Chung Do Kwan

Chung Do Kwan style of Tae Kwon Do
Chung Do Kwan, created by Won Kuk Lee in 1944, is one of the first of nine schools or kwan teaching Tang Soo Do, later the school began to teach what came to be known as taekwondo.wikipedia
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Won Kuk Lee

Lee Won Kuk
Chung Do Kwan, created by Won Kuk Lee in 1944, is one of the first of nine schools or kwan teaching Tang Soo Do, later the school began to teach what came to be known as taekwondo.
Won Kuk Lee (이원국, Hanja: 李元國) (April 13, 1907 – February 2, 2003) was a South Korean martial artist, who founded Chung Do Kwan.

Kwan (martial arts)

kwanspioneers of taekwondokwan
Chung Do Kwan, created by Won Kuk Lee in 1944, is one of the first of nine schools or kwan teaching Tang Soo Do, later the school began to teach what came to be known as taekwondo.

Tang Soo Do

TangSooDoHwa Soo DoT'ang Soo Do
Chung Do Kwan, created by Won Kuk Lee in 1944, is one of the first of nine schools or kwan teaching Tang Soo Do, later the school began to teach what came to be known as taekwondo.
By the 1960s, there were nine major kwans, which were based on an original five: 1) the Chung Do Kwan (Won Kuk Lee), 2) Moo Duk Kwan (Hwang Kee), 3) Song Moo Kwan (Ro Byung Jick), 4) Chang Moo Kwan (Yoon Byung-In), and 5) Jidokwan (Chun Sang Sup).

Karate

karatekasport karateKaratedo
Lee had studied Taekkyon in An Gup Dong (a neighborhood in Seoul), karate with Sensei Gichin Funakoshi in Okinawa, and kung fu at centers in Henan and Shanghai in China.
Won Kuk Lee, a Korean student of Funakoshi, founded the first martial arts school after the Japanese occupation of Korea ended in 1945, called the Chung Do Kwan.

Duk Sung Son

However, when Lee politely refused, President Rhee arrested Lee as well as one of his senior students, Duk Sung Son.
Duk Sung Son (Hangul: 손덕성, Hanja: 孫德成) (June 17, 1922 – March 29, 2011) was a martial artist, Grand Master, 9th degree black belt, Co-Founder of the Korean martial art of Tae Kwon Do, successor of Won Kuk Lee and leader of the Chung Do Kwan school (1950–1959).

Jhoon Goo Rhee

Jhoon RheeJhoon-Rhee TaekwondoRhee, Jhoon Goo
Jhoon Rhee was a graduate of the Chung Do Kwan.
Rhee received martial art training under Nam Tae Hi and graduated from the Chung Do Kwan.

Choi Hong Hi

General Choi Hong HiH. H. ChoiChoi Hong-hui
The name "Taekwondo" was proposed in 1955 by Choi Hong Hi. Rhee introduced Americans to the Oh Do Kwan Hyungs called Chang Hon, which were developed by Choi Hong Hi, Nam Tae Hi, Han Cha Kyo, Kong Young Il, Choi Chang Keun, Kim Bok Man and Park Jung Tae and are still used by the late Choi's ITF today (Cheon-Ji, Dan-Gun, Do-San, Won-Hyo, Yul-Gok, Jung-Geun, Toi-Gye, Hwa-Rang, Chung-Mu, Gwang-Gae).
Choi founded the Oh Do Kwan, and held an honorary 4th dan ranking in the Chung Do Kwan.

Nam Tae Hi

Nam Tae-HiNam, Tae Hi
Rhee introduced Americans to the Oh Do Kwan Hyungs called Chang Hon, which were developed by Choi Hong Hi, Nam Tae Hi, Han Cha Kyo, Kong Young Il, Choi Chang Keun, Kim Bok Man and Park Jung Tae and are still used by the late Choi's ITF today (Cheon-Ji, Dan-Gun, Do-San, Won-Hyo, Yul-Gok, Jung-Geun, Toi-Gye, Hwa-Rang, Chung-Mu, Gwang-Gae).
Nam's training continued in the Chung Do Kwan under Won Kuk Lee.

Kukkiwon

World Taekwondo Headquarters
Uhm also served as President of Kukkiwon (World Taekwondo Headquarters).
Woon Kyu Uhm of the Chung Do Kwan was elected President on 2 March 2004.

Taekwondo

Tae Kwon DoTaekwon-DoTaekwando
Chung Do Kwan, created by Won Kuk Lee in 1944, is one of the first of nine schools or kwan teaching Tang Soo Do, later the school began to teach what came to be known as taekwondo.

Taekkyeon

TaekkyonTaekyonTae Kyun
Lee had studied Taekkyon in An Gup Dong (a neighborhood in Seoul), karate with Sensei Gichin Funakoshi in Okinawa, and kung fu at centers in Henan and Shanghai in China.

Seoul

Seoul, South KoreaSeoul, KoreaHanseong
Lee had studied Taekkyon in An Gup Dong (a neighborhood in Seoul), karate with Sensei Gichin Funakoshi in Okinawa, and kung fu at centers in Henan and Shanghai in China.

Gichin Funakoshi

Funakoshi Gichin
Lee had studied Taekkyon in An Gup Dong (a neighborhood in Seoul), karate with Sensei Gichin Funakoshi in Okinawa, and kung fu at centers in Henan and Shanghai in China. Lee trained under Gichin Funakoshi Sensei at Chuo University in Japan.

Okinawa Prefecture

OkinawaOkinawanOkinawa, Japan
Lee had studied Taekkyon in An Gup Dong (a neighborhood in Seoul), karate with Sensei Gichin Funakoshi in Okinawa, and kung fu at centers in Henan and Shanghai in China.

Henan

Henan ProvinceHenan, ChinaHonan
Lee had studied Taekkyon in An Gup Dong (a neighborhood in Seoul), karate with Sensei Gichin Funakoshi in Okinawa, and kung fu at centers in Henan and Shanghai in China.

Shanghai

Shanghai, ChinaSHAShanghai Municipality
Lee had studied Taekkyon in An Gup Dong (a neighborhood in Seoul), karate with Sensei Gichin Funakoshi in Okinawa, and kung fu at centers in Henan and Shanghai in China.

China

People's Republic of ChinaChineseCHN
Lee had studied Taekkyon in An Gup Dong (a neighborhood in Seoul), karate with Sensei Gichin Funakoshi in Okinawa, and kung fu at centers in Henan and Shanghai in China.

Dan (rank)

dandan ranknidan
Lee earned 4th dan ranking in Shotokan karate.

Shotokan

Shotokan KarateShōtōkanShotokan-ryu
Lee earned 4th dan ranking in Shotokan karate.

Korea under Japanese rule

KoreaJapanese KoreaJapanese occupation
Chung Do Kwan was the second oldest of the martial arts schools, or "kwans", that were established following the Japanese Occupation of Korea, being established shortly after the Song Moo Kwan.

Sensei

Master先生Ji Do Poep Sa Nim
Lee trained under Gichin Funakoshi Sensei at Chuo University in Japan.

Chuo University

ChuoChūō UniversityShiiou University
Lee trained under Gichin Funakoshi Sensei at Chuo University in Japan.

Japan

JPNJapaneseJP
Lee trained under Gichin Funakoshi Sensei at Chuo University in Japan.

Chinese martial arts

kung fukung-fuwushu
Lee had studied Taekkyon in An Gup Dong (a neighborhood in Seoul), karate with Sensei Gichin Funakoshi in Okinawa, and kung fu at centers in Henan and Shanghai in China.

Koreans

KoreanSouth KoreanKorean people
The reason for this was that many Koreans at that time were poor and could not afford frequent testings.