Cinema of the United States

HollywoodAmericanUnited StatesHollywood filmsAmerican filmAmerican cinemaAmerican film industryfilmHollywood studiosfilm industry
The cinema of the United States, often metonymously referred to as Hollywood, has had a profound effect on the film industry in general since the early 20th century.wikipedia
1,983 Related Articles

Classical Hollywood cinema

Golden AgeGolden Age of HollywoodHollywood's Golden Age
The dominant style of American cinema is classical Hollywood cinema, which developed from 1917 to 1960 and characterizes most films made there to this day.
Classical Hollywood cinema, classical Hollywood narrative, and classical continuity are terms used in film criticism which designate both a narrative and visual style of film-making which developed in and characterized American cinema between the 1910s and the early 1960s, and eventually became the most powerful and pervasive style of film-making worldwide.

Cinema of the United Kingdom

BritishUnited KingdomBritish film
While the national cinemas of the United Kingdom (299), Canada (206), Australia, and New Zealand also produce films in the same language, they are not considered part of the Hollywood system.
The identity of the British industry, particularly as it relates to Hollywood, has often been the subject of debate.

Film industry

FilmMotion picturesmovie industry
The cinema of the United States, often metonymously referred to as Hollywood, has had a profound effect on the film industry in general since the early 20th century.
Hollywood is the world's oldest national film industry, and remains the largest in terms of box office gross revenue.

Cinema of Canada

CanadianCanadian filmCanada
While the national cinemas of the United Kingdom (299), Canada (206), Australia, and New Zealand also produce films in the same language, they are not considered part of the Hollywood system.
The cinema of English-speaking Canada is heavily intertwined with the cinema of the neighbouring United States: though there is a distinctly Canadian cinematic tradition, there are also Canadian films that have no obvious Canadian identity (examples include Porky's and Meatballs), Canadian-American co-productions filmed in Canada (including My Big Fat Greek Wedding and the Saw series); American films filmed in Canada (including the Night at the Museum and Final Destination films, among hundreds of others); and American films with Canadian directors and/or actors.

Orson Welles

WellesWellesianWelles, Orson
Orson Welles's Citizen Kane (1941) is frequently cited in critics' polls as the greatest film of all time.
Welles's growing fame drew Hollywood offers, lures that the independent-minded Welles resisted at first.

Major film studio

major studiomajor studiosBig Six
The major film studios of Hollywood are the primary source of the most commercially successful and most ticket selling movies in the world, such as The Birth of a Nation (1915), Gone with the Wind (1939), The Sound of Music (1965), The Godfather (1972), Jaws (1975), Star Wars (1977), E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial (1982), Jurassic Park (1993), Titanic (1997), and Avatar (2009).
Since the dawn of filmmaking, the U.S. major film studios have dominated both American cinema and the global film industry.

Fort Lee, New Jersey

Fort LeeFort Lee, NJFort Lee Borough
The history of cinema in the United States can trace its roots to the East Coast where, at one time, Fort Lee, New Jersey was the motion-picture capital of America.
The history of cinema in the United States can trace its roots to the East Coast where, at one time, Fort Lee was the motion picture capital of America.

Mary Pickford

Mary Mary Pickford FoundationMary Pickford Award
Such notables as Mary Pickford got their start at Biograph Studios. Bottom row, l-r: Vivien Leigh, Joan Fontaine and Gary Cooper, Spencer Tracy, Barbara Stanwyck, Lillian Gish, Tyrone Power, Shirley Temple, Janet Leigh with Charlton Heston, Rita Hayworth, Mary Pickford.
In consideration of her contributions to American cinema, the American Film Institute ranked Pickford as 24th in its 1999 list of greatest female stars of classic Hollywood Cinema.

Southern California

southernSoCalCalifornia
By 1912, most major film companies had set up production facilities in Southern California near or in Los Angeles because of the region's favorable year-round weather.
The motion picture, television, and music industry are centered in the Los Angeles area in southern California.

Ronald Colman

Ronald ColemanRonald
Other moviemakers arrived from Europe after World War I: directors like Ernst Lubitsch, Alfred Hitchcock, Fritz Lang and Jean Renoir; and actors like Rudolph Valentino, Marlene Dietrich, Ronald Colman, and Charles Boyer.
Ronald Charles Colman (9 February 1891 – 19 May 1958) was an English-born actor, starting his career in theatre and silent film in his native country, before emigrating to the United States, and having a successful Hollywood film career, he was most popular during the 1920s, 1930s, and 1940s.

Motion Picture Association of America

MPAAMotion Picture Producers and Distributors of AmericaMotion Picture Association of America (MPAA)
The organization became the Motion Picture Association of America after Hays retired in 1945.
The Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA) is an American trade association representing the six major film studios of Hollywood, and streaming service giant, Netflix.

Rudolph Valentino

Valentino Rudolph Valentino Rodolfo Valentino
Other moviemakers arrived from Europe after World War I: directors like Ernst Lubitsch, Alfred Hitchcock, Fritz Lang and Jean Renoir; and actors like Rudolph Valentino, Marlene Dietrich, Ronald Colman, and Charles Boyer.
He was an early pop icon, a sex symbol of the 1920s, who was known in Hollywood as the "Latin lover" or simply as "Valentino".

Sound film

talkietalkiessound
The United States produced the world's first sync-sound musical film, The Jazz Singer, in 1927, and was at the forefront of sound-film development in the following decades.
In the United States, they helped secure Hollywood's position as one of the world's most powerful cultural/commercial centers of influence (see Cinema of the United States).

Clark Gable

GableClark GravelJohn Clark Gable
Top row, l-r: Greta Garbo, Humphrey Bogart, Lauren Bacall, Clark Gable, Katharine Hepburn, Fred Astaire, Ginger Rogers, Marlon Brando, the Marx Brothers, Joan Crawford.
He began his career appearing as an extra in Hollywood silent films between 1924 and 1926, and progressed to supporting roles with a few films for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in 1930.

Humphrey Bogart

BogartHumphrey DeForest Bogart Humphrey Bogart
Top row, l-r: Greta Garbo, Humphrey Bogart, Lauren Bacall, Clark Gable, Katharine Hepburn, Fred Astaire, Ginger Rogers, Marlon Brando, the Marx Brothers, Joan Crawford.
In 1999, the American Film Institute ranked him as the greatest male star of American cinema.

Warner Bros.

Warner Bros. PicturesWarner BrothersWarner Bros. Entertainment
Within a few years, ambitious men like Samuel Goldwyn, William Fox, Carl Laemmle, Adolph Zukor, Louis B. Mayer, and the Warner Brothers (Harry, Albert, Samuel, and Jack) had switched to the production side of the business.
By the end of 1924, Warner Bros. was arguably Hollywood's most successful independent studio, where it competed with "The Big Three" Studios (First National, Paramount Pictures, and MGM).

Science fiction

sci-fiscience-fictionSF
Hollywood is the oldest film industry in the world, and is considered the birthplace of various genres of cinema—among them comedy, drama, action, the musical, romance, horror, science fiction, and the war epic—having set an example for other national film industries.
From the 1980s science fiction films along with fantasy, horror, and superhero films have dominated Hollywood's big-budget productions.

Metonymy

metonymmetonymicmetonymically
The cinema of the United States, often metonymously referred to as Hollywood, has had a profound effect on the film industry in general since the early 20th century.
Toponyms: A country's capital city or some location within the city is frequently used as a metonym for the country's government, such as Washington, D.C., in the United States; Ottawa in Canada; Tokyo in Japan; New Delhi in India; Downing Street or Whitehall in the UK; and the Kremlin in Russia. Similarly, other important places, such as Wall Street, Madison Avenue, Silicon Valley, Hollywood, Vegas, and Detroit are commonly used to refer to the industries that are located there (finance, advertising, high technology, entertainment, gambling, and motor vehicles, respectively). Such usage may persist even when the industries in question have moved elsewhere, for example, Fleet Street continues to be used as a metonymy for the British national press, though it is no longer located in the physical street of that name.

Comedy

comediccomediescomic
Hollywood is the oldest film industry in the world, and is considered the birthplace of various genres of cinema—among them comedy, drama, action, the musical, romance, horror, science fiction, and the war epic—having set an example for other national film industries.
American cinema has produced a great number of globally renowned comedy artists, from Laurel and Hardy, the Three Stooges, Abbott and Costello, Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis, as well as Bob Hope during the mid-20th century, to performers like George Carlin, Robin Williams, and Eddie Murphy at the end of the century.

Bette Davis

Arthur FarnsworthBette[Bette] Davis
Third row, l-r: Bette Davis, Audrey Hepburn, Jean Harlow, Alfred Hitchcock, John Ford, Howard Hawks, Grace Kelly, Laurence Olivier, Marlene Dietrich, James Cagney.
With a career spanning 60 years, she is regarded as one of the greatest actresses in Hollywood history.

Will H. Hays

Will HaysHaysWilliam Hays
Meanwhile, in 1922, US politician Will H. Hays left politics and formed the movie studio boss organization known as the Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America (MPPDA).
He became the namesake of the 1930 Motion Picture Production Code, informally (and inaccurately) referred to as the Hays Code, which spelled out a set of moral guidelines for the self-censorship of content in Hollywood cinema.

James Stewart

Jimmy StewartJames "Jimmy" StewartJames M. "Jimmy" Stewart
Second row, l-r: John Wayne, James Stewart, Buster Keaton, Claudette Colbert, Gene Kelly, Burt Lancaster, Judy Garland, Gregory Peck, Elizabeth Taylor, Kirk Douglas.
In the fall of 1934, Fonda's success in The Farmer Takes a Wife took him to Hollywood.

Judy Garland

GarlandDorothyEthel Gumm
Second row, l-r: John Wayne, James Stewart, Buster Keaton, Claudette Colbert, Gene Kelly, Burt Lancaster, Judy Garland, Gregory Peck, Elizabeth Taylor, Kirk Douglas.
Several of her recordings have been inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame, and in 1999, the American Film Institute placed her among the 10 greatest female stars of classic American cinema.

Barbara Stanwyck

Barbara StanwickBarbara SyanwyckBert L. Stevens
Bottom row, l-r: Vivien Leigh, Joan Fontaine and Gary Cooper, Spencer Tracy, Barbara Stanwyck, Lillian Gish, Tyrone Power, Shirley Temple, Janet Leigh with Charlton Heston, Rita Hayworth, Mary Pickford.
After a short, but notable, career as a stage actress in the late 1920s, she made 85 films in 38 years in Hollywood, before turning to television.

Cinema of Australia

AustralianAustraliaAustralian film
While the national cinemas of the United Kingdom (299), Canada (206), Australia, and New Zealand also produce films in the same language, they are not considered part of the Hollywood system.
The Australian film industry continues to produce a reasonable number of films each year, but in common with other English-speaking countries, Australia has often found it difficult to compete with the American film industry, the latter helped by having a much larger home market.