Cirencester

StrattonChestertonCirencester St MichaelCirencester Urban DistrictCorinionCoriniumOakley Hall
Cirencester (, occasionally ; see below for more variations) is a market town in east Gloucestershire, England, 80 mi west northwest of London.wikipedia
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Royal Agricultural University

Royal Agricultural CollegeRoyal Agricultural College, CirencesterAgricultural College, Cirencester
It is the home of the Royal Agricultural University, the oldest agricultural college in the English-speaking world, founded in 1840.
The Royal Agricultural University or RAU (previously known as the Royal Agricultural College or RAC) is a university located in Cirencester, Gloucestershire, England.

Gloucestershire

Glos.GloucesterCounty of Gloucester
Cirencester (, occasionally ; see below for more variations) is a market town in east Gloucestershire, England, 80 mi west northwest of London.
The county town is the city of Gloucester, and other principal towns include Cheltenham, Stroud, Tewkesbury, Cirencester and Dursley.

Corinium Dobunnorum

CoriniumCirencesterarchaic Latin form
The Roman name for the town was Corinium, which is thought to have been associated with the ancient British tribe of the Dobunni, having the same root word as the River Churn.
Corinium Dobunnorum was the Romano-British settlement at Cirencester in the present-day English county of Gloucestershire.

Cricklade

Natural drainage is into the River Churn, which flows roughly north to south through the eastern side of the town and joins the Thames near Cricklade a little to the south.
Cricklade is a small Cotswold town and civil parish on the River Thames in north Wiltshire, England, midway between Swindon and Cirencester.

Cotswold District

CotswoldCotswold District CouncilCotswold region
Cirencester lies on the River Churn, a tributary of the River Thames, and is the largest town in the Cotswold District.
Its main town is Cirencester.

Siddington, Gloucestershire

SiddingtonSiddington St. Mary
The town is split into five main areas: the town centre, the suburbs of Chesterton, Stratton (originally villages outside the town), Watermoor and The Beeches. The village of Siddington to the south of the town is now almost contiguous with Watermoor.
Siddington is a village located one mile south of Cirencester, Gloucestershire, England.

River Churn

ChurnChurn Valley
The Roman name for the town was Corinium, which is thought to have been associated with the ancient British tribe of the Dobunni, having the same root word as the River Churn. Cirencester lies on the River Churn, a tributary of the River Thames, and is the largest town in the Cotswold District.
It rises in the Cotswolds at Seven Springs near Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, England and flows south across the Cotswold dip slope, passing through Cirencester and joining the Thames in the parish of Cricklade in Wiltshire.

River Thames

ThamesThames Riverthe Thames
Cirencester lies on the River Churn, a tributary of the River Thames, and is the largest town in the Cotswold District.
This is about 3/4 mi north of Kemble parish church in southern Gloucestershire, near the town of Cirencester, in the Cotswolds.

Dobunni

Dobunna
The Roman name for the town was Corinium, which is thought to have been associated with the ancient British tribe of the Dobunni, having the same root word as the River Churn. The Romans built a fort where the Fosse Way crossed the Churn, to hold two quingenary alae tasked with helping to defend the provincial frontier around AD 49, and native Dobunni were drawn from Bagendon, a settlement 3 miles (5 km) to the north, to create a civil settlement near the fort.
Their capital acquired the Roman name of Corinium Dobunnorum, which is today known as Cirencester.

Corinium Museum

The town's Corinium Museum is well known for its extensive Roman collection.
The Corinium Museum in the Cotswold town of Cirencester in England has a large collection of objects found in and around the locality.

Stroud

Stroud, GloucestershireGloucestershireStroud Museum
The town serves as a centre for surrounding villages, providing employment, amenities, shops, commerce and education, and as a commuter town for larger centres such as Cheltenham, Swindon and Stroud. Cirencester is the hub of a significant road network with important routes to Gloucester (A417), Cheltenham (A435), Leamington Spa (A429), Oxford (A40 via the B4425 road), Wantage (A417), Swindon (A419), Chippenham (A429), Bristol, Bath (A433), and Stroud (A419).
It lies 10 mile south of the city of Gloucester, 14 mile south-southwest of Cheltenham, 13 mile west-northwest of Cirencester and 26 mile northeast of the city of Bristol.

Swindon

Swindon, EnglandSwindon, WiltshireCentral Swindon
The town serves as a centre for surrounding villages, providing employment, amenities, shops, commerce and education, and as a commuter town for larger centres such as Cheltenham, Swindon and Stroud. Cirencester is the hub of a significant road network with important routes to Gloucester (A417), Cheltenham (A435), Leamington Spa (A429), Oxford (A40 via the B4425 road), Wantage (A417), Swindon (A419), Chippenham (A429), Bristol, Bath (A433), and Stroud (A419).
The Swindon, Marlborough & Andover had planned to tunnel under the hill on which Swindon's Old Town stands but the money ran out and the railway ran into Swindon Town railway station, off Devizes Road in the Old Town, skirting the new town to the west, intersecting with the GWR at Rushey Platt and heading north for Cirencester, Cheltenham and the LMS, whose 'Midland Red' livery the M&SWJR adopted.

Cotswold Airport

KembleRAF KembleCotswold Air Show
The nearest airports are Bristol Airport, Cotswold Airport at Kemble, London (Heathrow) and Birmingham.
Located 4.5 NM southwest of Cirencester, it was built as a Royal Air Force (RAF) station and was known as RAF Kemble. The Red Arrows aerobatics team was based there until 1983, and it is used for the storage and recycling of retired airliners, as well as flying schools, clubs and industry.

A roads in Zone 4 of the Great Britain numbering scheme

A435A488A4040
Cirencester is the hub of a significant road network with important routes to Gloucester (A417), Cheltenham (A435), Leamington Spa (A429), Oxford (A40 via the B4425 road), Wantage (A417), Swindon (A419), Chippenham (A429), Bristol, Bath (A433), and Stroud (A419).

Market town

market rightsmarketmarket charter
Cirencester (, occasionally ; see below for more variations) is a market town in east Gloucestershire, England, 80 mi west northwest of London.
Another ancient market town is Cirencester, which held a market in late Roman Britain.

Fosse Way

B4114Exeter (''Isca'') – Lincoln (''Lindum'')Fosseway
The Romans built a fort where the Fosse Way crossed the Churn, to hold two quingenary alae tasked with helping to defend the provincial frontier around AD 49, and native Dobunni were drawn from Bagendon, a settlement 3 miles (5 km) to the north, to create a civil settlement near the fort.
The Fosse Way was a Roman road in England that linked Exeter (Isca Dumnoniorum) in South West England to Lincoln (Lindum Colonia) in Lincolnshire, via Ilchester (Lindinis), Bath (Aquae Sulis), Cirencester (Corinium) and Leicester (Ratae Corieltauvorum).

A417 road

A417 '''A417''' A417 Cirencester to Gloucester
Cirencester is the hub of a significant road network with important routes to Gloucester (A417), Cheltenham (A435), Leamington Spa (A429), Oxford (A40 via the B4425 road), Wantage (A417), Swindon (A419), Chippenham (A429), Bristol, Bath (A433), and Stroud (A419).
It then runs past the Cotswold Water Park, through Fairford to Cirencester and thence to Gloucester.

A419 road

A419A419 BridgeA419 bypass
Cirencester is the hub of a significant road network with important routes to Gloucester (A417), Cheltenham (A435), Leamington Spa (A429), Oxford (A40 via the B4425 road), Wantage (A417), Swindon (A419), Chippenham (A429), Bristol, Bath (A433), and Stroud (A419).
East of Cirencester the A417 continues straight ahead as the major road and the A419 separates through Cirencester and Stroud, becoming mainly single carriageway.

Roman Britain

RomanBritainBritannia
The town's Corinium Museum is well known for its extensive Roman collection.
A common modern reconstruction places the consular province of Maxima at Londinium, on the basis of its status as the seat of the diocesan vicar; places Prima in the west according to Gerald's traditional account but moves its capital to Corinium of the Dobunni (Cirencester) on the basis of an artifact recovered there referring to Lucius Septimius, a provincial rector; places Flavia north of Maxima, with its capital placed at Lindum Colonia (Lincoln) to match one emendation of the bishops list from Arles; and places Secunda in the north with its capital at Eboracum (York).

Cirencester Amphitheatre

The Roman amphitheatre
The Roman amphitheatre still exists in an area known as the Querns to the south-west of the town, but has only been partially excavated.
Cirencester Amphitheatre was a Roman amphitheatre located in Cirencester, Gloucestershire, England.

Battle of Cirencester

It was later the scene of the Battle of Cirencester, this time between the Mercian king Penda and the West Saxon kings Cynegils and Cwichelm in 628.
The Battle of Cirencester was fought in 628 at Cirencester in modern-day England.

Querns area, Cirencester

Querns
The Roman amphitheatre still exists in an area known as the Querns to the south-west of the town, but has only been partially excavated.
The Querns is an area of Cirencester, an ancient market town in the Cotswold hills of England.

Kemble railway station

KembleKemble stationrailway station
However Kemble railway station, 3.7 miles (5.9 km) away, serves as a railhead.
Despite its rural location, Kemble station has a high number of passengers, due mainly to the proximity of Cirencester.

A429 road

A429 '''A429'''
Cirencester is the hub of a significant road network with important routes to Gloucester (A417), Cheltenham (A435), Leamington Spa (A429), Oxford (A40 via the B4425 road), Wantage (A417), Swindon (A419), Chippenham (A429), Bristol, Bath (A433), and Stroud (A419).
It links the M4 in Wiltshire to Coventry in the West Midlands, by way of Malmesbury (bypassed), Crudwell, Cirencester, Stow-on-the-Wold, Moreton-in-Marsh, east of Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwick, and Kenilworth.

Britannia Prima

PrimaBritannia IFirst Britain
The details of the provinces of Britain following the Diocletian Reforms around 296 remain unclear, but Corinium is now generally thought to have been the capital of Britannia Prima.
On the basis of a recovered inscription, its capital is now usually placed at Corinium of the Dobunni (Cirencester) but some emendations of the list of bishops attending the 315 Council of Arles would place a provincial capital in Isca (Caerleon) or Deva (Chester), which were known legionary bases.