A report on Cinque Ports

Flag of the Cinque ports
Location of the Cinque Ports and their limbs.
SIGILLUM COMMUNE BARONUM DE HETHE, common seal of the barons of Hythe
SIGILLUM COMMUNE BARONUM DE HASTINGUIS, common seal of the barons of Hastings. Two standards can be seen flying from the ship: one showing the Plantagenet arms of three lions, the other seemingly showing three ships, which arms are combined by dimidiation in the arms of the Cinque Ports
The Cinque Ports arms at Ramsgate Port.
Coat of arms of Hastings, recorded at the visitation of 1634.
Coat of arms of Sandwich, recorded at the visitation of 1574.
The Cinque Ports arms at Strand Gate, Rye.
The Cinque Ports arms suspended from the collar of the sinister (right side) supporter in the arms of the Kent County Council, granted in 1933.
Coat of arms of Dover District Council, granted in 1987.

Historic group of coastal towns in Kent, Sussex and Essex.

- Cinque Ports
Flag of the Cinque ports

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An early mention of Kent in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle between 11th and 12th centuries

Kent

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County in South East England and one of the home counties.

County in South East England and one of the home counties.

An early mention of Kent in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle between 11th and 12th centuries
The traditional Kent flag
Title page of William Lambarde's Perambulation of Kent (completed in 1570 and published in 1576), a historical description of Kent and the first published county history
The White Cliffs of Dover
View of the White Cliffs of Dover from France
Geological cross-section of Kent, showing how it relates to major towns
Converted oast houses at Frittenden
Canterbury Cathedral
The M2 and High Speed 1 crossing the Medway Valley, south of Rochester
A 300 km/h Eurostar train at km 48 (mile 30) on High Speed 1, near Strood
Romney, Hythe & Dymchurch Railway
Priestfield Stadium is the home of Gillingham FC, Kent's only Football League team

England relied on the county's ports to provide warships through much of its history; the Cinque Ports in the 10th –14th centuries and Chatham Dockyard in the 16th–20th centuries were of particular importance.

Dover Castle seen from Castle Street.

Dover

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Town and major ferry port in Kent, South East England.

Town and major ferry port in Kent, South East England.

Dover Castle seen from Castle Street.
Photograph showing a Dover street scene, c. 1860
1945 Ordnance Survey map of Dover, showing the harbour
The Port of Dover and the white cliffs of Dover
Dover Harbour, from the white cliffs of Dover
The Town Hall, which dates back to 1203
View of the White Cliffs of Dover from France

It is one of the Cinque Ports.

Hastings

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Large seaside town and borough in East Sussex on the south coast of England,

Large seaside town and borough in East Sussex on the south coast of England,

Hastings- Boats making the Shore in a Breeze, by John James Chalon, 1819
Duke William of Normandy, stabs King Harold of England at the Battle of Hastings. 14th-century manuscript in the British Library, London.
The Fish Market at Hastings Beach, Turner (1810)
Hastings Castle, with the Pier and Town Centre in the background, and Eastbourne on the horizon
Hastings town centre and the Memorial from an old postcard
The double decker promenade that runs from Hastings Pier beyond Marine Court (seen in the distance), with a break at Warrior Square, was built in the 1930s by the borough engineer Sidney Little
George Street, Old town
Hastings Old Town July 1965.
Borough of Hastings, shown within East Sussex
Hastings Town Hall
The East Hill Cliff
East Cliff at Hastings
Dinosaur footprint found amongst rocks at the cliff base
Traditional fisher on the shingle beach at Hastings – Rye registration
Entrance to Kings Walk, Priory Meadow Shopping Centre
Lacuna Place by Proctor and Matthews Architects, where the SAGA offices are based
Hastings Borough Bonfire Society at the Old Town Carnival 2010
Jack in the Green celebration: a giant mermaid processing through Hastings Old Town
Fishermen's Museum, housed in former St. Nicholas Church. Opened in 1854, it is a grade II listed building.
An aerial view of Hastings Castle. Also shown St. Mary in the castle, former church completed 1828. The listed building is now a 500-seat auditorium and exhibition venue.
Marine Court
1914 Railway Junction Diagram of Hastings area lines and stations; the Bexhill West branch and West Marina station have since closed.
The East Hill Lift: one of the two funicular railways in Hastings
Map of the Hastings and District Electric Tramways
Sussex Coast College and Hastings railway station
Runners during the 2009 edition of the Hastings Half Marathon.
Front of Hastings railway station, rebuilt in 2004

It later became one of the medieval Cinque Ports.

New Romney

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Market town in Kent, England, on the edge of Romney Marsh, an area of flat, rich agricultural land reclaimed from the sea after the harbour began to silt up.

Market town in Kent, England, on the edge of Romney Marsh, an area of flat, rich agricultural land reclaimed from the sea after the harbour began to silt up.

New Romney Town Hall

New Romney, one of the original Cinque Ports, was once a sea port, with the harbour adjacent to the church, but is now more than a mile from the sea.

Sea defences, near Winchelsea

Winchelsea

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Small town in the non-metropolitan county of East Sussex, within the historic county of Sussex, England, located between the High Weald and the Romney Marsh, approximately 2 mi south west of Rye and 7 mi north east of Hastings.

Small town in the non-metropolitan county of East Sussex, within the historic county of Sussex, England, located between the High Weald and the Romney Marsh, approximately 2 mi south west of Rye and 7 mi north east of Hastings.

Sea defences, near Winchelsea
The Parish Church of St Thomas the Martyr – aerial view
The Parish Church of St Thomas the Martyr – view from the east
The Parish Church of St Thomas the Martyr – view from the north
The Parish Church of St Thomas the Martyr – one of the windows with stained glass
The Strand Gate

The corporation lost its remaining civil and judicial powers in 1886 but was preserved as a charity by an Act of Parliament to maintain the membership of the Cinque Port Confederation.

The Landgate

Rye, East Sussex

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Small town and civil parish in the Rother district, in East Sussex, England, two miles from the sea at the confluence of three rivers: the Rother, the Tillingham and the Brede.

Small town and civil parish in the Rother district, in East Sussex, England, two miles from the sea at the confluence of three rivers: the Rother, the Tillingham and the Brede.

The Landgate
Location of medieval Rye shown relative to the neighbouring county of Kent
The South Gate at Rye, 1785, by Samuel Hieronymus Grimm
The windmill
Market Street and Rye Town Hall
1899 sketch of John Breads's Gibbet Iron, Rye, East Sussex.
Interior of St Mary's
Mermaid Street showing typically steep slope and cobbled surface
The Old Rye Grammar School (Thomas Peacocke School)
Lamb House

In medieval times, as an important member of the Cinque Ports confederation, it was at the head of an embayment of the English Channel, and almost entirely surrounded by the sea.

View across the marsh from Rye

Romney Marsh

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Sparsely populated wetland area in the counties of Kent and East Sussex in the south-east of England.

Sparsely populated wetland area in the counties of Kent and East Sussex in the south-east of England.

View across the marsh from Rye
View across the marsh from just outside Dymchurch
A looker's hut near Brenzett in 2007
A view along the A259 just outside Brookland, Kent
A National Cycle Network signpost on Romney Marsh, indicating Folkestone to the left and Rye to the right
St Thomas à Becket church, Fairfield
The ruins of Midley Church

All these ports were affiliated to (as "limbs" of) the Cinque Ports.

Deal Town Hall

Deal, Kent

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Coastal town in Kent, England, which lies where the North Sea and the English Channel meet, 8 mi north-east of Dover and 8 mi south of Ramsgate.

Coastal town in Kent, England, which lies where the North Sea and the English Channel meet, 8 mi north-east of Dover and 8 mi south of Ramsgate.

Deal Town Hall
Deal luggers and a 4-oared galley on the beach at Port Arms station in 1866. The luggers are hauled up close to their capstans, where they are held by chains led through special holes in the keel. The galley in the foreground is of the type used for boarding and landing pilots
The 1957 Deal Pier

Deal became a 'limb port' of the Cinque Ports in 1278 and grew into the busiest port in England; today it is a seaside resort, its quaint streets and houses a reminder of its history along with many ancient buildings and monuments.

Window in St Mildred's Church

Tenterden

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Town in the borough of Ashford in Kent, England.

Town in the borough of Ashford in Kent, England.

Window in St Mildred's Church
Tenterden Town Hall

Timber from the Wealden forests was used to construct ships, and in 1449 Tenterden was incorporated into the Confederation of Cinque Ports as a limb of Rye.

View of Folkestone

Folkestone

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Port town on the English Channel, in Kent, south-east England.

Port town on the English Channel, in Kent, south-east England.

View of Folkestone
Church of St Mary and St Eanswythe, in the town centre, contains the remains of St Eanswythe, granddaughter of Ethelbert of Kent.
Folkestone, Harbour view
Folkestone Town Hall, completed in 1861
Folkestone, The Viaduct after renovation
Folkestone West End Heritage
Folkestone, Edwardian period, The Leas
Folkestone, The Warren beach side
Folkestone, The Warren
Folkestone, The Warren
Folkestone harbour before and after renovation
Folkestone Harbour Arm after renovation
Folkestone, The Old Train station after renovation
Folkestone, The old lighthouse
Folkestone, The Bayle
Folkestone, The Bayle
Folkestone, The Bayle
Folkestone, Market Square
Bandstand near the Leas Cliff Lift

A Norman knight held a Barony of Folkestone, which led to its entry as a part of the Cinque Ports in the thirteenth century and with that the privilege of being a wealthy trading port.