Citizen journalism

citizen journalistparticipatory journalismcitizen journalistsnews blogcitizen reporterscitizen reportercitizen-journalistsindependent journalismpublic journalismCitizen / Participatory journalism
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Collaborative journalism

collaborative model of journalism
Citizen journalism should not be confused with community journalism or civic journalism, both of which are practiced by professional journalists, collaborative journalism which is the practice of professional and non-professional journalists working together, and social journalism that denotes a digital publication with a hybrid of professional and non-professional journalism.
It is not to be confused with citizen journalism.

Citizen media

Citizens' Mediamediaprogressive media
Citizen journalism is a specific form of both citizen media and user-generated content (UGC).
Citizen journalism, participatory media and democratic media are related principles.

Jay Rosen

Rosen, Jay
Jay Rosen proposes a simpler definition: "When the people formerly known as the audience employ the press tools they have in their possession to inform one another."
He has been one of the earliest advocates and supporters of citizen journalism, encouraging the press to take a more active interest in citizenship, improving public debate, and enhancing life.

Raqqa Is Being Slaughtered Silently

RBSSSyrian Civil War
Notable examples of citizen journalism reporting from major world events are, the 2010 Haiti earthquake, the Arab Spring, the Occupy Wall Street movement, the 2013 protests in Turkey, the Euromaidan events in Ukraine, and Syrian Civil War and the 2014 Ferguson unrest.
Raqqa Is Being Slaughtered Silently (RSS or RBSS) is a citizen journalist group reporting Syrian war news and human rights abuses by Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and other forces occupying the northern Syrian city of Raqqa which ISIL used as its de facto capital.

Participatory media

participatory filmmaking processparticipatory news“participatory media”
Citizen / Participatory journalism, citizen media and democratic media are related principles.

Civic journalism

public journalismcivic photojournalism
Citizen journalism should not be confused with community journalism or civic journalism, both of which are practiced by professional journalists, collaborative journalism which is the practice of professional and non-professional journalists working together, and social journalism that denotes a digital publication with a hybrid of professional and non-professional journalism.
He later admits that this movement was superficially prescriptive, and that due to several reasons it was eclipsed by the movement for citizen journalism.

GroundReport

Ground Report
GroundReport was a citizen journalism website that enabled contributors to publish news reports and videos.

User-generated content

user-generateduser generated contentConsumer generated media
Citizen journalism is a specific form of both citizen media and user-generated content (UGC).
In the wake of the 7 July 2005 London bombings and the Buncefield oil depot fire, the team was made permanent and was expanded, reflecting the arrival in the mainstream of the citizen journalist.

Journalism

journalistreportagejournalistic
According to Leonard Witt, however, early public journalism efforts were "often part of 'special projects' that were expensive, time-consuming, and episodic. Too often these projects dealt with an issue and moved on. Professional journalists were driving the discussion. They would have the goal of doing a story on welfare-to-work (or the environment, or traffic problems, or the economy), and then they would recruit a cross-section of citizens and chronicle their points of view. Since not all reporters and editors bought into this form of public journalism, and some outright opposed it, reaching out to the people from the newsroom was never an easy task."
The word journalism applies to the occupation, as well as citizen journalists who gather and publish information.

Alternative media

alternativealternative pressalternative news
Citizen journalism, as a form of alternative media, presents a "radical challenge to the professionalized and institutionalized practices of the mainstream media".
Alternative media are also created by participatory journalism as citizens play an active role in collecting, reporting, analyzing, and disseminating news and information.

OhmyNews

OhmyNews InternationalOh My NewsOhMyNews Japan
OhmyNews International is an English language online newspaper that features "citizen reporter" articles written by contributors from all over the globe.

Wikinews

Judging the Courts: Wikinews interviews Prof. Lawrence Douglas.news section
Wikimedia Foundation hosts a participatory journalism web site, Wikinews.
The neutral point of view policy espoused in Wikinews distinguishes it from other citizen journalism efforts such as Indymedia and OhmyNews.

On the Ground News Reports

Professor Charles Nesson, William F. Weld Professor of Law at Harvard Law School and the founder of the Berkman Center for Internet & Society, chairs the Advisory Board for Jamaican citizen journalism startup On the Ground News Reports.
On the Ground News Reports (OGNR, stylised OG.NR) is a citizen journalism news platform that collects, validates and distributes user-generated news in short form (250 words or less) from Jamaica and around the world.

Newsvine

Newsvine.comJosh Yockey
Commonly known as citizen journalism, this allows users to express their opinions for public discussion or even report on events in a journalistic manner.

Blog

blogsbloggerweblog
Social media platforms such as blogs, YouTube, and Twitter encourage and facilitate engagement with other citizens who participate in creating content through commenting, liking, linking, and sharing.
Many bloggers, particularly those engaged in participatory journalism, are amateur journalists, and thus they differentiate themselves from the professional reporters and editors who work in mainstream media organizations.

Open-source journalism

Open source journalismopen-content participatory journalism
Open-source journalism, a close cousin to citizen journalism or participatory journalism, is a term coined in the title of a 1999 article by Andrew Leonard of Salon.com.

Meporter

Meporter was a citizen journalist mobile phone application that used geolocation and multimedia to create hyperlocal, real-time news.

Wiki journalism

news wiki
Wiki journalism is a form of participatory journalism or crowdsourcing, which uses wiki technology to facilitate collaboration between users.

David Simon

David Simon (writer)
David Simon, a former Baltimore Sun reporter and writer-producer of the television series The Wire criticized the concept of citizen journalism—claiming that unpaid bloggers who write as a hobby cannot replace trained, professional, seasoned journalists.
While testifying at a 2009 Senate hearing regarding the future of journalism in America, Simon indicted what he saw as poor online journalism, calling the phrase citizen journalist "Orwellian to [his] ears."

Media democracy

public access to mass mediademocratic mediademocratic role of the media
Media democracy is a democratic approach to media studies that advocates for the reform of mass media to strengthen public service broadcasting and develop participation in alternative media and citizen journalism in order to create a mass media system that informs and empowers all members of society and enhances democratic values.

Journalistic objectivity

objectivityobjectiveNeutral
This has drawn some criticism from traditional media institutions such as The New York Times, which have accused proponents of public journalism of abandoning the traditional goal of objectivity.
Notable departures from objective news work also include the muckraking of Ida Tarbell and Lincoln Steffens, the New Journalism of Tom Wolfe, the underground press of the 1960s, and public journalism.

Dan Gillmor

Dan Gillmor, the former technology columnist for the San Jose Mercury News, founded a nonprofit, the Center for Citizen Media, (2005-2009) to help promote it.
Gillmor left The Mercury News in January 2005 to work on a start-up venture in citizen journalism called Bayosphere, which aimed to "make it easier for the public to report and publish on the Internet."

James Wesley Rawles

James Wesley, RawlesSurvivors: A Novel of the Coming Collapse
In March 2014, blogger and survivalist author James Wesley Rawles launched a web site that provides free press credentials for citizen journalists called the Constitution First Amendment Press Association (CFAPA).
Rawles is a proponent of Citizen Journalism.