Churchill caretaker ministry
Churchill Caretakercaretaker governmentCaretaker Min.Caretaker Government 19451945 caretaker governmentadministrationCaretaker coalitioncaretaker government in 1945caretaker government.caretaker ministry
In 1945, the Churchill caretaker ministry was a short-term United Kingdom (UK) government during the latter stages of the Second World War from 23 May to 26 July.wikipedia
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1945 general election19451945 election
On 23 May 1945, the Labour and Liberal members of the coalition resigned in order to prepare for the forthcoming general election, the first held in the UK since 1935.
The caretaker government led by Churchill was heavily defeated; the Labour Party under Attlee's leadership won a landslide victory, gaining a majority of 145 seats.
War CabinetCoalition Governmentwar-time coalition government
The caretaker ministry succeeded the national coalition which Churchill had formed after he was first appointed Prime Minister on 10 May 1940.
Churchill, who was the leader of the Conservative Party, decided to resign but was asked by the King to form a caretaker government, essentially a Conservative one, to manage the country's affairs until completion of the general election on 26 July that year.
MacmillanHarold Macmillan, 1st Earl of StocktonMaurice Harold Macmillan
He was Secretary of State for Air for two months in Churchill's caretaker government, 'much of which was taken up in electioneering', there being 'nothing much to be done in the way of forward planning'.
Sir Winston ChurchillChurchillChurchill, Winston
The Prime Minister was Winston Churchill, leader of the Conservative Party.
Later that day, he accepted the King's invitation to form a new government, known officially as the National Government, like the Conservative-dominated coalition of the 1930s, but in practice known as the Churchill caretaker ministry.
Lord PresidentThe Lord President of the CouncilLord President of the Privy Council
Secretary for ScotlandScottish SecretarySecretary of State
Keeper of the Privy SealLord Keeper of the Privy SealPrivy Seal
First Lord of TradeBoard of TradePresident
ChancellorSecond Lord of the TreasuryChancellors of the Exchequer
Colonial SecretaryColonial OfficeBritish Secretary of State for the Colonies
First Lords of the AdmiraltyList of the First Lords of the AdmiraltyFirst Lord
Labour governmentpost-war Labour governmentAttlee government
The result of the general election was a landslide Labour victory and, on 26 July 1945, Clement Attlee replaced Churchill as Prime Minister and formed a Labour government.
Leader of the HouseDeputy Leader of the House of CommonsLeader
Sir John SimonJohn SimonViscount Simon
In May 1945, after the end of the wartime Coalition, Simon continued as Lord Chancellor but was not included in the Cabinet of the short-lived Churchill caretaker ministry.
Sir Donald SomervellDonald SomervellLord Somervell of Harrow
In 1945 he was briefly Home Secretary in Winston Churchill's caretaker government.
Foreign SecretarySecretary of State for Foreign AffairsBritish Foreign Secretary
Secretary of State for India and BurmaSecretary of StateIndia Secretary
Minister of Agriculture and FisheriesPresident of the Board of AgricultureMinister of Agriculture
Secretary of State for HealthMinister of HealthHealth Secretary
Brendan Bracken, 1st Viscount BrackenBrendanViscount Bracken
In 1945, after the break-up of the wartime coalition, Bracken was briefly made First Lord of the Admiralty in the Churchill caretaker ministry, but lost the post in the fall of the Churchill government to Clement Attlee's Labour Party.
Secretary of State for the Home DepartmentHome SecretariesBritish Home Secretary
R. A. ButlerR.A. ButlerButler
After the end of the European War in May, Butler was Minister of Labour for two months in the Churchill caretaker ministry.
Minister of LabourDepartment of EmploymentMinister of Labour and National Service
Oliver LytteltonOliver LyttletonLyttelton
He was again President of the Board of Trade in Churchill's brief 1945 caretaker government.
Sir Hamilton Kerr, 1st BaronetHamilton William Kerr
During the Second World War, he served in a balloon squadron in the Royal Air Force and briefly held office as Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Health in the 1945 caretaker government.