A report on City of Westminster

Detail of cast iron lamp post bearing the Shield of the City of Westminster
Westminster City Hall, completed in 1965
A map showing the wards of Westminster since 2002
Piccadilly Circus
Big Ben is the nickname for the Great Bell of the clock at the north end of the Palace of Westminster and usually refers to both the clock and the clock tower (Elizabeth Tower).
Marylebone station
The main entrance to the London School of Economics
Charing Cross Library

City and borough in Inner London which forms a core part of Central London.

- City of Westminster

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Piccadilly Circus, the heart of the West End, in September 2012

West End of London

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District of Central London, west of the City of London and north of the River Thames, in which many of the city's major tourist attractions, shops, businesses, government buildings and entertainment venues, including West End theatres, are concentrated.

District of Central London, west of the City of London and north of the River Thames, in which many of the city's major tourist attractions, shops, businesses, government buildings and entertainment venues, including West End theatres, are concentrated.

Piccadilly Circus, the heart of the West End, in September 2012
Shaftesbury Avenue from Piccadilly Circus in 1949
Dragon statue on the Temple Bar monument, which marks the boundary between the City of Westminster and City of London
Her Majesty's Theatre in Haymarket, home to Andrew Lloyd Webber’s The Phantom of the Opera
Marble Arch

The West End covers parts of the boroughs of Westminster and Camden.

Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea

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Inner London borough with royal status.

Inner London borough with royal status.

Kensington Town Hall, completed in 1976
A London Underground train departing from Earl's Court station
Kensington Central Library, London W8
Grenfell Tower in the early morning of 14 June 2017.
A typical mews in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea
Main entrance of the Royal School of Mines, Imperial College London
Social services transport provided by the Borough

The borough is immediately west of the City of Westminster and east of the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham.

City of London

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City, ceremonial county and local government district that contains the historic centre and constitutes, alongside Canary Wharf, the primary central business district of London.

City, ceremonial county and local government district that contains the historic centre and constitutes, alongside Canary Wharf, the primary central business district of London.

The Waterloo Helmet, c. 150–50 BC, found in the River Thames
A surviving fragment of the London Wall, built around AD 200, close to Tower Hill
Plaque near Southwark Bridge noting the activities around the time of King Alfred.
Map of London in about 1300
A pivotal event during the Peasants' Revolt, 1381: their leader Wat Tyler is stabbed by William Walworth, Lord Mayor
The "Woodcut" map of London, dating from the 1560s
Map showing the extent of the Great Fire of London, which destroyed nearly 80% of the City
The 1666 Great Fire as depicted in a 17th-century painting: it depicts Old London Bridge, churches, houses, and the Tower of London as seen from a boat near Tower Wharf
St Paul's Cathedral (pictured 1896) dominated the skyline of the City for centuries — it's current structure by Christopher Wren was completed in 1706, after its medieval predecessor burned with much of the City in the Great Fire of 1666
Guildhall is the ceremonial and administrative centre of the city.
Mansion House is the official residence of the Lord Mayor.
John Stuttard, Lord Mayor of the City of London 2006–2007, during the Lord Mayor's Show of 2006.
A map of the wards as they were in the late 19th century.
A map of the wards since 2003
Leadenhall Market is a historic market nestled between Gracechurch Street and Lime Street.
City of London boundary marker
Dragon statue on the Temple Bar monument, which marks the boundary between the City of London and City of Westminster.
City of London arms on a saddle blanket, as seen outside the Royal Courts of Justice during the Lord Mayor's Show, 2011.
Modern borders of the City of London, showing surrounding London boroughs and the pre-1994 boundary (where changed) in red. The area covered by the Inner and Middle Temple is marked in green.
Finsbury Circus, the largest public open space, seen from Tower 42
City of London coat of arms on the street
A City of London Police vehicle on Blackfriars Bridge
The Bank of England, on Threadneedle Street, is the central bank of the United Kingdom.
Paternoster Square, since 2004 the home of the London Stock Exchange
Barbican Centre
The Bank of England (left) and the Royal Exchange (centre) are two of the many significant buildings in the City of London.
The City skyline in 2021, including 20 Fenchurch Street, the Leadenhall Building, 30 St Mary Axe & 22 Bishopgate, the tallest building in the City of London. London Bridge to the bottom left.
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DLR trains link the City directly to Canary Wharf.
The Stansted Express departs from Liverpool Street Station in the city and runs directly to Stansted Airport in Essex.
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Cycleway 6 runs between Elephant & Castle and Kentish Town, passing through the City of London between Blackfriars and Farringdon.
The Maughan Library, King's College London, located on Chancery Lane

Administratively, the City of London is not one of the London boroughs, a status reserved for the other 32 districts (including Greater London's only other city, the City of Westminster).

London Borough of Camden

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London borough in Inner London.

London borough in Inner London.

Former Camden Town market (2011); was demolished in early 2015 to make room for the Hawley Wharf redevelopment project.
The Ancient Parishes of – west to east – Paddington and St Marylebone (in the modern City of Westminster), and St Pancras (in the modern London Borough of Camden) in 1834
A map showing the wards of Camden since 2002
Camden Town Hall
A London Borough of Camden library card
View of the railway bridge over Camden High St. which carries the North London Line
St Pancras International – home to Eurostar trains
King's Cross St Pancras tube station served by the most tube lines on the network

Neighbouring boroughs are the City of Westminster and the City of London to the south, Brent to the west of the originally Roman Watling Street (now the A5 Road), Barnet and Haringey to the north and Islington to the east.

Strand at Charing Cross in April 2008, looking towards Trafalgar Square and Admiralty Arch

Strand, London

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Strand at Charing Cross in April 2008, looking towards Trafalgar Square and Admiralty Arch
This 1593 map shows "The Strande" as the principal route – parallel to the River, from the City in the east, to Whitehall in the west
The original Somerset House in 1722
A 19th-century print showing St Mary le Strand and the Strand front of Somerset House
Exeter Exchange, viewed from the Strand in the early 19th century
The Strand, looking eastwards from Exeter Exchange (1822) – the distant church is St Mary le Strand, with St Clement Danes behind
Twinings' Tea Shop has been based on the Strand since 1706
An AEC Routemaster on route 1 heading down the Strand in 1981, with St Clement Danes church in the background

Strand (or the Strand) is a major thoroughfare in the City of Westminster, Central London.

An 1834 map of the borough of St Marylebone, showing the parishes of Paddington (green), Marylebone (red), and St Pancras (yellow).

Marylebone

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An 1834 map of the borough of St Marylebone, showing the parishes of Paddington (green), Marylebone (red), and St Pancras (yellow).
St Marylebone Church
The Marylebone coat of arms
Marylebone High Street
Marylebone Gardens, c. 1770

Marylebone (usually, also , ) is a district in the West End of London, in the City of Westminster.

Parishes and Places of the City and Liberty of Westminster. The lower Westbourne formed part of the western boundary, and Oxford Street the north

Westminster

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Parishes and Places of the City and Liberty of Westminster. The lower Westbourne formed part of the western boundary, and Oxford Street the north
St Peter's Abbey at the time of Edward's funeral, depicted in the Bayeux Tapestry
The Metropolitan Borough of Westminster was almost co-terminous with the older City and Liberty of Westminster, with ancient Oxford Street as the northern boundary.
Westminster City Hall, completed in 1965
Bird's-eye view of Westminster in 1909
Part of Charles Booth's poverty map showing Westminster in 1889. The colours of the streets represent the economic class of the residents: Yellow ("Upper-middle and Upper classes, Wealthy"), red ("Lower middle class – Well-to-do middle class"), pink ("Fairly comfortable good ordinary earnings"), blue ("Intermittent or casual earnings"), and black ("lowest class occasional labourers, street sellers, loafers, criminals and semi-criminals"). Booth coloured Victoria Street, with its new shops and flats, yellow. The model dwellings built by the Peabody Trust on the side streets off Victoria Street appear as pink and grey, signalling modest respectability, while the black and blue streets represent the remaining slum areas housing the poorest.

Westminster is an area of Central London, part of the wider City of Westminster.

OpenStreetMap of Central London

Central London

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Innermost part of London, in England, spanning several boroughs.

Innermost part of London, in England, spanning several boroughs.

OpenStreetMap of Central London

Road distances to London are traditionally measured from a central point at Charing Cross (in the City of Westminster), which is marked by the statue of King Charles I at the junction of the Strand, Whitehall and Cockspur Street, just south of Trafalgar Square.

Map of Middlesex, 1824. Note: west is at the top.

Middlesex

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Historic county in southeast England.

Historic county in southeast England.

Map of Middlesex, 1824. Note: west is at the top.
Middlesex as part of the Diocese of London in 1714. The diocese was based on the East Saxon kingdom, and was probably originally larger than shown here.
Map of Middlesex, drawn by Thomas Kitchin, geographer, engraver to the Duke of York, 1769.
County of Middlesex (circa 1891–1895)
Map showing boundaries of Middlesex in 1851 and 1911, aside from minor realignments. The small yellow area in the North is Monken Hadley, which was transferred to Hertfordshire; the larger yellow area in the Southeast was transferred to the newly created County of London in 1889.
Map in 1882 shows complete urbanisation of the East End
The Middlesex Guildhall at Westminster, which now houses the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom.
Middlesex former postal county
Coats of arms of Middlesex (left) and Buckinghamshire (right) in stained glass at the exit from Uxbridge tube station.
County of Middlesex sign in 2014, on the border between the London Boroughs of Barnet and Enfield.
Middlesex Regiment Cap Badge
Twickenham Stadium
Middlesex vs Sussex at Lord's
North Middlesex Golf Club

The City of Westminster was formed from the metropolitan boroughs of Paddington and St Marylebone and the City of Westminster.

Arms of the former London County Council

Greater London

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Administrative area in England governed by the Greater London Authority, and a ceremonial county that covers the same area, with the exception of the City of London, which forms a separate ceremonial county.

Administrative area in England governed by the Greater London Authority, and a ceremonial county that covers the same area, with the exception of the City of London, which forms a separate ceremonial county.

Arms of the former London County Council
Arms of the former Greater London Council
Map of Greater London showing railway lines, primary roads, motorways, and suburban towns
The London postal district in red in contrast to Greater London
Greater London population from 1880 to 2016.
Westminster Abbey. A World Heritage Site and location of the coronation of British monarchs.
University College London, a founding constituent of the University of London.
King's College London, a founding constituent of the University of London.

Greater London lacks any formal recognised city status in the UK, though the local authority of the City of Westminster has official city status.