City of London

CityLondonthe CityThe City of LondonSquare Mile1 city corporationCity executivesLondon CityLondon, Englandold city center
The City of London is a city and (as the City and County of the City of London ) a local government district that contains the historic centre and the primary central business district (CBD) of London.wikipedia
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Londinium

Roman LondonLondonRoman
It constituted most of London from its settlement by the Romans in the 1st century AD to the Middle Ages, but the agglomeration has since grown far beyond the City's borders.
Londinium was a settlement established on the current site of the City of London around 43.

London

London, EnglandLondon, United KingdomLondon, UK
The City of London is a city and (as the City and County of the City of London ) a local government district that contains the historic centre and the primary central business district (CBD) of London.
The City of London, London's ancient core − an area of just 1.12 sqmi and colloquially known as the Square Mile − retains boundaries that follow closely its medieval limits.

Central business district

CBDbusiness districtcity centre
The City of London is a city and (as the City and County of the City of London ) a local government district that contains the historic centre and the primary central business district (CBD) of London.
In London, for example, the "city centre" is usually regarded as encompassing the historic City of London and the mediaeval City of Westminster, whereas the City of London and the transformed Docklands area are regarded as its two CBDs.

City of Westminster

WestminsterLondon Borough of WestminsterWestminster, London
Administratively, it forms one of the 33 local authority districts of Greater London; however, the City of London is not a London borough, a status reserved for the other 32 districts (including London's only other city, the City of Westminster).
Historically in Middlesex, it is to the west of the ancient City of London, directly to the east of the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, and its southern boundary is the River Thames.

Greater London

LondonLondon regionGreater London, England
Administratively, it forms one of the 33 local authority districts of Greater London; however, the City of London is not a London borough, a status reserved for the other 32 districts (including London's only other city, the City of Westminster).
This region forms the administrative boundaries of London and is organised into 33 local government districts—the 32 London boroughs and the City of London, which is located within the region but is separate from the county.

Lord Mayor of London

Lord Mayor of the City of LondonLord MayorMayor of London
The Corporation is headed by the Lord Mayor of the City of London, an office separate from (and much older than) the Mayor of London.
The Lord Mayor of London is the City's mayor and the leader of the City of London Corporation.

Canary Wharf

Canary Wharf financial districta bank buildingCanary Wharf District
A secondary financial district exists outside the City, at Canary Wharf, 2.5 mi to the east.
Along with the City of London, it is one of the main financial centres of the United Kingdom and the world, containing many of their tallest buildings, including the second-tallest in the UK, One Canada Square.

County of London

LondonInner LondonLondon boroughs
This wider usage of London is documented as far back as 1888, when the County of London was created.
The Act created an administrative County of London, which included within its territory the City of London.

London Bridge

Old London BridgeLondonNew London Bridge
The Romans built a bridge across the river, as early as AD 50, near to today's London Bridge.
Several bridges named London Bridge have spanned the River Thames between the City of London and Southwark, in central London.

Inner Temple

Honourable Society of the Inner TempleInnerInner Temple Hall
The legal profession forms a major component of the northern and western sides of the City, especially in the Temple and Chancery Lane areas where the Inns of Court are located, of which two—Inner Temple and Middle Temple—fall within the City of London boundary.
It is located in the wider Temple area of the capital, near the Royal Courts of Justice, and within the City of London.

London boroughs

London boroughLondon borough councilborough
Administratively, it forms one of the 33 local authority districts of Greater London; however, the City of London is not a London borough, a status reserved for the other 32 districts (including London's only other city, the City of Westminster).
The City of London is instead governed by the City of London Corporation and the Inner and Middle Temples.

Local government in England

Leadershiplocal governmentlocal authorities
The local authority for the City, namely the City of London Corporation, is unique in the UK and has some unusual responsibilities for a local council, such as being the police authority.
The City of London and the Isles of Scilly are sui generis authorities, pre-dating recent reforms of local government.

Districts of England

districtdistrictslocal government district
The City of London is a city and (as the City and County of the City of London ) a local government district that contains the historic centre and the primary central business district (CBD) of London. Administratively, it forms one of the 33 local authority districts of Greater London; however, the City of London is not a London borough, a status reserved for the other 32 districts (including London's only other city, the City of Westminster).
There are a total of 317 districts made up of 36 metropolitan boroughs, 32 London boroughs, 192 non-metropolitan districts, and 55 unitary authorities, as well as the City of London and the Isles of Scilly which are also districts, but do not correspond to any of these categories.

Lloyd's building

Lloyds Building1, Lime Streeta dedicated building
The insurance industry is focused around the eastern side of the City, around Lloyd's building.
It is located on the former site of East India House in Lime Street, in London's main financial district, the City of London.

Strand, London

StrandThe StrandThe Strand, London
The centre of trade and population moved away from the walled Londinium to Lundenwic ("London market"), a settlement to the west, roughly in the modern day Strand/Aldwych/Covent Garden area.
It runs just over 3/4 mi from Trafalgar Square eastwards to Temple Bar, where the road becomes Fleet Street inside the City of London, and is part of the A4, a main road running west from inner London.

Greater London Built-up Area

Greater London Urban AreaLondonLondon conurbation
The City is now only a tiny part of the metropolis of London, though it remains a notable part of central London.
However, London had been sprawling out of its medieval confines within the City since the eighteenth century, when the city experienced its first great urban surge.

London Wall

city wallcity wallsits walls
The Romans built the London Wall some time between AD 190 and 225.
It is now the name of a road in the City of London running along part of the course of the old wall between Wormwood Street and the Rotunda junction where St. Martin's Le Grand meets Aldersgate Street.

Chancery Lane

The legal profession forms a major component of the northern and western sides of the City, especially in the Temple and Chancery Lane areas where the Inns of Court are located, of which two—Inner Temple and Middle Temple—fall within the City of London boundary.
Chancery Lane is a one-way street situated in the ward of Farringdon Without in the City of London.

Mayor of London

London MayorMayorMetropolitan Mayor
The Corporation is headed by the Lord Mayor of the City of London, an office separate from (and much older than) the Mayor of London.
The mayor is scrutinised by the London Assembly and, supported by their Mayoral Cabinet, directs the entirety of London, including the City of London (for which there is also the ceremonial Lord Mayor of the City of London).

Middle Temple

Middle Temple HallHonourable Society of the Middle TempleThe Honourable Society of the Middle Temple
The legal profession forms a major component of the northern and western sides of the City, especially in the Temple and Chancery Lane areas where the Inns of Court are located, of which two—Inner Temple and Middle Temple—fall within the City of London boundary.
It is located in the wider Temple area of London, near the Royal Courts of Justice, and within the City of London.

Inns of Court

Inn of CourtInnInns
The legal profession forms a major component of the northern and western sides of the City, especially in the Temple and Chancery Lane areas where the Inns of Court are located, of which two—Inner Temple and Middle Temple—fall within the City of London boundary.
During the 12th and early 13th centuries the law was taught in the City of London, primarily by the clergy.

Southwark

The BoroughBoroughSouthwark, London
Following the Battle of Hastings, William the Conqueror marched on London (reaching as far as Southwark), but failed to get across London Bridge or to defeat the Londoners.
Centred 1+1/2 mi east of Charing Cross, it fronts the River Thames and the City of London to the north.

City status in the United Kingdom

city statuscitycathedral city
The City of London is a city and (as the City and County of the City of London ) a local government district that contains the historic centre and the primary central business district (CBD) of London.
While the City of London was permitted to continue in existence largely unchanged, Westminster was merged with two neighbouring authorities to form a new London borough from 1 April 1965.

Wards of the City of London

wardwards25 ancient wards
From medieval times, the City has been composed of 25 ancient wards, each headed by an alderman, who chairs Wardmotes, which still take place at least annually.
The City of London (also known simply as "the City") is divided into 25 wards.

Kingdom of England

EnglandEnglishAnglo
While London, and indeed England, were afterwards subjected to further periods of Viking and Danish raids and occupation, the establishment of the City of London and the Kingdom of England prevailed.
The Norman conquest of England in 1066 led to the transfer of the English capital city and chief royal residence from the Anglo-Saxon one at Winchester to Westminster, and the City of London quickly established itself as England's largest and principal commercial centre.