A filtered cigarette
A woman smoking a cigarette, the most common method of tobacco smoking
An electronic cigarette
Aztec women are handed flowers and smoking tubes before eating at a banquet, Florentine Codex, 16th century.
A reproduction of a carving from the temple at Palenque, Mexico, depicting a Maya deity using a smoking tube
Gentlemen Smoking and Playing Backgammon in an Interior by Dirck Hals, 1627
Francisco Goya's La Cometa, depicting a (foreground left) man smoking an early quasicigarette
Bonsack's cigarette rolling machine, as shown on U.S. patent 238,640
A 1942 ad encourages women to smoke Camel brand cigarettes.
A lengthy study conducted in order to establish the strong association necessary for legislative action (US cigarette consumption per person blue, male lung cancer rate brown)
Diagram of a cigarette
Tendu Patta (Leaf) collection for Beedi industries
Leones Africanos brand cigarettes from the mid-20th century, part of the permanent collection of the Museo del Objeto del Objeto
A graph that shows the efficiency of smoking as a way to absorb nicotine compared to other forms of intake.
A discarded cigarette butt, lying on dirty snow
Sigmund Freud, whose doctor assisted his suicide because of oral cancer caused by smoking
Various types of electronic cigarettes.
Common adverse effects of tobacco smoking. The more common effects are in bold face.
Artistas brand cigarette package of Mexico from the Museo del Objeto del Objeto collection
Skull with a burning cigarette, by Vincent van Gogh.
Tabak-Trafik in Vienna: Since January 1, 2007, all cigarette machines in Austria must attempt to verify a customer's age by requiring the insertion of a debit card or mobile phone verification.
An enclosed smoking area in a Japanese train station. Notice the air vent on the roof.
Simple molecular representation of cellulose acetate with one of the acetate groups on the cellulose backbone shown by the red circle
Discarded Newport cigarettes packs found in Olneyville, Rhode Island - 2008
Chemical hydrolysis of cellulose acetate
The chemical structure change of cellulose into glucose
A cigarette disposal canister, encouraging the public to dispose of their cigarettes properly
A Woolworths supermarket cigarette counter in New South Wales, Australia: In January 2011, Australia prohibited the display of cigarettes in retail outlets countrywide.
Cigarette salespeople in Jakarta, Indonesia

The smoke may be inhaled, as is done with cigarettes, or simply released from the mouth, as is generally done with pipes and cigars.

- Tobacco smoking

An electronic cigarette is a handheld battery-powered vaporizer that simulates smoking by providing some of the behavioral aspects of smoking, including the hand-to-mouth action of smoking, but without combusting tobacco.

- Cigarette
A filtered cigarette

8 related topics

Alpha

Tobacco flakes, sliced from pressed plugs

Tobacco

Common name of several plants in the genus Nicotiana of the family Solanaceae, and the general term for any product prepared from the cured leaves of these plants.

Common name of several plants in the genus Nicotiana of the family Solanaceae, and the general term for any product prepared from the cured leaves of these plants.

Tobacco flakes, sliced from pressed plugs
Tobacco drying kiln in Myrtleford, Victoria, Australia, 2018. This kiln was built in 1957, and moved to Rotary Park in 2000. Kilns of this structure were made from the early 1930s through to the late 1960s.
Basma tobacco leaves drying in the sun at Pomak village in Xanthi, Greece
William Michael Harnett (American, 1848–1892), Still Life with Three Castles Tobacco, 1880, Brooklyn Museum.
The earliest depiction of a European man smoking, from Tobacco by Anthony Chute, 1595.
An Indian man smoking tobacco on hookah, Rajasthan, India.
An illustration from Frederick William Fairholt's Tobacco, its History and Association, 1859
Tobacco plant and tobacco leaf from the Deli plantations in Sumatra, 1905
Nicotine is the compound responsible for the addictive nature of tobacco use.
Tobacco (Nicotiana rustica) flower, leaves, and buds
Illustration with photographs of tobacco leaves infested by Lasioderma serricorne (tobacco beetles), from Runner, G. A., The tobacco beetle (1919), Bulletin of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Biodiversity Heritage Library
Tobacco plants growing in a field in Intercourse, Pennsylvania.
Tobacco barn in Simsbury, Connecticut used for air curing of shade tobacco
Sun-cured tobacco, Bastam, Iran
Tobacco production, 2018
Tobacco production in Portuguese Timor in the 1930s
Tobacco plantation, Pinar del Río, Cuba
Tobacco harvesting, Viñales Valley, Cuba

Dried tobacco leaves are mainly used for smoking in cigarettes and cigars, as well as pipes and shishas.

A cigar with a semi-airtight storage tube and a double guillotine-style cutter

Cigar

A cigar with a semi-airtight storage tube and a double guillotine-style cutter
Harry Nelson Pillsbury smoking a cigar
Indigenous tobacco pipe on display at the regional museum in San Andrés Tuxtla
Inside an Ybor City cigar factory c. 1920
Hand rolling cigars and relevant artifacts, Ybor City Museum State Park display, Tampa, Florida
An aged tobacco leaf being examined
Cigar makers in Puerto Rico, c. 1942
Vendor rolling cigars at the Eyipantla Falls in San Andrés Tuxtla, Mexico
Cigars (top to bottom) by H. Upmann, Montecristo, Macanudo, Romeo y Julieta
A Tuscan cigar
Cigar cases from the Te Amo and Sihuapan manufacturers in Mexico
Arturo Fuente cigar boxes at 2005 Tampa Cigar Heritage Festival. The Montesino cigars are also produced by Tabacalera A. Fuente y Cia.
Darker wrappers reflect tobacco type, age, and greater fermentation
Long-leaf filler as used in a hand-rolled cigar (slightly crumbled during cutting)
Short or chopped filler
World's largest cigar at the Tobacco and Matchstick Museum in Skansen, Stockholm, Sweden
The parejo is the easiest and least expensive common cigar shape to produce
Cohiba Mini and Dannemann Moods cigarillos
A double guillotine-style cutter, used for cutting the tip of a cigar, next a hand-rolled H. Upmann Coronas Major cigar. The "Made in Cuba" label (see Cuban cigar) is visible on the lower tube
Illustration with photographs of tobacco leaves infested by Lasioderma serricorne (tobacco beetles), from Runner, G. A., The tobacco beetle (1919), Bulletin of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Biodiversity Heritage Library
A cigar case made of crocodile skin with sterling silver appointments bearing a Birmingham hallmark for 1904
A cigar holder stood on end
Display of various cigar cases with prices in a cigar store in Amsterdam, Netherlands

A cigar is a rolled bundle of dried and fermented tobacco leaves made to be smoked.

Towards the end of the 18th century and in the 19th century, cigar smoking was common, while cigarettes were comparatively rare.

A diagram of the human body showing cancers and chronic diseases caused by smoking

Health effects of tobacco

Tobacco use has predominantly negative effects on human health and concern about health effects of tobacco has a long history.

Tobacco use has predominantly negative effects on human health and concern about health effects of tobacco has a long history.

A diagram of the human body showing cancers and chronic diseases caused by smoking
Addiction experts in psychiatry, chemistry, pharmacology, forensic science, epidemiology, and the police and legal services engaged in delphic analysis regarding 20 popular recreational drugs. Tobacco was ranked 3rd in dependence, 14th in physical harm, and 12th in social harm.
Share of cancer deaths attributed to tobacco in 2016
Since establishing causation through experimental trials was not possible due to ethical restrictions, a lengthy study was conducted in order to establish the strong association necessary to allow for legislative action against tobacco consumption.
Smoking can cause atherosclerosis, leading to coronary artery disease and peripheral arterial disease.
Tobacco stains on primarily the second and third fingers of a heavy smoker
Dental radiograph showing bone loss in a 32 year old heavy smoker
Protein AZGP1
Nicotine molecule
Posted sign to avoid passive smoking in York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
A sign forbidding the use of cigarettes, e-cigarettes and hookah in Tbilisi, Georgia
Share of deaths from smoking, 2017<ref>{{cite web |title=Share of deaths from smoking |url=https://ourworldindata.org/grapher/share-deaths-smoking |website=Our World in Data |access-date=5 March 2020}}</ref>
The number of deaths attributed to smoking per 100,000 people in 2017<ref>{{cite web |title=Death rate from smoking |url=https://ourworldindata.org/grapher/death-rate-smoking?tab=map |website=Our World in Data |access-date=5 March 2020}}</ref>
Average price of a pack of 20 cigarettes, measured in international dollars in 2014.<ref>{{cite web |title=Average price of a pack of cigarettes |url=https://ourworldindata.org/grapher/average-price-of-a-pack-of-cigarettes |website=Our World in Data |access-date=5 March 2020}}</ref>
Taxes as a share of cigarette price, 2014<ref>{{cite web |title=Taxes as a share of cigarette price |url=https://ourworldindata.org/grapher/taxes-as-share-of-cigarette-price |website=Our World in Data |access-date=5 March 2020}}</ref>
Types of bans on tobacco advertising, 2014<ref>{{cite web |title=Enforcement of bans on tobacco advertising |url=https://ourworldindata.org/grapher/enforcement-of-bans-on-tobacco-advertising |website=Our World in Data |access-date=5 March 2020}}</ref>
Support to help quit tobacco use, 2014<ref>{{cite web |title=Support to help quit tobacco use |url=https://ourworldindata.org/grapher/support-to-help-to-quit-tobacco-use |website=Our World in Data |access-date=5 March 2020}}</ref>

Research has focused primarily on cigarette smoking.

Tobacco taxes that increase the price of tobacco products have also been enacted.

Tobacco smoke in an Irish pub before a smoking ban came into effect on March 29, 2004

Tobacco smoke

Tobacco smoke in an Irish pub before a smoking ban came into effect on March 29, 2004

Tobacco smoke is a sooty aerosol produced by the incomplete combustion of tobacco during the smoking of cigarettes and other tobacco products.

A vaporization heat wand and vaporization chamber bowl used to deliver vapor through a water pipe

Vaporizer (inhalation device)

Device used to vaporize substances for inhalation.

Device used to vaporize substances for inhalation.

A vaporization heat wand and vaporization chamber bowl used to deliver vapor through a water pipe
Various types of electronic cigarettes.
Vaporizer with water-cooling
A conduction-style vaporizer
A passive-convection "vaporization pipe" with flame filter
A portable radiation vaporiser
A Storz & Bickel Volcano, a forced-air vaporizer. The detachable balloon (top) fills with vapors that are then inhaled

An electronic cigarette is a handheld battery-powered vaporizer that simulates smoking by providing some of the behavioral aspects of smoking, including the hand-to-mouth action of smoking, but without combusting tobacco.

Some e-cigarettes look like traditional cigarettes, but they come in many variations.

General structure of α,β-unsaturated carbonyl compounds

Acrolein

Simplest unsaturated aldehyde.

Simplest unsaturated aldehyde.

General structure of α,β-unsaturated carbonyl compounds

Connections exist between acrolein gas in the smoke from tobacco cigarettes and the risk of lung cancer.

Acrolein is one of seven toxicants in cigarette smoke that are most associated with respiratory tract carcinogenesis.

A first-generation e-cigarette that resembles a tobacco cigarette. The battery portion of the e-cigarette can be disconnected and recharged using the USB power charger.

Electronic cigarette

A first-generation e-cigarette that resembles a tobacco cigarette. The battery portion of the e-cigarette can be disconnected and recharged using the USB power charger.
Various types of e-cigarettes, including a disposable e-cigarette, a rechargeable e-cigarette, a medium-size tank device, large-size tank devices, an e-cigar, and an e-pipe.
Exploded view of an e-cigarette with transparent clearomizer and changeable dual-coil head. This model allows for a wide range of settings.
Estimated trends in the global number of vapers
Reasons for initiating e-cigarette use in the European Union according to a Eurobarometer poll (2018).
Effects of vaping, compared to tobacco smoking.
Possible side effects of nicotine
The reinforcing effects of addictive drugs, such as nicotine, are associated with its ability to excite the mesolimbic and dopaminergic systems. How does the nicotine in e-cigarettes affect the brain? Until about age 25, the brain is still growing. Each time a new memory is created or a new skill is learned, stronger connections – or synapses – are built between brain cells. Young people's brains build synapses faster than adult brains. Because addiction is a form of learning, adolescents can get addicted more easily than adults. The nicotine in e-cigarettes and other tobacco products can also prime the adolescent brain for addiction to other drugs such as cocaine.
The Ruyan e-cigar was first launched in China in 2004.
E-cigarette user blowing a cloud of aerosol (vapor). The activity is known as cloud-chasing.
From 2011 to 2014, e-cigarette use among youth was rising as e-cigarette advertising increased.
Tobacco product waste.
Philip Morris International's IQOS device with charger and tobacco stick.

An electronic cigarette is an electronic device that simulates tobacco smoking.

Some look like traditional cigarettes, and most versions are reusable.

A woman smoking a tobacco cigarette, the most common method of smoking

Smoking

Practice in which a substance is burned and the resulting smoke is typically breathed in to be tasted and absorbed into the bloodstream.

Practice in which a substance is burned and the resulting smoke is typically breathed in to be tasted and absorbed into the bloodstream.

A woman smoking a tobacco cigarette, the most common method of smoking
A man smoking cannabis in Kolkata, India
A woman smoking crack cocaine
Aztec women are handed flowers and smoking tubes before eating at a banquet, Florentine Codex, 1500
A Persian girl smoking by Muhammad Qasim, 17th century.
Bonsack's cigarette rolling machine, as shown on U.S. patent 238,640
An illustration of an opium den on the cover of Le Petit Journal, 5 July 1903
A lengthy study conducted in order to establish the strong association necessary for legislative action (US cigarette consumption per person blue, male lung cancer rate green)
An elaborately decorated pipe
A diagram of the human body showing some of the diseases caused by smoking
A graph that shows the efficiency of smoking as a way to absorb nicotine compared to other forms of intake
Sigmund Freud, whose doctor assisted with his suicide because of oral cancer caused by smoking
Prevalence of daily smoking in 2012
The share adults who smoke any tobacco product on a daily or non-daily basis in 2016.
An Apothecary Smoking in an Interior by Adriaen van Ostade, oil on panel, 1646
Skull with a Burning Cigarette by Vincent van Gogh, oil on canvas, 1885
Film star and iconic smoker Humphrey Bogart
The cover of My Lady Nicotine: A Study in Smoke (1896) by J.M. Barrie, otherwise best known for his play Peter Pan
Share of deaths from smoking, 2017<ref>{{cite web |title=Share of deaths from smoking |url=https://ourworldindata.org/grapher/share-deaths-smoking |website=Our World in Data |access-date=5 March 2020}}</ref>
The number of deaths attributed to smoking per 100,000 people in 2017<ref>{{cite web |title=Death rate from smoking |url=https://ourworldindata.org/grapher/death-rate-smoking?tab=map |website=Our World in Data |access-date=5 March 2020}}</ref>
Average price of a pack of 20 cigarettes, measured in international dollars in 2014.<ref>{{cite web |title=Average price of a pack of cigarettes |url=https://ourworldindata.org/grapher/average-price-of-a-pack-of-cigarettes |website=Our World in Data |access-date=5 March 2020}}</ref>
Taxes as a share of cigarette price, 2014<ref>{{cite web |title=Taxes as a share of cigarette price |url=https://ourworldindata.org/grapher/taxes-as-share-of-cigarette-price |website=Our World in Data |access-date=5 March 2020}}</ref>
Types of bans on tobacco advertising, 2014<ref>{{cite web |title=Enforcement of bans on tobacco advertising |url=https://ourworldindata.org/grapher/enforcement-of-bans-on-tobacco-advertising |website=Our World in Data |access-date=5 March 2020}}</ref>
Support to help quit tobacco use, 2014<ref>{{cite web |title=Support to help quit tobacco use |url=https://ourworldindata.org/grapher/support-to-help-to-quit-tobacco-use |website=Our World in Data |access-date=5 March 2020}}</ref>

Most commonly, the substance used is the dried leaves of the tobacco plant, which have been rolled into a small rectangle of rolling paper to create a small, round cylinder called a cigarette.

Diseases related to tobacco smoking have been shown to kill approximately half of long-term smokers when compared to average mortality rates faced by non-smokers.