Cinque Ports

Cinque PortBarons of the Cinque Portsfive English portsCinque Ports FleetbaronbaronsBrotherhood of the Cinque PortsCinque Ports Acts 1811 to 1872Confederation of Cinque PortsConfederation of the Cinque Ports
The Confederation of Cinque Ports is a historic series of coastal towns in Kent, Sussex and Essex.wikipedia
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Kent

Kent, EnglandCounty of KentCounty Kent
England relied on the county's ports to provide warships through much of its history; the Cinque Ports in the 12th–14th centuries and Chatham Dockyard in the 16th–20th centuries were of particular importance.

Hastings

Hastings, East SussexHastings Borough CouncilHastings, England
Rye and Winchelsea were attached to Hastings as "Ancient Towns" in the 12th century, and later became members in their own right.
It later became one of the medieval Cinque Ports.

New Romney

RomneyBroomhillKentish port
New Romney is now about a mile and a half from the seafront.
New Romney, one of the original Cinque Ports, was once a sea port, with the harbour adjacent to the church, but is now more than a mile from the sea.

Sandwich, Kent

SandwichSandwich, EnglandMunicipal Borough of Sandwich
Sandwich is now 3 km from the sea and no longer a port.
Sandwich was one of the Cinque Ports and still has many original medieval buildings, including several listed public houses and gates in the old town walls, churches, almshouses and the White Mill.

Lydd

Lidd in KentLydd and HytheLydd Camp
The following "corporate limbs" were added in the 15th century: Lydd, Faversham, Folkestone, Deal, Tenterden, Margate and Ramsgate.
Lydd reached the height of its prosperity during the 13th century, when it was a corporate member of the Cinque Ports, a "limb" of Romney.

Deal, Kent

DealDeal PierDeal, England
The following "corporate limbs" were added in the 15th century: Lydd, Faversham, Folkestone, Deal, Tenterden, Margate and Ramsgate.
Deal became a 'limb port' of the Cinque Ports in 1278 and grew into the busiest port in England; today it is a seaside resort, its quaint streets and houses are a reminder of its history along with many ancient buildings and monuments.

Folkestone

Folkestone, KentFolkstoneFolkestone, England
The following "corporate limbs" were added in the 15th century: Lydd, Faversham, Folkestone, Deal, Tenterden, Margate and Ramsgate.
A Norman knight held a Barony of Folkestone, which led to its entry as a part of the Cinque Ports in the thirteenth century and with that the privilege of being a wealthy trading port.

Dover

Dover, EnglandDover, KentPort of Dover
Dover is still a major port.
It is one of the Cinque Ports.

Tenterden

Tenterden, Kent
The following "corporate limbs" were added in the 15th century: Lydd, Faversham, Folkestone, Deal, Tenterden, Margate and Ramsgate.
Timber from the Wealden forests was used to construct ships, and in 1449 Tenterden was incorporated into the Confederation of Cinque Ports as a limb of Rye.

Sussex

County of SussexSussex, EnglandSouth Saxon
Hastings, Rye and Winchelsea were all burnt during this period and all three towns became part of the Cinque Ports, a loose federation for supplying ships for the country's security.

Ramsgate

Ramsgate, KentMunicipal Borough of RamsgatePort of Ramsgate
The following "corporate limbs" were added in the 15th century: Lydd, Faversham, Folkestone, Deal, Tenterden, Margate and Ramsgate.
Ramsgate was a member of the Confederation of Cinque Ports, under the 'Limb' of Sandwich, Kent.

Winchelsea

New WinchelseaOld WinchelseaWinchelsey
Rye and Winchelsea were attached to Hastings as "Ancient Towns" in the 12th century, and later became members in their own right. The five ports are supported by the two so-called Ancient Towns of Rye and Winchelsea, whose councils traditionally maintained defence contingents for the realm of England.
The corporation lost its remaining civil and judicial powers in 1886 but was preserved as a charity by an Act of Parliament to maintain the membership of the Cinque Port Confederation.

Seaford, East Sussex

SeafordSeaford, SussexSeaford Head
Other places associated with the Cinque Ports and sometimes described as "non-corporate limbs" included Bekesbourne, Birchington, Brightlingsea, Fordwich, Pevensey, Reculver, Seaford, Stonor and Walmer.
The coastal confederation of Cinque Ports in the mediaeval period consisted of forty-two towns and villages; Seaford was included under the "Limb" of Hastings.

Faversham

Faversham, KentFaversham, EnglandFaversham Creek
The following "corporate limbs" were added in the 15th century: Lydd, Faversham, Folkestone, Deal, Tenterden, Margate and Ramsgate.
The town had established itself as a seaport by the Middle Ages, and became part of the Confederation of the Cinque Ports in the 13th century, providing a vessel to Dover.

Reculver

Reculver Castle
Other places associated with the Cinque Ports and sometimes described as "non-corporate limbs" included Bekesbourne, Birchington, Brightlingsea, Fordwich, Pevensey, Reculver, Seaford, Stonor and Walmer.
During the Middle Ages Reculver was a thriving township with a weekly market and a yearly fair, and it was a member of the Cinque Port of Sandwich.

Gillingham, Kent

GillinghamGillingham, MedwayGillingham Pier
In medieval times the part of Gillingham known as Grange was a limb of the Cinque Ports and the maritime importance of the area continued until the late 1940s.

Bulverhythe

West St LeonardsBo PeepBo-peep junction
The village was once in the confederation of the Cinque Ports, under the 'Limb' of Hastings.

Brightlingsea

Brightlingsea, EssexBrightlingsea One DesignBrightlingsea to Alresford
Other places associated with the Cinque Ports and sometimes described as "non-corporate limbs" included Bekesbourne, Birchington, Brightlingsea, Fordwich, Pevensey, Reculver, Seaford, Stonor and Walmer.
Brightlingsea is a limb of Sandwich, one of the Cinque Ports.

West Hythe

Botolph's BridgeBotolphs BridgeWesthithe
West Hythe is a hamlet near Palmarsh in Kent, England, and a few miles west of the cinque port town of Hythe.

Ringwould

The coastal confederation of Cinque Ports during its mediaeval period consisted of a confederation of 42 towns and villages in all.

Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports

Warden of the Cinque PortsConstable of Dover CastleLord Warden
A Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports was appointed, and also held the title of Constable of Dover Castle, and whilst this office exists today, it is now a purely honorary title, with an official residence at Walmer Castle.
The Lord Warden was originally in charge of the Cinque Ports, a group of five (cinque in Norman French) port towns on the southeast coast of England that was formed to collectively supply ships for The Crown in the absence at the time of a formal navy.

Kingsdown, Kent

Kingsdown
During the Middle Ages, the coastal confederation of Cinque Ports consisted of 42 towns and villages.

Walmer

Walmer, Kent
Other places associated with the Cinque Ports and sometimes described as "non-corporate limbs" included Bekesbourne, Birchington, Brightlingsea, Fordwich, Pevensey, Reculver, Seaford, Stonor and Walmer.
The coastal confederation of Cinque Ports during its mediæval period consisted of a confederation of 42 towns and villages in all.

South England flood of February 1287

South England floodfloodgreat storm in 1287
During the 15th century, New Romney, once a port of great importance at the mouth of the river Rother (until it became completely blocked by the shifting of sands during the South England flood of February 1287), was considered the central port in the confederation, and the place of assembly for the Cinque Port Courts, the oldest such authority being vested in the "Kynges high courte of Shepway", which was being held from at least 1150.
In all, the storm can be seen to have had a powerful effect on the Cinque Ports, two of which were hit (Hastings and New Romney), along with the supporting "Antient Town" of Winchelsea.

Royal Navy

RNBritish NavyBritish Royal Navy
A significant factor in the need to maintain the authority of the Cinque Ports by the King was the development of the Royal Navy.
Among these were the Cinque Ports, who had substantial amounts of maritime ships.