Sheet music
Fred Leslie as the servant in Cinder Ellen up too Late
The Gaiety Theatre, c. 1905
Florence St. John and Fanny Robina in the original production
Sylvia Grey as Linconzina
Interior of the Gaiety, 1869
Sheet music for a piano arrangement of one of Marguerite's songs
A contemporary illustration of Thespis from The Illustrated London News of 6 January 1872
1894: Arthur Williams as William Lurcher (A Sheriff's Officer), in Dorothy
Gaiety Girls, 1896
Part of the programme for the old Gaiety's farewell performance
The theatre in the 1920s

The piece was first performed at the Gaiety Theatre, London on 30 October 1888, produced by George Edwardes, and ran until August 1889.

- Faust up to Date

It then debuted in London at the Gaiety Theatre in London and ran from 24 December 1891 until 9 July 1892, a total of 181 performances.

- Cinder Ellen up too Late

Other examples include The Bohemian G-yurl and the Unapproachable Pole (1877), Blue Beard (1882), Ariel (1883, by F. C. Burnand), Galatea, or Pygmalion Reversed (1883), Little Jack Sheppard (1885), Monte Cristo Jr. (1886), Miss Esmeralda (1887), Frankenstein, or The Vampire's Victim (1887), Mazeppa, Ruy Blas and the Blase Roue (1888), Carmen up to Data (1890), Cinder Ellen up too Late (1891) and Don Juan (1892, with lyrics by Adrian Ross).

- Faust up to Date

In the 1880s and 90s, the theatre had further success with a number of burlesques with original scores by the theatre's music director, Wilhelm Meyer Lutz, including Faust up to Date (1888), Carmen up to Data (1890) and Cinder Ellen up too Late (1891).

- Gaiety Theatre, London

Other examples include The Bohemian G-yurl and the Unapproachable Pole (1877), Blue Beard (1882), Ariel (1883, by F. C. Burnand), Galatea, or Pygmalion Reversed (1883), Little Jack Sheppard (1885), Monte Cristo Jr. (1886), Miss Esmeralda (1887), Frankenstein, or The Vampire's Victim (1887), Mazeppa, Faust up to Date (1888), Ruy Blas and the Blasé Roué (1888), Carmen up to Data (1891) and Don Juan (1892, with lyrics by Adrian Ross).

- Cinder Ellen up too Late
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Lutz in 1894

Meyer Lutz

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German-born British composer and conductor who is best known for light music, musical theatre and burlesques of well-known works.

German-born British composer and conductor who is best known for light music, musical theatre and burlesques of well-known works.

Lutz in 1894
Lutz in 1868
Souvenir programme from Ruy Blas
Sheet music to a dance from Faust up to date
Robert Reece and Lutz's The Forty Thieves, 1880

In 1869, he was engaged as the music director of the Gaiety Theatre, London, arranging and later composing a series of popular burlesques over the next 25 years.

George Edwardes took over management of the Gaiety in 1885 and expanded the format of the burlesques, commissioning Lutz to write original scores for the "new burlesques" at the theatre: Little Jack Sheppard (1885, libretto by Stephens); Monte Cristo Jr. (1886); Miss Esmeralda, or The Maid and the Monkey (1887); Frankenstein, or The Vampire's Victim (1887); Faust up to Date (1888, libretto by G. R. Sims and Henry Pettitt); Ruy Blas and the Blasé Roué (1889, libretto by Frederick Hobson Leslie and Herbert F. Clark); Carmen up to Data (1890, libretto by Sims and Pettitt); Cinder Ellen up too Late (1891, libretto by Leslie); and Don Juan (1892, book by Leslie, lyrics by Adrian Ross).

Florence St. John in the title role

Carmen up to Data

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Musical burlesque with a score written by Meyer Lutz.

Musical burlesque with a score written by Meyer Lutz.

Florence St. John in the title role

After a tryout in Liverpool in September 1890, the piece premiered at the Gaiety Theatre, London, on 4 October 1890, produced by George Edwardes.

Other examples at the Gaiety include The Bohemian G-yurl and the Unapproachable Pole (1877), Blue Beard (1882), Ariel (1883, by F. C. Burnand), Galatea, or Pygmalion Reversed (1883), Little Jack Sheppard (1885), Monte Cristo Jr. (1886), Miss Esmeralda (1887), Frankenstein, or The Vampire's Victim (1887), Mazeppa, Faust up to Date (1888), Ruy Blas and the Blasé Roué (1888), Cinder Ellen up too Late (1891), and Don Juan (1892, with lyrics by Adrian Ross).

Fred Leslie and Nellie Farren as Wild and Jack

Little Jack Sheppard

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Burlesque melodrama written by Henry Pottinger Stephens and William Yardley, with music by Meyer Lutz, with songs contributed by Florian Pascal, Corney Grain, Arthur Cecil, Michael Watson, Henry J. Leslie, Alfred Cellier and Hamilton Clarke.

Burlesque melodrama written by Henry Pottinger Stephens and William Yardley, with music by Meyer Lutz, with songs contributed by Florian Pascal, Corney Grain, Arthur Cecil, Michael Watson, Henry J. Leslie, Alfred Cellier and Hamilton Clarke.

Fred Leslie and Nellie Farren as Wild and Jack
David James and Nellie Farren as Blueskin and Jack
Amy Augarde as Thames Darrell in the revival of Little Jack Sheppard (1894)
Programme for the 1887 touring company
Cover of Gaiety Theatre programme, 1885
Poster for Edinburgh production

The piece opened at the Gaiety Theatre in London on 26 December 1885 and initially ran for 155 performances.

These included Monte Cristo Jr. (1886); Miss Esmeralda (1887), Frankenstein, or The Vampire's Victim (1887), Mazeppa, Faust up to Date (1888), Ruy Blas and the Blasé Roué (1888), Carmen up to Data (1890), Cinder Ellen up too Late (1891), and Don Juan (1892, with lyrics by Adrian Ross).

Cover of the 1887 programme for Monte Cristo Jr.

Monte Cristo Jr.

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Victorian burlesque with a libretto written by Richard Henry, a pseudonym for the writers Richard Butler and Henry Chance Newton.

Victorian burlesque with a libretto written by Richard Henry, a pseudonym for the writers Richard Butler and Henry Chance Newton.

Cover of the 1887 programme for Monte Cristo Jr.
Sheet music cover for the Monte Cristo Jr. Lancers (1886) by Lutz
Sheet music cover for "Ballyhooly"
Lottie Collins as Mariette in Monte Cristo Jr. (1886)
Sheet music cover for "Sahara" from the Broadway version (1919)

The piece was first performed under the management of George Edwardes, premiering at the Gaiety Theatre in London on 23 December 1886.

Other examples at the Gaiety include The Bohemian G-yurl and the Unapproachable Pole (1877), Blue Beard (1882), Ariel (1883, by F. C. Burnand), Galatea, or Pygmalion Reversed (1883), Little Jack Sheppard (1885), Miss Esmeralda (1887), Frankenstein, or The Vampire's Victim (1887), Mazeppa, Faust up to Date (1888), Ruy Blas and the Blasé Roué (1888), Carmen up to Data (1890), Cinder Ellen up too Late (1891), and Don Juan (1892, with lyrics by Adrian Ross).

Souvenir programme

Ruy Blas and the Blasé Roué

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Burlesque written by A. C. Torr and Herbert F. Clark with music by Meyer Lutz.

Burlesque written by A. C. Torr and Herbert F. Clark with music by Meyer Lutz.

Souvenir programme
Fred Leslie, Marion Hood and Nellie Farren in the Birmingham premiere
Linda Verner in the premiere
Programme for the Gaiety production
Sylvia Grey in the premiere

After a tryout in Birmingham beginning on 3 September 1889, Ruy Blas and the Blasé Roué opened in London on 21 September 1889 at the Gaiety Theatre and ran for 289 performances.

Other examples include The Bohemian G-yurl and the Unapproachable Pole (1877), Blue Beard (1882), Ariel (1883, by F. C. Burnand), Galatea, or Pygmalion Reversed (1883), Little Jack Sheppard (1885), Monte Cristo Jr. (1886), Miss Esmeralda (1887), Frankenstein, or The Vampire's Victim (1887), Mazeppa, Faust up to Date (1888), Carmen up to Data (1890), Cinder Ellen up too Late (1891) and Don Juan (1892, with lyrics by Adrian Ross).

Souvenir programme

Victorian burlesque

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Genre of theatrical entertainment that was popular in Victorian England and in the New York theatre of the mid-19th century.

Genre of theatrical entertainment that was popular in Victorian England and in the New York theatre of the mid-19th century.

Souvenir programme
The Olympic Theatre, for which Planché wrote Olympic Revels
Sheet music from Faust up to Date
American burlesque on Ben Hur, c. 1900.
Florence St. John in Carmen up to Data

Burlesque became the specialty of London's Royal Strand Theatre and Gaiety Theatre from the 1860s to the early 1890s.

They often included Leslie's libretti, written under his pseudonym, "A. C. Torr", and were usually given an original score by Lutz: Little Jack Sheppard (1885), Monte Cristo Jr. (1886), Pretty Esmeralda (1887), Frankenstein, or The Vampire's Victim (1887), Mazeppa and Faust up to Date (1888).

The last Gaiety burlesques were Carmen up to Data (1890), Cinder Ellen up too Late (1891), and Don Juan (1892, with lyrics by Adrian Ross).

Punch cartoon of Edward Terry as Pygmalion

Galatea, or Pygmalion Reversed

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Musical burlesque that parodies the Pygmalion legend, and specifically W. S. Gilbert's 1871 play Pygmalion and Galatea.

Musical burlesque that parodies the Pygmalion legend, and specifically W. S. Gilbert's 1871 play Pygmalion and Galatea.

Punch cartoon of Edward Terry as Pygmalion

The work was premiered at the Gaiety Theatre, London on 26 December 1883.

Other examples include The Bohemian G-yurl and the Unapproachable Pole (1877), Blue Beard (1882), Ariel (1883, by F. C. Burnand), Little Jack Sheppard (1885), Monte Cristo Jr. (1886), Miss Esmeralda (1887), Frankenstein, or The Vampire's Victim (1887), Faust up to Date (1888), Ruy Blas and the Blasé Roué (1888), Carmen up to Data (1890), and Cinder Ellen up too Late (1891).

Sheet music cover for "Killaloe"

Miss Esmeralda

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Victorian burlesque, in two acts, with music by Meyer Lutz and Robert Martin and a libretto by Fred Leslie, under his pseudonym "A. C. Torr", and Horace Mills.

Victorian burlesque, in two acts, with music by Meyer Lutz and Robert Martin and a libretto by Fred Leslie, under his pseudonym "A. C. Torr", and Horace Mills.

Sheet music cover for "Killaloe"

The piece premiered in 1887 at the Gaiety Theatre in London, starring Marion Hood in the title role, with Frank Thornton as Quasimodo and featuring E. J. Lonnen and Letty Lind.

These included Monte Cristo Jr. (1886); Frankenstein, or The Vampire's Victim (1887), Mazeppa, Faust up to Date (1888), Ruy Blas and the Blasé Roué (1888), Carmen up to Data (1890), Cinder Ellen up too Late (1891) and Don Juan (1892, with lyrics by Adrian Ross).

George Edwardes

George Edwardes

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English theatre manager and producer of Irish ancestry who brought a new era in musical theatre to the British stage and beyond.

English theatre manager and producer of Irish ancestry who brought a new era in musical theatre to the British stage and beyond.

George Edwardes
Souvenir programme from Ruy Blas and the Blasé Roué
Poster for A Gaiety Girl
Souvenir – 1st anniversary performance of The Shop Girl
Gaiety Girls, c. 1890
Cover of the Vocal Score
Edwardes in 1903

In 1885, Edwardes became a manager at the Gaiety Theatre with John Hollingshead, who soon retired.

These included Monte Cristo, Junior (1887), Miss Esmeralda (1887), Frankenstein, or The Vampire's Victim (1887), Faust up to Date (1888), Ruy Blas and the Blasé Roué (1889), Carmen up to Data (1890), Cinder Ellen up too Late (1891), and Don Juan (1892, with music by Meyer Lutz, book by Fred Leslie and lyrics by Adrian Ross).

E. J. Lonnen, c. 1892

E. J. Lonnen

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E. J. Lonnen, c. 1892
Lonnen's signature tune, "Killaloe"
Lonnen in Frankenstein

Edwin Jesse Lonnen (1860 – 31 October 1901), credited as "E. J." or "Teddy", was an English actor, comedian and singer known for his performances in musical burlesques, operettas and musical comedies, particularly at the Gaiety Theatre, London at the end of the Victorian era.

Lonnen made his London debut as Tancred in Falka at the Avenue Theatre in 1885 and subsequently starred in a series of successful musical burlesques at the Gaiety Theatre in London, including Monte Cristo Jr. as De Villefort (1886), Miss Esmeralda as Frollo (1887, in which he sang Killaloe, perhaps his most popular song), Frankenstein, or The Vampire's Victim (1887), Faust up to date as Mephistopheles (1888), Carmen up to Data as José (1890) and Cinder Ellen up too Late as Prince Belgravia (1891).