Civil parish

parishcivil parishesancient parishparishescivilunparishedvillageparishedcivil parishes in Englandparish councils
In England, a civil parish is a type of administrative parish used for local government, they are a territorial designation which is the lowest tier of local government below districts and counties, or their combined form, the unitary authority.wikipedia
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Parish (administrative division)

parishes (administrative divisions)parishparishes
In England, a civil parish is a type of administrative parish used for local government, they are a territorial designation which is the lowest tier of local government below districts and counties, or their combined form, the unitary authority.
In all parts of the British Isles except Scotland and Wales, it is known as a civil parish to distinguish it from the ecclesiastical parish.

Sutton Coldfield

The Royal Town of Sutton ColdfieldMoor Hall Primary SchoolSt Nicholas Catholic Primary School
The most populous is Sutton Coldfield, and those with cathedral city status are Chichester, Ely, Hereford, Lichfield, Ripon, Salisbury, Truro and Wells.
Sutton Coldfield, officially the Royal Town of Sutton Coldfield, is a large town and civil parish in Birmingham, England.

Parish councils in England

parish councilparish councilsgrouped parish council
A civil parish may be equally known as and confirmed as a town, village, neighbourhood or community by resolution of its parish council, a right reserved not conferred on other units of English local government.
They are elected corporate bodies, have variable tax raising powers, and are responsible for areas known as civil parishes, serving in total 16 million people.

Hereford

Hereford, EnglandCity of HerefordHereford City Council
The most populous is Sutton Coldfield, and those with cathedral city status are Chichester, Ely, Hereford, Lichfield, Ripon, Salisbury, Truro and Wells.
Hereford is a cathedral city, civil parish and county town of Herefordshire, England.

Lichfield

City of LichfieldLichfield, Staffordshirecentre of the city
The most populous is Sutton Coldfield, and those with cathedral city status are Chichester, Ely, Hereford, Lichfield, Ripon, Salisbury, Truro and Wells.
Lichfield is a cathedral city and civil parish in Staffordshire, England.

Truro

Truro, CornwallTruro Municipal BoroughTruro, England
The most populous is Sutton Coldfield, and those with cathedral city status are Chichester, Ely, Hereford, Lichfield, Ripon, Salisbury, Truro and Wells.
Truro (Truru) is a city and civil parish in Cornwall, England.

Wells, Somerset

WellsCity of WellsWells, England
The most populous is Sutton Coldfield, and those with cathedral city status are Chichester, Ely, Hereford, Lichfield, Ripon, Salisbury, Truro and Wells.
Wells is a cathedral city and civil parish in the Mendip district of Somerset, on the southern edge of the Mendip Hills.

England

🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿EnglishENG
In England, a civil parish is a type of administrative parish used for local government, they are a territorial designation which is the lowest tier of local government below districts and counties, or their combined form, the unitary authority.
At the most localised level, much of England is divided into civil parishes with councils; in Greater London only one, Queen's Park, exists after they were abolished in 1965 until legislation allowed their recreation in 2007.

Writtle

Writtle ChurchWrittle ForestWrittle, Essex
There was huge variation in size between parishes, for instance Writtle in Essex was 13,568 acres while neighbouring Shellow Bowells was just 469 acres, and Chignall Smealy 476 acres.
The village and civil parish of Writtle lies 1 mi west of Chelmsford, Essex, England.

Community (Wales)

communitycommunitiesparish
Wales was also divided into civil parishes until 1974, when they were replaced by communities, which are very similar to English parishes in the way they operate.
Welsh communities are analogous to civil parishes in England.

Queen's Park, London

Queen's ParkQueens ParkQueen's Park Estate
On 1 April 2014, Queen's Park became the first civil parish in Greater London.
These areas were a Municipal and Metropolitan Borough respectively, and have their origins in early medieval Ancient Parishes.

Shellow Bowells

Shellow Bowels
There was huge variation in size between parishes, for instance Writtle in Essex was 13,568 acres while neighbouring Shellow Bowells was just 469 acres, and Chignall Smealy 476 acres.
Shellow Bowells (or occasionally misspelt as Shellow Bowels) is a village and former civil parish in the Epping Forest District of Essex, England.

Extra-parochial area

extra-parochialextra parochial areaextra-parochial places
The Poor Law Amendment Act 1866 declared all areas that levied a separate rate: C of E ecclesiastical parishes (until then simply known as parishes), extra-parochial areas, townships and their analogue, chapelries, to be "civil parishes".
In England and Wales, an extra-parochial area, extra-parochial place or extra-parochial district was a geographically defined area considered to be outside any ecclesiastical or civil parish.

Districts of England

districtdistrictslocal government district
In England, a civil parish is a type of administrative parish used for local government, they are a territorial designation which is the lowest tier of local government below districts and counties, or their combined form, the unitary authority.
Meanwhile, from this date parish-level local government administration was transferred to civil parishes.

Parish

ecclesiastical parishparishesparishioner
Civil parishes can trace their origin to the ancient system of ecclesiastical parishes which historically played a role in both civil and ecclesiastical administration; civil and religious parishes were formally split into two types in the 19th century and are now entirely separate.
In England civil parishes and their governing parish councils evolved in the 19th century as ecclesiastical parishes began to be relieved of what became considered to be civic responsibilities.

Local Government Act 1894

Local Government Act1894Local Government Act of 1894
In 1894 civil parishes were reformed by the Local Government Act 1894 to become the smallest geographical area for local government in rural areas.
The 1894 legislation introduced elected councils at district and parish level.

Successor parish

successorformed in 1974successor authority
In non-metropolitan counties, smaller urban districts and municipal boroughs were abolished and succeeded by establishment of new successor parishes, with a boundary coterminous with an existing urban district or borough, or if divided by a district boundary as much as was comprised in a single district.
Successor parishes are civil parishes with a parish council created by the Local Government Act 1972 in England.

Salisbury

Salisbury, WiltshireSalisbury, EnglandNew Sarum
The most populous is Sutton Coldfield, and those with cathedral city status are Chichester, Ely, Hereford, Lichfield, Ripon, Salisbury, Truro and Wells.
The civil parish of Salisbury, which does not include some of the city's suburbs such as Laverstock, Ford, Britford and Netherhampton, had a population of 40,302 at the 2011 census.

Parish meeting

meeting
The act abolished the civil (non-ecclesiastical) duties of vestries, set up urban districts and rural districts, established elected civil parish councils as to all rural parishes with more than 300 electors, and established annual parish meetings in all rural parishes.
A parish meeting, in England, is a meeting to which all the electors in a civil parish are entitled to attend.

Daventry

Daventry, NorthamptonshireDaventry District CouncilDaventry, England
Recently established parish councils include Daventry (2003), Folkestone (2004), and Brixham (2007).
Daventry (, historically ) is a market town and civil parish in western Northamptonshire, England, close to the border with Warwickshire.

Village

selosettlementOrtsteil
A civil parish can range in size from a large town with a population of up to 95,000 to a single village with fewer than a hundred inhabitants.

Brixham

Lower BrixhamBrixham HarbourBrixham lifeboat
Recently established parish councils include Daventry (2003), Folkestone (2004), and Brixham (2007).
Brixham is a small fishing town and civil parish in the district of Torbay in the county of Devon, in the south-west of England.

Great Coates

FreshneyGreat Coates (village) Great Coates House
In 2003, the village of Great Coates in mainly urban North East Lincolnshire regained parish status.
Great Coates is a village and civil parish in North East Lincolnshire, England.

Local Government and Rating Act 1997

The Local Government and Rating Act 1997 created a procedure which gave residents in unparished areas the right to demand that a new parish and parish council be created.
29) allows a community at the village, neighbourhood, town or similar level beneath a district or borough council to demand its own elected parish or town council.

Urban district (Great Britain and Ireland)

urban districtUrban District Councilurban districts
In non-metropolitan counties, smaller urban districts and municipal boroughs were abolished and succeeded by establishment of new successor parishes, with a boundary coterminous with an existing urban district or borough, or if divided by a district boundary as much as was comprised in a single district. The act abolished the civil (non-ecclesiastical) duties of vestries, set up urban districts and rural districts, established elected civil parish councils as to all rural parishes with more than 300 electors, and established annual parish meetings in all rural parishes.
An urban district usually contained a single parish, while a rural district might contain many.