Mulato, a Tehuelche Chief.
The approximate distribution of languages in the southernmost regions of South America during the years of the Spanish conquest.
Argentine Geological Society founder Dr. Victorio Angelelli (2nd from right), ca. 1950, whose study of Chubut's mineral wealth identified resources for economic development.
Tehuelche chiefs, located in Santa Cruz Province in the south of Argentina.
Grupo de patagones en puerto Peckett. An 1832 drawing made during the voyage of Jules Dumont d'Urville.
Government House.
Distribution of pre-Hispanic peoples in Southern Patagonia
Trevelin.
Tehuelche Cloak. Museo de La Plata.
Köppen climate map of Chubut, Argentina
The classification of Chonan languages, according to Roberto Lehmann-Nitsche.
Cholila Lake.
Rock art at Cueva de las Manos, Santa Cruz Province.
Los Altares.
Portrait of Chief Junchar by José del Pozo in Puerto Deseado, in 1789, during the Malaspina Expedition (1789–1794).
The town of Esquel.
Tehuelches in Río Gallegos.
Rada Tilly, on the Atlantic Ocean.
Under General Roca, the Conquest of the Desert extended Argentine power into Patagonia
Southern right whale in Península Valdés, its preferred sanctuary.
Elderly Tehuelche woman smoking a tobacco pipe.
Departments of the Province of Chubut.
Rosa Chiquichano, of Tehuelche descent. A past member of the Argentine Chamber of Deputies, representing the Chubut Province.
The Tehuelche flag: The blue of the sea, the brown of the mountains, the black arrow pointing north and the Southern Cross.

Before the Spaniards arrived in the Americas, nomadic indigenous Tehuelche people had inhabited the Patagonia region for thousands of years.

- Chubut Province

However, a large portion of the current names of places in the central plateau retain their Tewsün roots today; for example, the name of the Chubut Province is derived from the term "chupat".

- Tehuelche people

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Patagonia

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Patagonia refers to a geographical region that encompasses the southern end of South America, governed by Argentina and Chile.

Patagonia refers to a geographical region that encompasses the southern end of South America, governed by Argentina and Chile.

Río Negro Province, Argentina.
Ainsworth Bay and Marinelli Glacier, Chile.
View of Punta Arenas, Chile, in winter
Santa Cruz Province
Black-browed albatross, near Ushuaia
Map of the indigenous peoples of Southern Patagonia
Cueva de las Manos site in Santa Cruz, Argentina
Nao Victoria, the replica of the first ship to pass through the Strait of Magellan
An 1840s illustration of indigenous Patagonians from near the Straits of Magellan, from Voyage au pole sud et dans l'Océanie by French explorer Jules Dumont d'Urville
Tehuelche warriors in Patagonia
Map of the advance of the Argentine frontier until the establishment of zanja de Alsina
Under General Roca, the Conquest of the Desert extended Argentine power into Patagonia
Tierra del Fuego sheep ranch, 1942: The region's primary activity then, it has been eclipsed by the decline in the global wool market as much as by petroleum and gas extraction.
Gauchos mustering sheep in Patagonia
Whale watching off the Valdes Peninsula
La Trochita on its Chubut Province route: Formerly the sole rapid transport means in the province, La Trochita is now a tourist attraction.

The people he called the Patagons are now believed to have been the Tehuelche, who tended to be taller than Europeans of the time.

In Chubut Province modern toponymy comes from the word "chupat" belonging to a transitional language between the southern and northern Tehuelche ethnic groups that were located in that region called Tewsün or Teushen.

Santa Cruz Province, Argentina

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Province of Argentina, located in the southern part of the country, in Patagonia.

Province of Argentina, located in the southern part of the country, in Patagonia.

Ochre-ink art in Cueva de las Manos, Santa Cruz. Made by the long-vanished Toldense people, they are 13,000–9,000 years old.
Scene from La Patagonia rebelde. Based on an ill-fated local strike in 1922, the 1974 epic was made with the encouragement of Santa Cruz's governor.
Néstor and Cristina Kirchner (center) in conference with fellow Patagonia-area lawmakers.
The windswept Patagonian landscape of Santa Cruz.
Köppen climate map of Santa Cruz, Argentina
Oceanographic craft ARA Puerto Deseado
Argentine Lake, near El Calafate.
Perito Moreno Glacier, near El Calafate. Until recently, the only glacier of its type in the world that was still expanding.
Río Gallegos Cathedral.
The departaments and the respective capitals.

It borders Chubut Province to the north, and Chile to the west and south, with an Atlantic coast on its east.

The indigenous people of the province are the Tehuelches, who despite European exploration from the 16th century onwards, retained independence until the late 19th century.

Río Negro Province

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Province of Argentina, located at the northern edge of Patagonia.

Province of Argentina, located at the northern edge of Patagonia.

Francisco Moreno
Río Negro, the "black river" and the province's namesake.
Roadside scenery along the Upper Valley of the Rio Negro ("Black River").
Governor Arabella Carreras
Hotel Llao Llao, on Lake Nahuel Huapi. Tourism adds at least 10% to Rio Negro's economy.
Lake Nahuel Huapi, the most famous among the Andes range's many lakes.
Las Grutas beach
Political division of the northern Patagonia; capital cities and heads of departments labeled, national roads and main rivers.
View of Lake Nahuel Huapi and the city of Bariloche.

Neighboring provinces are from the south clockwise Chubut, Neuquén, Mendoza, La Pampa and Buenos Aires.

The province is home to four indigenous groups: The Tehuelches, the Puelches, the Pehuenches, and the Mapuches.

Chief Inacayal

Inacayal

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Chief Inacayal

Inacayal (1835-1888) was a cacique (chief) of the Tehuelche people in Patagonia, Argentina who led a resistance against government.

His remains were finally returned to his people in 1994 for reinterment in the Comunidad Tehuelche Mapuche of Chubut Province.