of the Linux kernel
5.25-inch floppy disks holding a very early version of Linux
Ubuntu, a popular Linux distribution
Nexus 5X running Android
In-flight entertainment system booting up displaying the Linux logo
Simplified history of Unix-like operating systems. Linux shares similar architecture and concepts (as part of the POSIX standard) but does not share non-free source code with the original Unix or MINIX.
Linux is ubiquitously found on various types of hardware.
The name "Linux" is also used for a laundry detergent made by Swiss company Rösch.

Although Linux is used by only around 2.3 percent of desktop computers, the Chromebook, which runs the Linux kernel-based Chrome OS, dominates the US K–12 education market and represents nearly 20 percent of sub-$300 notebook sales in the US.

Google Chrome running on Windows 11

Google Chrome

Cross-platform web browser developed by Google.

Cross-platform web browser developed by Google.

Google Chrome running on Windows 11
Google Chrome running on Windows 11
An early version of Chromium for Linux, explaining the difference between Chrome and Chromium
The results of the Acid3 test on Google Chrome 4.0
Google Chrome Incognito mode message
Screenshot of a Chrome browser crash
Google Chrome Canary application icon
Google Chrome running on an Android phone
Usage share of web browsers according to StatCounter

The browser is also the main component of Chrome OS, where it serves as the platform for web applications.

Google

American multinational technology company that focuses on artificial intelligence, search engine technology, online advertising, cloud computing, computer software, quantum computing, e-commerce, and consumer electronics.

American multinational technology company that focuses on artificial intelligence, search engine technology, online advertising, cloud computing, computer software, quantum computing, e-commerce, and consumer electronics.

Then-CEO, and former Chairman of Google Eric Schmidt with cofounders Sergey Brin and Larry Page (left to right) in 2008
Larry Page and Sergey Brin in 2003
Google's original homepage had a simple design because the company founders had little experience in HTML, the markup language used for designing web pages.
Google's first production server
Eric Schmidt, CEO of Google from 2001 to 2011
Entrance of building where Google and its subsidiary Deep Mind are located at 6 Pancras Square, London
Current Google CEO, Sundar Pichai, with Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi
Google on ad-tech London, 2010
Google's logo from 2013 to 2015
Google employees marching in the Pride in London parade in 2016
Google's New York City office building houses its largest advertising sales team.
Google's Toronto office
Google's Dublin Ireland office, headquarters of Google Ads for Europe
San Francisco activists protest privately owned shuttle buses that transport workers for tech companies such as Google from their homes in San Francisco and Oakland to corporate campuses in Silicon Valley.
The European Commission, which imposed three fines on Google in 2017, 2018, and 2019

It also develops the Google Chrome web browser, and Chrome OS, an operating system based on Chrome.

ARM architecture family

Family of reduced instruction set computer (RISC) instruction set architectures for computer processors, configured for various environments.

Family of reduced instruction set computer (RISC) instruction set architectures for computer processors, configured for various environments.

ARM1 2nd processor for the BBC Micro
Microprocessor-based system on a chip
Die of an ARM610 microprocessor
Die of a STM32F103VGT6 ARM Cortex-M3 microcontroller with 1 MB flash memory by STMicroelectronics
Tronsmart MK908, a Rockchip-based quad-core Android "mini PC", with a microSD card next to it for a size comparison
An ARMv7 was used to power older versions of the popular Raspberry Pi single-board computers like this Raspberry Pi 2 from 2015.
An ARMv7 is also used to power the CuBox family of single-board computers.
ARMv8-A Platform with Cortex A57/A53 MPCore big.LITTLE CPU chip

Chrome OS

HP 2133 Mini-Note PC netbook

Netbook

The marketing term netbook identified small and inexpensive laptops that were sold from 2007 to around 2013; these were generally low-performance.

The marketing term netbook identified small and inexpensive laptops that were sold from 2007 to around 2013; these were generally low-performance.

HP 2133 Mini-Note PC netbook
A low-cost Craig netbook with Android.
A HP Mini 1000 netbook computer, a type of netbook computer
An Asus Eee PC 700, the first mass-produced netbook, which used a 7-inch screen.
Netbook market popularity within laptops in second half of 2008 based on the number of product clicks in the Laptop Subcategory per month by PriceGrabber
A Samsung N130, manufactured in 2010. Although Windows XP was in the process of being supplanted by its successors, Windows Vista and Windows 7, some netbook manufacturers offered the operating system alongside its successors.
Psion netBook
Samsung NC10 motherboard featuring the Intel Atom processor

For Windows 8, in a ploy to counter Chrome OS-based netbooks and low-end Android tablets, Microsoft began to offer no-cost Windows licenses to OEMs for devices with screens smaller than 9 inches in size.

Linux kernel 3.0.0 booting

Linux kernel

Free and open-source, monolithic, modular, multitasking, Unix-like operating system kernel.

Free and open-source, monolithic, modular, multitasking, Unix-like operating system kernel.

Linux kernel 3.0.0 booting
Linux kernel 3.0.0 booting
Linus Torvalds at the LinuxCon Europe 2014 in Düsseldorf
The Linux kernel supports various hardware architectures, providing a common platform for software, including proprietary software.
Map of the Linux kernel
Four interfaces are distinguished: two internal to the kernel, and two between the kernel and userspace.
At XDC2014, Alex Deucher from AMD announced the unified kernel-mode driver. The proprietary Linux graphic driver, libGL-fglrx-glx, will share the same DRM infrastructure with Mesa 3D. As there is no stable in-kernel ABI, AMD had to constantly adapt the former binary blob used by Catalyst.
The Linux Storage Stack Diagram
TiVo DVR, a consumer device running Linux
An example of Linux kernel panic
An iPod booting iPodLinux
Redevelopment costs of Linux kernel
Boot messages of a Linux kernel 2.6.25.17

2018 saw ChromeOS move to building kernels with Clang by default, while Android (operating system) made Clang and LLVM's linker LLD required for kernel builds in 2019.

Google I/O

Annual developer conference held by Google in Mountain View, California.

Annual developer conference held by Google in Mountain View, California.

Google I/O 2008
Sundar Pichai at Google I/O 2015
Sundar Pichai at the Google I/O 2017 Keynote
Google I/O 2017 Android Fireside Chat

Chrome and Chrome OS

Google Play Store on Android

Google Play

Digital distribution service operated and developed by Google.

Digital distribution service operated and developed by Google.

Google Play Store on Android
Google Play Store on Android
Global availability of Google Play
Global availability of Google Play Books
Global availability of Google TV
Global availability of Google Play Pass
Former Google Play logo, 2012
Global availability of Google Play Music
Global availability of Google Play Newsstand
Picture of Google Play Gift Card
Get it on Google Play badge

It serves as the official app store for certified devices running on the Android operating system and its derivatives as well as Chrome OS, allowing users to browse and download applications developed with the Android software development kit (SDK) and published through Google.