Civil engineering

Civilcivil engineerCivil and Environmental Engineeringengineeringcivil engineersengineerCEcity engineercivil constructionengineered
Civil engineering is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment, including public works such as roads, bridges, canals, dams, airports, sewerage systems, pipelines, structural components of buildings, and railways.wikipedia
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Military engineering

military engineerengineerengineers
It is considered the second-oldest engineering discipline after military engineering, and it is defined to distinguish non-military engineering from military engineering.
Modern military engineering differs from civil engineering.

Hydrology

hydrologicalhydrologisthydrologic
Because civil engineering is a wide-ranging profession, including several specialized sub-disciplines, its history is linked to knowledge of structures, materials science, geography, geology, soils, hydrology, environment, mechanics and other fields.
A practitioner of hydrology is called a "hydrologic engineer", working within the fields of civil and environmental engineering.

Architect

architectsarchitectural firmmaster builder
Throughout ancient and medieval history most architectural design and construction was carried out by artisans, such as stonemasons and carpenters, rising to the role of master builder.
Until modern times, there was no clear distinction between architect and engineer.

John Smeaton

Smeaton
The first self-proclaimed civil engineer was John Smeaton, who constructed the Eddystone Lighthouse.
Smeaton was the first self-proclaimed "civil engineer", and is often regarded as the "father of civil engineering".

Norwich University

NorwichNorwich CadetsNorwich Military Academy
The first private college to teach civil engineering in the United States was Norwich University, founded in 1819 by Captain Alden Partridge.
Partridge believed in the "American System of Education," a traditional liberal arts curriculum with instruction in civil engineering and military science.

Project management

projectproject developmentproject manager
The curriculum generally includes classes in physics, mathematics, project management, design and specific topics in civil engineering.
Until 1900, civil engineering projects were generally managed by creative architects, engineers, and master builders themselves, for example, Vitruvius (first century BC), Christopher Wren (1632–1723), Thomas Telford (1757–1834) and Isambard Kingdom Brunel (1806–1859).

Putney

Putney HeathPutney HillPutney, London
In the UK during the early 19th century, the division between civil engineering and military engineering (served by the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich), coupled with the demands of the Industrial Revolution, spawned new engineering education initiatives: the Class of Civil Engineering and Mining was founded at King's College London in 1838, mainly as a response to the growth of the railway system and the need for more qualified engineers, the private College for Civil Engineers in Putney was established in 1839, and the UK's first Chair of Engineering was established at the University of Glasgow in 1840.
At that time Putney took on London's premier role in civil engineering.

College for Civil Engineers

Putney CollegeCivil Engineering College, Putney
In the UK during the early 19th century, the division between civil engineering and military engineering (served by the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich), coupled with the demands of the Industrial Revolution, spawned new engineering education initiatives: the Class of Civil Engineering and Mining was founded at King's College London in 1838, mainly as a response to the growth of the railway system and the need for more qualified engineers, the private College for Civil Engineers in Putney was established in 1839, and the UK's first Chair of Engineering was established at the University of Glasgow in 1840.
The College for Civil Engineers in Putney, west London, was one of the earliest educational establishments to teach civil engineering.

Sanitary engineering

sanitary engineerWastewater engineeringsanitary
Environmental engineering is the contemporary term for sanitary engineering, though sanitary engineering traditionally had not included much of the hazardous waste management and environmental remediation work covered by environmental engineering.
Traditionally a branch of civil engineering and now a subset of environmental engineering, in the mid-19th century, the discipline concentrated on the reduction of disease, then thought to be caused by miasma.

Bachelor of Engineering

B.E.BEngBE
The length of study is three to five years, and the completed degree is designated as a bachelor of technology, or a bachelor of engineering.
Generally, universities in Bangladesh offer engineering degree in the following branches: Computer Science and Engineering, Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Mechatronics Engineering, Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Industrial and Production Engineering, Information and Communication Engineering, Material Science and Engineering, Nuclear Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Textile Engineering, Aeronautical Engineering, Electronics and Communication Engineering, Biomedical Engineering, Food engineering, Leather Engineering and Agricultural Engineering.

Structural engineering

structuralstructural designstructural engineer
Structural engineering is concerned with the structural design and structural analysis of buildings, bridges, towers, flyovers (overpasses), tunnels, off shore structures like oil and gas fields in the sea, aerostructure and other structures.
Structural engineering is a sub-discipline of civil engineering in which structural engineers are trained to design the 'bones and muscles' that create the form and shape of man made structures.

Soil mechanics

seepagesoilseep
Furthermore, soil exhibits nonlinear (stress-dependent) strength, stiffness, and dilatancy (volume change associated with application of shear stress), making studying soil mechanics all the more difficult.
Along with rock mechanics, soil mechanics provides the theoretical basis for analysis in geotechnical engineering, a subdiscipline of civil engineering, and engineering geology, a subdiscipline of geology.

Nora Stanton Barney

Nora Stanton Blatch BarneyNora Stanton Blatch Deforest BarneyNora Barney
The first such degree to be awarded to a woman was granted by Cornell University to Nora Stanton Blatch in 1905.
Nora attended Cornell University, graduating in 1905 with a degree in civil engineering.

Traffic engineering (transportation)

traffic engineeringtraffic engineerstraffic engineer
It includes areas such as transportation design, transportation planning, traffic engineering, some aspects of urban engineering, queueing theory, pavement engineering, Intelligent Transportation System (ITS), and infrastructure management.
Traffic engineering is a branch of civil engineering that uses engineering techniques to achieve the safe and efficient movement of people and goods on roadways.

Regulation and licensure in engineering

Professional EngineerChartered EngineerCEng
Civil engineering is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment, including public works such as roads, bridges, canals, dams, airports, sewerage systems, pipelines, structural components of buildings, and railways.
Complete a written Principles and Practice in Engineering (PE) examination, which tests the applicant's knowledge and skills in their chosen engineering discipline (civil, electrical, industrial, mechanical, computer, etc.), as well as engineering ethics.

Structural analysis

analysisherestructures
Structural engineering is concerned with the structural design and structural analysis of buildings, bridges, towers, flyovers (overpasses), tunnels, off shore structures like oil and gas fields in the sea, aerostructure and other structures.
Important examples related to Civil Engineering include buildings, bridges, and towers; and in other branches of engineering, ship and aircraft frames, tanks, pressure vessels, mechanical systems, and electrical supporting structures are important.

Thermosetting polymer

thermosetthermosetting plasticthermosetting
It studies fundamental characteristics of materials, and deals with ceramics such as concrete and mix asphalt concrete, strong metals such as aluminum and steel, and thermosetting polymers including polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) and carbon fibers.

Academic degree

degreedegreesuniversity degree
Civil engineers typically possess an academic degree in civil engineering.
The latter corresponds to the former sivilingeniør degree (not to be confused with a degree in civil engineering, which is but one of many degrees linked to the title sivilingeniør, which is still in use for new graduates who can choose to also use the old title).

Pavement engineering

road building
It includes areas such as transportation design, transportation planning, traffic engineering, some aspects of urban engineering, queueing theory, pavement engineering, Intelligent Transportation System (ITS), and infrastructure management.
Pavement engineering is a branch of civil engineering that uses engineering techniques to design and maintain flexible (asphalt) and rigid (concrete) pavements.

Green engineering

Environmental engineers administer pollution reduction, green engineering, and industrial ecology.

Civil engineering software

software
Many software programs are available for each discipline of civil engineering.

List of engineering branches

engineering disciplinesFields of engineeringengineering
In the contemporary era, engineering is generally considered to consist of the major primary branches of chemical engineering, civil engineering, electrical engineering, and mechanical engineering.

Thomas Telford

Telford Thomas TelfordTelford Churches
Though there was evidence of some technical meetings, it was little more than a social society.In 1818 the Institution of Civil Engineers was founded in London, and in 1820 the eminent engineer Thomas Telford became its first president.