Circumnavigation

circumnavigatecircumnavigatedaround the worldcircumnavigatingcircumnavigatorround-the-worldworld cruiseround the worldaerial circumnavigationcircle the globe
Circumnavigation is the complete navigation around an entire island, continent, or astronomical body (e.g. a planet or moon).wikipedia
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Timeline of the Magellan–Elcano circumnavigation

Magellan expeditionMagellan-Elcano expeditionexpedition
The first circumnavigation of Earth was the Magellan-Elcano expedition, which sailed from Seville, Spain in 1519 and returned in 1522, after crossing the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian oceans. The Castilian ('Spanish') Magellan-Elcano expedition of August 1519 to 8 September 1522, started by Portuguese navigator Fernão de Magalhães (Ferdinand Magellan) and completed by Spanish Basque navigator Juan Sebastián Elcano after Magellan's death, was the first global circumnavigation (see Victoria).
The Magellan–Elcano circumnavigation was the first voyage around the world in human history.

Pacific Ocean

PacificWestern PacificSouth Pacific
The first circumnavigation of Earth was the Magellan-Elcano expedition, which sailed from Seville, Spain in 1519 and returned in 1522, after crossing the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian oceans.
The ocean's current name was coined by Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan during the Spanish circumnavigation of the world in 1521, as he encountered favorable winds on reaching the ocean.

Ferdinand Magellan

MagellanFernão de MagalhãesFernando de Magallanes
It was a Castilian (Spanish) voyage of discovery, led initially by the Portuguese Ferdinand Magellan between 1519 and 1521, and then by the spanish Juan Sebastián Elcano from 1521 to 1522. The Castilian ('Spanish') Magellan-Elcano expedition of August 1519 to 8 September 1522, started by Portuguese navigator Fernão de Magalhães (Ferdinand Magellan) and completed by Spanish Basque navigator Juan Sebastián Elcano after Magellan's death, was the first global circumnavigation (see Victoria).
Ferdinand Magellan ( or ; Fernão de Magalhães, ; Fernando de Magallanes, ; c. 1480 – 27 April 1521) was a Portuguese explorer who organised the Spanish expedition to the East Indies from 1519 to 1522, resulting in the first circumnavigation of the Earth, completed by Juan Sebastián Elcano.

Juan Sebastián Elcano

Elcanodel CanoCano, Juan Sebastian Del
It was a Castilian (Spanish) voyage of discovery, led initially by the Portuguese Ferdinand Magellan between 1519 and 1521, and then by the spanish Juan Sebastián Elcano from 1521 to 1522. The Castilian ('Spanish') Magellan-Elcano expedition of August 1519 to 8 September 1522, started by Portuguese navigator Fernão de Magalhães (Ferdinand Magellan) and completed by Spanish Basque navigator Juan Sebastián Elcano after Magellan's death, was the first global circumnavigation (see Victoria).
Juan Sebastián Elcano (sometimes misspelled del Cano; c.1486–4 August 1526) was a Spanish explorer of Basque origin who completed the first circumnavigation of the Earth.

Francis Drake

Sir Francis DrakeDrakeDrake, Francis
In 1577, Elizabeth I sent Francis Drake to start an expedition against the Spanish along the Pacific coast of the Americas.
Drake carried out the second circumnavigation of the world in a single expedition, from 1577 to 1580, and was the first to complete the voyage as captain while leading the expedition throughout the entire circumnavigation.

Golden Hind

PelicanGolden HindeThe Golden Hind
Drake set out from Plymouth, England in November 1577, aboard Pelican, which Drake renamed Golden Hind mid-voyage.
Golden Hind was an English galleon best known for her privateering circumnavigation of the globe between 1577 and 1580, captained by Sir Francis Drake.

Cape of Good Hope

Capethe CapeGood Hope
After Magellan's death in the Philippines in 1521, Elcano took command of the expedition and continued the journey across the Indian Ocean, round the Cape of Good Hope, north along the Atlantic Ocean, and back to Spain in 1522.
This inspired him to repeat the voyage and attempt a circumnavigation of the continent.

Around the world sailing record

around the worldaround-the-worldcircumnavigation of the world
For around the world sailing records, there is a rule saying that the length must be at least 21,600 nautical miles calculated along the shortest possible track from the starting port and back that does not cross land and does not go below 63°S.
The first around the world sailing record for circumnavigation of the world was Juan Sebastián Elcano and the remaining members of Ferdinand Magellan's crew who completed their journey in 1522.

MY Ady Gil

Ady GilMY ''Ady GilEarthrace
The current mechanically powered circumnavigation record of 60 days 23 hours and 49 minutes was established by a voyage of the wave-piercing trimaran Earthrace which was completed on 27 June 2008.
MY Ady Gil (formerly Earthrace) was a 78 ft, wave-piercing trimaran, which was originally created as part of a project to break the world record for circumnavigating the globe in a powerboat.

Cruising (maritime)

cruisecruisingcruises
This is a route followed by many cruising sailors, going in the western direction; the use of the trade winds makes it a relatively easy sail, although it passes through a number of zones of calms or light winds.
The Canadian-American Joshua Slocum was one of the first people to carry out a long-distance sailing voyage for pleasure, circumnavigating the world between 1895 and 1898.

Francis Joyon

The record was established by six sailors: Francis Joyon, Alex Pella, Clément Surtel, Gwénolé Gahinet, Sébastien Audigane and Bernard Stamm; who wrote themselves into history books on 26 January 2017, by circumnavigating the globe in 40 days, 23 hours, 30 minutes and 30 seconds.
Although previously well known as an offshore sailor, Joyon's real leap to international prominence came in February 2004 when the Breton became the fastest world solo yachtsman, setting a time of 72 days 22 hours and 54 minutes and 22 seconds, over 20 days faster than the previous record for a circumnavigation.

Vendée Globe

1996 Vendée Globe1996–97 Vendée Globe2008
The second map on the right shows the route of the Vendée Globe round-the-world race in red; overlaid in yellow are the points antipodal to all points on the route.
Plant lost the race, but to the admiring French, he emerged a real hero after repairing the rigging and finishing the course as an unofficial competitor in 135 days, a new American single-handed circumnavigation record.

First aerial circumnavigation

USAAS's first aerial circumnavigationfirst circumnavigation of the world by airfly around the world
The first successful attempt to circumnavigate the planet by air occurred in 1924, flown by aviators of the U.S. Army Air Service in a quartet of Douglas World Cruiser biplanes.
In 1929 Australian Charles Kingsford Smith completed the second circumnavigation of the world by flight, and the first within both hemispheres, including the first trans-Pacific flight to Australia in 1928.

Cape Horn

Hornthe HornCabo de Hornos, or "Cape Horn", the southern tip of South America.
Routes vary, either travelling through the Caribbean and then into the Pacific Ocean via the Panama Canal, or around Cape Horn.
Thus a few recreational sailors continue to sail this route, sometimes as part of a circumnavigation of the globe.

Drakes Bay

Drake's Bay
In June 1579, Drake landed somewhere north of Spain's northern-most claim in Alta California, which is known as Drakes Bay, California.
The bay is named after Sir Francis Drake and has long been considered Drake's most likely landing spot on the west coast of North America during his circumnavigation of the world by sea in 1579.

Elizabeth I of England

Elizabeth IQueen Elizabeth IQueen Elizabeth
In 1577, Elizabeth I sent Francis Drake to start an expedition against the Spanish along the Pacific coast of the Americas.
She knighted Francis Drake after his circumnavigation of the globe from 1577 to 1580, and he won fame for his raids on Spanish ports and fleets.

Erden Eruç

In 2012, Turkish-born American adventurer Erden Eruç completed the first entirely solo human-powered circumnavigation, travelling by rowboat, sea kayak, foot and bicycle from 10 July 2007 to 21 July 2012, crossing the equator twice, passing over 12 antipodal points, and logging 66299 km in 1,026 days of travel time, excluding breaks.
Erden Eruç ( Air-den Air-rooch; born 14 July 1961) is a Turkish-American adventurer who became the first person in history to complete an entirely solo and entirely human-powered circumnavigation of the Earth on 21 July 2012 in Bodega Bay, California, United States.

Jason Lewis (adventurer)

Jason Lewis
According to adjudicating bodies Guinness World Records and Explorersweb, Jason Lewis completed the first human-powered circumnavigation of the globe on 6 October 2007.
Jason Lewis FRSGS (born 13 September 1967) is an English award-winning author, explorer and sustainability campaigner credited with being the first person to circumnavigate the globe by human power.

Expedition 360

This was part of a thirteen-year journey entitled Expedition 360.
Expedition 360 is the name of a successful attempt by Briton Jason Lewis to be the first person to circumnavigate the globe using only human power – no motors or sails.

Steve Fossett

J. Stephen FossettFossett's Balloon AdventureFossett, Steven J.
Thus, for example, Steve Fossett's global circumnavigation by balloon was entirely contained within the southern hemisphere.
He wanted to become the first person to achieve a solo balloon flight around the world (finally succeeding on his sixth attempt, in 2002, becoming the first person to complete an uninterrupted and unrefueled solo circumnavigation of the world in any kind of aircraft).

Colin Angus (explorer)

Colin Angus
National Geographic lists Colin Angus as being the first to complete a global circumnavigation.
Colin Angus is a Canadian author and adventurer who is the first person to make a self-propelled global circumnavigation.

Victoria (ship)

VictoriaNao VictoriaLa Victoria
The Castilian ('Spanish') Magellan-Elcano expedition of August 1519 to 8 September 1522, started by Portuguese navigator Fernão de Magalhães (Ferdinand Magellan) and completed by Spanish Basque navigator Juan Sebastián Elcano after Magellan's death, was the first global circumnavigation (see Victoria).
Victoria (or Nao Victoria, as well as Vittoria) was a Spanish carrack and the first ship to successfully circumnavigate the world.

Operation Sandblast

first submerged circumnavigation of the worldcircumnavigationfirst complete submerged circumnavigation of the world
In 1960, the U.S. Navy nuclear-powered submarine completed the submerged circumnavigation.
The New York Times described Tritons submerged circumnavigation of the Earth as "a triumph of human prowess and engineering skill, a feat which the United States Navy can rank as one of its bright victories in man's ultimate conquest of the seas."

Lucky Lady II

the first aircraft to fly around the world non-stop
In 1949, the Lucky Lady II, a Boeing B-50 Superfortress of the U.S. Air Force, commanded by Captain James Gallagher, became the first aeroplane to circle the world non-stop (by refueling the plane in flight). Total time airborne was 94 hours and 1 minute.
Lucky Lady II is a United States Air Force Boeing B-50 Superfortress that became the first airplane to circle the world nonstop.

Spanish ironclad Numancia

Numanciaironclad vesselSpanish ironclad ''Numancia
The Spanish frigate Numancia, commanded by Juan Bautista Antequera y Bobadilla, completed the first circumnavigation by an ironclad in 1865–1867.
She was the first ironclad to circumnavigate the Earth.